The Dukes of Hazzard

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The Dukes of Hazzard
Dukes of Hazzard.jpg
Title card
GenreAction/Adventure
Family
Comedy-drama
Starring
Narrated byWaylon Jennings
Opening theme"Good Ol' Boys" performed by Waylon Jennings
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons7
No. of episodes145 (List of episodes)
Production
Camera setupSingle-camera
Running time45–49 minutes
Production company(s)Piggy Productions (season 1–7)
Warner Bros. Television
DistributorWarner Bros. Television
Broadcast
Original channelCBS
Audio formatMono (1979–84)
Stereo (1985)
Original runJanuary 26, 1979 (1979-01-26) – February 8, 1985 (1985-02-08)
Chronology
Followed byThe Dukes
The Dukes of Hazzard: The Beginning
Related showsMoonrunners
Enos
External links
Website
 
  (Redirected from Cooter Davenport)
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The Dukes of Hazzard
Dukes of Hazzard.jpg
Title card
GenreAction/Adventure
Family
Comedy-drama
Starring
Narrated byWaylon Jennings
Opening theme"Good Ol' Boys" performed by Waylon Jennings
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons7
No. of episodes145 (List of episodes)
Production
Camera setupSingle-camera
Running time45–49 minutes
Production company(s)Piggy Productions (season 1–7)
Warner Bros. Television
DistributorWarner Bros. Television
Broadcast
Original channelCBS
Audio formatMono (1979–84)
Stereo (1985)
Original runJanuary 26, 1979 (1979-01-26) – February 8, 1985 (1985-02-08)
Chronology
Followed byThe Dukes
The Dukes of Hazzard: The Beginning
Related showsMoonrunners
Enos
External links
Website

The Dukes of Hazzard is an American television series that aired on the CBS television network from January 26, 1979 to February 8, 1985. The series was inspired by the 1975 film Moonrunners, which was also created by Gy Waldron and had many identical or similar character names and concepts.

Overview[edit]

The Dukes of Hazzard follows the adventures of "The Duke Boys", cousins Bo (John Schneider) and Luke Duke (Tom Wopat), who live in a rural part of the fictional Hazzard County, Georgia with their attractive cousin Daisy (Catherine Bach) and their wise old Uncle Jesse (Denver Pyle), as they race around in their customized 1969 Dodge Charger stock car, christened (The) General Lee, evading crooked county commissioner Boss Hogg (Sorrell Booke) and his inept county sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane (James Best), and always managing to get caught in the middle of the various escapades and incidents that often occur in the area. Bo and Luke had previously been sentenced to probation for illegal transportation of moonshine; their Uncle Jesse made a plea deal with the U.S. Government to stop brewing moonshine in exchange. As a result, Bo and Luke are not allowed to carry firearms (instead, they often use compound bows, sometimes with arrows tipped with dynamite) or to leave Hazzard County, although the exact details of their probation terms vary from episode to episode: sometimes it is implied that they would be jailed for merely crossing the county line; on other occasions, it is shown that they may leave Hazzard as long as they are back within a certain time limit; several other technicalities of their probation also came into play at various times.

Corrupt county commissioner Jefferson Davis "Boss" Hogg, who either runs or has fingers in just about everything in Hazzard County (and whose exact powers, much like the terms of the Duke boys' probation, often vary between episodes) is forever angry with the Dukes, in particular Bo and Luke, for eternally foiling his crooked scams and is always looking for ways to get them out of the picture so that his plots have a chance of succeeding. Many episodes revolve around Hogg trying to engage in an illegal scheme, sometimes with aid of hired criminal help. Some of these are get-rich-quick schemes, though many others affect the financial security of the Duke farm, which Hogg has long wanted to acquire for nefarious reasons. Other times, Hogg hires criminals from out of town to do his dirty work for him, and often tries to frame Bo and Luke for various crimes as part of these plots. Bo and Luke always seem to stumble over Hogg's latest scheme, sometimes by curiosity, and often by sheer luck, and put it out of business. Despite the Dukes often coming to his rescue (see below), Hogg forever seems to have an irrational dislike of the clan, particularly Bo and Luke, often accusing them of spying on him, robbing or planning to rob him, and other supposedly nefarious actions as he believes they are generally out to get him.

