Cooper, Texas

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Cooper, Texas
—  City  —
A three story courthouse with a tree in front of it
Delta County Courthouse in Cooper
Location of Cooper, Texas
Coordinates: 33°22′22″N 95°41′21″W / 33.37278°N 95.68917°W / 33.37278; -95.68917Coordinates: 33°22′22″N 95°41′21″W / 33.37278°N 95.68917°W / 33.37278; -95.68917
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyDelta
Founded1870
Named forLeroy Cooper
Government
 • MayorScotty Stegall[1]
 • City Council
 • RepresentativeLarry Phillips (R)[2]
 • TX SenateBob Deuell (R)[2]
 • U.S. CongressRalph Hall (R)[2]
Area
 • Total1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
 • Land1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation482 ft (147 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total1,969
 • Density1,312.7/sq mi (504.9/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code75432[4]
Area code(s)903
FIPS code48-16564[5]
GNIS feature ID1354942[6]
 
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There is another Cooper, Texas in Houston County, Texas.
Cooper, Texas
—  City  —
A three story courthouse with a tree in front of it
Delta County Courthouse in Cooper
Location of Cooper, Texas
Coordinates: 33°22′22″N 95°41′21″W / 33.37278°N 95.68917°W / 33.37278; -95.68917Coordinates: 33°22′22″N 95°41′21″W / 33.37278°N 95.68917°W / 33.37278; -95.68917
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyDelta
Founded1870
Named forLeroy Cooper
Government
 • MayorScotty Stegall[1]
 • City Council
 • RepresentativeLarry Phillips (R)[2]
 • TX SenateBob Deuell (R)[2]
 • U.S. CongressRalph Hall (R)[2]
Area
 • Total1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
 • Land1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation482 ft (147 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total1,969
 • Density1,312.7/sq mi (504.9/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code75432[4]
Area code(s)903
FIPS code48-16564[5]
GNIS feature ID1354942[6]

The city of Cooper (pron.: /ˈkʊpər/) is the county seat of Delta County, in the U.S. state of Texas. Located between the north and south forks of the Sulphur River, Cooper is the largest settlement within Delta County. As of the U.S. Census of 2010, Cooper had a population of 1,969.

First inhabited by native peoples, Cooper was founded around 1870, at the same time that Delta County was established. Cooper quickly became the center of local events, and grew rapidly. The city's economy relied primarily on agricultural farming, and the shipping of local goods. In the mid-1890s, a railroad line was built through the city, assisting in Cooper's rapid growth. The city continued to grow through the 1910s, and into the early 1920s. In 1926, however, the region's cotton crop failed, devastating the local economy. Many businesses were forced to close, including the railroad, and the city's population plummeted. Although Cooper began to recover during the mid-1930s, many people who left did not return, and the city never fully recovered. The local economy continued to rely on the growing of cotton as the main economy into the 1960s, until it began to shift to wheat growing in the early 1970s. The population of Cooper has been on a slow decline since the 1970s.

Cooper currently has no sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The city's economy still relies largely on agriculture. Cooper is located on the eastern edge of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex (DFW metroplex), a large, twelve-county metropolitan area, one of the most populated in the country.

Contents

History

Before establishment

A map of where the Caddo live.
The site of Cooper was near the very western edge of Caddo civilization

The first inhabitants of the area that is now the site of Cooper were the Caddo Indians, who settled large portions of eastern Texas as early as 800 A.D. The Caddo were highly advanced, living in large, wooden structures, and were skilled farmers.[7] The first European to visit the area was French explorer François Hervey, who discovered the area around 1750. However, a few decades later, European disease and attacks from neighboring tribes forced the Caddo out of the area around Cooper. Around 1820, Delaware, Quapaw, and Seminole tribes has settled in the area. In 1836, the Republic of Texas officially recognized the region around Cooper as part of Red River County. In 1840, Lamar County was formed, absorbing the Cooper area. However, just six years later, the region was designated as part of the newly formed Hopkins County.[8]

