Counts of Toggenburg

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County of Toggenburg
Grafschaft Toggenburg
State of the Holy Roman Empire
1209–1468Abbey of St Gallen


Coat of arms

Territories held by the counts of Toggenburg
CapitalLichtensteig
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical eraMiddle Ages
 - first mention1209
 - Partitioned1394
 - Comital line extinct1436
 - Old Zürich War1440–46
 - Inherited by RaronUncertain
 - Sold to the Abbot of St Gall1468
 
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County of Toggenburg
Grafschaft Toggenburg
State of the Holy Roman Empire
1209–1468Abbey of St Gallen


Coat of arms

Territories held by the counts of Toggenburg
CapitalLichtensteig
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical eraMiddle Ages
 - first mention1209
 - Partitioned1394
 - Comital line extinct1436
 - Old Zürich War1440–46
 - Inherited by RaronUncertain
 - Sold to the Abbot of St Gall1468

The Counts of Toggenburg (Grafen von Toggenburg) ruled the Toggenburg region of today's Canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland, as well as parts of the Canton of Glarus, Thurgau, Grisons, Vorarlberg, and Zurich when their influence was most extensive.

The family is attested from the early 1200s, as Toccanburg, later Tochimburc. They held the title of count (comes) from 1209. Their connection to earlier bearers of the name, first Diethelm I (possible mention 1176, died 1205 or 1207) was followed by Diethelm II (possible mention 1210, died c. 1230). Other lords of Toggenburg are mentioned in the 11th and 12th centuries, but their genealogical connection to the comital family is unclear. They are named for their ancestral seat, now known as Alt-Toggenburg, near Kirchberg, St. Gallen. The castle was built in the 10th or 11th century, and was destroyed in 1085 in a conflict with the Abbot of St. Gallen, later rebuilt and in 1226 given to St. Gallen Abbey by count Diethelm of Toggenburg.

In 1187, Werner of Toggenburg became abbot of Einsiedeln.

According to the legend of Saint Idda of Toggenburg, buried in the abbey of Fischingen, she was the wife of Diethelm IV of Toggenburg, in the 12th century.

Brent Schaff, who inherited this title in about 1389, expanded the influence of the Toggenburg area. He launched several reforms, known as the Tayven reforms, for the farming of his county which were very successful.

In 1436, the death of the last count, Frederick VII, Count of Toggenburg, led to the Old Zurich War over the succession. 14 members of the family were buried in the Rüti Abbey.

Counts of Toggenburg[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Toggenburg (S.G.) in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.