Comparison of email clients

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
  (Redirected from Comparison of e-mail clients)
Jump to: navigation, search

The following tables compare general and technical features of a number of email client programs. Please see the individual products' articles for further information.

General[edit]

Basic general information about the clients: creator/company, licence/price etc. Clients listed on a light purple background are no longer in active development.

ClientCreatorOperating systemCostSoftware licenseUser Interface
AfterLogic WebMail Liteafterlogic.orgCross-platformFreeAGPLWeb
AlpineUniversity of WashingtonCross-platformFreeApache LicenseTUI
AtmailAtmail.comLinuxFrom $199 – 10 usersproprietaryGUI
BalsaStuart ParmenterLinuxFreeGNU GPLGUI
Becky! Internet MailRimartsWindows$40proprietaryGUI
BlitzMailDartmouth CollegeFreeBSDGUI
Citadelcitadel.orgUnix-likeFreeGNU GPLWeb
Claws Mailthe Claws Mail teamCross-platformFreeGNU GPLGUI
ConeCourier Mail Server developersUnix-likeFreeGNU GPLTUI
Courier (formerly Calypso)Micro Computer Systems, Inc., continued by Rose City SoftwareWindowsdiscontinuedproprietaryGUI
ElmDave D. Taylor, Sydney Weinstein, Bill Pemberton, Michael Elkins, Kari HurttaUnix-likeFreeElm Mail System GPLTUI
eM ClienteM Client Inc.WindowsFree or Pro version ($49.95)proprietaryGUI
EmailTrayInternet Promotion Agency S.A.Windows, AndroidFree; Paid version starts at $14.95 per yearproprietaryGUI
EudoraQualcommWindows, Mac OS XFreeLed to Eudora OSE, a free and open source Mozilla Thunderbird extension, which ceased 2010.GUI
Eureka EmailSean O'ConnorWindowsShareware (no time limit), $20 full versionproprietaryGUI
EvolutionThe GNOME ProjectCross-platformFreeGNU GPLGUI
FirstClassOpen TextFreeproprietaryGUI
Forté AgentMark SidellWindows$29 Includes a free 3-month Agent Premium News account, Free 30 day trialproprietaryGUI
GNUMailLudovic Marcotte and othersMac OS X, LinuxFreeGNU GPLGUI
GnusGnus teamCross-platformFreeGNU GPLTUI and GUI
GroupWiseNovellCross-platformIncluded with GroupWise mailbox licenseproprietaryGUI
i.Scribe, InScribeMemecodeWindows, Mac OS X, LinuxFree (i.Scribe), $20 (InScribe)proprietaryGUI
IBM Notes (formerly IBM Lotus Notes)IBM Collaboration Solutions (formerly Lotus Software), IBMWindows, Mac OS X, Linux$108, includes 1 yr phone support US Prices in IBM Passport AdvantageproprietaryGUI (Notes) and Web (iNotes)
IMPHorde LLCCross-platformFreeGNU GPLWeb
InkyDave Baggett, Arcode CorporationWindows, Mac OS X,FreeproprietaryGUI
KMailKDECross-platformFree, part of KDE ApplicationsGNU GPLGUI
MailApple Inc.Mac OS X and iOSPart of Mac OS X and iOSproprietaryGUI
MailbirdMailbirdWindowsFree or Pro version ($48)proprietaryGUI
MailpileMailpileWindows, Mac OS, Linux, Mobile WebFreeDual licensed Affero GNU General Public License v3 and Apache 2.0 LicenseGUI, TUI
mailx?Unix-likeFree?TUI
Microsoft EntourageMicrosoftMac OS XPart of Microsoft Office for MacproprietaryGUI
Microsoft OutlookMicrosoftWindows, Mac OS XPart of Microsoft Office, $109.99 stand-aloneproprietaryGUI
Mozilla Mail & NewsgroupsMozilla FoundationFree, part of Mozilla Application SuiteMPL, GNU GPL, GNU LGPL tri-licenseGUI
Mozilla ThunderbirdMozilla FoundationCross-platformFreeMPLGUI
MulberryCyrus Daboo (formerly Cyrusoft International, Inc./ISAMET)Cross-platformFree, as of version 4.0.5Apache LicenseGUI
MuttMichael ElkinsCross-platformFreeGNU GPLTUI
Netscape MessengerNetscape CommunicationsFree ?GUI
Netscape Messenger 9Netscape CommunicationsFreeMPL, GNU GPL, GNU LGPL tri-licenseGUI
nmh / MHRAND CorporationUnix-likeFreeBSDCLI
Opera MailOpera SoftwareCross-platformFreeproprietaryGUI
Outlook ExpressMicrosoftWindowsFreeproprietaryGUI
Pegasus MailDavid HarrisWindowsDonationwareproprietaryGUI
PineUniversity of WashingtonCross-platformFreePine LicenseTUI
PocomailPoco SystemsWindowsdiscontinuedproprietaryGUI
RoundCubeThe RoundCube TeamCross-platformFreeGNU GPLWeb
SeaMonkey Mail & NewsgroupsSeaMonkey CouncilCross-platformFree, part of SeaMonkeyMPLGUI
supWilliam Morgan, The Sup developersCross-platformFreeGPLTUI
SpicebirdSynovelWindows, Linux, BSDdiscontinuedMPL, GNU GPL, GNU LGPL tri-licenseGUI
SquirrelMailThe SquirrelMail Project TeamCross-platformFreeGNU GPL v2Web
SylpheedHiroyuki YamamotoCross-platformFreeGNU GPL, GNU LGPLGUI
The Bat!RitLabsWindows$35 (Home Edition), $45 (Professional Edition)proprietaryGUI
TrojitáKDECross-platformFreeGNU GPLGUI
TurnpikeThus PLC (Demon Internet)WindowsFree for Demon customers, GB£199 inc. VAT otherwiseproprietaryGUI
Windows Live MailMicrosoftWindowsFreeproprietaryGUI
Windows MailMicrosoftWindowsPart of Windows VistaproprietaryGUI
WorldClientAlt-N TechnologiesWindowsPart of MDaemonproprietaryGUI
YAMYAM Open Source Team and contributing authorsAmigaOSFreeGNU GPLGUI
ZimbraZimbraCross-platformFreeMPL on server and ZPL (attribution clause) on clientGUI
ClientCreatorOperating systemCostSoftware licenseUser interface