The other main players of the show are Cooter Davenport (Ben Jones), who in very early episodes was seen to be a wild, unshaven rebel, often breaking or treading on the edge of the law, before settling down and becoming much more laid-back, and who owns the local garage and is the Duke family's best friend (he is often referred to as an "honorary Duke"), and Enos Strate (Sonny Shroyer), an honest but naive young Deputy who often finds his morals conflicted as he is reluctantly forced to take part in Hogg and Rosco's crooked schemes. In the third and fourth season, when Enos leaves for his own show, he is replaced by Deputy Cletus Hogg (Rick Hurst), Boss's cousin, who is slightly more wily than Enos but is generally also a reluctant player in Hogg's plots.

Owing to their fundamentally good natures, the Dukes often wind up helping Boss Hogg, albeit grudgingly. More than once Hogg is targeted by former associates who are either seeking revenge or have turned against him after a scheme has unravelled in one way or another. Sheriff Rosco also finds himself in trouble more than once. On such occasions, Bo and Luke usually have to rescue their adversaries as an inevitable precursor to defeating the bad guys; in other instances, the Dukes and Hogg and Rosco mutually join forces to tackle bigger threats to Hazzard or one of their respective parties. These instances became more frequent as the show progressed, and later seasons saw a number of stories where the Dukes and Hogg (and Rosco) temporarily work together.

Production[edit]

The series was developed from the 1975 B-movie Moonrunners. Created by Gy Waldron in collaboration with ex-moonshiner Jerry Rushing, this movie shares many identical and very similar names and concepts with the subsequent TV series. Although itself essentially a comedy, this original movie was much cruder and edgier than the family-friendly TV series that would evolve from it.

In 1977, Waldron was approached by Warner Brothers with the idea of developing Moonrunners into a television series. Production began in late October / November 1978, originally with the intention of just nine episodes being produced, to be used as mid-season filler. The first five episodes were filmed in Covington and Conyers Georgia and surrounding areas, including some location work in nearby Atlanta. These first five episodes feature a noticeably different tone from the rest of the series, including some more adult-oriented humor, with some raunchier elements and slightly coarser language; several of the characters, primarily those of Rosco and Cooter, are also given different interpretation to their more recognized roles. After completing production on the fifth episode, "High Octane", the cast and crew broke for Christmas break, expecting to return in several weeks' time to complete the ordered run of episodes. In the meantime, executives at Warner Brothers were impressed by the completed episodes and saw potential in developing the show into a full-running series; part of this plan was to move production from Georgia to the Warner Brothers lot in Burbank, California to simplify production as well as develop a larger workshop to service the large number of automobiles needed for the series..

Rushing appeared as shady used car dealer Ace Parker in the third episode produced, "Repo Men." Rushing believed this to be the start of a recurring role, in return for which he would supply creative ideas from his experiences: much of the character of Bo Duke he states to be based on him. However, "Repo Men" would turn out to be the character's only appearance in the entire show's run, leading to a legal dispute in the following years over the rights to characters and concepts between Rushing and Warner Brothers, although he remained on good terms with cast and crew and in recent years has made appearances at several fan conventions.

By the end of the first season, the family-friendly tone of The Dukes of Hazzard was in place; after the show returned for Season 2 in Fall 1979, the template was set that would be used for the show.

As well as its regular car chases, jumps and stunts, The Dukes of Hazzard relied on character familiarity, with Deputy Cletus replacing Deputy Enos in Seasons 3 and 4, and Coy and Vance Duke temporarily replacing Bo and Luke (due to a salary dispute) in Season 5, being the only major cast changes through the show's run (Ben Jones and James Best both left temporarily during the second season due to different disputes with producers, but both returned within a couple of episodes). Of the characters, only Uncle Jesse and Boss Hogg appeared in all 145 episodes; Daisy appears in all but one, the third season's "To Catch a Duke".

Characters[edit]

Cast of The Dukes of Hazzard (from left): (bottom) John Schneider, Tom Wopat, Catherine Bach, Denver Pyle, Peggy Rea; (top) Ben Jones, Sorrell Booke, James Best, Sonny Shroyer

Main characters[edit]

Recurring characters[edit]

