Comparison of web browsers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Jump to: navigation, search

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of web browsers. Please see the individual products' articles for further information.

General information[edit]

Basic general information about the browsers: creator, company, license, price, etc.

BrowserCreatorCost (USD)Software licenseCurrent layout engineLatest release version
AmayaW3C, INRIAFreeW3Ccustom11.4.4 (January 18, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-01-18)) [±]
AOL ExplorerAmerica Online, IncFreeProprietaryTrident1.5 (May 10, 2006; 8 years ago (2006-05-10)) [±]
AroraBenjamin C. MeyerFreeGPLBlink0.11.0[1] (27 September 2010; 3 years ago (2010-09-27)) [±]
AvantAvant ForceFreeProprietaryTrident, Gecko, Blink2014 build 7 (June 25, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-06-25) [2]) [±]
CaminoThe Camino ProjectFreeMPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-licenseGecko2.1.2 (project discontinued as of 2012)
ChromiumGoogleFreeBSDBlink39.0.2132.2 (August 23, 2014 (2014-08-23)) [±]
Comodo DragonComodoFreeProprietaryBlink2013
SRWare IronSRWareFreeProprietaryWebKit

37.0.2000.0 (September 8, 2014; 4 days ago (2014-09-08)[3]) [±]


35.0.1900.0 (June 15, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-06-15)[4]) [±]


35.0.1900.0 (July 2, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-07-02)[5]) [±]

DilloThe Dillo teamFreeGPLcustom3.0.4[6] (9 April 2014; 5 months ago (2014-04-09)) [±]
DoobleDooble TeamFreeGPLWebKit1.48 (June 20, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-06-20)) [±]
ELinksBaudis, Fonseca, et al.FreeGPLcustom, fork of Links0.11.7[7] (22 August 2009; 5 years ago (2009-08-22)) [±]
FlockFlock IncFreeProprietary (as of 3.0)WebKit3.6.4 (February 3, 2011; 3 years ago (2011-02-03)) [±]
GaleonMarco Pesenti GrittiFreeGPLGecko2.0.7 (2008)
Google ChromeGoogleFree(some closed-source features), BSD (Chromium executable) [note 1]Blink37.0.2062.120 (September 9, 2014; 3 days ago (2014-09-09)[8]) [±]
GNU IceCatGNUFreeMPLGecko24.0 (October 16, 2013; 10 months ago (2013-10-16)[9]) [±]
iCabAlexander ClaussFree,
$20 (Pro)
Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit)WebKit5.2 (June 3, 2014; 3 months ago (2014-06-03)) [±]
Internet ExplorerMicrosoft,
comes with WindowsProprietaryTrident11.0.12 (v11.0.9600.17278)[10] (9 September 2014; 3 days ago (2014-09-09)[11]) [±]
Internet Explorer for Mac (terminated)MicrosoftFreeProprietaryTasman5.2.3
K-MeleonDorian, KKO, et al.FreeGPLGecko1.5.4[12] (March 5, 2010; 4 years ago (2010-03-05)) [±]
KonquerorKDEFreeGPLKHTML, WebKit4.14 (August 20, 2014; 23 days ago (2014-08-20)) [±][13]
LinksPatocka, et al.FreeGPLcustom2.8[14] (22 September 2013; 11 months ago (2013-09-22)) [±]
LunascapeLunascape CorporationFreeProprietaryTrident, Gecko, Blink6.9.1 (July 29, 2014; 45 days ago (2014-07-29)) [±]
LynxMontulli, Grobe, Rezac, et al.FreeGPLcustom, fork of libwww2.8.8[15] (9 March 2014; 6 months ago (2014-03-09)) [±]
MaxthonMaxthon International LimitedFreeProprietaryBlink, TridentWindows: (August 28, 2014; 15 days ago (2014-08-28)) [±][16]

OS X: (February 27, 2014; 6 months ago (2014-02-27)) [±][17]

Linux: (June 9, 2014; 3 months ago (2014-06-09)) [±][18]

iOS: 4.5.5 (July 4, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-07-04)) [±][19]

Android: (August 20, 2014; 23 days ago (2014-08-20)) [±][20]

MidoriChristian Dywan, et al.FreeLGPLWebKit0.5.8[21][22][23] (3 April 2014; 5 months ago (2014-04-03)) [±]
MosaicMarc Andreessen and Eric Bina, NCSAFree non-commercial useProprietarycustom3.0
Mozilla Application SuiteMozilla FoundationFreeMPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-licenseGecko1.7.13 (April 21, 2006; 8 years ago (2006-04-21)) [±]
Mozilla FirefoxMozilla FoundationFreeMPLGecko

32.0.1 (September 12, 2014; 0 days ago (2014-09-12)[24]) [±]
ESR 31.1.0 (September 2, 2014; 10 days ago (2014-09-02)[25]) [±]
ESR 24.8.0 (September 2, 2014; 10 days ago (2014-09-02)[26]) [±]

Netscape (v.6-7)[28]Netscape Communications Corporation, AOLFreeProprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko)Gecko7.2
Netscape Browser (v.8)[note 2]Mercurial Communications for AOLFreeProprietary (browser & Trident),
MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko)
Gecko, Trident8.1.3
Netscape Communicator (v.4)[note 2]Netscape CommunicationsFreeProprietarycustom, fork of Mosaic4.8 (August 22, 2002; 12 years ago (2002-08-22)) [±]
Netscape Navigator (v.1-4)[note 2]Netscape CommunicationsFreeProprietarycustom, fork of Mosaic4.0.8
Netscape Navigator 9[note 2]Netscape Communications
(division of AOL)
FreeProprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko)Gecko9.0.0.6 (February 20, 2008; 6 years ago (2008-02-20)) [±]
NetSurfThe NetSurf DevelopersFreeGPLcustom3.2[27] (30 August 2014; 13 days ago (2014-08-30)) [±]
OmniWebThe Omni GroupFreeProprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit)WebKit5.11.2 (July 23, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-07-23)) [±]
OperaOpera SoftwareFreeProprietaryBlink
Windows, OS X

24.0.1558.53 (September 2, 2014; 10 days ago (2014-09-02)[28]) [±]

Windows (Presto)

12.17 (April 23, 2014; 4 months ago (2014-04-23)[29]) [±]

Linux, FreeBSD

12.16 (July 4, 2013; 14 months ago (2013-07-04)[30]) [±]

Opera MobileOpera SoftwareFreeProprietaryBlink20 for Android (March 18, 2014; 5 months ago (2014-03-18)[31]) [±]

12.0.22 for Symbian S60 (June 24, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-06-24)[31]) [±]
10.0 for Windows Mobile (March 16, 2010; 4 years ago (2010-03-16)[32]) [±]

Origyn Web BrowserSand-labsFreeBSDWebKit ?
QupZillaDavid RoscaFreeGNU GPLv3WebKit1.6.6[33] (12 May 2014; 3 months ago (2014-05-12)) [±]
RekonqAndrea DiamantiniFreeGNU GPLv3WebKit2.4.0 (December 2013)
SafariApple Inc.FreeProprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit)WebKit7.0.6 (August 13, 2014; 30 days ago (2014-08-13)[34]) [±]

6.1.6 (August 13, 2014; 30 days ago (2014-08-13)[34]) [±]

