Conway, Arkansas

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Conway, Arkansas
—  City  —
Part of Conway's historic downtown
Nickname(s): City of Colleges
Location of Conway in Faulkner County(this map has not recently been updated)
Coordinates: 35°05′14″N 92°27′12″W / 35.08722°N 92.45333°W / 35.08722; -92.45333Coordinates: 35°05′14″N 92°27′12″W / 35.08722°N 92.45333°W / 35.08722; -92.45333
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyFaulkner
Founded1872
Incorporated1875
Government
 • MayorTab Townsell
Area
 • City60.20 sq mi (91.32 km2)
 • Land59.99 sq mi (90.77 km2)
 • Water0.21 sq mi (0.55 km2)
Elevation312 ft (95 m)
Population (2011 population estimate)
 • City60,470
 • Density1,231.70/sq mi (475.56/km2)
 • Metro699,757('10)Little Rock)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes72032 and 72034
Area code(s)501
FIPS code05-15190
GNIS feature ID0076661
Websitehttp://www.ConwayArkansas.org/
 
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Conway, Arkansas
—  City  —
Part of Conway's historic downtown
Nickname(s): City of Colleges
Location of Conway in Faulkner County(this map has not recently been updated)
Coordinates: 35°05′14″N 92°27′12″W / 35.08722°N 92.45333°W / 35.08722; -92.45333Coordinates: 35°05′14″N 92°27′12″W / 35.08722°N 92.45333°W / 35.08722; -92.45333
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyFaulkner
Founded1872
Incorporated1875
Government
 • MayorTab Townsell
Area
 • City60.20 sq mi (91.32 km2)
 • Land59.99 sq mi (90.77 km2)
 • Water0.21 sq mi (0.55 km2)
Elevation312 ft (95 m)
Population (2011 population estimate)
 • City60,470
 • Density1,231.70/sq mi (475.56/km2)
 • Metro699,757('10)Little Rock)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes72032 and 72034
Area code(s)501
FIPS code05-15190
GNIS feature ID0076661
Websitehttp://www.ConwayArkansas.org/

Conway is the county seat of Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States.[1] The population was 58,908 at the 2010 census and 60,470 at the 2011 population estimate, making Conway the seventh most populous city in Arkansas. It is a principal city of the Little RockNorth Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area which had 709,901 people in 2011 and with 886,992 people in the Combined area. Conway is home to three post-secondary educational institutions, earning it the nickname "The City of Colleges".

Contents

History

The city of Conway was founded by Asa P. Robinson, who came to Conway shortly after the Civil War. Robinson was the chief engineer for the Little Rock-Fort Smith Railroad (now the Union Pacific). Part of his compensation was the deed to a tract of land, one square mile, located near the old settlement of Cadron. When the railroad came through, Robinson deeded a small tract of his land back to the railroad for a depot site. He laid off a town site around the depot and named it Conway Station, in honor of a famous Arkansas family. Conway Station contained two small stores, two saloons, a depot, some temporary housing and a post office.[2]

Conway was long the home of the late Arkansas Supreme Court Associate Justice James D. Johnson[3] (d. 2010), who ran unsuccessful races for governor in 1956 against then fellow Democrat Orval Eugene Faubus[4] and in 1966 against the Republican Winthrop Rockefeller.[5] The conservative Johnson later switched affiliation to the Republican Party but long after the death of his nemesis Rockefeller. Johnson also lost an important race in 1968 for the United States Senate against the incumbent James William Fulbright.[6] His wife, the late Virginia Johnson (d. 2007), ran for governor in 1968, while he was running for U.S. Senator.[7]

Geography

Conway is located at 35°05′14″N 92°27′12″W / 35.087336°N 92.453315°W / 35.087336; -92.453315.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 60.20 square miles (155.9 km2), of which 59.99 square miles (155.4 km2) is land and 0.21 square miles (0.5 km², 0.60%) is water.

Districts

The area of the city east of Donaghey Avenue is called the East Side, the area west of Donaghey Avenue is called the West Side. Conway has two historic neighborhoods: the Asa P. Robinson Historic District and the Hendrix Addition.

Since 2000, downtown Conway has seen tens of millions of dollars in public and private investment. The revitalization has brought new retail, office, restaurant and residential construction to the historic downtown.

