Connaught Engineering

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Connaught
Connaught Engineering.png
Full nameUnited Kingdom Connaught Engineering
BaseSend, Surrey, United Kingdom
Founder(s)Rodney Clarke
Mike Oliver
Noted staffKenneth McAlpine
Noted driversUnited Kingdom Stuart Lewis-Evans
United Kingdom Stirling Moss
Formula One World Championship career
Debut1952 British Grand Prix
Races competed18
Constructors'
Championships
0
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories0
Pole positions0
Fastest laps0
Final race1959 United States Grand Prix
 
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Connaught
Connaught Engineering.png
Full nameUnited Kingdom Connaught Engineering
BaseSend, Surrey, United Kingdom
Founder(s)Rodney Clarke
Mike Oliver
Noted staffKenneth McAlpine
Noted driversUnited Kingdom Stuart Lewis-Evans
United Kingdom Stirling Moss
Formula One World Championship career
Debut1952 British Grand Prix
Races competed18
Constructors'
Championships
0
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories0
Pole positions0
Fastest laps0
Final race1959 United States Grand Prix

Connaught Engineering, often referred to simply as Connaught, was a Formula One and sports car constructor from the United Kingdom. Their cars participated in 18 Grands Prix, entering a total of 52 races with their A, B, and C Type Formula 2 and Formula 1 Grand Prix Cars. They achieved 1 "podium" (a placing in the first three) and scored 17 championship points. The name Connaught is a pun on Continental Autos, the garage in Send, Surrey, which specialised in sales and repair of European sports cars such as Bugatti, and where the cars were built.

History[edit]

In 1950 the first single-seaters, the Formula 2 "A" types, used an engine that was developed by Connaught from the Lea-Francis engine used in their "L" type sports cars. The engine was extensively re-engineered and therefore is truly a Connaught engine. The cars were of conventional construction for the time with drive through a preselector gearbox to a de Dion rear axle. In 1952 and 1953 the races counting towards the World Championship were to Formula 2 rules so drivers of these cars could take part in those events as the table below shows.

Connaught designed a new car for the 2½ litre Formula 1 of 1954 which was to have a rear-mounted Coventry Climax V8 engine (the "Godiva"), but when the engine was not proceeded with, a conventionally arranged "B" type was designed using an Alta engine developed into 2½ litre form. The first cars were built with all-enveloping aerodynamic bodywork but later rebodied conventionally (as the photos below show). In 1955, driving a Connaught in this form, Tony Brooks scored the first win in a Grand Prix by a British driver in a British car since 1923, in a non World Championship race at Syracuse. Thereafter the "B" type has been known as the "Syracuse" Connaught and the name was used for the car presented in the 2004 revival

In 1962, Jack Fairman attempted to qualify for the Indianapolis 500 in a Connaught race car, but failed to find the necessary speed to make the field.

Sports cars[edit]

Prior to the single-seat racing cars they built a small number of road going sports cars developed on the Lea-Francis Sports Chassis, which achieved considerable competition success. These were of types L2 and L3, and three examples of the stark Cycle Winged L3/SR Sports Racer. Two sports cars, based on the A Type Formula 2 cars, the ALSRs were also built for competition work.

In 2004, the Connaught name was revived by Connaught Motor Company for their Type D Syracuse and Type D-H hybrid supercars.


Complete Drivers' World Championship results[edit]

(key)

YearChassisEngineDriverEntrant1234567891011WCCPoints
1952SUI500BELFRAGBRGERNEDITA-*-*
Connaught Type ALea-Francis Straight-4Ken DowningKen DowningRet
Connaught Engineering9
Eric Thompson5
Kenneth McAlpine16Ret
Stirling MossRet
Dennis Poore4
Connaught Racing Syndicate12
1953ARG500NEDBELFRAGBRGERSUIITA-*-*
Connaught Type ALea-Francis Straight-4Kenneth McAlpineConnaught EngineeringRetRet13NC
Stirling Moss9
Roy SalvadoriRetRetRetRetRet
Prince BiraRet7Ret
Jack FairmanNC
Johnny ClaesEcurie BelgeRet12RetRet
André PiletteNC
Ian StewartEcurie EcosseRet
Tony RoltRob Walker Racing TeamRet
1954ARG500BELFRAGBRGERSUIITAESP-*-*
Connaught Type ALea-Francis Straight-4Leslie Marr13
Bill WhitehouseRet
Don BeaumanSir Jeremy Boles11
Leslie ThorneEcurie Ecosse14
John Riseley-PrichardRob Walker Racing TeamRet
1955ARGMON500BELNEDGBRITA-*-*
Connaught Type BAlta Straight-4Kenneth McAlpineConnaught EngineeringRet
Jack FairmanDNS
Tony RoltRet±
Peter WalkerRet±
Leslie MarrRet
1956ARGMON500BELFRAGBRGERITA-*-*
Connaught Type BAlta Straight-4Archie Scott BrownConnaught EngineeringRet
Desmond TitteringtonRet
Jack Fairman45
Ron Flockhart3
Les LestonRet
Piero ScottiRet
1957ARGMON500FRAGBRGERPSCITA-*-*
Connaught Type BAlta Straight-4Stuart Lewis-EvansConnaught Engineering4
Ivor BuebRet
1958ARGMONNED500BELFRAGBRGERPORITAMORNC0
Connaught Type BAlta Straight-4Ivor BuebBernie EcclestoneRet
Bruce KesslerDNQ
Paul EmeryDNQDNQ
Jack FairmanRet
1959MON500NEDFRAGBRGERPORITAUSANC0
Connaught Type CAlta Straight-4Bob SaidConnaught Cars / Paul EmeryRet

*Constructors points not awarded until 1958
± = Indicates a shared drive

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]