SeaMonkeySeaMonkey CouncilFreeMPLGecko2.29 (September 7, 2014; 5 days ago (2014-09-07)[35]) [±]
ShiiraHappy Macintosh Developing TeamFreeBSDWebKit2.3 (August 11, 2009; 5 years ago (2009-08-11)) [±]
SleipnirFenrir Inc.FreeProprietaryBlink, Trident4 [29]
surfsuckless.orgFreeMITWebkit0.6[36] (10 February 2013; 18 months ago (2013-02-10)) [±]
Torch BrowserTorch MediaFreeProprietaryBlink2.0.0.1705
UzblDieter PlaetinckFreeGNU GPLv3WebKit2012-05-14
Web (formerly named Epiphany)Marco Pesenti GrittiFreeGPLWebKit3.12.5 (August 11, 2014; 32 days ago (2014-08-11)) [±][37]

WorldWideWeb (Later renamed Nexus)Tim Berners-LeeFreePublic domaincustom0.18 (January 14, 1994; 20 years ago (1994-01-14)) [±]
w3mAkinori ItoFreeMITcustom0.5.3[38] (15 January 2011; 3 years ago (2011-01-15)) [±]
BrowserCreatorCost (USD)Software licenseCurrent layout engineLatest release version
  1. ^ Chromium, on which Google Chrome is based, is open source; the features Google adds to Chrome, such as H.264 and ACC decoding, the built-in PDF viewer, an auto-updater system among other things are closed-source.
    Google Chrome Terms of Service
  2. ^ a b c d There are five different products which all carry the name Netscape: Netscape versions 1 to 4, properly called Netscape Navigator, was a browser based on the original Netscape engine. Netscape 4 also was available as an Internet suite, properly called Netscape Communicator. Netscape 6 and 7 was a new Internet suite based on the Gecko engine and the Mozilla Application Suite user interface. Netscape 8, properly called Netscape Browser, was a distinct browser based on Firefox that could use either the Gecko (Firefox) or Trident (Internet Explorer) engine. Netscape resumed use of the Navigator name from Netscape Navigator 9.0 beta 1. See Netscape for more info.

Operating system support[edit]

Browsers are compiled to run on certain operating systems, without emulation.

This list is not exhaustive, but rather reflects the most common OSs today (e.g. Netscape Navigator was also developed for OS/2 at a time when OS X did not exist) but does not include the growing appliance segment (for example, the Opera web browser has gained a leading role for use in mobile phones, smartphones, the Nintendo DS and Wii, and Personal Digital Assistants, and is also used in Interactive televisions). Both the web browser and OS means most recent version, example: Windows 8 with Internet Explorer 10.

BrowserWindowsOS XLinuxBSDOther Unix
AOL ExplorerYesNoNoNoNo
DilloPartialYesYes[note 1]YesYes
Google ChromeYesYes[note 2]YesNoNo
Internet ExplorerIncludedDropped (5.2)NoNoDropped (5.0)[note 3]
Mozilla FirefoxYesYesYes[note 4]YesYes
SafariDropped (5.1.7)IncludedNoNoNo
Torch BrowserYesYesNoNoNo
WorldWideWeb (NeXTSTEP only)NoNoNoNoNo
BrowserWindowsOS XLinuxBSDOther Unix
  1. ^ Dillo is included in some Linux distributions, i.e. Damn Small Linux and Feather Linux.
  2. ^ Google Chrome is not available for PowerPC.
  3. ^ Internet Explorer for UNIX was available for Solaris and HP-UX.
  4. ^ Most Linux distributions which include a graphical user interface include a version of Firefox or a rebranded version of Firefox such as GNU IceCat.

Browser features[edit]

Information about what common browser features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

BrowserBookmark managementDownload managementPassword managing[note 1]Form managingSpell checkingSearch engine toolbarPer-site security configurationPrivacy modeAuto-updater
AOL ExplorerYesNoNoYesNoYes?No?
AvantYesNoYesYesNo [note 2]Yes?No?
ChromiumYesYesYesYesYesPartial[note 3]YesYesYes
FlockYesYesYesYesYesYesPartial [note 4]NoYes
Google ChromeYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes [note 5]Yes
Internet ExplorerYesYesYesYesYes [note 6]YesYesYes [note 7]Yes [note 8]
Internet Explorer for MacYesYesYesYesYesYes?No?
K-MeleonYesNoYesYesNoYesYes [note 9]Yes [note 9]?
KonquerorYesYes [note 10]YesYesYesYesYes [note 11]NoNo
LynxYesYesNoNoNo [note 12]NoYesNoNo
Mozilla FirefoxYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes [note 13]Yes
Netscape BrowserYesYesYesYes?Yes?NoYes
Netscape NavigatorYesNoNoNoNoNo?NoNo
Netscape Navigator 9YesYesYesYesYesYes?NoYes
OmniWebYesYesYesYesYesYesPartial [note 14]NoYes
OperaYes [note 15]YesYesYes [note 16]YesYesYesYesYes
QupZillaYesYesYesYes [note 17]YesYesNoYesNotification only
SeaMonkeyYesYesYesYesYesYesPartial [note 4]NoYes
SleipnirYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNotification only
surfNo[note 18]No[note 19]NoNoNoNo[note 18]Yes/No[note 20]Yes/No[note 20]No
Torch BrowserYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
WebYesYesYesYesYesPartial[note 3]NoYesNo
BrowserBookmark managementDownload managementPassword managing [note 1]Form managingSpell checkingSearch engine toolbarPer-site security configurationPrivacy modeAuto-updater
  1. ^ a b In many integrated password saving tools there are often leaks that make them unsafe.[42]
  2. ^ Spell checking can be added by installing an add-on like ieSpell.
  3. ^ a b Lacks search toolbar, but search URL autocompletion provided via addressbar.
  4. ^ a b Mozilla based browsers like Firefox, SeaMonkey and Flock can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, add-on installs and images. For more settings, an add-on is needed ~ for example, NoScript.
  5. ^ Starting with version 4, Google Chrome can disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Plugins, Popups, and Geolocation individually.
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 10 supports spell checking.
  7. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports InPrivate Browsing.
  8. ^ There is no online update facility built into IE, but it gets updated by Windows Update when enabled. As of Version 10 Consumer Preview (Beta) automatic silent update is the default setting in Internet Explorer.
  9. ^ a b Through the Privacy toolbar, K-Meleon Versions 1.5 and 1.6, can individually disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Popups, and Plugins (e.g. Flash and Java).
  10. ^ For the download manager kdenetwork needs to be installed.
  11. ^ Konqueror can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, JavaScript, Java and NPAPI modules (e.g. Flash).
  12. ^ Lynx is able to edit text with an external editor, which can provide spell checking.
  13. ^ Firefox 3.5 adds the Privacy mode. Older versions of Firefox can use the Stealther extension.
  14. ^ OmniWeb supports per-domain settings of options including support for disabling scripting, ad-blocking, java and cookies. These settings only work on top level domains.[41]
  15. ^ Opera versions before 15 had bookmarks. Newer Opera versions use a different concept called "Stash" instead.
  16. ^ Opera can auto-complete forms with your personal information and website usernames. Also there is extension AutoComplete which can complete forms with form history.
  17. ^ Available as a PIM plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  18. ^ a b Developers distribute patch enabling this functionality.
  19. ^ This fuctionality is handled via third-party software by browser's design.
  20. ^ a b This browser allows to choose custom cookie jar, making cookies from other sessions unavailable to new session.

Accessibility features[edit]

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons). Browsers that do not support pop-ups have no need for pop-up blocking abilities, so that field is marked as N/A.

