Coolio

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Coolio
Coolio.jpg
Coolio in November 2002, performing for U.S. Army soldiers in Bosnia.
Background information
Birth nameArtis Leon Ivey Jr.
Born(1963-08-01) August 1, 1963 (age 50)
Compton, California, USA[1]
GenresHip hop, Gangsta rap, G-funk, West Coast hip hop
OccupationsRapper, actor, record producer
Years active1987–present
LabelsTommy Boy/Warner Bros.
Associated actsWC and the Maad Circle, Low Profile, Sir Jinx, Ras Kass, Ice-T, 2Pac, J.T. Taylor
 
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Coolio
Coolio.jpg
Coolio in November 2002, performing for U.S. Army soldiers in Bosnia.
Background information
Birth nameArtis Leon Ivey Jr.
Born(1963-08-01) August 1, 1963 (age 50)
Compton, California, USA[1]
GenresHip hop, Gangsta rap, G-funk, West Coast hip hop
OccupationsRapper, actor, record producer
Years active1987–present
LabelsTommy Boy/Warner Bros.
Associated actsWC and the Maad Circle, Low Profile, Sir Jinx, Ras Kass, Ice-T, 2Pac, J.T. Taylor

Artis Leon Ivey Jr. (born August 1, 1963), better known by the stage name Coolio, is an American musician, rapper, actor, and record producer.

Music career[edit]

He recorded two singles in 1987, titled "Watch Gonna Do" and "You're Gonna Miss Me". Coolio made connections in the Los Angeles rap scene, and in 1991, ended up joining the group WC and the Maad Circle, led by rapper WC. He had a few verses on the group's debut album Ain't a Damn Thang Changed, including on the single "Dress Code". The album was regionally successful.

Tommy Boy Records and It Takes a Thief[edit]

In 1994, Coolio signed to Tommy Boy Records and released his debut solo album It Takes a Thief. The lead single "Fantastic Voyage" received heavy rotation on MTV, and peaked at #3 on the Billboard Hot 100. "Fantastic Voyage" would become one of the biggest rap singles of the year, and the album contained a few other minor hits in "County Line" and "I Remember". It Takes a Thief peaked at #8 on the Billboard 200, becoming certified Platinum.[2] The album received praise for bringing a humorous and lighthearted perspective to often violent and profane themes of typical gangsta rap.[3]

Gangsta's Paradise[edit]

In 1995, Coolio made a song for the movie Dangerous Minds, which was titled "Gangsta's Paradise". "Gangsta's Paradise", which featured R&B singer L.V., would become one of the most successful rap songs of all time, reaching #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for 3 weeks. It was the #1 single of 1995 for all genres, and was a global hit, as it reached #1 in the United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Austria, Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, Australia, and New Zealand. The song also created a controversy when Coolio claimed that parody artist Weird Al Yankovic had not asked for permission to make his parody of "Gangsta's Paradise", titled "Amish Paradise". At the 1996 Grammy Awards, the song won Coolio a Grammy for Best Rap Solo Performance.

Originally "Gangsta's Paradise" was not meant to be included on one of Coolio's studio albums, but its success led to Coolio not only putting it on his next album, but also making it the title track. The title track sampled the chorus and music of the song "Pastime Paradise" by Stevie Wonder, which was recorded nearly 20 years earlier on Stevie Wonder's album Songs in the Key of Life. The album Gangsta's Paradise was released in 1995 and was certified 2X Platinum by the RIAA. The album contained two other major hits in "1, 2, 3, 4 (Sumpin' New)" and "Too Hot" with J.T. Taylor of Kool & the Gang doing the chorus. Despite no longer being an official member of the group, Coolio made an appearance on the second WC and the Maad Circle album Curb Servin', on the song "In a Twist". In 1996, Coolio had another top 40 hit with the song "It's All the Way Live (Now)" from the soundtrack to the movie Eddie. He was also featured on the song "Hit 'em High" from the soundtrack to the movie Space Jam with B-Real, Method Man, LL Cool J, and Busta Rhymes.