Release history[edit]

A brief digest of the release histories.

ClientFirst public releaseFirst stable releaseLatest stable release
DateVersionDateVersion
AlpineNovember 20060.8December 20071.002.11 (August 13, 2013; 7 months ago (2013-08-13)) [±]
AtmailJanuary 30, 20010.8January 12, 20126.3.57.2.1 (February 14, 2014; 58 days ago (2014-02-14)) [±]
Becky! Internet Mail19961??2.66.00 (April 1, 2014; 12 days ago (2014-04-01)) [±]
Citadel1987?19881.008.24 (January 27, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-01-27)) [±]
Claws MailMay 20010.4.67January 20051.0.03.9.3 (December 14, 2013; 3 months ago (2013-12-14)) [±]
ConeMay 20030.50May 20030.500.90 (April 29, 2012; 23 months ago (2012-04-29)) [±]
CourierJune, 20043.5discontinueddiscontinueddiscontinued
Elm1986?March 198722.5.8 (August 18, 2005; 8 years ago (2005-08-18)) [±]
eM ClientNovember 20071.0November 20071.06.0.19861.0 (January 28, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-01-28)) [±]
EmailTrayOctober 20102.0March 20113.114.0 (July 2, 2012; 20 months ago (2012-07-02)) [±]
Eudora1988[1]?1988[1]?7.1 (Windows), 6.2.4 (Mac OS) (October 11, 2006; 7 years ago (2006-10-11)) [±]
Eureka EmailNovember 20021.0November 20021.02.2 (March 1, 2005; 9 years ago (2005-03-01)) [±]
Evolution11 May 20000.03 December 20011.03.12 (March 26, 2014; 18 days ago (2014-03-26)) [±][2]