After the Civil War, the region around the site of Cooper began to grow and develop. People in nearby settlements, namely Ben Franklin, grew tired and annoyed of the poor road conditions that connected the region. In 1868, people in the area petitioned the state government to create a new county located between the North and South forks of the Sulphur River. On July 29, 1870, after two years of debating, the state of Texas granted the request for the new county. Shortly afterwards, the first settlements were built in Cooper, and the town was established. The community was named after Leroy Cooper, the chairman on the Texas House Committee on Counties and Boundaries, who helped establish the new county. Cooper was then selected as the seat for the county, which would be named Delta County, after its triangular shape.[8][9]

Since establishment

Cooper grew rapidly after being established, with a post office was built in the community in 1871. Cooper was incorporated into a town in 1881, and subsequently held its first government elections. That same year, Cooper constructed the county courthouse. The town became the main market center for Delta County, and by 1885, Cooper had a population of around 300. The Texas Midland Railroad was chartered in 1892, and ran through Cooper. The railroad helped promote the rapid growth of the town. By 1896, Cooper's population had passed 1000 people, and contained two churches, a school, and 21 businesses, including a bank and a hotel. The town also had two weekly-published newspapers. Cooper continued to grow into the early 1900s, especially in the area of agriculture. From the early 1890s to around 1910, the number of farms and the value of the farms boomed, with the number of cash crops nearly tripling. In addition to crops, the region also produced over 70,000 chickens a year, and almost 7,000 pigs yearly.[8][9]

Cooper continued to grow into the 1920s. The bank had been rebuilt in 1909, and the region's crops continued to prosper. Cooper reported its largest population in 1925, with a population of 2,563.[9] Delta County was hit by the Great Depression early, though. In late 1926, the community's cotton crop failed, forcing many residents to withdraw their savings. The bank was forced to close in 1927, and by the time it was able to reopen a few months later, the region's economy had plummeted. Several families moved away from Cooper during the early 1930s, and in 1933, the bank was forced to close again. The Midland Texas Railroad failed, hurting Cooper's economy further. The New Deal program offered some relief to Cooper, and in 1940, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) had demolished the former courthouse in Cooper, and had replaced in with a new one, costing $110,450 (equivalent to $1,832,300 respectively in 2013[10]). However, even with the stability of the economy, Cooper's population would remain low until the 1950s, when it returned to approximately 2,350 people. The population declined again in the 1980s, and has continued to slowly decline. Cooper had approximately 60 businesses in the 1970s and 1980s, and in 1986, work on Cooper Lake had begun.[8][9] Filling of the lake began in September 1991, and by the next year, the lake was open for recreation.[11] At that time, Cooper reported having seventy businesses, and a population of around 2,200. By 2000, the population had dropped by about 50 people.[9]

Geography and climate

Cooper is the county seat of Delta County, as well as the most populated city in the county.[12] According to statistics from the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), of which, 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2), or 99.31% of it is land. About 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) or 0.69% is water.[13]

The marker for Texas Highway 24 business
Texas State Highway 24 Business passes through the center of Cooper.

Cooper is located at an elevation of 482 feet (147 m), a few miles north of Cooper Lake, in between the North and South Forks of the Sulfur River.[6][14] Cooper is located approximately 76 miles (122 km) northeast of Dallas, and is approximately 94 miles (151 km) west of Texarkana.[15] Texas State Highway 24 bypasses Cooper to the north; however, Texas State Highway 24 Business splits off and passes through the center of the city. Texas State Highway 154 begins at the western edge of Cooper, and passes through the center of the city, intersecting Farm to Market Road 1528 near the county courthouse. Farm to Market Road 64 enters the very western portion of Cooper before terminating at State Highway 24. Nearby highways include Farm to Market Road 1880 and Farm to Market Road 1529.[16][17]

Cooper, as well as most of Delta County, is located in the Texas Blackland Prairies region, a flat, tall grass prairie ecosystem which covers a large portion of north-central Texas. The region's elevation rarely strays from around 400 feet (120 m) to 500 feet (150 m). The area's geology consists mainly of deep clay, or clay mixed with a dark-colored loam. However, the county is also known to have high-quality topsoil, ideal for crop growing.[8]

Under the Köppen climate classification, Cooper is in zone Cfa with warm, wet summers and a humid subtropical climate.[18] The average temperature in Cooper in January is 43 °F (6 °C), and in July it is 92 °F (33 °C). The highest recorded temperature for Lock Haven was 115 °F (46 °C) in 1969, and the lowest recorded temperature was −4 °F (−20 °C) in 1989. The average wettest month is October. The average coolest month is January, while the average hottest month is August.[19]

