AT&T Stadium

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AT&T Stadium
Cowboys Stadium, Jerry World, The Death Star
Cowboys stadium.JPG
Exterior, July 2009
Former namesCowboys Stadium (2009–2013)
LocationOne Legends Way
Arlington, Texas 76011[1]
United States
Coordinates32°44′52″N 97°5′34″W / 32.74778°N 97.09278°W / 32.74778; -97.09278Coordinates: 32°44′52″N 97°5′34″W / 32.74778°N 97.09278°W / 32.74778; -97.09278
Broke groundSeptember 20, 2005
OpenedMay 27, 2009[2]
OwnerCity of Arlington[3]
OperatorDallas Cowboys
SurfaceMatrix artificial turf[4]
Construction cost$ 1.3 billion[5]
($1.43 billion in 2014 dollars[6])
ArchitectHKS, Inc.[7]
Project managerBlue Star Development/Jack Hill[8]
Structural engineerWalter P Moore Engineers and Consultants
Campbell & Associates Consulting Engineers, Inc.[9]
Services engineerM-E Engineers, Inc.[10]
General contractorManhattan/Rayco/3i[11]
CapacityFootball: 80,000 (expandable to 105,000 with standing room)[12][13]
Executive suites342[14]
Record attendance

Football: 105,121
September 21, 2009
Dallas Cowboys vs. New York Giants
Basketball: 108,713
February 14, 2010
2010 NBA All-Star Game

Boxing: 50,994
March 13, 2010
Manny Pacquiao vs. Joshua Clottey
Tenants
Dallas Cowboys (NFL) (2009 – present)
Cotton Bowl Classic (NCAA FBS) (2009 – present)
 
  (Redirected from Cowboys Stadium)
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Not to be confused with AT&T Park in San Francisco; AT&T Center in San Antonio; AT&T Field in Chattanooga, TN; Jones AT&T Stadium in Lubbock, TX; or AT&T Field at War Memorial Stadium in Little Rock, AR.
AT&T Stadium
Cowboys Stadium, Jerry World, The Death Star
Cowboys stadium.JPG
Exterior, July 2009
Former namesCowboys Stadium (2009–2013)
LocationOne Legends Way
Arlington, Texas 76011[1]
United States
Coordinates32°44′52″N 97°5′34″W / 32.74778°N 97.09278°W / 32.74778; -97.09278Coordinates: 32°44′52″N 97°5′34″W / 32.74778°N 97.09278°W / 32.74778; -97.09278
Broke groundSeptember 20, 2005
OpenedMay 27, 2009[2]
OwnerCity of Arlington[3]
OperatorDallas Cowboys
SurfaceMatrix artificial turf[4]
Construction cost$ 1.3 billion[5]
($1.43 billion in 2014 dollars[6])
ArchitectHKS, Inc.[7]
Project managerBlue Star Development/Jack Hill[8]
Structural engineerWalter P Moore Engineers and Consultants
Campbell & Associates Consulting Engineers, Inc.[9]
Services engineerM-E Engineers, Inc.[10]
General contractorManhattan/Rayco/3i[11]
CapacityFootball: 80,000 (expandable to 105,000 with standing room)[12][13]
Executive suites342[14]
Record attendance

Football: 105,121
September 21, 2009
Dallas Cowboys vs. New York Giants
Basketball: 108,713
February 14, 2010
2010 NBA All-Star Game

Boxing: 50,994
March 13, 2010
Manny Pacquiao vs. Joshua Clottey
Tenants
Dallas Cowboys (NFL) (2009 – present)
Cotton Bowl Classic (NCAA FBS) (2009 – present)

AT&T Stadium , previously known as Cowboys Stadium, is a city-owned stadium with a retractable roof in Arlington, Texas, United States. It serves as the home of the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. It replaced the partially covered Texas Stadium, which opened in 1971 and served as the Cowboys' home through the 2008 season. It was completed on May 27, 2009. The facility can also be used for a variety of other activities outside of its main purpose (professional football) such as concerts, basketball games, college football and high school football contests, soccer matches, and motocross races.