CharacterActor
Info
Lulu Coltrane HoggPeggy Rea
Boss Hogg's wife, and Rosco's "fat sister". Lulu constantly challenged her husband for authority and rallied for the equality of women in Hazzard, and was one of the few people in Hazzard that Hogg was actually scared of, though he seemed to genuinely love and care for her. Although much mentioned, Lulu only appeared once during the first season (in the episode "Repo Men") and once during the second season ("The Rustlers"), before her appearances gradually increased over the third season. By the fourth season, she was a frequently seen recurring character. Initially in her single first and second season appearances, she was portrayed to be rather spoiled and selfish; as her appearances increased, the character evolved into being more caring and kind - often to the contrast of Boss, and which on occasion proved to be his downfall or Achilles' heel.
Myrtle / Mabel TillinghamLindsay Bloom
Mabel is Hogg's cousin who runs the Hazzard Phone Company, who often sneak listens to calls and lets Hogg know what's going on. Her name mysteriously changed from Myrtle to Mabel mid-way through the second season.
Longstreet B. DavenportErnie Lively (credited as Ernie W. Brown)
L.B. was Cooter's cousin who filled for Cooter when he was away from the garage in several second season episodes (in reality, this was to cover for Ben Jones' absence, after a disagreement with producers as to whether Cooter should have a beard or not). L.B. appeared in the episodes "Follow that Still", "Duke of Duke" "The Runaway", before Jones returned to the series; the episode "Grannie Annie" also features another temporary Cooter replacement, Mickey Jones as B.B. Davenport. Ernie Lively also played a different character named "Dobro Doolan", a friend of Bo and Luke, in the first episode of the series, "One Armed Bandits" (where he was credited as Ernie Brown), and as a guard called Clyde in the later sixth season episode "The Ransom of Hazzard County". With Cooter's temporary absence, it was never fully explained why one of his relations was suddenly running the garage in his place; and in a similar vein to Coy and Vance in the fifth season, both of these cousins of Cooter were very much clones of the original character, and were never mentioned before or after their temporary spells replacing the original character.
Hughie HoggJeff Altman
Boss Hogg's young nephew, said to be as crooked as — maybe even more crooked than — Hogg himself. Dressed in an all-white suit just like his Uncle Boss, Hughie drove or was chauffeured around in a white VW Beetle with bull horns on the hood, similar to Boss Hogg's Caddy. The character was first introduced in the episode "Uncle Boss", produced as the second episode of the second season, but this episode was not broadcast until the third season (for unknown reasons, and just several episodes prior to "The Return of Hughie Hogg"), and by which time, Hughie had already been seen as Temporary Sheriff in the second season episode "Arrest Jesse Duke" (in which he was written into, in a secondary role, at the last minute, to cover Sheriff Rosco's absence during James Best's temporary boycott of the show, and acted somewhat out of character of his usual conniving self, due to being given most of Rosco's lines). Typically, Hogg would call in Hughie once per season to come up with a particularly dastardly scheme to get rid of the Dukes, before Hughie would turn on Hogg and out-smart him; on some later appearances, Hughie would worm is way back into Hazzard by coming up with a scheme and then persuading Hogg to go along with it, often by bribery. Hughie's seemingly thought out, flawless plots would always end up in disaster, and Hogg would end up throwing him out of Hazzard at the end of the episode. Despite this, Hogg would always give Hughie "one last chance" on his next appearance.
Wayne / NorrisRoger Torrey
One of Hughie's loyal duo of henchman. Played by the same actor but with different names on different occasions.
Floyd / BarclayPat Studstill
The other of Hughie's duo of henchman. He and Norris were both bigger than Bo and Luke, but nonetheless struggled in fights against them. Again played by the same actor, but with different names on different occasions.
Emery PotterCharlie Dell
Emery Potter is the part-time Hazzard County registrar and chief teller of the Hazzard Bank. Emery is a meek, soft-spoken man with a low tolerance for anything exciting. He is a friend of the Dukes, and sometimes falls under Hogg's crooked schemes simply because he is too timid to stand up for himself. First seen in the second season episode "People's Choice", the character made several return appearances across the seasons. He has also served as Temporary Deputy on occasion.
Dr. Henry "Doc" PetticordPatrick Cranshaw
Hazzard County's ancient, long-serving physician.
Miz (Emma) TisdaleNedra Volz
The postmistress of the Hazzard Post Office, Miz Tisdale ("Emma" to Jesse Duke) was an elderly woman who drove a motorcycle and had a huge crush on Uncle Jesse. She was also a reporter for the Hazzard Gazzette.
Sheriff Edward Thomas "Big Ed" LittleDon Pedro Colley
The hulking chief law enforcement officer (driving a 1975 Plymouth Fury patrol car) of neighboring Chickasaw County, who had a tendency to punch and kick fenders and doors off of cars he wrecked, in anger. He was also not afraid to pull out his trusty 12-gauge shotgun and open fire. The ill-tempered sheriff hated Bo and Luke immensely and they were well aware that they were not allowed to enter his county. Sheriff Little was also constantly frustrated by the bumbling performance of Rosco and the crookedness of Hogg, although he thought highly of Enos; Little was strict, by-the-book, and a mostly competent law officer, everything that Sheriff Rosco was not (although he too had little luck in capturing Bo and Luke). His unseen wife's name was Rachel. Before Sheriff Little was introduced, in the third season episode "My Son, Bo Hogg", several first and second season episodes saw several similar tough-as-nails Sheriffs from adjoining counties.
Mr. RhuebottomJohn Wheeler
A local store owner, seen occasionally from the fourth season episode "Pin the Tail on the Dukes" onwards. (The Rhuebottom General Store shopfront is seen as early as the first season episode "Luke's Love Story")
Dr. "Doc" ApplebyElmore Vincent, later Parley Baer
Elderly successor to Doc Petticord. Played by Elmore Vincent on the character's first appearance, in the fourth season episode "Dear Diary", before Parley Baer took over the role in subsequent appearances.
EltonRitchie Montgomery
A DJ on the local WHOGG radio station, seen in the sixth season episode "Enos's Last Chance" and the late seventh season episode "Strange Visitor To Hazzard", and referred to along with the radio station in several other episodes. Other than actor M.C. Gainey (who played Sheriff Rosco in the 2005 movie version and had previously played a villain in the fourth season episode "Bad Day in Hazzard"), Ritchie Montgomery is the only actor to appear in both episode(s) of the TV series and the 2005 movie (where he plays the small role of a State Trooper). Montgomery mentions this in a feature on DVD versions of the movie.

