Cotabato City

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Cotabato
Lungsod ng Kutabato
Independent-Component City
City of Cotabato
Mindanao River at Cotabato City

Seal
Nickname(s): Stone Fortress of Mindanao
Map of Maguindanao showing the location of Cotabato City.
Cotabato City is located in Philippines
Cotabato
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°13′N 124°15′E / 7.217°N 124.250°E / 7.217; 124.250Coordinates: 7°13′N 124°15′E / 7.217°N 124.250°E / 7.217; 124.250
Country Philippines
RegionSOCCSKSARGEN
DistrictLone District of Maguindanao
Capital of Maguindanao Sultanate1520
Founding of Pueblo de Cotabato1862
CityhoodJune 20, 1959
Founded byShariff Muhammad Kabunsuan
Barangays37
Government
 • MayorJapal "JoJo" Guiani
 • Vice-MayorAbdullah Andang
Area
 • Total176.00 km2 (67.95 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total271,786
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code9600
Income class1st class
Websitewww.cotabatocitysp.com
 
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Cotabato
Lungsod ng Kutabato
Independent-Component City
City of Cotabato
Mindanao River at Cotabato City

Seal
Nickname(s): Stone Fortress of Mindanao
Map of Maguindanao showing the location of Cotabato City.
Cotabato City is located in Philippines
Cotabato
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°13′N 124°15′E / 7.217°N 124.250°E / 7.217; 124.250Coordinates: 7°13′N 124°15′E / 7.217°N 124.250°E / 7.217; 124.250
Country Philippines
RegionSOCCSKSARGEN
DistrictLone District of Maguindanao
Capital of Maguindanao Sultanate1520
Founding of Pueblo de Cotabato1862
CityhoodJune 20, 1959
Founded byShariff Muhammad Kabunsuan
Barangays37
Government
 • MayorJapal "JoJo" Guiani
 • Vice-MayorAbdullah Andang
Area
 • Total176.00 km2 (67.95 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total271,786
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code9600
Income class1st class
Websitewww.cotabatocitysp.com
Population Census of Cotabato City
YearPop.  ±% p.a.  
1990127,065—    
1995146,779+2.93%
2000163,849+2.22%
2007259,153+6.77%
2010271,786+1.60%

The City of Cotabato (Malay: Kota Batu means Fortress Stone) is one of the cities of the Philippines located in Mindanao. Cotabato City is an exclave of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) region found within the boundaries of Maguindanao, but is independent of that province. The City is still included in SOCCSKSARGEN Region which is composed of provinces of South Cotabato, North Cotabato (Cotabato Province), Sultan Kudarat, Saranggani and the Cities of General Santos, Koronadal, Kidapawan, Tacurong and Cotabato. Cotabato City is distinct from and should not be confused with the province of Cotabato. Cotabato's population was about 271,786 in 2010 census.

History[edit]

Cotabato City had witnessed more history than any other place in Mindanao. Its history dates back to the 15th century when Shariff Kabunsuan, an Arab missionary, landed along the banks of the Rio Grande de Mindanao and introduced Islam to the natives. Islam was the faith that moved the early settlers to communal life, and to establish the Sultanate of Maguindanao with its golden age ushered in by Sultan Dipatuan Qudarat during the 17th century the time when Cotabato City developed as the capital town of Maguindanao.

In the nineteenth century, when Sultan Makakua ruled, roads and wharfs were constructed which gave rise to the birth of modern-day Cotabato. However, the then Municipality of Cotabato was first organized at the later part of the 19th century when the Spaniards established a military post at what is now Barangay Tamontaka, one of the earliest Christian settlements founded south of the Philippines. Cotabato was then officially founded in 1862 when the Pueblo de Cotabato was established; Christianity was introduced in the area in around the year 1870.

Datu Piang, fourth from the left, with American officers. He was the first governor of the Empire Province of Cotabato, which existed from 1920 to 1967.

Americans arrived in Mindanao in 1900 after the Spanish-American War ended in 1898. Cotabato town was part of Moro Province and of Department of Mindanao and Sulu from 1903 to 1920, when the Empire Province of Cotabato, referred to as "Moroland" by the Americans, was founded with the town as the capital, with Datu Piang, known as the Grand Old Man of Cotabato, as its first governor.

Several towns were carved off from Cotabato town beginning in the year 1936, with Dulawan (now Datu Piang, Maguindanao) and Midsayap being the first ones which were incorporated as regular municipalities.

In 1942, at the beginning of the Pacific Front of World War II, the Japanese Imperial forces entered what is now Maguindanao province. In 1945, Maguindanao was liberated by allied Philippine Commonwealth troops and Muslim Maguindanaoan guerrilla units after defeating the Japanese Imperial forces in the Battle of Maguindanao during the Second World War.

Several towns were carved off from Cotabato town since the year 1913, with Pikit being the first one founded by Cebuano Christian colonists. Dulawan (now Datu Piang, Maguindanao) and Midsayap were incorporated as towns in 1936. In August 18, 1947, just two years after the Second World War and a year after the official inauguration of Philippine independence, the number of towns in the gigantic Cotabato province were multiplied by Executive Order No. 82 signed by President Manuel Roxas, namely: Kidapawan, Pagalungan, Buayan, Marbel, Parang, Nuling, Dinaig, Lebak, Buluan, Kiamba, and Cabacan, a total of eleven (11) towns added to the previous four towns; the newly founded towns of Kabuntalan, Pikit (conversion as regular municipality), and Glan added up in September 30, 1949. More and more newly created towns added up in the province's number of towns as the province entered the second half of the 20th century.