The stadium is sometimes referred to as "Jerry World" after Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones, who originally envisioned it as a large entertainment mecca.[15] The stadium seats 80,000, making it the fourth largest stadium in the NFL by seating capacity. The maximum capacity of the stadium, including standing room, is 105,000. The Party Pass (open areas) sections are behind seats in each end zone and on a series of six elevated platforms connected by stairways.[12][16] It also has the world's largest column-free interior and the fourth largest high definition video screen, which hangs from 20-yard line to 20-yard line.[17]

Construction and design[edit]

The stadium was designed by the Dallas architectural firm HKS, Inc.[18] Besides the Cowboys, the new stadium is used by college football teams and other organizations for other sporting and non-sporting events. The Cotton Bowl Classic was moved to the stadium beginning in 2010.[19]

AT&T Stadium – Interior

Originally estimated to cost $650 million, the stadium's current construction cost was $1.15 billion,[20] making it one of the most expensive sports venues ever built. To aid Cowboys owner and general manager Jerry Jones in paying the construction costs of the new stadium, Arlington voters approved the increase of the city's sales tax by 0.5 percent, the hotel occupancy tax by 2 percent, and car rental tax by 5 percent. The City of Arlington provided over $325 million (including interest) in bonds as funding,[20][21] and Jones covered any cost overruns. Also, the NFL provided the Cowboys with an additional $150 million loan, following its policy for facilitating financing for the construction of new stadiums.[22]

A pair of nearly 300 ft (91 m)-tall arches spans the length of the stadium dome, anchored to the ground at each end. The new stadium also includes "more than 3,000 Sony LCD displays throughout the luxury suites, concourses, concession areas and more, offering fans viewing options that extend beyond the action on the field".[23] and a center-hung video display board that was the largest high-definition television screen in the world.[24] It has since been surpassed in size by the video board at Texas Motor Speedway.[25] Glass doors, allowing each end zone to be opened, were designed and constructed by Dallas-based Haley-Greer glass systems.

The retractable roof was designed by structural engineering firm Walter P Moore and the systems were implemented by mechanization consultants Uni-Systems. The electrification of Cowboys Stadium's retractable roof was developed by VAHLE, Inc.[26] These Kinetic Architecture fundamentals will be employed in order to create quick conversions of the facility to accommodate a variety of events. When the design was officially unveiled on December 12, 2006, it showed that, from inside the stadium, the roof (membrane installed by K Post Company of Dallas)[27] will look very similar to the Texas Stadium roof, with its trademark hole. However, it can be covered by the retractable roof panel to protect against the elements.

A Dallas Cowboys Hall of Fame is planned for the Hall of Fame level. The drawings also include a site for a large sculpture northeast of the stadium, close to Randol Mill Road.

Criticism[edit]

The stadium is the only NFL stadium that is completely inaccessible via public transportation, including bus, light rail, or people mover systems.[dubious ] This is partly because for a long time, Arlington was the largest city in the United States with no mass transit system; much of the sales tax money that would normally go towards building one is being used to pay for both AT&T Stadium and Rangers Ballpark in Arlington[28] Even with the construction of the MAX bus system, the only way to get to the stadium is via car or private shuttle. On September 1, 2012, thousands of fans were forced to wait in hours-long taxi lines after the Alabama vs. Michigan football game.[29]

Mayor Robert Cluck claimed to use eminent domain as a last resort but most of the properties refused to sell to the city, indicating that the incentive program as not adequate according to Glenn Sodd, an attorney representing some home owners in the area. Attorney Bob Cohen, who is representing some of the property owners, said the city gave many of his clients little incentive to sell. He said he represents the owners of some rental properties who were counting on that monthly revenue for their retirement and said most homeowners can't afford to re-build or buy in that area with the incentive package.[30]

Timeline[edit]

Armed Forces Color Guard at Super Bowl XLV

Opening[edit]

Naming[edit]

Although the stadium had yet to sell naming rights, many fans started referring to the project with various nicknames such as JerryWorld,[37][46][47][48] the "Death Star",[49] "The Palace in Dallas" (for which announcer Bob Costas was criticized by the Arlington mayor[50]), "Cowboys Cathedral",[51] "Jerrassic Park" and others.[52] There was also a petition by some fans to have the stadium named after longtime Cowboys' coach Tom Landry.

On May 13, 2009, Jerry Jones announced the official name as Cowboys Stadium.[37]

On July 25, 2013, Jerry Jones announced that the Dallas Cowboys had agreed to grant naming rights to AT&T, changing the name of Cowboys Stadium to AT&T Stadium, effective immediately.[53] The sponsorship deal was reported to be worth about $17–19 million per year.[54] This is AT&T's fourth major sports venue where it holds the naming rights, which includes San Francisco's AT&T Park, San Antonio's AT&T Center, and Jones AT&T Stadium in Lubbock.

Facility Solutions Group installed the "AT&T Stadium" letters on the top of the stadium. Signage includes two sets of 43-foot-tall letters stretching 385 feet. The letters are made of lightweight components and aluminum and are insulated and heated to melt ice and snow.[55]

Video Board[edit]

Guinness World Records was on hand at the September 28, 2009 game against the Carolina Panthers to award certificates to the Chairman of Mitsubishi Electric and Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones for the World's Largest High-Definition Video Display.[24] For basketball events played in Cowboys Stadium, such as the 2010 NBA All-Star Game, the video board is actually larger than the court. It has since been surpassed in size by the video board at Charlotte Motor Speedway and the video display at Reliant Stadium.