Notable guest appearances[edit]

Throughout its network television run, The Dukes of Hazzard had a consistent mix of up-and-comers and established stars make guest appearances.

Others[edit]

The celebrity speed trap[edit]

During the show's second season, the show's writers began flirting with the idea of incorporating a "celebrity speed trap" into some of the episodes, as a means to feature top country stars of the day performing their hits. On its first couple of instances, the "Speed Trap" was featured early in the story, but for most of the cases, it was featured in the last few minutes of an episode, often used when the main story was running too short to fill episode time.

The "celebrity speed trap" feature was essentially similar: Aware that a big-name country star was passing through the area, Boss Hogg would order Rosco to lower the speed limit on a particular road to an unreasonable level, so that the targeted singer would be in violation of the law. The singer would be required to perform at the Boar's Nest in exchange for having their citations forgiven; the performer would then perform one of their best-known hits or other popular country music standard, while the Dukes, Boss, Rosco, Cletus, Cooter, and other patrons whooped and hollered in enjoyment of the performance. More often than not, the performer would give a parting shot to Boss and Rosco.

Singers who were featured in the "speed trap" segments were:

Honorable Mentions: Mickey Gilley, Loretta Lynn Gilley's and Lynn's appearances were not solely for the celebrity speed trap. After performing a concert in Hazzard, Gilley was nabbed while leaving and forced to do a second show to nullify his citation. Lynn was kidnapped by criminals wanting to break into the music business. Loretta Lynn was the very first country music guest star on the show in 1979 and had an entire show titled "Find Loretta Lynn."

Coy and Vance[edit]

Christopher Mayer and Byron Cherry as Vance and Coy Duke

The Dukes of Hazzard was consistently among the top-rated television series (at one point, ranking second only to Dallas, which immediately followed the show on CBS' Friday night schedule). With that success came huge profits in merchandising, with a huge array of Dukes of Hazzard toys and products being licensed and becoming big sellers. However, over the course of the show's fourth season, series stars Tom Wopat and John Schneider became increasingly concerned about a contract dispute over their salaries and merchandising royalties owed to them over the high sales of Dukes products. As a result,in the spring of 1982, as filming was due to begin on the fifth season, Wopat and Schneider did not report to the set in protest over the matter. Catherine Bach also considered walking out due to similar concerns, but Wopat and Schneider convinced her to stay, insisting that if she left then there may not be a show to come back to, and that settling the issue was up to them.[4]

