( Coq au vin ; / / French pronunciation: , "rooster/cock with wine") is a [kɔk o vɛ̃] French dish of chicken braised with wine, lardons, mushrooms, and optionally garlic.
While the wine is typically
Burgundy, many [1 ] regions of France have variants of coq au vin using the local wine, such as coq au vin jaune ( Jura), coq au Riesling ( Alsace), coq au pourpre or coq au violet ( Beaujolais nouveau), coq au , and so on. Champagne History [edit ]
Various legends trace
coq au vin to ancient Gaul and Julius Caesar, but the recipe was not documented until the early 20th century; it is generally accepted that it existed as a rustic dish long before that. [2 ] A somewhat similar recipe, [1 ] poulet au vin blanc, appeared in an 1864 cookbook. [3 ] Julia Child featured coq au vin in her breakthrough 1961 cookbook and she frequently prepared it on the Mastering the Art of French Cooking, PBS cooking show This exposure helped to increase the visibility and popularity of the dish in the United States, and coq au vin was seen as one of Child's signature dishes. The French Chef. [4 ] Preparation [edit ]
Although the word
"coq" in French means "rooster" or " cock", and tough birds with lots of connective tissue benefit from braising, most coq au vin recipes call for capon or chicken.
Standard recipes call for a chicken, red wine (often
Burgundy), lardons (salt pork or bacon), button mushrooms, onions, often garlic, and sometimes brandy. Recipes with vin jaune may specify morels instead of white mushrooms. The preparation is similar in many respects to beef bourguignon. The chicken is first marinated in wine, then seared in fat and slowly simmered until tender. The usual seasonings are salt, pepper, thyme, parsley and bay leaf, usually in the form of a bouquet garni. The juices are thickened either by making a small roux at the beginning of cooking, or by adding blood at the end. Notes [edit ] ^ a b Oxford Companion to Food, s.v. cock ^ Edmond Richardin, ed., La cuisine française: l'art du bien manger (Ed. rev. et augm.) Paris, 1906, p.227 ^ Cookery for English Households, by a French Lady, for English Households&pg=PA93 p.93 ^ Shaylyn Esposito, http://www.smithsonian.com, August 15, 2012, " What 9 Famous Chefs and Food Writers Are Cooking to Honor Julia Child’s 100th Birthday." External links [edit ]