Corinne Griffith

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Corinne Griffith
Corinne-griffith.jpg
BornCorinne Mae Griffin
(1894-11-21)November 21, 1894
Texarkana, Texas, U.S.
DiedJuly 13, 1979(1979-07-13) (aged 84)
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Heart failure
NationalityAmerican
EducationSacred Heart Convent
OccupationActress, producer, author
Years active1916–32
Spouse(s)Webster Campbell (m.1920–23)
Walter Morosco (m.1924–34)
George Preston Marshall (m.1936–1958)
Danny Scholl (m.1965-65)
 
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Corinne Griffith
Corinne-griffith.jpg
BornCorinne Mae Griffin
(1894-11-21)November 21, 1894
Texarkana, Texas, U.S.
DiedJuly 13, 1979(1979-07-13) (aged 84)
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Heart failure
NationalityAmerican
EducationSacred Heart Convent
OccupationActress, producer, author
Years active1916–32
Spouse(s)Webster Campbell (m.1920–23)
Walter Morosco (m.1924–34)
George Preston Marshall (m.1936–1958)
Danny Scholl (m.1965-65)

Corinne Mae Griffith (November 21, 1894 – July 13, 1979) was an American film actress, producer and author. Dubbed "The Orchid Lady of the Screen",[1] she was one of the most popular film actresses of the 1920s and widely considered the most beautiful actress of the silent screen. Shortly after the advent of sound film, Griffith retired from acting and became a successful author.

Early life and career[edit]

An early starring feature, The Climbers.

Griffith was born in Texarkana, Texas to John Lewis Griffin and Ambolina (Ambolyn) Ghio. She attended Sacred Heart Convent school in New Orleans and worked as a dancer before she began her acting career.[2]

Griffith began her screen career at the Vitagraph Studios in 1916. She later moved to First National, where she became one of their most popular stars.[3] In 1928, she had the starring role in The Garden of Eden. The next year, in 1929, Griffith received an Academy Award nomination for her role in The Divine Lady.

Griffith's first sound film, Lilies of the Field, was released in 1930. Griffith's voice did not record well (The New York Times stated that she "talked through her nose"),[1] and the film was a box office flop.[4] After appearing in one more Hollywood picture, Back Pay in 1930 and a British film Lily Christine in 1932, she retired from acting. She returned to the screen in 1962 in the low-budget melodrama Paradise Alley, which received scant release.

Later career[edit]

Griffith was one of the few film stars to move successfully into new careers once her stardom had ended. She was an accomplished writer who published eleven books including two best sellers, My Life with the Redskins and the memoir Papa's Delicate Condition, which was made into a 1963 film starring Jackie Gleason about the Ghio and Griffin family. Her actual family names were used in the film.

Her ventures into real estate were particularly successful (at one point she owned four different major office buildings in Los Angeles, each of them named after her).

Personal life[edit]

Griffith was a member of the Christian Science religion.[5]

Marriages[edit]

Griffith was married four times and produced no children. She married actor and frequent co-star Webster Campbell from 1920 to 1923, producer Walter Morosco from 1924 to 1934, and the owner of the Washington Redskins football team George Preston Marshall from 1936 to 1958. During her marriage to Marshall, she composed the lyrics to the Redskins fight song "Hail to the Redskins" which became one of the most famous football anthems.[6]

In 1966, within a few days, she married and divorced her fourth husband, Broadway actor Danny Scholl (Call Me Mister). Scholl was 45, more than 25 years Griffith's junior. In court she testified that she was not Corinne Griffith. She claimed that she was the actress's younger (by twenty years) sister who had taken her place upon the famous sister's death. Contradicting testimony by actresses Betty Blythe and Claire Windsor, who had both known her since the 1920s, did not shake her story. In 1974, Adele Whitely Fletcher, editor of Photoplay, said Griffith was still claiming that she was her own younger sister.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

On July 13, 1979, Griffith died of heart failure in Santa Monica, California, aged 84. At the time of her death, her personal estate was worth over $150,000,000.[citation needed]

For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Corinne Griffith has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1560 Vine Street.