On July 1, 1950, the then Municipality of Cotabato was made first class municipality under Executive Order No. 466. Nine years later, it became a city on July 10, 1959, and on June 20, 1959 it was officially created into a chartered city by virtue of Republic Act No. 2364.

During the beginning of the 1950s up to the mid-1970s, Cotabato City was by far the second largest and most progressive city in Mindanao, after Davao City, with its population of more than 200,000 people residing in the city that time. However, mass insurgencies and much disorder between Christians and local Muslims in the region, began in the mid-1960 during the Marcos administration, capitulated into the city's economic decline, so the provincial government moved its provisional capital to Pagalungan in 1967 to avoid internal strife in the city. This made the city mostly isolated to other important economic centers in Mindanao.

When the Empire Province of Cotabato was dissolved 1967, the city used to be part of the newly founded North Cotabato province until 1973; since then the city was the administrative center of the ARMM. However, the city broke off administratively from Maguindanao as it rejoined SOCCSKSARGEN in the 1990s. Now many sources consider the city as part of the present North Cotabato Province, although statistically it is still considered part of Maguindanao.

Geography[edit]

Cotabato is approximately 698.9 nautical miles (1294 km) from Manila, the country's capital, and is bounded by the municipalities of Sultan Kudarat to the north—with Rio Grande de Mindanao separating the two—Kabuntalan to the east, and Datu Odin Sinsuat to the south. The city faces Illana Bay, part of the Moro Gulf, to the west. Cotabato City has a total land area of 176.0 square kilometers.

Economy[edit]

Cotabato City, historically, during its heyday as the capital of the Maguindanao Sultanate, has been the most economically prosperous city in the island of Mindanao. Its prosperity has been taken away by civil internal strife beginning in the 1970s. However, once it became part of SOCCSKSARGEN region in the 1990s, its economy began a radical economic recovery.

As of now, the city currently serves as the center for economic support activities, trade and finance, education and other support services such as social, physical, cultural and other basic services of Central Mindanao. It is now struggling to gain its lost glory.

Government[edit]

Cotabato City is the regional center of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) but the city is actually part of the SOCCSKSARGEN region, often grouped with Cotabato in some sources,[1] and does not belong to the ARMM.

Barangays[edit]

Cotabato City is politically subdivided into 37 barangays.

  • Bagua Proper
  • Bagua I
  • Bagua II
  • Bagua III
  • Kalanganan
  • Kalanganan I
  • Kalanganan II
  • Poblacion Proper
  • Poblacion I
  • Poblacion II
  • Poblacion III
  • Poblacion IV
  • Poblacion V
  • Poblacion VI
  • Poblacion VII
  • Poblacion VIII
  • Poblacion IX
  • Rosary Heights Proper
  • Rosary Heights I
  • Rosary Heights II
  • Rosary Heights III
  • Rosary Heights IV
  • Rosary Heights V
  • Rosary Heights VI
  • Rosary Heights VII
  • Rosary Heights VIII
  • Rosary Heights IX
  • Rosary Heights X
  • Rosary Heights XI
  • Rosary Heights XII
  • Rosary Heights XIII
  • Tamontaka Proper
  • Tamontaka I
  • Tamontaka II
  • Tamontaka III
  • Tamontaka IV
  • Tamontaka V
  • Tamontaka VI

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification system, Cotabato City features a tropical rainforest climate (Af), falling just short of a tropical monsoon climate (Am).

Climate data for Cotabato City
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)32
(90)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F)21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
22
(72)
Precipitation mm (inches)60
(2.36)
80
(3.15)
90
(3.54)
120
(4.72)
230
(9.06)
220
(8.66)
220
(8.66)
320
(12.6)
240
(9.45)
250
(9.84)
170
(6.69)
90
(3.54)
2,160
(85.04)
Source: Weatherbase.com[2]

Transportation[edit]

Air
Land
  • Bus Operators
    • Weena Express (Davao to Cotabato vv)
    • Husky Bus (Gensan to Cotabato vv)
    • Sema Express (Lebak to Cotabato vv)
  • Public Utility Van Routes
    • Cagayan de Oro City
    • Iligan City
    • Davao City
    • Kidapawan City
    • Municipality of Midsayap
    • General santos City
    • Koronadal City
    • Marawi City
    • Pagadian City
    • Zamboanga City

Tourism[edit]

Landmark and Parks[edit]

It is the Central Mindanao center of Catholic Preaching. With the Huge Bell Tower and state of the art Building houses the Archdioces of Cotabato.

It is a one stop shop to buy different native goods, accessories and souvenir items.

Events[edit]

Private School Institutions, Colleges and University[edit]

Medical Clinics and Hospital[edit]

Media[edit]

-TV Patrol Central Mindanao

Malls and Shopping Centers[edit]

Hotel & Resorts[edit]

Bank and Insurance Corporations[edit]

                                      - Southseas Mall 
                             - ORC Branch 
            - Quezon Avenue Branch 
             - Almonte Branch 

Branch Stores and Food Chains[edit]

          - City Plaza Branch 
            - ORC Branch (proposed) 
              - City Plaza Branch 
            - Jose Lim Branch 
            - ORC Branch 
                    - City Plaza Branch                    - Almonte Branch                    - ORC Branch 
                  - City Plaza Branch 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]