Climate data for Cooper, Texas
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)85
(29)
91
(33)
91
(33)
93
(34)
99
(37)
107
(42)
111
(44)
115
(46)
112
(44)
100
(38)
89
(32)
85
(29)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C)53
(12)
57
(14)
65
(18)
73
(23)
80
(27)
87
(31)
92
(33)
93
(34)
86
(30)
75
(24)
64
(18)
54
(12)
73.3
(23)
Average low °F (°C)33
(1)
37
(3)
44
(7)
52
(11)
61
(16)
69
(21)
73
(23)
72
(22)
64
(18)
53
(12)
44
(7)
34
(1)
53
(11.8)
Record low °F (°C)0
(−18)
−1
(−18)
11
(−12)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
48
(9)
53
(12)
49
(9)
39
(4)
23
(−5)
14
(−10)
−4
(−20)
−4
(−20)
Precipitation inches (mm)3.0
(76)
3.8
(97)
4.4
(112)
3.8
(97)
4.8
(122)
4.4
(112)
3.4
(86)
2.4
(61)
3.0
(76)
5.4
(137)
4.5
(114)
4.3
(109)
47.2
(1,199)
Source: [19]

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1890629
19001,518141.3%
19101,513−0.3%
19202,56369.4%
19302,023−21.1%
19402,53725.4%
19502,350−7.4%
19602,213−5.8%
19702,2582.0%
19802,3383.5%
19902,153−7.9%
20002,150−0.1%
20101,969−8.4%
[3][20]

As of the Census of 2010, the population of Cooper was 1,969 people.[3] 500 families were residing in 771 households spread across 897 housing units across the city.[3] The total showed an increase of 56.6% from 2000.[21] As of 2010, the racial makeup of the town was 77.2% White, 14.8% African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, and 2.8% from other races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.1% of the population.[3]

As of 2010, There were 771 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families.[3] 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.[3] The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.09.[22] The age distribution was 25.9% under 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 or older.[23] The median age was 40.2 years.[23] The median income for a household in the town was $27,531,[24] and the median income for a family was $29,853.[25] In 2000, employed males had a median income of $25,592 versus $17,500 for employed females. Also in 2000, the per capita income for the city was $13,815.[26]

On the 2010 Census, residents self-identified with a variety of ethnic ancestries; the major categories reflect the settlers of the 18th and early 19th century. There were 405 people who identified themselves as of American ancestry, 294 of Irish descent, 139 of English descent, 84 of German, 49 of Russian, and 46 as French. In addition, 28 people identified themselves of Scottish ancestry, 14 people were identified as of French-Canadian descent, 9 as Dutch, 9 as Norwegian, 9 as Slavic, 7 as Palestinian, 6 as Austrian, 5 as Welsh, 3 as Polish, and 3 as Italian.[27] 818 persons were of "other ancestries".[27]

Economy

An image of a cotton plant
From Cooper's founding in 1870 until the 1950s, cash crops, especially cotton, were the city's main source of economy.

Cooper's economy from its founding in 1870 until the 1950s, relied heavily on agricultural farming, especially on the growing of cash crops. In 1880, cotton, corn, and sorghum, among other crops, were grown on over 100,000 acres (40,000 ha) of farmland. The county also produced large quantities of livestock, with almost 3,000 cows and 10,000 hogs grazing on land near Cooper. The logging industry began to grow in the region, and several mills were constructed, producing furniture and lumber. In 1886, the Santa Fe Railway built a line through the county, and the shipping of crops and lumber became a major business in Cooper. During the early 1890s, the livestock industry in Delta County struggled, with the number of hogs being raised dropping to half of what it had been the previous decade. However, the agricultural business boomed, with the number of farms in the area around Cooper increasing to 1188, and the value of the farms doubled to $1400 (equivalent to $2,857,000 respectively in 2013[10]) each. The production of cotton tripled, and the poultry industry began to boom. Within the city limits, Cooper housed a hotel, a shoemaker, a grocery store, a wagon maker, feedstores, general stores, drug stores, and several cotton and oat gins. Delta County contained eighteen manufacturing establishments, but they only employed 33 people. The average income for someone working in the region was $208 (equivalent to $2,856,973 respectively in 2013[10]).[8][9]