BrowserTabbed browsingPop-up blocking [note 1]Incremental searchAd filteringPage zooming [note 2]Full text search of historyContent-modal dialogs[note 3]
AOL ExplorerYesYesNoNoYesNo?
ELinksYesN/AYesN/AN/ANoNo[note 4]
Google ChromeYesPartial [note 5]YesNo [note 6]YesYesNo[note 7]
Internet ExplorerYes [note 8]Yes [note 9]YesYesYesYes [note 10] [43]No
Internet Explorer for MacNoNoNoNoNoNoN/A
K-MeleonYesYesYesNo [note 11]PartialNo?
LinksNoYesYesYesNoNoNo[note 4]
LynxNoN/ANoN/AN/ANoNo[note 4]
MozillaYesYesYesYes [note 11]YesNoNo
Mozilla FirefoxYesYesYesYes [note 11]YesYesYes[note 12]
NetscapeYesYesYesNo [note 11]NoNoNo
Netscape BrowserYesYesYesNo [note 11]NoNoNo
Netscape NavigatorNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Netscape Navigator 9YesYesYesNo [note 11]NoNoNo
OperaYesYesYesYes [note 13]YesYesYes
QupZillaYesYesYesYesYesYesOptional [note 14]
SafariYesYes [note 15]YesNo [note 16]Yes [note 17]Yes (only Mac) [note 18]No
SeaMonkeyYesYesYesYes [note 11]Yes [44]NoNo
surfNo[note 19]NoYesNo[note 19]YesNo[note 19]No
Torch BrowserYes?Yes?Yes??
WebYesYesYesYes [note 20]YesYesPartial
BrowserTabbed browsingPop-up blocking [note 1]Incremental searchAd filteringPage zooming [note 2]Full text search of historyContent-modal dialogs[note 3]
  1. ^ a b A more complete list of Pop-Up blockers and addons / programs are in the following article List of pop-up blocking software.
  2. ^ a b Page zooming is different from text resizing, as it resizes not only characters, but also multimedia objects and web page layout
  3. ^ a b "Mozilla Developer Network - Using tab-modal prompts". 3 February 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Although text browsers don't have dialog windows, their prompts behave as modal dialogs – block the input until answer is received.
  5. ^ The option "Do not allow any site to show pop-ups" in Google Chrome, which is the default, actually allows sites to show pop-ups which are not considered harmful.
  6. ^ Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as AdSweep, AdThwart or Adblock Plus.
  7. ^ "Chromium Issue 456: Javascript alerts are modal to Chrome UI, not to individual tab". 3 September 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  8. ^ IE6 had no tabbed browsing support.
  9. ^ IE6 included pop-up blocking with Windows XP Service Pack 2 [1]
  10. ^ Full-text history search is available through a Windows Search iFilter[43]
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Most Gecko browsers have options to block chosen images and cookies. Extended Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as Adblock Plus.
  12. ^ "Bug 59314 - JavaScript alerts should be content-modal, not window-modal". Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  13. ^ Opera 9 introduced a content blocker for webpages (Archive copy at the Wayback Machine). Earlier releases support wildcard protocol/domain/path and filetype blocking using a filter.ini [2] file. More advanced Ad filtering for Opera can also be done with external software [3].
  14. ^ Requires building with "NONBLOCK_JS_DIALOGS" compile flag enabled; may cause crashes:
  15. ^ Does not allow selective blocking of pop-ups. Safari can only block all pop-ups, or none.
  16. ^ Ad filter support can be added by installing extensions.Archive copy at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Page zooming supported in the iPhone version of Safari. Screen zooming is built into OS X.
  18. ^ Full-text history search is available through Spotlight, a feature of the OS X operating system.
  19. ^ a b c This functionality is handled by third-party software by browser's design.
  20. ^ Epiphany supports AdBlock as an official extension, in the epiphany-extensions package.

Accessibility features (continued)[edit]

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

BrowserAccess keysTabbing navigationSpatial navigationCaret navigationSmart BookmarksMouse gestureText-to-speechVoice controlTab Stacking
AOL ExplorerYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
CaminoYesYesNoYesNo [note 1]No [note 2]NoNo
ChromiumYesYesYesYesNo [note 3]No [note 3]No [note 3]Disabled
ELinksYesYesYes [note 4]YesYesNoNoNoNo
FlockYesYesNoYesNo [note 5]NoNoNo
Google ChromeYesYesYesYesYesNo [note 3]No [note 3]No [note 3]Disabled
iCabYesNoNoNoNoNo [note 2]NoNo
Internet ExplorerYesYesYesYes[note 6]No [note 7]Yes[note 8]Yes[note 9]No
KonquerorYesYesYesYesYesYes [note 10]Depends [note 11]NoNo
Mozilla FirefoxYesYesNo [note 12]YesYesNo [note 5]No[note 13]YesNo
Netscape NavigatorYesYesNoYesNoNoNoNo
OmniWebYesYesNoNoNo [note 1]YesYesNo
OperaYesYesYesNo [note 14]YesYesYesYesYes
QupZillaYesYesYes [note 15]YesYes [note 16]Yes [note 17]NoNoNo
SafariYesYesYesYes (only Mac) [note 18]NoYes (only Mac) [note 1]Yes (only Mac) [note 2]Yes (only Mac) [note 2]No
SeaMonkeyYesYesNoYesYesNo [note 19]NoNoNo
Torch BrowserYesYesYesYesNoNoNo
WebYesYesNoYesYesNo [note 20]NoNoNo
BrowserAccess keysTabbing navigationSpatial navigationCaret navigationSmart BookmarksMouse gestureText-to-speechVoice controlTab Stacking
  1. ^ a b c On Mac systems, gestures are available systemwide via multitouch sensing on trackpads and mice.
  2. ^ a b c d On OS X, text-to speech and speech recognition are available systemwide and is available from menu in native Cocoa browsers.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Google Chrome can be given these features using extensions like smooth gestures, speechify and voice control for google chrome.
  4. ^ ELinks 0.12 supports spatial navigation.
  5. ^ a b Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like All-in-One Gestures (Firefox-only) [4] and Mouse Gestures [5].
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports caret browsing.
  7. ^ Mouse gesture support is available via plug-ins, i.e. Mouse Gestures for Internet Explorer or Easy Go Back.
  8. ^ TTS in Internet Explorer is available through the operating system Speech API. For TTS, SAPI takes text as input and uses the TTS engine to output that text as spoken audio. This is the same technology used by the Windows accessibility tool, Narrator. SAPI and an English TTS engine have been embedded in all Windows operating systems since the release of Windows XP.
  9. ^ Internet Explorer can be controlled by applications which use the operating system Speech API. A built-in application called Windows Speech Recognition ships with Windows Vista and later client versions.
  10. ^ Mouse gesture support is available system-wide in KDE
  11. ^ Text-to speech support depends on the kttsd application in the kdeaccessibility package
  12. ^ Doug Turner, the Minimo lead developer, has introduced spatial navigation to some special Firefox builds [6]. It may build as a default part of Firefox [7].
  13. ^ Firefox works with a number of screen readers such as JAWS (screen reader) and Microsoft Speech API through extensions.[which?]
  14. ^ opera : a sort of caret navigation can be enabled by a button or a shortcut (Archive copy at the Wayback Machine)
  15. ^ Available as of this commit.
  16. ^ Supports as of v1.7.0:
  17. ^ Available as a Mouse Gestures plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  18. ^ On OS X systems, caret navigation (called "Full Keyboard Access") can be enabled systemwide.
  19. ^ Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like Mouse Gestures Suite (Seamonkey-only) [8].
  20. ^ Web supports mouse gestures as an extension from the official extensions package.

Acid Scores[edit]

The Acid tests are online test suites to determine aspects of standards compliance, to expose web page rendering flaws, and to rate the performance of browsers. Upon each test's release, they are designed so that no existing browser can pass without further development. In order for a browser to pass any Acid test, the latest public release of the browser (not an alpha, beta, release candidate, or other version under development or testing procedures) must meet the requirements shown below. In addition, the browser should be tested upon completion of installation, with no add-ons installed (some browsers make this easy by providing a "safe mode" option) and all the factory settings (no options have been changed from their defaults).