Red Hot Organization and Tommy Boy Records dismissal[edit]

In 1996, Coolio appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation CD America is Dying Slowly, alongside Biz Markie, Wu-Tang Clan, and Fat Joe, among many other prominent hip hop artists. The CD, meant to raise awareness of the AIDS epidemic among African American men, was heralded as "a masterpiece" by The Source magazine. That same year, he recorded the theme song and appeared in the opening sequence of the Nickelodeon TV series Kenan & Kel which ran for four seasons.

After the success of Gangsta's Paradise, Coolio's next album was expected to be another hit. His third solo album titled My Soul, came out in 1996. Although it contained the major hit "C U When U Get There" and the album went platinum, it failed to reach the success of his previous two albums. Coolio was dropped from Tommy Boy Records and his albums since then, 2001's Coolio.com, 2003's El Cool Magnifico, 2006's The Return of the Gangsta, and 2008's Steal Hear, have not charted on any Billboard chart. He did have a minor hit in the UK in 2006 with "Gangsta Walk" (featuring Snoop Dogg), which peaked at #67 on the UK pop chart.

While touring with hip hop duo Insane Clown Posse, Coolio received a tattoo as a homage to the group's fanbase, reading "Jugalo Cool" [sic]. He stated that the misspelling was intentional.[4] Coolio has performed at the Gathering of the Juggalos.[4]

Television[edit]

In 2009, Coolio appeared as a housemate on Celebrity Big Brother. He later went to appear on Ultimate Big Brother in 2010, where he was removed from the house for unacceptable behaviour towards Nadia Almada and others in the house. In January 2012, he was one of eight celebrities participating in the Food Network reality series Rachael vs. Guy: Celebrity Cook-Off, where he represented the Music Saves Lives organization.[5] He came in second place with a Zagat score of 23 out of 30, losing to Lou Diamond Phillips. As runnerup, he was awarded $10,000 for his charity.

Coolio was featured on the March 5, 2013, episode of the ABC reality program Wife Swap,[6] and his girlfriend at the time left him after the program was taped.[7] On June 30, 2013, he appeared alongside comedienne Jenny Eclair and Emmerdale actor Matthew Wolfenden on UK game show Tipping Point: Lucky Stars, where he came second. Also on June 30, Coolio voiced a wax figure of himself on Gravity Falls.

Charitable work[edit]

Coolio and jazz saxophonist Jarez were enlisted in July 2008 as spokespersons by the group Environmental Justice and Climate Change to educate students at historically black colleges and universities about global warming.[8] Coolio is a spokesperson for the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. He says that he and his children are asthma sufferers. As a child, he was taken to the hospital several times due to asthma complications.[9]

Personal life[edit]

Coolio appeared in the 2009 season of the British television show Celebrity Big Brother.[10] Coolio talked about his six children from four different relationships.[11][12]

In 2013, a federal court entered a default judgment against Coolio after he was sued by a woman for his actions in jumping on the woman's back and bullriding her.[13] Later in 2013, Coolio was charged with misdemeanor domestic battery after he was accused of punching a girlfriend of three years in the face during an argument on April 1 after he brought another woman home.[14]

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Coolio has made numerous appearances in television and movies, mostly small roles or cameos.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Coolio awards and nominations
Awards and nominations
AwardWinsNominations
American Music Awards
12
Grammy Awards
16
MTV Video Music Awards
35
Totals
Awards won5
Nominations13

Coolio's 1995 song "Gangsta's Paradise" received several awards, including Best Rap Solo Performance at the Grammy Awards; and Best Rap Video and Best Video from a Film at the MTV Video Music Awards. Coolio himself has received several awards, including Favorite Rap/Hip Hop Artist at the American Music Awards in 1996. At the Grammy Awards in 1997, Coolio received three nominations: Best Rap Album for Gangsta's Paradise, Best Rap Solo Performance for "1, 2, 3, 4 (Sumpin' New)", and Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group for "Stomp". Overall, Coolio has received five awards from thirteen nominations.