At the turn of the century, the cotton industry was booming. The crop made up 69% of the agricultural business in the region. Livestock production was booming, as was poultry production, especially chicken. In addition, the shipping of agricultural goods and livestock was the other main business in Cooper. The First National Bank was rebuilt in Cooper in 1909, and became a major importance in Cooper's economy. In the 1910s, potatoes become an important part of the economy, due to the sudden drop in the livestock business. In 1926, the cotton crop failed, and Cooper's economy plummeted. Many of Cooper's inhabitants became deep in debt, as the price of crops plummeted. The lumber businesses had exhausted the regions resources, forcing most of them to go out of business. Many people moved away to find new work. The local economy was able to stable itself in the mid-1930s, and cotton, potato, and corn production began to rise. The growing of oats, however, had ended. In addition, the railroad going through Cooper had failed a few years before, so the shipping industry in Cooper was struggling. Cotton and alfalfa carried Cooper's economy through the 1950s and '60s, until the shift to the growing of wheat in the 1970s. Cooper reported 60 businesses in the 1970s, of which more than half were dairies. During the 1980s and 1990s, Cooper's economy shifted to the manufacturing and shipping of local goods, and in 1991, Cooper had 70 businesses.[8][9]

Currently, Cooper's economy features several unique industries. According to the 2010 Census, the industries in the town (by percentage of employed civilian population 16 years and over) were educational, health and social services at 34.6%, manufacturing at 18.7%, arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services with 13.6%, construction at 10.2%, transportation, warehousing, and utilities at 5.1%, professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services at 4.9%, public administration with 4.3%, retail trade at 3.9%, finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing with 2.0%, other services (except public administration) with 1.6%, and agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining at 1.0%.[26]

Of the people in the labor force in the town over the age of 16, the majority, 679 people or 49.3% of the population, were in the civilian work force, while 697 people, or 50.7%, of the population were not in the labor force at all. At the time of the Census, seventy people, or 5.1%, were unemployed, with none in the Armed Forces. Of the 609 residents employed age 16 and over, private-sector wage and salary workers accounted for 475 of them or 78.0%. 109 people were classified as federal government workers, or 17.9% of the population, with the self-employed making up 4.1% of the population or 25 people. No one was classified as an unpaid worker.[26]

The median household income for the city of Cooper was $27,531, with the majority, 137 persons, or 19.7%, of the population in that class of income. 125 people, or 18.0%, identified themselves as retired.[26]

Culture and media

A swimming area on a lake
A swimming area on Cooper Lake. The lake is the most popular attraction in the area.

Since its founding, Cooper has served as the center of attractions for Delta County. The city became host to several small schools and churches.[8] In 1955, the construction of Cooper Lake was authorized. In 1986, major work on the lake began, and in 1991, the lake was finished.[28] The lake is now the most popular tourist attraction in the area. Boating, swimming (in designated areas), and fishing are available at Cooper Lake. The main fish stocked in the lake as catfish, largemouth bass, and crappie.[11] Along the north shore of the lake is the Doctor's Creek Unit of Cooper Lake State Park. The park contains several picnic areas, as well as campgrounds and a large swimming area on Cooper Lake. The park also contains several hiking and equestrian trails.[11] On the eastern edge of the lake, near the Cooper Lake Dam is the Wildlife Observation Deck, a large birdwatching platform.[29] Along the west and northwest shores of the lake is the Cooper Wildlife Management Area. The park was constructed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and protects four unique habitat types. These are wetland, Blackland Prairie, Upland Post Oak, and Bottomland Hardwood. The park contains several hiking trails, as well as birdwatching stations, and wildlife viewing areas. The park allows fishing and hunting to visitors, if they have a proper license.[30]

Cooper is also host to the annual Chiggerfest. The event, held every October, contains several events, and serves as a social gathering for the region. The event takes place over the course of two days, beginning with an open-air concert, hosted in Historic Cooper Square. Following events include a 5K run/walk, smashing a car, and other things. The festival includes numerous street vendors, as well as a children's area.[31] Patterson Memorial County Library is also located in Cooper, as well as a 15 acres (6.1 ha) municipal park, and numerous recreational and community centers.[8]