Production was pushed back by a few weeks as two lookalike replacements were subsequently, hastily hired: Byron Cherry as Coy Duke and Christopher Mayer as Vance Duke. Bo and Luke were said to have gone to race on the NASCAR circuit; how they managed to do this, bearing in mind the terms of their probation, was never mentioned. Cherry and Mayer were originally contracted at just ten episodes as stand-ins, still with hope that a settlement might be reached with Wopat and Schneider[5] (in total, they made 17 episodes). The scripts for Coy and Vance were originally written for Bo and Luke but with their names quite literally crossed out and Coy and Vance penned in.[4] The new Dukes — previously-unmentioned nephews of Uncle Jesse, who were said to have left the farm in 1976, before the show had started — were unpopular with the great majority of viewers, and the ratings immediately sank. Much of the criticism was that Coy and Vance were nothing but direct clones of Bo and Luke, with Coy a direct "carbon copy" replacement for Bo and Vance for Luke, with little variation in character. This was something that show creator Gy Waldron himself has said was wrong,[6] and that he insisted, unsuccessfully, that audiences would not accept direct character clones and the two replacements should be taken in a different direction characterwise, but was overridden by producers. Waldron also commented that if Bach too had walked, the show would have most probably been cancelled. It was reported that prior to filming, Cherry and Mayer were given Bo and Luke episodes to watch, to study and learn to emulate them, although Cherry has said in interviews that he doesn't recall this ever happening[citation needed].

Hit hard by the significant drop in ratings, Warner Brothers renegotiated with Wopat and Schneider, and eventually a settlement was reached, and the original Duke boys returned to the series in early 1983, four episodes from the conclusion of the fifth season. Initially, part of the press release announcing Wopat and Schneider's return suggested that Cherry and Mayer would remain as part of the cast (though presumably in a reduced role),[7] but it was quickly realised that "four Duke boys" would not work within the context of the series, and due to the huge unpopularity associated with their time on the show, they were quickly written out of the same episode in which Bo and Luke returned.

Bo and Luke return[edit]

Although Coy and Vance were never popular with the majority, many viewers were disappointed by their departure episode, "Welcome Back, Bo 'N' Luke", which was very much a standard episode, with the return of Bo and Luke and the departure of Coy and Vance tacked onto the beginning (Bo and Luke return from their NASCAR tour just as Coy and Vance leave Hazzard to tend to a sick relative). Many viewers commented that they were disappointed by this, and that they would have liked to have seen both pairs of Duke boys team up to tackle a particularly dastardly plot by Boss Hogg before Coy and Vance's departure, but as it turned out, Coy and Vance had very little dialogue and were gone by the first commercial break, never to be seen nor mentioned again.[8]

While the return of Bo and Luke was welcomed by ardent and casual viewers alike, and as a result ratings recovered slightly, the show never completely regained its former popularity. One of Wopat and Schneider's disputes even before they left was what they considered to be increasingly weak and formulaic scripts and episode plots.[9] With Wopat and Schneider's return, the producers agreed to try a wider scope of storylines, even including some science fiction elements in certain episodes.[10] However, although it continued for two more seasons, the show never fully returned to its former glory. As well as what was widely recognized to be increasingly inferior scripts, many fans, or indeed cast members, did not take to the miniature car effects used to make it appear as if the General Lee was performing even more breathtaking feats (in part to compete with TV's newer supercar, KITT from the NBC series Knight Rider). Finally, at the end of its seventh season, in early February 1985, The Dukes of Hazzard quietly ended its run.

Vehicles[edit]

The General Lee Charger.
The General Lee by itself.

The General Lee[edit]

The General Lee was Bo and Luke Duke's 1969 Dodge Charger. It was orange with a Confederate battle flag painted on the roof, the words GENERAL LEE over each door, and the number "01" on each door. In the original five Georgia-filmed episodes, a Confederate flag along with a checkered racing flag in a criss-cross pattern could be seen behind the rear window; this was removed when it was felt that this extra detail did not show up enough on-screen enough to warrant the already very tight time constraints of preparing and repairing each example of the car. The name refers to the American Civil War Confederate General Robert E. Lee. The television show was based on the movie "Moonrunners", itself based on actual moonshine runners who used a 1958 Chrysler named Traveler, after General Lee's horse. Traveler was originally intended to be the name of the Duke boys' stock car too, until producers agreed that General Lee had more punch to it.

Since it was built as a race car, the windows were regularly open (except for several shots in early episodes). Through the history of the show, an estimated 309 Chargers were used; 17 are still known to exist in various states of repair. A replica was owned by John Schneider, known as "Bo's General Lee". In 2008, Schneider sold "Bo's General Lee" at the Barrett-Jackson automobile auction for $450,000. An eBay auction which garnered a bid of $9,900,500 for the car was never finalized, with the purported bidder claiming his account had been hacked.[11] The underside of the hood has the signatures of the cast from the 1997 TV movie. Schneider has also restored over 20 other General Lees to date. The show also used 1968 Chargers (which shared the same sheet metal) by changing the grille and taillight panel to the 1969 style, and removing the round side marker lights. These Chargers performed many record-breaking jumps throughout the show, almost all of them resulting in a completely destroyed car.