Selected filmography[edit]

The Girl Problem (1919)
YearTitleRoleNotes
1916The High Cost of Living
1916La PalomaStella
1916The Waters of LetheJoyce Denton
1916The Yellow GirlCorinne
1916Through the WallPussy Wimott
1916The Last ManLorna
1917The Stolen TreatyIrene Mitchell
1917TransgressionMarion Hayward
1917The Love DoctorBlanche Hildreth
1917I Will RepayVirginia Rodney
1917Who Goes There?Karen Girard
1918Love WatchesJacqueline Cartaret
1918The Clutch of CircumstanceRuth Lawson
1918The Girl of TodayLeslie Selden
1918Miss AmbitionMarta
1919The Adventure ShopPhyllis Blake
1919The Girl ProblemErminie Foster
1919The Unknown QuantityMary Boyne
1919Thin IceAlice Winton
1919A Girl at BayMary Allen
1919The Bramble BushKaly Dial
1919The ClimbersBlanche Sterling
1920The Tower of JewelsEmily Cottrell
1920Human CollateralPatricia Langdon
1920Deadline at ElevenHelen Stevens
1920The Garter GirlRosalie Ray
1920The Whisper MarketErminie North
1920The Broadway BubbleAdrienne Landreth/Drina Lynn
1921It Isn't Being Done This SeasonMarcia Ventnor
1921What's Your Reputation Worth?Cara Deene
1921Moral FibreMarion Wolcott
1921The Single TrackJanette Gildersleeve
1922Received Payment
1922A Virgin's Sacrifice
1922Island WivesElsa Melton
1922Divorce CouponsLinda Catherton
1922The Common LawValerie West
1923Black OxenMadame Zatianny/Mary Ogden
1923Six DaysLaline Kingston
1924Single WivesBetty JordanExecutive producer
1924Love's WildernessLinda Lou HeathExecutive producer
1924Lilies of the FieldMildred HarkerExecutive producer
1925DeclasseeLady Helen HadenProducer
1925ClassifiedBabs CometProducer
1925InfatuationViolet BancroftExecutive producer
Lost film
1925The Marriage WhirlMarian HaleExecutive producer
Lost film
1926Madamoiselle ModisteFifiExecutive producer
Lost film
1926Into Her KingdomGrand Duchess Tatiana (at 12 and 20)Executive producer
Lost film
1926Syncopating SueSusan AdamsExecutive producer
Lost film
1927The Lady in ErmineMariana BeltramiExecutive producer
Lost film
1927Three HoursMadeline DurkinExecutive producer
1928The Garden of EdenToni LeBrun
1928OutcastMiriamLost film
1929Saturday's ChildrenBobby Halevy
1929PrisonersRiza Riga
1929The Divine LadyLady Emma Hart Hamilton
1930Lilies of the FieldMildred HarkerLost film
1930Back PayHester Bevins
1932Lily ChristineLily Christine Summerset
1962Paradise AlleyMrs. WilsonAlternative title: Stars in the Backyard

Books by Corinne Griffith[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Porter, Darwin (2005). Howard Hughes: Hell's Angel. Blood Moon Productions, Ltd. p. 301. ISBN 0-9748118-1-5. 
  2. ^ Who's Who in America. Marquis-Who's Who. 1954. p. 1427. 
  3. ^ Lowe, Denise (2004). An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films, 1895–1930: 1895–1930. Haworth Press. p. 258. ISBN 0-7890-1843-8. 
  4. ^ Barrios, Richard (1995). A Song in the Dark: The Birth of the Musical Film. Oxford University Press US. p. 317. ISBN 0-19-508811-5. 
  5. ^ Slide, Anthony (2002). Silent Players: A Biographical and Autobiographical Study of 100 Silent Film Actors and Actresses. University Press of Kentucky. p. 169. ISBN 0-8131-2249-X. 
  6. ^ Richman, Michael (2007). The Redskins Encyclopedia. Temple University Press. p. 15. ISBN 1-59213-542-0. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]