AOL ExplorerNoNoNo
Comodo DragonYesYes100/100
Google ChromeYesYes100/100[45]
Internet ExplorerYesYes100/100
Internet Explorer for MacYesNoNo
KonquerorYesYes91/100[note 1]
Mozilla FirefoxYesYes100/100
Netscape BrowserYesNo35/100
Netscape NavigatorNoNoCrashes
Netscape Navigator 9YesNo59/100
Torch BrowserYesYes100/100
  1. ^ Konqueror scores 91/100 when using KHTML and 100/100 when using WebKit but still does not pass.

HTML5 support[edit]

The specifications for HTML5 are still under development, but many current browsers already support many of the new features in the draft specifications. An HTML5 test suite is also under development that, while it does not test all of the new features nor the functionality of those it does detect, rates browsers' support. New tests are expected to be added to the suite as time goes by.[49]

BrowserHTML5test score[50]
Apple Safari 7.0397/555
Google Chrome 37512/555
Internet Explorer 11376/555
Maxthon 4.2515/555[note 1]
Mozilla Firefox 32475/555
Opera 24504/555
  1. ^ To see Maxthon's score, click on the All browsers button on the HTML5 test page.

As new tests are added, bogus ones removed, etc., new versions of become available as preliminary beta or even alpha versions. These are great to test development versions (e.g. nightly builds) of web browsers, but their results should be taken with a grain of salt. Especially when considering that some browsers have experimental features built in which may be switched off by default.

Web technology support[edit]

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support, except for JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

BrowserCSS2.1 [note 1]FramesNav LINKs [note 2]XSLTXHTML 1.0 [note 3]XHTML 1.1 [note 3]MathMLXFormsWeb Forms 2.0VoiceXML / X+VSMILVMLCSS Presentation / projection mode[note 4]
AOL ExplorerPartialYesNoYesNoNoNo [note 5]NoNoNoYes[51]Yes?
DilloPartialPartial [note 6]NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo?No?
FlockYesYes?YesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNo [note 7]
Google ChromeYesYesNoYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNo?
Internet ExplorerYes [note 8]YesNo [note 9]YesYesYesNo [note 5]No [note 10]No [note 11]NoYes[51]Yes?
Internet Explorer for MacPartialYes?PartialNoYesNoNoNoNo???
LunascapeYes [54]YesDepends [note 9]YesYes [54]Yes [54]Yes [54]Yes [54]NoNoYes [54][51]Yes [54]?
MidoriYesYesNoYesYesYesNoNoNoNo?NoNo[note 7]
Mozilla FirefoxYesYesNo [note 9]YesYesYes [note 12]YesYes [note 13]YesNoYesNoNo [note 7]
Netscape BrowserDepends [55]Yes?YesDepends [55]Depends [55]Depends [55]NoNoNoNoNo?
Netscape NavigatorNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo?
Netscape Navigator 9YesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNo?
OperaYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesNoYes[note 14]
SafariYesYesNoYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNo[note 7]
SleipnirPartialYesNo [note 9]YesNoNoNo [note 5]NoNo [note 11]NoYes[51]Yes?
Torch BrowserYesYesNoYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo?
BrowserCSS2.1 [note 1]FramesNav LINKs [note 2]XSLTXHTML 1.0 [note 3]XHTML 1.1 [note 3]MathMLXFormsWeb Forms 2.0VoiceXML / X+VSMILVMLCSS Presentation / projection mode[note 4]
  1. ^ a b CSS 2, a W3C recommendation since 1998, is the current stable version of CSS, nevertheless, CSS 2.1 corrects a few errors in CSS2 (the most important being a new definition of the height/width of absolutely positioned elements, more influence for HTML's "style" attribute and a new calculation of the 'clip' property), and adds a few highly requested features which have already been widely implemented. CSS 2.1 is derived from and is intended to replace CSS 2. Conformance criteria are detailed at the W3C website. (CSS 3 is only in draft status at present.) For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (CSS).
  2. ^ a b c d XHTML is based on HTML but is an application of XML, which means that XHTML must be stricter than equivalent HTML code. XHTML is meant to be read by an XML parser but for backward compatibility reasons can also be parsed as HTML; this table only notes the browsers that are able to parse XHTML as XML. For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (XHTML).
  3. ^ a b Presentation mode is the ability to read styles targeted to the CSS projection media type.
  4. ^ a b c Available with the MathPlayer plugin.
  5. ^ Dillo displays frames as links that the user can click on.
  6. ^ a b c d S5 is a CSS/JavaScript alternative for browsers that do not support a presentation mode.
  7. ^ Microsoft claims Internet Explorer 8 has full CSS2.1 support,[52] however independent testing revealed several bugs.[53]
  8. ^ a b c d Not in standard install, but provided by extension.[9][10]
  9. ^ Available with the FormsPlayer plugin and several other plugins.
  10. ^ a b Web Forms 2.0 can be emulated in IE using DHTML behaviours, available from SourceForge.
  11. ^ XHTML1.1 includes Ruby markup (see [11]) which is not supported. There exists add-on for adding RUBY support. [12]
  12. ^ XForms is supported experimentally in nightly builds dated after 28 January 2005 [13]. Requires installation of an extension.
  13. ^ Opera switches to presentation mode on full screen. [14]

Mobile Web technology support[edit]

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support, except for JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

BrowserC-HTMLHDMLI-modeXHTML Mobile ProfileWMLWBMP
AOL Explorer????No?
FlockPartial [note 1]NoNoPartial [note 1]No [note 2]?
Google Chrome????No?
Internet Explorer???No [note 3]No [note 3]?
Internet Explorer for Mac????No?
Internet Explorer Mobile???Yes[note 3]YesYes
UC Browser???{{?}Yes?
K-MeleonPartial [note 1]NoNoPartial [note 1]No?
Microsoft Mobile ExplorerYes [note 4]?Yes[note 4]Yes[note 4]Yes[note 4]Yes
MozillaPartial [note 1]NoNoPartial [note 1]No [note 2]?
Mozilla FirefoxPartial [note 1]NoNoPartial [note 1]No [note 2]?
Netscape Browser?NoNo?No?
Netscape Navigator?NoNo?No?
Netscape Navigator 9?NoNo?No?
SeaMonkeyPartial [note 1]NoNoPartial [note 1]No [note 2]?
BrowserC-HTMLHDMLI-modeXHTML Mobile ProfileWMLWBMP
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Gecko-based browsers render C-HTML and XHTML Mobile Profile as an ordinary XHTML. In most cases this is quite enough to browse mobile Web.
  2. ^ a b c d Gecko-based browsers do not support WML natively, this issue is being discussed at bug 35995. There is an extension called wmlbrowser [15], [16] which adds a partial WML support to Firefox, SeaMonkey, Mozilla Suite and Flock (without card navigation and WMLScript). In most cases this is quite enough to browse mobile Web.
  3. ^ a b c Internet Explorer Mobile 6 supports XHTML Mobile Profile.
  4. ^ a b c d Microsoft Mobile Explorer was discontinued in 2002.[56]

Plugins and syndicated content support[edit]