The Duke boys added a custom air horn to the General Lee which played the first twelve notes of the song Dixie. The Dixie horn was not originally planned, until a Georgia local hot rod racer drove by and sounded his car's Dixie horn. The producers immediately rushed after him asking where he had bought the horn. Warner Brothers purchased several Chargers for stunts, as they generally destroyed at least one or two cars per episode. By the end of the show's sixth season, the Chargers were becoming harder to find, and more expensive. In addition, the television series Knight Rider began to rival the General Lee's stunts. As such, the producers used 1/8 scale miniatures, filmed by Jack Sessums' crew, or recycled stock jump footage - the latter being a practice that had been in place to an extent since the second season, and had increased as the seasons passed.

Some of the 01 and Confederate flag motifs were initially hand painted, but as production sped up these were replaced with vinyl decals for quick application (and removal) as needed.

During the first five episodes of the show that were filmed in Georgia, the cars involved with filming were given to the crew at H&H body shop near the filming location. At this shop, the men worked day and night to prepare the wrecked cars for the next day while still running their body shop during the day. Time was of the essence, and the men that worked at this shop worked hard hours to get the cars prepared for the show.

The third episode "Mary Kaye's Baby" is the only one in which the General Lee does not appear. Instead, the Dukes drove around in a blue 1975 Plymouth Fury borrowed from Cooter that Luke later destroyed by shooting an arrow at the car, whose trunk had been leaking due to the moonshine stowed in the back.

The Duke boys' CB handle was (jointly) "Lost Sheep". Originally when the show was conceived, their handle was to be "General Lee" to match their vehicle, but this was only ever used on-screen on one occasion, in the second episode, "Daisy's Song", when Cooter calls Bo and Luke over the CB by this handle - although they were actually driving Daisy's Plymouth Roadrunner (see below) at the time. As it became obvious that the "General Lee" handle would be out of place when the Duke boys were in another vehicle, the "Lost Sheep" handle was devised (with Uncle Jesse being "Shepherd" and Daisy being "Bo Peep").

AMC Matador[edit]

The 1975 AMC Matador[12] was one of many different Hazzard County police cars used on the series, mostly in the first season; they had light bars and working radios. A 1972 Dodge Polara[13] and a 1974 Dodge Monaco[14] were used during the pilot episode "One Armed Bandits", these were also seen in the show's title sequence. From the second season, the 1977 Dodge Monaco[15] was mostly used. From mid-season four the similar looking 1978 Plymouth Fury[16] was used instead. The Matadors were former Los Angeles Police Department vehicles, while the Monacos and Furies were former California Highway Patrol units.

Plymouth Roadrunner[edit]

A 1973 Plymouth Roadrunner[17] (yellow with a black stripe) was used by Daisy Duke in the first five episodes of the first season. For the last episodes of the first season and the second season, a similarly painted 1971 Plymouth Satellite with a matching "Road Runner" stripe was used until Bo and Luke sent it off a cliff in "The Runaway" after the accelarator became stuck.

Dixie[edit]

Dixie was the name given to Daisy Duke's white 1980 Jeep CJ-7 "Golden Eagle" which had a Golden Eagle emblem on the hood and the name "Dixie" on the sides. Like other vehicles in the show, there was actually more than one Jeep used throughout the series. Sometimes it would have an automatic transmission, and other times it would be a manual. The design of the roll-cage also varied across the seasons. When the Jeep was introduced at the end of the second season's "The Runaway", it was seen to have doors and a slightly different paint-job, but, bar one appearance in the next produced episode, "Arrest Jesse Duke" (actually broadcast before "The Runaway", causing a continuity error), from thereafter the doors were removed and the paint-job was made all-white, with "Dixie" painted on the sides of the hood. These Jeeps were leased to the producers of the show by American Motors Corporation in exchange for a brief mention in the closing credits of the show.

Uncle Jesse's Truck[edit]

Uncle Jesse's Truck was a white Ford pickup truck, most commonly a Sixth generation (1973–1977) F100 Styleside.[18] However, in the earliest episodes it had a Flareside bed, and varied between F100 and F250 models throughout the show's run. Bo, Luke and Daisy also drove Jesse's truck on occasion.