The first newspaper published in Cooper was the Delta Courier in 1873. The newspaper, published by Bob Michiel, and ran weekly until the mid-1890s. Around the time the publishing of the Delta Courier ended, the People's Cause newspaper began running weekly. This eventually stopped running, however, the Cooper Review began running weekly in 1982.[8][9] The Cooper Review, run by Jim and Sally Butler, continues to run currently.[32]

Government

Since its incorporation in 1870, Cooper has served as the seat for Delta County. Because of this, Cooper houses the county courthouse, county offices, sheriff, and county library. Cooper has a Mayor–council government form of government. The city council is made up of five members who are elected at large. The current council members are mayor pro-term David Philips, E.J. Cates, JoAnn Preas, W.D. Wilkins, and Carl Reel. The city's current mayor is Scotty Stegall.[1]

The first election in Delta County occurred on October 6, 1870, to establish control in the newly formed county. Cooper held its first election in 1881, establishing an aldermanic government. Around that time, the first county courthouse was built in Cooper. Delta County, in addition to Cooper, voted for the Democratic Party in every presidential election from its incorporation in 1870 until 1968. However, the Populist Party won numerous local and county government positions during the 1890s and the early 1900s. In the 1970s, politics in Delta County shifted, and most of the county began voting for the Republican Party.[8][9]

An image of Ralph M. Hall
Cooper is represented in the House of Representatives by Republican Ralph M. Hall.

Delta County's government consists of a county judge and four county commissioners, representing four county precincts. The current Delta County judge is Herbert Brookshire, and the four commissioners are B.V. Templeton, David Moody, Wayne Poole, and Mark Brantley.[33] The current county sheriff is Gerald W. Teague.[34] In addition, Cooper is served by two different Texas judicial districts. Judge Scott McDowell, serves as judge of the 62nd Texas Judicial District, a position he has held since 2000. However, McDowell has announced that he will not be seeking another term.[35] Cooper is also part of Texas' 8th Judicial District, which is served by Judge Robert Newsom. Newsom has served as 8th district judge since his election in 1997, but has also announced that he will not be seeking another term. [36]

Cooper is represented by Larry Phillips (Republican) in the Texas State Legislature's 62nd district. Senator Bob Deuell (Republican) represents Cooper in the Texas State Senate's 2nd District. The town is represented in the United States House of Representatives by Ralph M. Hall (Republican), and by John Cornyn (Republican) and Ted Cruz (Republican) in the United States Senate.[2]

Education

A modern building on a college campus
East Texas Normal College (now known as Texas A&M University–Commerce) was located in Cooper from 1889 until 1894, when the campus was destroyed in a fire.

Delta County, as well as Cooper, has historically been advanced in education. Around the time both were founded, there were already nine churches in the county. By 1880, that number had increased to nearly 30. There were a combined 998 students attending those schools, which operated 4½ months a year. In 1889, East Texas Normal College was founded in Cooper. The school did very well while located in Cooper, but the college moved to Commerce after the campus was destroyed in a fire in 1894. The school was later renamed Texas A&M University–Commerce.[8] In 1896, Cooper reported to have one successful school located within the city proper.[9]

Schools were a major importance during the 1940s, as they became the local activity centers. In the early 1940s, there were 34 common schools and six independent school districts within Delta County. These schools employed 134 people and had a combined total of 4,000 students enrolled. Cooper, along with Pecan Gap and Enloe, offered a four-year high school program. Late in the 1940s, with the help of state taxes on transportation, the schools and districts began to consolidate. In 1966, Cooper had two elementary schools, a junior high school, and a high school.[8]

The Cooper Independent School District (Cooper ISD) currently operates the schools that serve Cooper. Cooper ISD covers the majority of Delta county, except for the community of Lake Creek, which is located within the jurisdiction of Chisum ISD, and the communities of Pecan Gap and Ben Franklin, which is located within Fannindel ISD.[37] There are currently only three schools under the jurisdiction of Cooper ISD, all three of with are located within Cooper proper. The schools are Cooper Elementary School,[38] Cooper Junior High School,[39] and Cooper High School.[40]