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

BrowserActiveX [note 1]NPAPI [note 1]Java [note 2]GearsRSSAtomother web feed
AOL ExplorerYesNo?NoYes [note 3]Yes [note 3]?
AvantYesNo??Yes [note 3]Yes [note 3]?
Google ChromeNoYesYesYes[note 4]NoNo?
Internet ExplorerYesNo [note 5]NoYesYes [note 3]Yes [note 3]Yes [note 6]
Internet Explorer for MacNoYes?NoNoNoNo
KonquerorNoYesNoNoYes [note 7]Yes [note 7]?
Mozilla FirefoxNoYesNoYesYesYes?
Netscape BrowserNoYesNoNoYesYes?
Netscape NavigatorNoYesNoNoNoNo?
Netscape Navigator 9NoYesNoNoYesYes?
SafariNoYesYes[note 8]Partial[note 9]NoNo?
SleipnirYes??YesYes [note 3]Yes [note 3]?
WebNoYesNoNoNo [note 10]No [note 10]No
BrowserActiveX [note 1]NPAPI [note 1]JavaGearsRSSAtomother web feed
  1. ^ a b c d Internet Explorer (and Shells) is the only browser to natively support the Component Object Model (popularly known as ActiveX). Most other browsers use the NPAPI plugin architecture. ActiveX is more powerful than NPAPI in terms of the control it affords over the browser, but it is specific to Windows whereas NPAPI is cross-platform. There is a third-party plugin that adds partial ActiveX support, that is available for certain older versions of Mozilla Suite, Mozilla Firefox and Netscape Navigator. The default settings in earlier versions of Internet Explorer allowed the automatic download, installation, and running of new ActiveX controls with minimal user intervention ~ this made it possible to use ActiveX on web pages to install viruses, spyware, etc. onto a user's computer.
  2. ^ Java support is for built-in support by the browser without a plugin.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Internet Explorer 7 and later
  4. ^ Except on linux
  5. ^ Internet Explorer did for a time support NPAPI plugins. Plugins that functioned in the Netscape browser also functioned in Internet Explorer. This was due to a small ActiveX control implemented within a "plugin.ocx" file that acted as a shim between the ActiveX based browser and the NPAPI plugin. The IE browser would load the control and use it to host plugins specified within the page. However, Microsoft made the claim that the NPAPI plugins (or the IE implementation of the API) were a security issue and dropped support for them in version 5.5 SP2.[57][58][59]
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports syndicated content in hAtom / hSlice microformat by the name of a feature known as Web Slices.
  7. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Konqueror depends on the aKregator package which is installed with kdepim.
  8. ^ Safari has Java only on OS X. Safari for Windows needs a plugin.
  9. ^ Safari has Gears only on OS X 10.4+. Windows is not supported
  10. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Epiphany depends on the Newsfeed extension which is included with Epiphany-extensions.

JavaScript support[edit]

Information about what JavaScript technologies the browsers support. Note that although XPath is used by XSLT, it is only considered here if it can be accessed using JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

BrowserJavaScriptECMAScript 3DOM 1DOM 2DOM 3XPathDHTMLXMLHttpRequestRich editing
AmayaNo [note 1]No [note 1]No [note 1]NoNoNoNoNoNo
AOL ExplorerYesYesPartialYesNoNoYesYesYes
CaminoYesYesYesYesNo [note 2]YesYesYesYes
FlockYesYesYesYesNo [note 2]YesYesYesYes
GaleonYesYesYesYesNo [note 2]YesYesYesYes
Google ChromeYesYesYesYesPartialYesYesYesYes
Internet ExplorerYesYesYesYes [note 3]PartialYesYesYesYes
Internet Explorer for MacYesYesPartialNoNoNoYesNoNo
K-MeleonYesYesYesYesNo [note 2]YesYesYesYes
LinksNo [note 4]NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
MidoriYesYesYesYesPartial [note 5]Yes [note 5]YesYesYes
MozillaYesYesYesYesNo [note 2]YesYesYesYes
Mozilla FirefoxYesYesYesYesPartial [note 2]YesYesYesYes
NetscapeYesYesYesYesNo [note 2]YesYesYesYes
Netscape BrowserYesYesDepends [55]Depends [55]No [note 2]Depends [55]YesYesYes
Netscape NavigatorYesPartialNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Netscape Navigator 9YesYesYesYesNo [note 2]YesYesYesYes
SafariYesYesYesYesPartial [note 5]YesYesYesYes
SeaMonkeyYesYesYesYesNo [note 2]YesYesYesYes
SleipnirYesYesPartialNo [note 3]NoYesYesYesYes
surfYesYesYesYesNo [note 5]YesYesYesYes
WebYesYesYesYesNo [note 5]YesYesYesYes
BrowserJavaScriptECMAScript 3DOM 1DOM 2DOM 3XPathDHTMLXMLHttpRequestRich editing
  1. ^ a b c It is possible to compile Amaya with JavaScript enabled, using the CVS version and SpiderMonkey. However, this is still experimental and only a small subset of DOM 1 is available.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j XPath is a part of DOM 3, but is considered separately here. A large subset of DOM 3 is accessible by extensions but not by websites.
  3. ^ a b Internet Explorer 5 and above has its own event registration model and its own style sheets model, but these are incompatible with DOM 2.
  4. ^ Support for JavaScript has been removed in version 2.1pre29 (change log)
  5. ^ a b c d e SVG / XPath / (partial) DOM 3 is only available in the WebKit nightlies so far.

See what parts of DOM your browser supports

Protocol support[edit]

Information about what internet protocols the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

BrowserHTTPFTP [note 1]NNTP[note 2]SSLEVIRCGopherIDNdata:URIBitTorrentIPv6Proxy
AOL ExplorerYesYesNoYes [note 3]YesNoNo [note 4]NoNoNoYes?
AvantYesYesNoYes[note 3]YesNoNo [note 4]NoNoNoYes?
DilloYesYesNoNo [note 5]NoNoNoNoYesNoYes?
ELinksYesYesYesYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYesPartial[note 6]
FlockYesYesNoYes?No [note 7]YesYesYesNoYes?
Google ChromeYesYesNoYesYesNoNoYesYesNo?Yes
Internet ExplorerYesYesNoYes [note 3]YesNoDropped [note 4]YesPartial [note 8]NoYesYes
Internet Explorer for MacYesYesNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNo??
KonquerorYesYesNoYesNoNoNo [note 9]YesYesYesYesYes
LinksYesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoPartial[note 6]
LynxYesYesYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNoYesPartial[note 6]
MaxthonYesYesNoYes [note 3]YesNoNo [note 4]YesNoNoYesYes
MosaicPartial [note 10]YesYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNo?
MozillaYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYes [note 11]YesNoNoYes
Mozilla FirefoxYesYesNo [note 12]YesYesNo [note 7]Dropped [note 13]Yes [note 11]YesNo [note 14]YesYes
NetscapeYesYesYesYesNoNo [note 7]YesYesYesNo??
Netscape BrowserYesYesNoYesNoNoDepends [55]Depends [55]Depends [55]No??
Netscape NavigatorYesYesYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNo??
Netscape Navigator 9YesYesNoYesNoNo [note 7]YesYes [note 11]YesNoYes?
OperaYesYesYesYesYesYesNo [note 15]YesYesYesYesYes
SeaMonkeyYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes [note 11]YesNoYesYes
SleipnirYesYesNoYes [note 3]YesNoNo [note 4]YesNoNoYes?
surfYesNoNoPartial[note 16]Partial[note 16]NoNoYesYesNoYesPartial[note 6]
WebYesNoNoYesYesNoNoYesYesNoYesPartial[note 6]
BrowserHTTPFTP [note 1]NNTP[note 2]SSLEVIRCGopherIDNdata:URIBitTorrentIPv6Proxy
  1. ^ a b Many browsers have FTP support as read-only and have no upload capitilies. Read-only is marked as yes. For a comparison of clients that support upload opportunities see Comparison of FTP client software.
  2. ^ a b Many browsers have purposely avoided support for e-mail and newsgroups (Usenet), as these are reserved for their mail-client counterparts. For a comparison of such counterparts see comparison of e-mail clients and Comparison of Usenet newsreaders.
  3. ^ a b c d e Support for 256-bit ciphers (AES for example) for SSL/TLS is only available in Windows Vista and above[62][63]
  4. ^ a b c d e Internet Explorer 7 has no support of gopher; gopher support is disabled in IE6
  5. ^ Dillo has experimental SSL integration that is by standard turned off.[17] There is no certificate caching and NO AUTHENTICATION performed.
  6. ^ a b c d e Respects system-wide proxy settings.
  7. ^ a b c d IRC support can be added by installing ChatZilla.
  8. ^ Microsoft has limited support to certain "non-navigable" content, such as in <img> tags and CSS rules, for security reasons, including concerns that JavaScript embedded in a data URI may not be interpretable by script filters such as those used by web-based email clients.[60]
  9. ^ Konqueror has full Gopher support when the kgopher KIO plugin is installed.
  10. ^ Mosaic reached only HTTP 0.9 compliance, and does not support secure communications in any way.
  11. ^ a b c d For security reasons, IDN domains are displayed as punycode if they contain certain characters or if the top level domain has not been whitelisted [18].
  12. ^ NNTP support can be added by installing the add-on infoRSS.
  13. ^ Firefox support for the Gopher protocol will be dropped in Firefox 4 (Gecko 1.9.3) per bug 388195.
  14. ^ Possible using third party extensions like FoxTorrent
  15. ^ Includes a proxy capability for gopher support.
  16. ^ a b Behavior towards malicious certificates can only be set up in compile time.