Downtown Conway at the intersection of Oak and Chestnut

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19405,782
19508,61048.9%
19609,79113.7%
197015,51058.4%
198020,37531.4%
199026,48130.0%
200043,16763.0%
201058,90836.5%

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 43,167 people, 16,039 households, and 10,168 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,231.7 people per square mile (475.5/km²). There were 17,289 housing units at an average density of 493.3 per square mile (190.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.0% White, 12.1% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. 3.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,039 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 22.4% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there are 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,063, and the median income for a family was $47,912. Males had a median income of $35,021 versus $25,418 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,509. About 9.3% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

In November and December 2005, the city of Conway commissioned a special census to update its demographic records. The certified results of this Special Census put Conway's population at 52,430.[10] According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2009 Population Estimates, Conway's population is estimated to be 59,511 as of 2009.[11]

Education

Conway is home to the following colleges and universities:

Over 36% of Conway's adult workforce hold a baccalaureate degree or higher, making it the third best educated city over 10,000 in Arkansas, after Maumelle and Fayetteville.

UCA offers more than 100 undergraduate courses of study, 33 master's degree programs, and four doctoral programs for students to explore. More than 11,000 students from 66 different countries and 39 states are part of UCA’s community.

Conway is also home to two private schools: Conway Christian and St. Joseph Catholic School.

Conway Public Schools

The public school system is broken up into five different categories: Pre-K, Elementary (grades K-4), Intermediate/Middle (grades 5-7), Junior High (grades 8 & 9), and High (grades 10-12). With more than 9,400 students, Conway Public School District is the eighth largest in Arkansas. The district has 16 schools, one high school (grades 10-12), one junior high school (grades 8-9), four middle/intermediate schools (grades 5-7), nine elementary schools (grades K-4) and a Pre-K Center. In fall of 2012, Conway Public Schools will open a new elementary school and complete the construction of Conway High School. Conway High School's mascot is the Wampus Cat, a fictional creature that is supposedly fierce in nature, with six legs, "Four to run at the speed of light, two to fight with all its' might".

Pre-K Center:

Elementary Schools:

Intermediate/Middle Schools:

Construction of Conway High School

Junior High School:

High School:

Statistics

Culture

Part of Conway's historic downtown

Conway residents have many opportunities for cultural experiences. The Conway Symphony Orchestra performs many times throughout the year,[13] and Conway Community Arts Association has been presenting theatre and other art opportunities to the community for thirty years.[14] The Arkansas Shakespeare Theatre is the state's only professional Shakespeare theatre and it is based in Conway with an annual summer festival held in June.[15]

There are also many art, music and theatre opportunities provided by Conway's three colleges. The University of Central Arkansas's Public Appearances program provides a variety of dance, music, and theatre offerings each year.

Conway Public Schools has very strong theatre and music programs, with large concert and marching bands that consistently receive high marks in regional competitions.

One of the city's largest annual events, Toad Suck Daze, has been held since 1982. The three day community festival incorporates live music, food and craft vendors, and amusement rides during the first weekend of May. Proceeds from the festival fund college scholarships for local students.[16]

Conway is also home to a very popular sport-fishing destination and the largest man-made Game and Fish commission lake in the United States. Lake Conway, home to largemouth bass, crappie, gar, catfish, bream, bowfin, etc. The Arkansas Crappie Masters state tournament is held here every year.

The city held its first ever EcoFest September 12, 2009, in Laurel Park. EcoFest included exhibits and events relating to "green" and sustainable initiatives, including a cardboard car derby and an alleycat bicycle ride. According to organizers led by Debbie Plopper, the event was a success. Mayor Tab Townsell said the event indicated to him that “interest in sustainability is flourishing in this community.”[17][18]

Business and Industry

Conway was home to one of the world's largest school bus manufacturers, IC Corporation. The Conway plant was one of only two IC manufacturing plants; the other is located in Tulsa, Oklahoma. IC Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of Navistar International Corporation of Illinois. IC was previously known as American Transportation (AmTran) Corporation and Ward Body Works. The company was originally founded in 1933. IC has decided to close the plant and move all bus manufacturing to the Tulsa, OK plant.[19]

R. D. “Bob” Nabholz founded Nabholz Construction in Conway in 1949. It currently employs over 800 people company wide and it has been listed by Engineering News Record (ENR) magazine as one of the Top 400 General Contractors every year since 1986, currently the company is ranked #161.

In 1965, Baldwin Piano Company began manufacturing upright pianos at a plant in Conway. Over the years, other piano models were added to the production line. By 1998, the company's 270 employees were manufacturing 2,200 grand pianos a year. Baldwin Piano was acquired by Gibson Instruments in 2003. Gibson has now closed the Baldwin factory. The Slingerland drum company, also acquired by Gibson, was also located in Conway and manufactured drums at the Conway plant.

