Cooper Square

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Coordinates: 40°43′43″N 73°59′26″W / 40.72861°N 73.99056°W / 40.72861; -73.99056

Cooper Square is a junction of streets in Lower Manhattan, New York City located at the confluence of the neighborhoods of Bowery to the south, NoHo to the west and southwest, Greenwich Village to the west and northwest, the East Village to the north and east, and the Lower East Side to the southeast.

Cooper Square looking uptown in 1957...
...and in 2008

Beginning at its southern end when Bowery crosses East 4th Street, the road then splits in two, both with Cooper Square addresses, until they cross Astor Place between East 8th Street and St. Marks Place and become Fourth Avenue (the western street) and Third Avenue (the eastern street).[1][2]

Because Bowery, Third Avenue and both sides of Cooper Square are two-way streets, the intersection is complex, and difficult for pedestrians to navigate, especially considering that it is part of a city-approved through-truck route.[3] The New York City Department of Transportation has announced plans to "normalize" traffic, increase the size of the park in the middle of the square, and create a new community park in the area.[4]

When the square was initially opened as a public space in 1850, it was named "Stuyvesant Square", despite there already being a "Stuyvesant Square" about a half-mile north on Second Avenue. It was renamed for Peter Cooper, the 19th Century industrialist and philanthropist, after his death in 1883.[5][6] In 1853, Cooper had broken ground for Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, an institution founded on the belief that high-quality education should be available to all who qualified, including women – a radical notion at the time – without cost. It continues to provide every student with a full-tuition scholarship. Frederick A. Peterson's Cooper Union Foundation Building on the north end of the square, the oldest existing American building framed with steel beams,[7] still stands where it was located when it opened in 1859, but the interior was extensively reconstructed in 1975 not only to modernize it, but also to fulfill one of Cooper's plans which was never realized at the time: the installation of a round elevator. The exterior of the building was restored in 1999 as well.[8]

Downtown of the Foundation Building is a small park, Cooper Triangle, which includes a monument dedicated to Peter Cooper.[9] Across the street, at 41 Cooper Square, is the school's newest building, the New Academic Building, designed by Thom Mayne of Morphosis.[10][11]

The Village Voice's headquarters are on the western side of the square, as are classroom buildings of Grace Church School and Kaplan, Inc.[12][13][14] The sleek, modern high-rise Cooper Square Hotel at 25 is one of the newest buildings on the square.[15][16]

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Notes

  1. ^ New York City Department of Transportation "Bowery - Houston - Bleecker Transportation Study (Congestion Analysis) p.4-2 "Third and Fourth Avenues converge at Cooper Square to become Bowery..."
  2. ^ Rosenberg, Andrew and Dunford, Martin. The Rough Guide to New York City New York: Penguin, 2012. ISBN 1405390220. "Just east of Astor Place is Cooper Square, a busy crossroads formed by the intersection of Bowery, Third and Fourth avenues and St. Mark's/East 8th Street..."
  3. ^ "NYC Through Truck Routes" on the NYC Department of Transportation website (June 2010)
  4. ^ Pedestrians and Sidewalks: East Village, Astor Place - Cooper Square" NYC Department of Transportation website
  5. ^ "S" on Old Streets of New York]
  6. ^ Moscow, Henry. The Street Book: An Encyclopedia of Manhattan's Street Names and Their Origins. New York: Hagstrom, 1978. ISBN 0823212750
  7. ^ Actally, steel railroad tracks used as beams. White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5. 
  8. ^ White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5. 
  9. ^ http://www.nycgovparks.org/parks/M016/
  10. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/05/arts/design/05coop.html?_r=0
  11. ^ http://morphopedia.com/projects/cooper-union
  12. ^ http://www.villagevoice.com/about/
  13. ^ http://www.gcschool.org/community/index.aspx
  14. ^ http://store.kaptest.com/enrollment/learn_more_enroll.jhtml?type=Map&buyit=true&classid=1000867527
  15. ^ "The Story" at the Cooper Square Hotel website
  16. ^ "Cooper Square Hotel" coverage at Curbed
  17. ^ New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York:John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.65
  18. ^ Moss, Jeremiah (July 23, 2008). Vanishing NY "35 Cooper Square". Jeremiah's Vanishing New York. Retrieved December 21, 2-12. 

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