Image format support[edit]

Information about what image formats the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

BrowserJPEGJPEG 2000JPEG XRGIFPNGAPNGMNGTIFF [note 1]SVG [note 2]PDF [note 3]2D CanvasXBMBMP
AOL ExplorerYesNoNoYesPartial [note 4]NoNodisableNoNoNo [note 5]No [note 6]?
AvantYesNoNoYesYesNoNodisablePartialNoYesNo [note 6]?
CaminoYesNoNoYesYesNoNoNoPartial [note 7]NoNoYes?
ChromiumYes??YesYesNo [note 8]??PartialNoYes?Yes
FlockYesNoNoYesYesDroppedNoNoPartial [note 7]NoYesYes?
Google ChromeYesNoNo[64]YesYesNoNoNoPartialYesYesYesYes
Internet ExplorerYesNoYesYesYesNoNoYesPartialNoYes ,[65][note 5]Dropped [note 6]Yes
Internet Explorer for MacYesNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo??
KonquerorYesYes [note 9]NoYesYesNoYesYesPartialYes [note 10]Yes?Yes
LynxYes/No[note 11]NoYes/No[note 11]
MaxthonYesNoNoYesYesNoNodisablePartialNoYesNo [note 6]Yes
MidoriYesYes [note 12]NoYesYesNoNoYesPartial [note 13]NoYesYes?
MozillaYesNoNoYesYesNoDropped [note 14]NoNoNoNoYes?
Mozilla FirefoxYesNo[66]No[67]YesYesYes [note 15]No[68]No[69]Partial [note 7]YesYesDropped [note 16]Yes
NetscapeYesNoNoYesYesNoDropped [note 17]NoNoNoNoYes?
Netscape BrowserYesNoNoYesDepends [55]NoNoNoNoNoNoYes?
Netscape NavigatorYesNoNoPartial32-bit version onlyNoNoNoNoNoNoYes?
Netscape Navigator 9YesNoNoYesYesNoNoNoPartialNoYesYes?
OperaYesNoNoYesYesDroppedNoNoPartial [note 18]NoYesYesYes
QupZillaYesYesNoYesYesNoNoYesPartial [note 19]NoYesYesYes
SafariYesYes [note 12]NoYesYesNoNoYesPartial [note 13]Yes (Mac only)YesYesYes
SeaMonkeyYesNoNoYesYesYes [note 15]NoNoPartial [note 7]No [note 20]YesYesYes
SleipnirYesNoNoYesPartial [note 4]NoNodisableNoNoNo [note 5]No [note 6]?
Torch BrowserYes??YesYesNo [note 8]??PartialNoYes?Yes
WebYesNoNoYesYesDroppedNoNoPartialNo [note 20]YesYes?
BrowserJPEGJPEG 2000JPEG XRGIFPNGAPNGMNGTIFF [note 1]SVG [note 2]PDF [note 3]2D CanvasXBMBMP
  1. ^ a b Although it was one of the first suggested WWW image formats, most browsers support TIFF by using a plugin installed by the user instead of decoding it natively.
  2. ^ a b SVG here refers to SVG 1.1 Full. There are also two simplified profiles known as SVG 1.1 Tiny and SVG 1.1 Basic, which are intended for user agents with limited capabilities.
  3. ^ a b Most browsers support PDF by installing an Adobe plugin which takes over the browser window. Listed here are browsers which also support inline PDFs within other hypertext documents (such as within HTML's <img/> tag). Note that PDF (in strictly speaking) is not an image format, but a scriptable rich text document format that can contain different types of multimedia content, including vector and bitmap graphics, audio, video, forms, intra- and inter-document hypertext links and a hierarchical contents listing. The format is also the native display format under OS X.
  4. ^ a b Internet Explorer supports PNG images but is unable to correctly display images with gamma correction or color correction.[citation needed] Versions of Internet Explorer prior to version 7 are unable to correctly display images with alpha channel (for transparency) without additional coding [19].
  5. ^ a b c Support for the canvas element was added to Internet Explorer 9. Earlier versions of Internet Explorer can be made to emulate canvas using the excanvas script.
  6. ^ a b c d e Internet Explorer support for XBM files was removed in Version 6.
  7. ^ a b c d Firefox and SeaMonkey partially support SVG 1.1 Full. Modules that are implemented or not implemented and details of their implementation: [20].
  8. ^ a b Chromium does not support APNG. A bug report is available [21]. There is also a plugin Animated Portable Network Graphics#Application supportavailable.
  9. ^ Konqueror supports JPEG2000 if KDE's viewer is compiled with Jasper library.
  10. ^ Inline PDF viewing in Konqueror requires KPDF which is included in kdegraphics.
  11. ^ a b While lacking support for inline display of graphical elements, Lynx allows defining standalone image viewer and assigning programs to MIME types. Such program is called when user activates corresponding element, effectively allowing Lynx user to add support for arbitrary non-inlined file format.
  12. ^ a b Safari supports JPEG2000 through QuickTime plugin, which is an optional software bundle for Safari installation on Windows, and an integrated component in OS X.
  13. ^ a b Safari 3 is able to render SVG documents, but not fully [22].
  14. ^ Support of MNG/JNG was dropped since 6 June 2003 [23] [24]. There are unofficial obsolete builds with MNG/JNG called Mngzilla [25].
  15. ^ a b Mozilla applications rebranded by the Debian project, such as GNU IceCat or Iceape do not support APNG.
  16. ^ In Gecko 1.9.2 (Firefox 3.6) XBM support was dropped.
  17. ^ Netscape 6.0, 6.01 and 7.0 included native support for MNG until the code was removed in 2003 due to code size and little actual usage.
  18. ^ Opera supports SVG 1.1 Basic.[26]
  19. ^ QupZilla supports as much SVG specification as WebKit does: [27].
  20. ^ a b With the addition of the new Cairo version in Gecko 1.9 it will be natively possible to save pages to PDFs but not read them. This feature is not included in Firefox 3.5, however it is possible with the new Cairo backend.

Native multimedia support[edit]


Most browsers are available in more than one language.