Forté Agent????7.2 (August 29, 2013; 7 months ago (2013-08-29)) [±]
Gnus1987[3]?February 1, 1988[3]2.0Gnus improvements are now released as part of Emacs. [±]
GroupWise??19861.0GroupWise 2012 SP2
(April 16, 2013; 11 months ago (2013-04-16)) [±]
i.Scribe / InScribe19991.00??1.90 (August 25, 2008; 5 years ago (2008-08-25)) [±]
IBM Lotus Notes19891.019891.09.0 (March 14, 2013; 12 months ago (2013-03-14)) [±]
IMP??19981.0H4 (5.0.23) (July 21, 2012; 20 months ago (2012-07-21)) [±]
KMailOctober 1998AlphaFebruary 19991.0.174.12.3 (4 March 2014; 40 days ago (2014-03-04)) [±][4]
MailSeptember 13, 2000Public BetaMarch 24, 20011.07.0 (October 22, 2013; 5 months ago (2013-10-22)) [±]
MailbirdApril 1, 2013Public Beta???
Microsoft Entourage????2008 (12.3.6) (March 12, 2013; 12 months ago (2013-03-12)) [±]
Microsoft Office Outlook19979719979714.0.4760.1000 (June 15, 2010; 3 years ago (2010-06-15)) [±]
Mozilla Mail & NewsgroupsDecember 7, 1998"Preview"March 19, 1999M3discontinued
Mozilla ThunderbirdJuly 28, 20030.1December 7, 20041.024.4.0 (March 18, 2014; 26 days ago (2014-03-18)[5]) [±]
MulberrySeptember 20, 19961.0September 20, 19961.04.0.8 (February 21, 2007; 7 years ago (2007-02-21)) [±]
Mutt1995???1.4.2.3 (June 9, 2007; 6 years ago (2007-06-09)) [±]
Netscape Messenger????discontinued
Netscape Messenger 9November 15, 20079.0a1discontinueddiscontinueddiscontinued
nmh / MH1979???1.5 (June 11, 2012; 21 months ago (2012-06-11)) [±]
Opera MailSeptember 19962.1b1December 19962.11.0 (June 11, 2013; 9 months ago (2013-06-11)[6]) [±]
Outlook Express19963.0??6.0 SP2 (August 25, 2004; 9 years ago (2004-08-25)) [±]
Pegasus Mail1990?1990?4.70 (March 8, 2014; 36 days ago (2014-03-08)) [±]
PineJanuary 15, 19922.00January 15, 19922.004.64 (September 28, 2005; 8 years ago (2005-09-28)) [±]
Pocomail1999???4.8 build 4400 (April 6, 2009; 5 years ago (2009-04-06)) [±]
SeaMonkey Mail & NewsgroupsSeptember 15, 20051.0aJanuary 30, 20061.02.25 (March 19, 2014; 25 days ago (2014-03-19)[7]) [±]
SquirrelMailDecember 19990.1January 20011.01.4.22 (12 July 2011; 2 years ago (2011-07-12)) [±]
SylpheedJanuary 20000.1.0December 20041.0.03.3.1 (March 7, 2014; 37 days ago (2014-03-07)) [±]
The Bat!March 19971.0 BetaMarch 19981.00 Build 13106.3 (March 26, 2014; 18 days ago (2014-03-26)) [±]
TrojitáAugust 20090.1December 20120.3.900.4.1 (March 20, 2014; 24 days ago (2014-03-20)) [±]
Turnpikecirca 19961.0circa 19961.06.06 (May 23, 2006; 7 years ago (2006-05-23)) [±]
Windows Live Mail????2012 (v16.4.3522.0110) (February 20, 2014; 52 days ago (2014-02-20)) [±]
Windows Mail?????
YAM19951.019951.02.8 (December 24, 2012; 15 months ago (2012-12-24)) [±]
ZimbraNovember, 2005BetaMarch, 20063.57.2.0 (April 10, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-04-10)) [±]
ClientDateVersionDateVersionLatest stable release
First public releaseFirst stable release

Operating system support[edit]

The operating systems on which the clients can run natively (without emulation).

ClientMicrosoft WindowsMac OS XLinuxBSDUnixDOSOther
AlpineYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
AtmailNoNoYesYesYesNoNo
BalsaNoNoYesYesNoNoNo
Becky! Internet MailYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
CitadelNoYesYesYesYesNoNo
Claws MailYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
ConeNoYesYesYesYesNoNo
CourierYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
ElmNoYesYesYesYesNoNo
eM ClientYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
EmailTrayYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
EudoraYesYesNoNoNoNoNo
Eureka EmailYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
EvolutionBetaNoYesYesYesNoNo
Forté AgentYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
GnusYesYesYesYesYesYesEmacs
GroupWiseYesYesYesYesYes??
i.Scribe / InScribeYesYesYesNoNoNoNo
IBM Lotus NotesYesYesYesNoNoNoNo
IMPYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
KMailNoYesYesYesYesNoNo
MailNoIncludedNoNoNoNoiOS
MailbirdYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
mailxNoNoYesYesYesNoNo
Microsoft EntourageNoTerminated (2008)NoNoNoNoNo
Microsoft Office OutlookYesYesNoNoNoNoNo
Mozilla Mail & NewsgroupsTerminated (1.7.13)NoNo
Mozilla ThunderbirdYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
MulberryYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
MuttYesYesYesYesYesYes[8]No
Netscape MessengerTerminated (4.80)NoNo
Netscape Messenger 9Terminated (9.0a1)NoNo
nmh / MHNoYesYesYesYesNoNo
Opera MailYesYesYesYes?NoNo
Outlook ExpressIncluded (up to XP)NoNoNoNoNoNo
Pegasus MailYesNoNoNoNoYesNo
PineYesYesYesYesYesTerminated (3.96)[9]No
PocomailYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
SeaMonkey Mail & NewsgroupsYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
SpicebirdYesplannedYesYesNoNoNo
SquirrelMailYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
SylpheedYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
The Bat!YesNoNoNoNoNoNo
TrojitáYesYesYesYesYesNoMeeGo
TurnpikeYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
Windows Live MailYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
Windows MailIncluded (Vista)NoNoNoNoNoNo
YAMNoNoNoNoNoNoAmigaOS
ZimbraYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
ClientMicrosoft WindowsMac OS XLinuxBSDUnixDOSOther

