Member of Congress

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A Member of Congress (MC) is a person who has been appointed or elected and inducted into some official body called congress, typically to represent a particular constituency in a legislature. Member of Parliament (MP) is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

United States[edit]

In the United States, the term Congress refers jointly to both houses of that country's national bicameral legislature, the Senate and the House of Representatives. Members of the Senate are typically referred to as "Senators", whereas members of the House of Representatives are referred to as "Representatives". Whereas the term Member of Congress applies to members of both houses, the terms Congressman and Congresswoman usually refer only to members of the House of Representatives. Members of Congress are elected through a popular vote; Senators statewide and Representatives by Congressional district. There are 435 members of House of Representatives and 100 members of the Senate. Senators are elected every six years. Representatives are elected every two years. The House is the best representation of the American people. Senators are elected through the state and are thought of being the elected members of Congress. Congress works in two-year periods tied to the elections. Each such period is called a Congress and begins in January of the year following an election.[1]

History of United States Congress[edit]

The congress was created in Article One of the Constitution, where the founding fathers talked about the limitations and powers of the Congress. Some of the powers of the Congress is to, regulate a navy and army, taxation, and to regulate commerce.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Members of the United States Congress". 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2013-09-22. 
  2. ^ "Exploring the Constitution, Part 7: Congress is Created by Article I". Retrieved 2013-09-22. 

External links[edit]