Boss Hogg's Cadillac[edit]

A White 1970 Cadillac De Ville convertible was used as Hogg's car, notably with large bull horns as a hood ornament. In earlier seasons Hogg was driven by a chauffeur, who was normally nameless and had little or no dialogue, but identified on occasion as being called "Alex"; and played by several different uncredited actors, including stuntman Gary Baxley. This chauffer would often be dressed in a red plaid shirt and deep brown / black stetson, but on occasion would be an older man, sometimes dressed in more typical chauffer attire. Hogg is first seen to drive for himself in the second season opener "Days of Shine and Roses", where he and Jesse challenge each other to one last moonshine race. From the fourth season onwards, bar a couple of brief reappearances of the chauffer (during the fourth season), Hogg drove himself around in his Cadillac (or occasionally driven by Rosco and, in the series' finale, by Uncle Jesse) and frequently challenged others by invoking his driving expertise from his days as a ridge-runner. Unlike other vehicles in the series, Boss Hogg's Cadillac is typically treated with kid gloves. The car is almost always seen with its convertible top down, with the top only being seen in two episodes, "Daisy's Song", the second to be produced and broadcast, and briefly in the second season episode "Witness For the Persecution", when Cooter is returning it to the Court House after repairs.

Tourist attraction[edit]

Dukes of Hazzard Museums can be found in Nashville, Tennessee and in Gatlinburg, Tennessee. The original museum is called Cooter's Place and is overseen by Ben "Cooter" Jones from the series.

Covington and Conyers, Georgia, where the original five episodes were produced, have been two major tourist attractions for Dukes of Hazzard fans.

Theme song[edit]

Main article: "Theme from The Dukes of Hazzard (Good Ol' Boys)"

The theme song "The Good Ol' Boys" was written and performed by Waylon Jennings. He was also "The Balladeer" (as credited), and served as narrator of the show. However, the Jennings theme song that is currently available for purchase is not the same version that was used in the show's opening credits. The differences are that the show version featured a different verse ["...Fightin' the system like a two modern-day Robin Hood"], an enhanced bass line, a shorter length, and the famous "Yee-haw" yell at the end.

In 1980, the song reached #1 on the American Country chart and peaked at #21 on the Billboard Hot 100.[19]

Broadcast history[edit]

Syndication[edit]

Soon before the series ended its original run on CBS, The Dukes of Hazzard went into off-network syndication. Although not as widely run as it was back in the 1980s and the years since, reruns of the program do continue to air in various parts of the United States.

Notably, television stations that aired the show in syndication include KCOP Los Angeles, WGN-TV Chicago, KBHK San Francisco, WKBD Detroit, WTAF/WTXF Philadelphia, KTXL Sacramento, WVTV Milwaukee, KMSP Minneapolis–Saint Paul, among others. It has also aired on ABC Family (2000–2001, 2004) and CMT (2005–2007, 2010–2012, 2014-), WMAZ-TV in Macon, Georgia 1979–1985, WGXA-TV Macon, Georgia 1984–1990.

Nielsen ratings[edit]

YearViewers (Millions)Rating
1978-197921.0[20]#20[20]
1979–198018.38[21]#9[21]
1980–198121.81[22]#2[23]
1981–198218.41[24]#6[25]
1982–198317.2#29[26]
1983–1984Not in top 30[27]
1984–1985Not in top 30[28]

Season one (a mid-season debut) began with 21.0 rating. In season 2, the series managed to average 18.39 million viewers in 1979. Season 3 grew 15.6% to 21.81 million viewers while Season 4 dropped 15.5% to 18.41 million viewers in 1980–1981. Season 5 dropped extensively to below 14.327 million viewers but as ratings below the top 30, Seasons 6 - 7 ratings are unknown.

Episode list[edit]

The show ran for seven seasons and a total of 145 episodes. Many of the episodes followed a similar structure "out-of-town crooks pull a robbery, Duke boys blamed, spend the rest of the hour clearing their names, the General Lee flies and the squad cars crash".[29]

Spin-offs[edit]

The second season episodes "Jude Emery", about a Texas Ranger, and "Mason Dixon's Girls", about a travelling private investigator and his female associates, were both pilots written by Dukes creator Gy Waldron for proposed new shows. Both failed to sell.

Films[edit]

There were two made-for-TV reunion movies that aired on CBS, The Dukes of Hazzard: Reunion! (1997) and The Dukes of Hazzard: Hazzard in Hollywood! (2000).

A feature film remake of the series, The Dukes of Hazzard premiered on August 5, 2005. A second Dukes of Hazzard film, The Dukes of Hazzard: The Beginning, a prequel to the original (and the first film) was a TV movie and also went straight to DVD release.[clarification needed]

DVD releases[edit]

Warner Home Video has released all seven seasons of The Dukes of Hazzard on DVD in regions 1 and 2. The two TV-movies that followed the series were released on DVD in Region 1 on June 10, 2008.[30] In Region 4, Warner has released only the first six seasons on DVD.