Protocol support[edit]

Communication and access protocol support[edit]

What email and related protocols and standards are supported by each client.

ClientPOP3
fetch all messages
POP3
selected by filter
POP3
selected by user
IMAP4
SMTP
NNTP
LDAP v2
LDAP v3
EWSIPv6MAPI
AlpineYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes?Yes?
AtmailNoNoNoYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYes
Becky! Internet MailYesYesYesYesYesYes [Note 1]Yes????
CitadelYes??YesYes??????
Claws MailYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes?Yes?
ConeYesNoNo [Note 2]YesYesYesYesYes???
CourierYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYes???
ElmNoNoNo????????
eM ClientYesNoNoYesYesNoNoNoYesNoNo
EmailTrayYesNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
Eureka Email???????????
EvolutionYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesplug-in??
GnusYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYes???
GroupWiseYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes???
i.Scribe / InScribeYesNoYesYesYesNoYes [Note 3]Yes [Note 3]NoNoYes
IBM NotesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesNo
KMailYesYesYesYesYesNo [Note 4]Yes????
MailYesNoNoYesYesNoYes?Yes??
MailbirdYes??YesYes?YesYes?Yes?
Microsoft EntourageYes??YesYesYesNoYesPartial??
Microsoft Entourage 2008, Web Services EditionYes??YesYes??YesYes??
Microsoft Office OutlookYesNoNoYesYesNoYes?YesYesYes
Mozilla Mail & Newsgroups???????????
Mozilla ThunderbirdYesNoNoYesYesYesPartialPartial[10]extensible[11]Yes?
MulberryYesNoNoYesYesNoYes??YesYes
MuttYesNo (possible with POP3 browser)No (possible with POP3 browser)YesYesNo (slrn looks alike)Partial (resolve real names through NSS)????
Netscape MessengerYes??Yes?Yes?????
Netscape Messenger 9Yes??Yes?Yes?????
nmh / MHYes??NoYes???No?No
Opera MailYesNoYesYesYesYesNoNo?YesYes
Outlook ExpressYesNoNoYesYesYesYes?No?No
Pegasus MailYesYesYesYesYesYes [Note 5]Yes????
PineYesNoNoYesYesYesYesNo???
PocomailYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNo???
SeaMonkey Mail & NewsgroupsYesNoNoYesYesYesPartial??Yes?
SpicebirdYesNoNoYesYesYesPartial????
SquirrelMailYesNoNoYesYesNoYesYes???
SylpheedYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoYesNo
The Bat!YesYes [Note 6]Yes [Note 7]YesYesYes [Note 8]YesNo?YesYes
TrojitáNoNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNo
TurnpikeYes???YesYes?????
Windows Live MailYesNoNoYesYesYesYes?NoYesNo
Windows MailYesNoNoYesYes???NoYesNo
YAMYesYesYesNoYesNoNoNo???
ZimbraYesNoNoYesYesNoYesYes???
ClientPOP3
fetch all messages
POP3
selected by filter
POP3
selected by user
IMAP4SMTPNNTPLDAP v2LDAP v3EWSIPv6MAPI
ClientIMSP
ACAP
RSS 0.91 FeedsRSS 1.0 FeedsRSS 2.0 FeedsATOM FeedsiCalendarMAPI/RPCCalDAVCardDAV
Alpine??????????
AtmailYesYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYes
Becky! Internet Mail??Yes [Note 9]Yes [Note 9]Yes [Note 9]Yes [Note 9]????
Citadel??????????
Claws Mail??NoYes [Note 10]Yes [Note 10]Yes [Note 10]Yes [Note 11]???
ConeNoNoNoNoNoNoNo???
CourierNoNoNoNoNoNoNo???
Elm??????????
eM ClientNoNoYesYesYesNoYesNoYesYes
EmailTrayNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo??
EudoraNoYesNoNoNoNoNo???
Eureka Email??????????
EvolutionNoNoNo [Note 12]No [Note 12]No [Note 12]NoYesYesYesYes
Gnus??YesYesYesNo????
GroupWise?No????Yes???