During the debut preseason game of Cowboys Stadium on August 21, 2009, a punt by Tennessee Titans punter A. J. Trapasso hit the 2,100 in. screen above the field. The punt deflected backwards and was ruled in-play until Titans coach Jeff Fisher informed the officials that the punt struck the scoreboard. By rule, the down was replayed. Cowboys owner Jerry Jones believes that Trapasso was trying to hit the scoreboard, saying "If you look at how you punt the football, unless you're trying to hit the scoreboard, you punt the ball to get downfield. You certainly want to get some hangtime, but you punt the ball to get downfield, and you sure don't punt the ball down the middle. You punt it off to the side."[56] Whether the screen would affect an opposing team's punting strategy has been debated. For teams with strategies centered on maximizing hang-time, physicist Christopher Moore of Longwood University has shown via computer simulation that well-kicked punts have the potential to hit the screen no matter the field position.[57] Trapasso disputed Jones' suggestion that he was intentionally trying to hit the board, and other NFL punters have suggested that the board may pose a problem for longer hang-time punts. The screen was retrofitted with 16 custom winches using 11,000 ft. of 1-1/2" domestic galvanized wire rope to accomplish the safe, efficient transport of the video board in time to make room for U2's massive set during their 360° Tour, and was moved back down after the concert. The video board is also the primary attachment point for up to 370,000 pounds of concert and theatrical rigging.

On August 24, 2013, Cowboys punter Chris Jones became the second player to hit the scoreboard. He would concede a touchdown on the re-kick.[58]

Major events[edit]

NBA All-Star Weekend[edit]

On February 14, 2010, the stadium hosted the 2010 NBA All-Star Game. With an announced crowd of 108,713, the game became the highest-attended basketball game in history, setting a new Guinness World Record. The East squad prevailed with a 141–139 victory over the West.[59]

NFL[edit]

Cowboys playing at Cowboys Stadium

College football[edit]

Big 12 Championship Game[edit]

University of Texas marching band during the Big 12 Championship game

Cotton Bowl Classic[edit]

Main article: Cotton Bowl Classic

Cowboys Classic[edit]

Main article: Cowboys Classic

Southwest Classic[edit]

The Arkansas Razorbacks vs. Texas A&M Aggies football rivalry, which dates back to 1903, was renewed in 2009 as the Southwest Classic which is played annually in Cowboys Stadium. In 2012, Texas A&M joined Arkansas in the Southeastern Conference, and the series will take a two-year break from Cowboys Stadium, moving to Kyle Field in College Station, Texas for 2012 and Donald W. Reynolds Razorback Stadium in Fayetteville, Arkansas in 2013. The series is scheduled to return to Cowboys Stadium in 2014 and remain there through at least 2020.

Texas Farm Bureau Insurance Shootout[edit]

In 2009, the Big 12 Conference game between the Baylor Bears and Texas Tech Red Raiders was held at Cowboys Stadium, the first time in the series the match-up was held on a neutral site. The game was the highest attended in the series' history, with 71,964 in attendance.[72]

After the 2010 game was held at the Cotton Bowl in Fair Park, Dallas during the State Fair of Texas, the series will return to Cowboys Stadium for the 2011 and 2012 games. The series' neutral site contract at Cowboys Stadium could continue until 2014.[73]

Basketball[edit]

Cowboys Stadium being set up for Texas vs. North Carolina game

Soccer[edit]

September 9, 2010 – FIFA inspectors and commissioners of the U.S. soccer federation visited the stadium to be possible one of the venues of the 2022 FIFA World Cup which it remained Qatar.

Matches at AT&T Stadium[edit]

DateCompetitionTeamResultTeamSpectators
19 July 20092009 CONCACAF Gold Cup Guadeloupe1-5 Costa Rica85.000
 Mexico4-0 Haiti
26 July 20092009 World Football ChallengeEngland Chelsea FC2-0Mexico Club America57.229
17 July 2010FriendlyMexico Club America0-3Mexico San Luis F.C.57,229
5 June 20112011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Cuba0-5 Costa Rica80,108
 Mexico5-0 El Salvador
6 August 20112011 World Football ChallengeSpain FC Barcelona2-0Mexico Club America60.087
3 June 2012Friendly Mexico2-0 Brazil84.519
24 July 20132013 CONCACAF Gold Cup United States3-1 Honduras81,410
 Mexico1-2 Panama
31 May 2014Friendly Mexico3-1 Ecuador84,876

Wrestling[edit]

Other events[edit]

Several participants walk at the 2013 DFW MDA Muscle Walk.