Amaya[70][71]English (en), French (fr), Finnish (fi), German (de), Italian (it), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Chinese (zh-cn and zh-tw), Turkish (tr), Slovak (sk), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Georgian (ka), Japanese (ja), Hungarian (hu), Dutch (du), Ukrainian (uk)18
AOL ExplorerEnglish (en), French (fr), German (de)3
AvantEnglish (en), Arabic, Basque, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Chinese Traditional, Danish, Dutch, French (fr), Frisian, German (de), Greek, Hebrew (he), Hungarian, Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean, Persian, Polish (pl), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Thai, Turkish, UK English, Ukrainian (uk)28
Camino[72]Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv)17
Dillo[73]English (en), Japanese (ja), Polish (pl), Russian (ru)4
ELinks[74]Bulgarian (bg), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Ukrainian (uk)13
Flock[75]Arabic (ar), Chinese (Simplified) (zh-CN), Chinese (Traditional) (zh-TW), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Korean (ko), Polish (pl), Portuguese (Portugal) (pt-PT), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (Latin American) (es-AR), Spanish (Spain) (es-ES)16
GaleonAmharic (am), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (Simplified) (zh)49
Google ChromeArabic (ar), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (UK/US), Estonian (et), Filipino, Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati, Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kanada, Korean (ko), Latvian (lv), Lithuanian (lt), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Norwegian (no), Oriya (or), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish (Latin America) (es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi)[76]50
iCab[77]German (de), English (en), Japanese (ja), Danish (da), French (fr), Spanish (es), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Chinese (Simplified) (zh)9
Internet Explorer[78]Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Assamese, Azeri, Bangla (Bangladesh), Basque, Bengali (India), Bosnian (Latin), Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (Hong Kong SAR), Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, English, Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Khmer, KiSwahili, Konkani, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay (Brunei Darussalam), Malay (Malaysia), Malayalam, Maltese, Maori, Marathi, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian (Bokmål), Norwegian (Nynorsk), Oriya, Persian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Punjabi, Quechua, Romanian, Russian, Serbian (Cyrillic)- Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbian (Cyrillic)- Serbia, Serbian (Latin), Sesotho, Setswana, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen , Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Welsh, Yoruba, isiXhosa, isiZulu95
Internet Explorer for MacGerman (de), English (en), Spanish (es), French (fr), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Swedish (sv)7
K-Meleon[79]English (en), German (de), Spanish (es), French (fr), Russian (ru)5
KonquerorAfrikaans (af), Arabic (ar), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh), Chinese (Simplified) (zh), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Esperanto (eo), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tajik (tg), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz)40
LinksBelarusian (be), Brazilian Portuguese (pt-BR), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Upper Sorbian (hsb)32
LunascapeChinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es)11
LynxCatalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Estonian (et), English (en), French (fr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Dutch (nl), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovenian (sl), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh)21
MaxthonArabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bosnian (bs), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Frisian, Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Italian (Italy, Rome and Milan) (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Malay (ms), Norwegian (no), Piedmontese, Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian Cyrillic (sr), Serbian (Latin) (sr), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish (Argentina) (es), Swedish (sv), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi)44
MosaicEnglish (en)1
MozillaCatalan (ca), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Welsh (cy)28
Mozilla Firefox[80]Acholi (ach), Afrikaans (af), Akan (ak), Albanian (sq), Arabic (ar), Armenian (hy), Assamese (as), Asturian (ast), Basque (eu), Belarusian (be), Bengali (India and Bangladesh) (bn), Bosnian (bs), Breton (br), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (Britain, South Africa, and US) (en), Esperanto (eo), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), Fula (ff), French (fr), Frisian (fy), Friulian (fur), Gaelic (gd), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kannada (kn), Kashubian (csb), Khmer (km), Kazakh (kk), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Latvian (lv), Ligurian (lig), Lithuanian (lt), Luganda (lg), Macedonian (mk), Maithili (mai), Malay (ms), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Northern Sotho (nso), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Occitan (oc), Oriya (or), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal) (pt), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Romansh (rm), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Sinhala (si), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Songhai (son), Spanish (Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Spain) (es), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tamil (Sri Lanka) (ta), Tatar (tt), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Welsh (cy), Zulu (zu)95
Netscape[81]Chinese (zh), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Portuguese (pt), Spanish (es)7
Netscape BrowserEnglish (en), English (Canadian) (en)2
Netscape Navigator[82]Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), English (en), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Russian (ru), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr)20
Netscape Navigator 9English (en)1
NetSurfDutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de)4
OmniWeb[83]Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Swedish (sv)7
Opera[84]Afrikaans (af), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr-FR, fr-CA), Frisian (fy), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Malay (ms), Montenegrin, Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt, pt-BR), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tagalog (tl), Tamil (ta), Thai (th), Telugu (te), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz), Vietnamese (vi), Zulu (zu)51
QupZilla[85]Arabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cz), Dutch (nl), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Ganda (lg), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Latvian (lv), N'ko (nqo), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal) (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz)35
SafariDutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Swedish (sv), Chinese (zh)15
SeaMonkey[86]Belarusian (be), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified), Czech (cs), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr)23
ShiiraChinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv)15
SleipnirChinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), English (en), Japanese (ja)3
surfBrowser lacks user interface elements to be translated; see WebKitGTK+ for status of engine messages' translation.0
Torch BrowserEnglish (en), French (fr), Spanish es), Turkish (tr), Italian (it), Portuguese (pt), German (de)7
Web[87]Amharic (am), Arabic (ar), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Belarusian Latin (be@Latin), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Dzongkha (dz), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Georgian (ka), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Limburgian (li), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Malagasy (mg), Maori (mi), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Marathi (mr), Malay (ms), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Nepali (ne), Dutch (nl), Oriya (or), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkmen (tk), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (zh)70
WorldWideWebEnglish (en)1
w3mEnglish (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Swedish (sv)9

Security and vulnerabilities[edit]

This comparison of unpatched publicly known vulnerabilities in latest stable version browsers is based on vulnerabilities reports by Secunia. See browser security for more details about the importance of unpatched known flaws.

BrowserKnown unpatched vulnerabilities
Extremely critical
(number / oldest)
Highly critical
(number / oldest)
Moderately critical
(number / oldest)
Less critical
(number / oldest)
Not critical
(number / oldest)
Google Chrome 37 [88]00000
Internet Explorer 7 [89]001
30 October 2006;
7 years ago
6 June 2006;
8 years ago
5 June 2003;
11 years ago
Internet Explorer 8 [90]0001
26 February 2007;
7 years ago
5 June 2003;
11 years ago
Internet Explorer 9 [91]00002
6 December 2011;
2 years ago
Internet Explorer 10 [92]00001
6 May 2013;
15 months ago
Internet Explorer 11 [93]00001
6 May 2013;
15 months ago
Mozilla Firefox 32 [94]00000
Opera 24 [95]00000
Safari 7 [96]00000
SeaMonkey 2 [97]00000
BrowserExtremely critical
(number / oldest)
Highly critical
(number / oldest)
Moderately critical
(number / oldest)
Less critical
(number / oldest)
Not critical
(number / oldest)
Known unpatched vulnerabilities