DVD NameEp #Release dates
Region 1Region 2Region 4
The Complete 1st Season13June 1, 2004August 15, 2005August 17, 2005
The Complete 2nd Season23January 25, 2005September 26, 2005August 17, 2005
The Complete 3rd Season22May 31, 2005November 21, 2005March 1, 2006
The Complete 4th Season26August 2, 2005February 13, 2006March 1, 2006
The Complete 5th Season22December 13, 2005April 10, 2006August 9, 2006
The Complete 6th Season22May 30, 2006July 24, 2006August 9, 2006
The Complete 7th Season17December 5, 2006September 22, 2008N/A
Two Movie Collection2June 10, 2008N/AJune 4, 2014

Legacy and influence in popular culture[edit]

In 2005, Tom Wopat and John Schneider were reunited during "Exposed", a fifth season episode of the television series Smallville.[31] Wopat guest-starred as Kansas State Senator Jack Jennings, an old friend of Clark Kent's adoptive father Jonathan Kent (portrayed by Schneider). In the episode, Jennings drives a 1968 Dodge Charger—the same body style as The General Lee.[32]

Lizard Lick Towing had an episode about the General Lee.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Dukes of Hazzard: One Armed Bandits DVD commentary track by John Schneider and Catherine Bach
  2. ^ John Shelton Reed, Southern Folk, Plain and Fancy: Native White Social Types (2007), p. 21.
  3. ^ "Basset Hounds". tvacres.com. Retrieved April 6, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Hofstede, David (1998). The Dukes Of Hazzard — The Unofficial Companion. Renaissance Books. p. 96. 
  5. ^ Hofstede, David (1998). The Dukes Of Hazzard — The Unofficial Companion. Renaissance Books. p. 92. 
  6. ^ The Dukes Of Hazzard — The Complete Fourth Season (The Dukes Story: Building the Legend extra). Warner Brothers. 
  7. ^ Hofstede, David (1998). The Dukes Of Hazzard — The Unofficial Companion. Renaissance Books. p. 97. 
  8. ^ Hofstede, David (1998). The Dukes Of Hazzard — The Unofficial Companion. Renaissance Books. p. 249. 
  9. ^ Hofstede, David (1998). The Dukes Of Hazzard — The Unofficial Companion. Renaissance Books. p. 86. 
  10. ^ Hofstede, David (1998). The Dukes Of Hazzard — The Unofficial Companion. Renaissance Books. p. 100. 
  11. ^ 'General Lee' auction back on again - May. 11, 2007
  12. ^ "1974 AMC Matador in "The Dukes of Hazzard, 1979–1985"". IMCDb. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  13. ^ "1972 Dodge Polara in "The Dukes of Hazzard, 1979–1985"". IMCDb. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  14. ^ "1974 Dodge Monaco in "The Dukes of Hazzard, 1979–1985"". IMCDb. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  15. ^ "1977 Dodge Monaco in "The Dukes of Hazzard, 1979-1985"". IMCDb.org. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  16. ^ "1977 Plymouth Fury in "The Dukes of Hazzard, 1979-1985"". IMCDb.org. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  17. ^ "1974 Plymouth Roadrunner — White — Front Angle". Seriouswheels.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  18. ^ 03:24 PM (July 18, 2006). "jesse's truck - HazzardNet Gallery". Hazzardnet.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  19. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book of Top 40 hits (8 ed.). Billboard Books. p. 321. ISBN 0-8230-7499-4. 
  20. ^ a b Brooks, Tim and Marsh,Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, page 1253.
  21. ^ a b "TV Ratings > 1970s". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  22. ^ ClassicTVHits.com: TV Ratings > 1980's
  23. ^ "TV Ratings > 1980s". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  24. ^ ClassicTVHits.com: TV Ratings > 1980's
  25. ^ "TV Ratings > 1980s". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  26. ^ "TV Ratings > 1980s". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  27. ^ "TV Ratings > 1980s". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  28. ^ "TV Ratings > 1980s". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ "The Dukes of Hazzard DVD news: Announcement for The Dukes of Hazzard - 2 TV Movie Collection". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  31. ^ Kelly Souders & Brian Peterson (writers); Jeannot Szwarc (director) (November 3, 2005). "Exposed". Smallville. Season 5. Episode 6. The WB.
  32. ^ Sloan, Sam (November 3, 2005). "'The Dukes' of Smallville are on Tonight". Slice of SciFi. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]