Transportation

Texas State Highway 154 (TX 154) the city, passing through the central portion of Cooper. The highway begins at its terminus in the western portion of Cooper. The roadway travels eastward through central Cooper, before bending southeast and exiting the city. TX 154 travels within the Cooper proper for approximately 1.94 miles (3.12 km).[17] TX 154 was first constructed through Cooper on September 26, 1935.[41] State Highway 24 bypasses Cooper, as a four-lane, divided highway.[16] Only 0.48 miles (0.77 km) of the highway pass through Cooper, traveling through the western edge of the city limits.[17] TX 24 was originally designated through Cooper on September 26, 1939.[42] However, TX 24 was rerouted around Cooper, and on January 14, 1991, the 1.94 miles (3.12 km) long portion of highway was redesignated as Texas State Highway 24 Business.[43]

Farm to Market Road 64 (FM 64) enters the western portion of Cooper, traveling for a short distance, before terminating at TX 154. The highway, which was constructed on June 23, 1942, spends approximately 0.41 miles (0.66 km) within the city.[17][44] FM 1528, known locally as 1st Street, travels through the center of Cooper. Beginning at an intersection with TX 154, the highway travels southward through the city for about 0.6 miles (0.97 km), before exiting and turning westward. The road was constructed on September 28, 1949.[17][45] Nearby highways include FM 1880, which travels from the edge of the city to a part of the Cooper Lake Wildlife Management Area, FM 128, which ends at an intersection with TX 24 a short distance north of Cooper, and FM 1529, which northward a short distance east of the city.[16]

In 1886, the Santa Fe Railroad was constructed to the north of Cooper, through Ben Franklin and Pecan Gap. Nearly a decade later, in 1895, the Texas Midland Railroad was constructed through Cooper, helping the city's economy to boom. The railroad flourished until 1928, when it was sold to the Southern Pacific Corporation, due to the region's then-struggling economy.[8] The line was closed in 1934, and was abandoned in 1975.[46] Currently, the only railroad to pass near Cooper is the Blacklands Railroad.[16] Commerce Municipal Airport is currently the closest airfield to Cooper, located approximately 13 miles (21 km) away.[17]

Religion

The first religious establishment in the region was erected in 1847, by pioneers from Tennessee. By 1860, two Methodist Episcopal churches had been built nearby. In 1880, seven churches, which were predominantly Methodist, had been established in Delta County. In 1889, seven Baptist churches that had been established in the region held a meeting as the Delta County Baptist Association. During the early 1980s, there were 17 churches in Delta County, two of which were located in Cooper.[8][9] In 1931, there were 13 baptist churches located in and around Cooper. During the mid-1960s, there were 32 churches in the region, representing seven Christian communions. However, by 1982, five of those churches had closed.[8]

Currently, there are eighteen churches located within the city limits of Cooper. These include congregations of the United Methodist Church and the Seventh-day Adventist Church, as well as those of Baptist, Catholic, Pentecostal, Methodist Episcopal, and other denominations of Christianity. Six of the churches are of Baptist denomination, and three are Methodist, as well as several which are of other Christianity.[47]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b c Staff. "Delta County Government". Delta County. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Staff (2013). "Districts By City". Who Represents Me?. Texas House of Representatives. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". United States Census Bureau. December 2010. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  4. ^ Staff. "75432 Zip Code Detailed Profile". City-Data.com. Retrieved February 25, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b Staff (March 11, 2008). "City of Cooper". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  7. ^ Perttula, Timothy K. "Caddo Indians". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p McCroskey, Vista K. "Delta County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Long, Christopher. "Cooper, TX (Delta County)". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c Staff. Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2012. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c Parent, Laurence (2008). Official Guide to Texas State Parks and Historic Sites (2nd ed.). Austin: University of Texas Press. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-292-71726-8. 
  12. ^ Staff (2005). "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on June 26, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2009. 
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ Rand McNally (2009). The Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally (2009 ed.). pp. 100, 135. ISBN 0-528-94200-X.
  15. ^ Michels, Chris (1997). "Latitude/Longitude Distance Calculation". Northern Arizona University. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c d Texas Department of Transportation (2010) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2010 ed.). p. 528. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/travel/countymapbook2006/Pages/528.pdf. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
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