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Meyer, Benjamin (27 September 2010). "Arora 0.11.0!". Arora Development. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Download - Avant Browser - The full-featured tri-core rendering Avant Browser which supports IE/Firefox/Chrome engines is fast, stable and memory leak free.". Retrieved 2014-07-02. 
  3. ^ "New Iron-Version: 37.0.2000.0 Stable for Windows". Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  4. ^ "New Iron-Version: 35.0.1900.0 Stable for MacOS". Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  5. ^ "New Iron-Version: 35.0.1900.0 Stable for Linux". Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  6. ^ Arellano Cid, Jorge (2014). "ChangeLog". Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "ELinks - Full-Featured Text WWW Browser". Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  8. ^ "Stable Channel Update". Chrome Releases. Blogger. September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Duros, Loic J. (2013-10-16). "GNU IceCat 24.0 released!". info-gnu. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  10. ^ "Microsoft Has Just One Critical Patch in September Patch Tuesday". PC Magazine. Fahmida Y. Rashid. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Microsoft Security Bulletin MS14-052 - Critical Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (2977629)". Security TechCenter. Microsoft. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "News". March 5, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2014. 
  13. ^ "KDE Software Compilation 4.14". KDE. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  14. ^ "ChangeLog". Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  15. ^ Dickey, Thomas E. (14 February 2014). "Stable release". Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  16. ^ Maxthon for Windows Changelog
  17. ^ Maxthon for Mac Changelog
  18. ^ Maxthon for Linux Changelog
  19. ^ Maxthon Cloud Browser on iTunes
  20. ^ Maxthon for Android Changelog
  21. ^ "Timeline". Midori: Webkit Web browser. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  22. ^ "Midori 0.5.8 'Unicorns and pixies'". Midori: Webkit Web browser. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  23. ^ "Changelog". Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  24. ^ "Firefox — Notes (32.0.1) — Mozilla". 2014-09-12. Retrieved 2014-09-12. 
  25. ^ "Firefox — Notes (31.1.0) — Mozilla". 2014-09-02. Retrieved 2014-09-02. 
  26. ^ "Firefox — Notes (24.8.0) — Mozilla". 2014-09-02. Retrieved 2014-09-02. 
  27. ^ "News". Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  28. ^ "Tab previews help you find tabs faster in Opera 24". 2014-09-02. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  29. ^ "Opera 12.17 out". 2014-04-23. Retrieved 2014-04-23. 
  30. ^ "Opera 12.16 changelog". 2013-07-04. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  31. ^ a b "Opera browser for Android". 
  32. ^ "No mobile phone left behind: Opera Mini 5 and Opera Mobile 10 introduced in final, consumer-ready versions". 
  33. ^ "QupZilla Changelog". GitHub. 12 May 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  34. ^ a b "About the security content of Safari 6.1.6 and Safari 7.0.6". Apple Inc. August 13, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  35. ^ "SeaMonkey 2.29". 2014-09-07. Retrieved 2014-09-08. 
  36. ^ "Index of /surf/". Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  37. ^ "evolution 3.12.5". GNOME mailing list. August 11, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  38. ^ "w3m: Files". SourceForge. 15 January 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  39. ^ a b c Depending on user's choice of rendering engine
  40. ^ Users can receive auto-notification when updates are available.
  41. ^ "OmniWeb / Site Preferences". The Omni Group. Retrieved 20 June 2008. 
  42. ^ Prince, Brian (15 December 2008). "Test Finds Google Chrome, Apple Safari Weakest in Browser Password Management". eweek. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  43. ^ a b "Availability and functionality of the Windows Desktop Search: Add-in for Internet Explorer History". Microsoft. 1 July 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  44. ^ "4821 – Full zooming not functional (images, objects as well as text) (page zoom like opera)". Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  45. ^ Laforge, Anthony (25 January 2010). "Stable Channel Update". Google Chrome Releases. Google. Archived from the original on 28 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  46. ^ Default Engine: WebKit, Lunascape ver.6.1.4.
  47. ^ a b Ryan, Paul (23 April 2008), "WebKit GTK+ port passes Acid3 on Linux", Ars Technica, retrieved 24 November 2011 
  48. ^ "Safari - 150 features". Apple. Archived from the original on 18 September 2009. Retrieved 3 September 2009. 
  49. ^ Niels, Leenheer (8 June 2010). "The HTML5 test — How well does your browser support HTML5?". Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  50. ^ "HTML5test - How well does your browser support HTML5?". Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  51. ^ a b c d e f "SMIL in HTML". Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  52. ^ "CSS Improvements in Internet Explorer 8". Microsoft on MSDN. Archived from the original on 9 September 2008. 
  53. ^ "IE8 Bugs". James Hopkins. Archived from the original on 1 August 2009. 
  54. ^ a b c d e f g Depends on the layout engine which is chosen: Trident or Gecko or WebKit.
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Depends on the layout engine which is chosen: Trident or Gecko.
  56. ^ "Microsoft Mobile Explorer 3.0 Provides Tomorrow's WAP 2.0 Functionality Today" (Press release). Microsoft. 19 February 2001. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  57. ^ "Netscape-style plug-ins do not work after upgrading Internet Explorer". Microsoft. 21 May 2004. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  58. ^ Giannandrea, J. (4 September 2001). "Microsoft breaks Web Plugins in Windows XP". Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  59. ^ "Description of Internet Explorer Support for Netscape-Style Plug-ins". Microsoft. 31 January 2007. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  60. ^ "data Protocol". MSDN. Retrieved 5 January 2009. 
  61. ^ "For Immediate Release: OmniWeb 5.9.2 now includes Gopher support!". OmniGroup. 1 April 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2009. 
  62. ^ "TLS/SSL Cryptographic Enhancements". Microsoft. 27 February 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  63. ^ "Windows Internet Explorer 8 Expert Zone Chat (August 14, 2008)". Microsoft. 14 August 2008. Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. 
  64. ^ "Issue 56908 - chromium - Add JPEG XR support - An open-source browser project to help move the web forward. - Google Project Hosting". 25 September 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  65. ^ 'Internet Explorer 9 HTML5, CSS3, Compatibility, and More | MSDN', [Retrieved 30 May 2011], <>
  66. ^ "36351 – Support the jpeg2000 (jp2k) format". Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  67. ^ "500500 – Add support for JPEG-XR/HD Photo". Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  68. ^ "18574 – restore support for MNG animation format and JNG image format". Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  69. ^ "160261 – [RFE] TIFF Support?". Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  70. ^ "Amaya Frequently Asked Questions Section I.7. Can I change the dialogue language?". W3C. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  71. ^ Vatton, Irène (9 December 2009). "Amaya Binary Releases". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  72. ^ "Camino L10N". Camino on mozdev. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  73. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions Section Q: Internationalization and Localization (i18n & l10n)". Dillo. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  74. ^ paski. "ELinks". Freecode. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  75. ^ "Download Flock!". Flock. Archived from the original on 21 January 2009. 
  76. ^ "Basic settings: Browser interface language". Google. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  77. ^ "iCab Download". iCab. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  78. ^ "Download Internet Explorer 11 (Offline installer) - Internet Explorer". Microsoft. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  79. ^ "Localization". K-Meleon. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  80. ^ "Firefox web browser | International versions: Get Firefox in your language". Mozilla. Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  81. ^ "Netscape 7s FTP Archive". Retrieved 28 May 2009. 
  82. ^ "Netscapes FTP Archive". Retrieved 28 May 2009. 
  83. ^ "The OmniGroup — OmniWeb — Download". OmniGroup. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  84. ^ "Opera browser language files 10.50 for Windows". Opera Software. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
  85. ^ "QupZilla translations". 
  86. ^ "SeaMonkey Download & Releases". SeaMonkey. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  87. ^ "Epiphany Webbrowser". Gnome. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  88. ^ Google Chrome 37.x - Secunia
  89. ^ Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.x - Secunia
  90. ^ Microsoft Internet Explorer 8.x - Secunia
  91. ^ Microsoft Internet Explorer 9.x - Secunia
  92. ^ Microsoft Internet Explorer 10.x - Secunia
  93. ^ Microsoft Internet Explorer 11.x - Secunia
  94. ^ Mozilla Firefox 32.x - Secunia
  95. ^ Opera 24.x - Secunia
  96. ^ Apple Safari 7.x - Secunia
  97. ^ Mozilla SeaMonkey 2.x - Secunia

External links[edit]