The Conway Corporation handles the local cable TV, Internet, and telephone services, in addition to electricity and water for Conway.

Acxiom Corporation, a global interactive marketing services company that uses consumer data, analytics, information technology, data integration, and consulting solutions to help companies conduct direct marketing programs, was founded in 1969 in Conway and though it has its corporate headquarters in Little Rock, AR, a large presence in Conway still remains.

On June 19, 2008, Hewlett-Packard announced it would be opening a 150,000 sq ft (14,000 m2) facility with 1200 employees in 2009. The building, which will be owned by the Conway Development Corporation and leased to HP, will be located in The Meadows Office and Technology Park,[20] and is built by Nabholz Construction. The building will be LEED certified.[21][22]

Largest Employers

Notable natives and residents

National Recognition

Conway and the surrounding MSA has been recognized nationally for its quality of life and growing economy.

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Faulkner County Historical Society: Conway". Faulkner County Historical Society. http://www.faulknerhistory.com/conway/. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  3. ^ Jones, William Jr.. "Arkansas Courts Historical Background". Arkansas Judiciary. http://courts.state.ar.us/historical%20society/history2.html. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  4. ^ Schnedler, Jack. "Central High: A Look Back". Arkansasonline.com. http://www.arkansasonline.com/central/timeline.html. Retrieved 2009-09-22. [dead link]
  5. ^ "AR Governor - D Primary 1966". Our Campaigns. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=382417. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  6. ^ "AR US Senate - D Primary 1968". Our Campaign. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=237309. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  7. ^ "AR Governor - D Primary 1968". Our Campaign. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=382423. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Montgomery, Jessica (5-10-2006). "Improvements to Country Club Road approved". The Log Cabin Newspaper. http://thecabin.net/stories/051006/loc_0510060002.shtml. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  11. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=16000US0515190&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=conway&_cityTown=conway&_state=04000US05&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  12. ^ "District Profile 2011-2012". http://www.conwayschools.org/uploads/6/4/5/4/6454635/district_profile-2011-12.pdf. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "Conway Symphony Orchestra". http://www.conwaysymphony.org. Retrieved 20 May 2012. 
  14. ^ "About CCAA". Conway Community Arts Association. http://www.conwayarts.org/about-ccaa.html. Retrieved 20 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "About Us". Arkansas Shakespeare Theatre. http://arkshakes.com/aboutus/. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  16. ^ Glover, Jeremy (2006-04-30). "Festival was Cabin editor's brainchild". Log Cabin Democrat. http://www.thecabin.net/stories/043006/loc_0430060015.shtml. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  17. ^ "Conway EcoFest". 2009. http://www.conwayecofest.com/. Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  18. ^ Lamb, Joe (2009-09-12). "EcoFest draws big crowd". Log Cabin Democrat. http://thecabin.net/news/2009-09-12/ecofest-draws-big-crowd. Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  19. ^ "IC Bus Corporation To Lay Off Conway Workers". http://www.todaysthv.com/news/news.aspx?storyid=94004. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  20. ^ Lamb, Joe (2008-06-20). "HP cat out of bag, officially". Log Cabin Democrat. http://www.thecabin.net/stories/062008/loc_0620080001.shtml. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  21. ^ Associated Press (2008-10-12). "Officials: Work Begins Monday on HP Site in Conway". Arkansas Business. http://www.arkansasbusiness.com/printable.asp?aid=108811. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  22. ^ Friedman, Mark (2008-10-15). "Construction starts on Arkansas Hewlett-Packard facility". SouthCentral Construction. http://southcentral.construction.com/news/flash/archive/2008/1015.asp. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  23. ^ Dao, James (January 21, 2010). "Man Claims Terror Ties in Little Rock Shooting". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/22/us/22littlerock.html?hp. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  24. ^ Mike Phelan, Mike Mount, and Terry Frieden (June 1, 2009). "Suspect arrested in Arkansas recruiting center shooting". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2009/CRIME/06/01/arkansas.recruiter.shooting/. Retrieved March 25, 2010. 
  25. ^ Dao, James (February 16, 2010). "A Muslim Son, a Murder Trial and Many Questions". Arkansas;Yemen: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/17/us/17convert.html. Retrieved June 23, 2010. 

External links