Concessions and merchandising[edit]

On October 20, 2008, Cowboys owner Jones and then New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner announced a joint business venture called Legends Hospitality Management LLC which would operate the concessions and merchandising sales at the new Cowboys stadium in Arlington, Texas, and at the new Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, New York, along with the stadiums of the Yankees' minor league affiliates. Former Pizza Hut President Michael Rawlings will run the company from its new headquarters in Newark, New Jersey. The company was also backed by Wall Street investment firm Goldman Sachs and Dallas private equity firm CIC Partners LP.[84][85][86]

Stadium Art Program[edit]

The Jones family commissioned 18 contemporary artists to create site-specific artworks for the stadium. The stadium features paintings, sculptures, and installations by Franz Ackerman, Doug Aitken, Ricci Albenda, Mel Bochner, Daniel Buren, Olafur Eliasson, Teresita Fernandez, Wayne Gonzales, Terry Haggerty, Trenton Doyle Hancock, Jacqueline Humphries, Jim Isermann, Annette Lawrence, Dave Muller, Gary Simmons, and Lawrence Weiner.[87]

Parking[edit]

The fees for premium parking at Dallas Cowboys games are estimated at $75 per game, based on season ticket holder parking charges.[88] The fees to park at major concerts and other sporting events will be nearly $40 per space at the new stadium.[89] A shuttle operates between the T&P Station and Cowboys Stadium for all Cowboys regular season and postseason games and selected college football games,[90] which averages approximately 900 riders per game.[90] For special events like Super Bowl XLV parking prices can increase to as much as $990.[91]

Notes[edit]

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  6. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
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  30. ^ Dallas Morning News: Arlington turning to eminent domain for stadium land.[dead link]
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  32. ^ "Alliance Announced". Associated Construction Publications. [dead link]
  33. ^ "All Up From Here". Associated Construction Publications. [dead link]
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  35. ^ "Heldenfels Awarded Contract". Associated Construction Publications. [dead link]
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  53. ^ "Cowboys Stadium now called AT&T Stadium after deal". NFL.com. July 25, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  54. ^ Staff reports (July 25, 2013). "Report: AT&T naming rights for Dallas Cowboys' stadium $17-19M a year". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved July 26, 2013. 
  55. ^ Nagy, Monica (3 March 2014). "Crews finish mounting massive ‘AT&T’ letters on Cowboys’ stadium". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
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  57. ^ Archer, Todd (August 25, 2009). "The Cowboys Stadium digital board is a hot topic". The Dallas Morning News. [dead link]
  58. ^ Pre Wk 3 Can't-Miss Play: Cincinnati Bengals receiver Brandon Tate returns re-punt for touchdown
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  62. ^ Williams, Charean (January 29, 2012). "Super Bowl Bound to Return, But When?". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved May 21, 2012. 
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  68. ^ Oregon State vs TCU Stats
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  70. ^ [3] ESPN.com, October 9, 2010.
  71. ^ [4] ESPN.com, October 1, 2011
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  74. ^ "Official website of University of Texas Athletics – Texas Longhorns – Men's Basketball". TexasSports.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  75. ^ South regional at Cowboys Stadium features a giant TV screen — and, oh yeah, a basketball court | The Dagger: College Basketball Blog - Yahoo Sports
  76. ^ [5][dead link]
  77. ^ "Events". Stadium.dallascowboys.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  78. ^ [6][dead link]
  79. ^ Four high school playoff games scheduled for Cowboys Stadium | Dallas Morning News
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  84. ^ Dallas Cowboys, New York Yankees form joint concessions venture[dead link] (The Dallas Morning News)
  85. ^ Cowboys, Yankees form company for new stadiums (Associated Press)[dead link]
  86. ^ Yankees, Cowboys, Goldman Sachs Form Stadium Company (Bloomberg)
  87. ^ The Art Program At Cowboys Stadium
  88. ^ "Dallas Cowboys, Texas Rangers Reach Deal on Parking Spots". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. April 2, 2009. [dead link]
  89. ^ "KENNEDY: $40 for Cowboys Stadium Parking? Sure Would Be Nice to Have Mass Transit...". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. June 4, 2009. [dead link]
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  91. ^ "$990 for a parking spot at the Super Bowl". USAToday.com. January 26, 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Texas Stadium
Home of the
Dallas Cowboys

2009 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by

Georgia Dome
NCAA Men's Division I
Basketball Tournament
Finals Venue

2014
Succeeded by

Lucas Oil Stadium
Preceded by
Sun Life Stadium
Host of the Super Bowl
XLV 2011
Succeeded by
Lucas Oil Stadium
Preceded by
US Airways Center
Host of the
NBA All-Star Game

2010
Succeeded by
Staples Center