Cotulla, Texas

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Cotulla, Texas
—  City  —
Downtown Cotulla
Location of Cotulla, Texas
Coordinates: 28°26′3″N 99°14′11″W / 28.43417°N 99.23639°W / 28.43417; -99.23639Coordinates: 28°26′3″N 99°14′11″W / 28.43417°N 99.23639°W / 28.43417; -99.23639
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyLa Salle
Area
 • Total2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)
 • Land2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation427 ft (130 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total3,614
 • Density1,831.8/sq mi (707.3/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes78001, 78014
Area code(s)830
FIPS code48-17216[1]
GNIS feature ID1333494[2]
 
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Cotulla, Texas
—  City  —
Downtown Cotulla
Location of Cotulla, Texas
Coordinates: 28°26′3″N 99°14′11″W / 28.43417°N 99.23639°W / 28.43417; -99.23639Coordinates: 28°26′3″N 99°14′11″W / 28.43417°N 99.23639°W / 28.43417; -99.23639
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyLa Salle
Area
 • Total2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)
 • Land2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation427 ft (130 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total3,614
 • Density1,831.8/sq mi (707.3/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes78001, 78014
Area code(s)830
FIPS code48-17216[1]
GNIS feature ID1333494[2]

Cotulla (pron.: /kɵˈtlə/ co-TOO-la[3]) is a city in and the county seat of La Salle County, Texas, United States.[4] The population was 3,614 at the 2000 census.

Former first lady Lady Bird Johnson, in an interview March 1, 1976, described Cotulla as "one of the crummiest little towns in Texas."[5]

Contents

History

In 1868, Polish immigrant Joseph Cotulla arrived in La Salle County and eventually established a large ranching operation. After learning that the International-Great Northern Railroad intended to lay tracks in La Salle County, he worked to establish the town of Cotulla. In 1881, he donated 120 acres of his land to the railroad, and 1882, a depot was built there. In 1883, the town was granted a post office. The same year, Cotulla became the county seat by special election.[6]

In 1973, two railroad locomotives collided in Cotulla, and three people were killed as a result.[7]

In 2008, the area about Cotulla burned in a huge grass fire.

Geography

Cotulla is located at 28°26′3″N 99°14′11″W / 28.43417°N 99.23639°W / 28.43417; -99.23639 (28.434144, -99.236343)[8].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.

The Nueces River flows through southern Cotulla in a southeastward direction to the Gulf of Mexico near Corpus Christi.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,614 people, 1,208 households, and 901 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,831.8 people per square mile (708.3/km²). There were 1,504 housing units at an average density of 762.3 per square mile (294.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.45% White, 0.64% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 12.67% from other races, and 2.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 83.56% of the population.

There were 1,208 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.50.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.6% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,250, and the median income for a family was $25,951. Males had a median income of $21,199 versus $17,415 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,856. About 27.9% of families and 30.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.0% of those under age 18 and 28.1% of those age 65 or over.

Law and Government

The La Salle County Courthouse in Cotulla is undergoing extensive renovation. County employees have in the meantime assumed temporary offices.

Education

Arts and Culture

The Brush Country Museum, with various local ranching memorabilia, is located in Cotulla.

Religion

First United Methodist Church of Cotulla.

The city has Roman Catholic, Baptist, United Methodist, Presbyterian, and non-denominational churches. The Presbyterians and Baptists originally shared the Methodist facilities, which began in 1881. New Methodist buildings were constructed in 1906 and again in 1928.[9]

In 1883-1884, the Reverend W.D. Johnson organized a Baptist fellowship in Cotulla. After several years of meeting at the Methodist Church, the first Baptist building opened in 1889, with the minister John Van Epps Covey (1821–1898) preaching the first sermon in the new structure. The current church sanctuary on Main Street opened in 1948 under the leadership of the Reverend Jesse Cooke.[10] The new First Baptist pastor in Cotulla as of 2011 is Loren G. Fast.

Prevailing Word Church, located in a new sanctuary at 419 South Main, had co-pastors in 2009, L. Lynn Beams and Abram De La Garza. It has services at 3 p.m. Sundays, rather than the customary morning hours, and mid-week services on Thursday evenings, instead of Wednesday.[11]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ http://www.texastripper.com/pronounce/locations-c.html
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ Caro, Robert A. (1982). The Path to Power. The Years of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.. pp. 172, 803. ISBN 0394499735.
  6. ^ Leffler, John. "Cotulla, TX - Handbook of Texas Online". Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hgc16. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
  7. ^ Glenewinkel, Jay. "Missouri Pacific Disaster in Cotulla, Texas 1973". trainweb.org. http://www.trainweb.org/screamingeagle/cotulla.html. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, First United Methodist Church of Cotulla
  10. ^ Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, First Baptist Church of Cotulla
  11. ^ "Prevailing Word Church". americantowns.com. http://www.americantowns.com/tx/cotulla/organization/prevailing_word_church. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  12. ^ Caro, Robert A. (1982). The Path to Power. The Years of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.. pp. 164–174. ISBN 0394499735.

External links