American Music Awards[edit]

The American Music Awards is an annual awards ceremony created by Dick Clark in 1973. Coolio has received one award from two nominations.[15][16][17]

YearRecipientAwardResult
1996CoolioFavorite Rap/Hip Hop ArtistWon
1997CoolioFavorite Rap/Hip-Hop ArtistNominated

Grammy Awards[edit]

The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States. Coolio has received one award from six nominations.[15][18][19][20]

YearRecipientAwardResult
1995"Fantastic Voyage"Best Rap Solo PerformanceNominated
1996"Gangsta's Paradise"Best Rap Solo PerformanceWon
Record of the YearNominated
1997Gangsta's ParadiseBest Rap AlbumNominated
"1, 2, 3, 4 (Sumpin' New)"Best Rap Solo PerformanceNominated
"Stomp"Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or GroupNominated

MTV Video Music Awards[edit]

The MTV Video Music Awards is an annual awards ceremony established in 1984 by MTV. Coolio has received three awards from six nominations.[15][21][22]

YearRecipientAwardResult
1994"Fantastic Voyage"Best Rap VideoNominated
1996"Gangsta's Paradise"Best Rap VideoWon
Best Video from a FilmWon
Viewer's ChoiceNominated
"1, 2, 3, 4 (Sumpin' New)"Best Dance VideoWon
Best Male VideoNominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoffmann, Frank W. (2006). Rhythm and Blues, Rap, and Hip-hop. Facts on File. p. 50. ISBN 0-8160-5315-4. 
  2. ^ http://www.riaa.org
  3. ^ Huey, Steve (1963-08-01). "((( Coolio > Biography )))". allmusic. Retrieved 2010-07-10. 
  4. ^ a b TMZ Staff (2010-06-07). "Coolio's Tattoo Screw Up – Nothin' But a 'G' Thang". TMZ.com. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  5. ^ a b Dish, The FN (2011-07-29). "Rachael vs. Guy Celebrity Cook-Off: New Show Premieres This Winter". Blog.foodnetwork.com. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  6. ^ McDonough, Kevin (March 5, 2013). "Celebrity shows have hit the 'D-List'". York Dispatch. 
  7. ^ http://tv.yahoo.com/news/11-craziest-moments-from-mark-mcgrath-and-coolio-s--celebrity-wife-swap--episode-031758665.html?page=all
  8. ^ "EJCC Enlist Coolio and Jarez to Launch Green Campaign". Theblackspotlight.com. Retrieved 2011-01-25. 
  9. ^ "OrganizedWisdom Health | Discover what health experts are sharing now". Organizedwisdom.com. Retrieved 2010-07-10.  Has a cooking show online called "Cooking with Coolio"
  10. ^ Coolio - the official Celebrity Big Brother UK website
  11. ^ Coolio Arrested, Sent to Same Jail as Son
  12. ^ Family Tree Legends
  13. ^ Court Order. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
  14. ^ http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2013/jul/16/coolio-unwilling-pay-defend-bogus-charges-may-defe/
  15. ^ a b c "Coolio". Rock on the Net. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  16. ^ "Garth Brooks, Eagles Win Big at American Music Awards Event". Los Angeles Times. 1996-01-30. 
  17. ^ "American Music Awards". The Washington Post. 1997-01-26. 
  18. ^ "Will this be Sheryl's Crow's Night?". Hartford Courant. 1995-03-01. 
  19. ^ Hilburn, Robert (1996-02-29). "The 38th Annual Grammy Awards". Los Angeles Times. 
  20. ^ "Grammy Awards". The Washington Post. 1997-02-23. 
  21. ^ "1994 Video Music Awards". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  22. ^ "1996 Video Music Awards". MTV. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 

External links[edit]