i.Scribe / InScribeNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYes??
IBM Lotus NotesNoNoYes [Note 13]YesYesYesYes???
KMail??Yes [Note 14]Yes [Note 14]Yes [Note 14]Yes [Note 14]Yes [Note 15]?YesYes
Mail??YesYesYesYesYes [Note 16]?YesYes
Microsoft Entourage??????Yes???
Microsoft Office Outlook??Yes [Note 17]Yes [Note 17]Yes [Note 17]Yes [Note 17]Yes [Note 18]YesNoNo
Mozilla Mail & Newsgroups??????????
Mozilla ThunderbirdNoNoYesYesYesYesYes [Note 19]Yes [Note 20]??
MulberryYesYesNoNoNoNoYes?Yes?
Mutt??NoNoNoNoNo???
Netscape Messenger??????????
Netscape Messenger 9??????????
nmh / MH??????????
Opera Mail??YesYesYesYesNo?NoNo
Outlook Express??NoNoNoNoNo?NoNo
Pegasus Mail??Yes [Note 5]Yes [Note 5]Yes [Note 5]?????
PineNoNoNoNoNoNoNo???
PocomailNoNoYesYesYesNoNo???
SeaMonkey Mail & NewsgroupsNoNoYesYesYesYesYes [Note 19]???
SpicebirdNoNoYesYesYesYesYes [Note 19]No??
SquirrelMail??YesYesYesYesYesYes??
SylpheedNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo??
The Bat!NoNoYes [Note 21]Yes [Note 21]Yes [Note 21]Yes [Note 21]NoYes??
TrojitáNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo??
Turnpike??????????
Windows Live Mail??YesYesYesYesNo???
Windows Mail??????????
YAMNoNoNoNoNoNoNo???
Zimbra??YesYesYesYesYes???
ClientIMSPACAPRSS 0.91 FeedsRSS 1.0 FeedsRSS 2.0 FeedsATOM FeedsiCalendarMAPI/RPCCalDAVCardDAV
  1. ^ Becky! requires FRNews or BkNews plugin installed for handling NNTP.
  2. ^ Cone has an option to either keep all POP3 mail on the server, or download all messages from the POP3 mailbox.
  3. ^ a b i.Scribe / InScribe requires a plugin to handle LDAP.
  4. ^ KDE supports Newsgroups (NNTP) by the use of KNode
  5. ^ a b c d Pegasus Mail can convert Newsgroup messages and/or RSS feeds to emails through the use of free add-ons.
  6. ^ Selective Download filters can skip/delete messages on POP3 server based on header (sender, recipient, subject, etc) information, this doesn't require to retrieve the full message body from the server.
  7. ^ Message Dispatcher allows the user to decide which messages should be retrieved, deleted or skipped based on the header information (sender, recipient, subject, etc) displayed to the user.
  8. ^ The Bat! requires MyGate plugin installed for handling NNTP.
  9. ^ a b c d Becky! requires BkBlogReader or BkRSSviewer or B.F.R or BkRssReader plugin installed for handling RSS and ATOM.
  10. ^ a b c RSSyl plugin is required to read RSS and ATOM in Claws Mail.
  11. ^ vCalendar plugin is required to handle iCalendar in Claws Mail.
  12. ^ a b c The evolution-rss plugin (provided as a separate package by many distributions provides the RSS functionality in Evolution.
  13. ^ Studio Blog Reader is one RSS reader application for IBM Lotus Notes. IBM Lotus Notes version 8.x introduced a native RSS reader.
  14. ^ a b c d KDE supports feeds by the use of Akregator
  15. ^ KDE supports iCal by the use of KOrganizer
  16. ^ With Mail version 4, in Mac OS 10.6 Snow Leopard. In previous versions, Mail only links it with iCal.
  17. ^ a b c d Support of feeds is available in Microsoft Office Outlook 2007. Earlier versions require RSSPopper plug-in.
  18. ^ Microsoft Outlook support of iCalendar varies by version.
  19. ^ a b c iCalendar is supported with an extension.
  20. ^ Mozilla Thunderbird only supports SimpleMAPI.[citation needed]
  21. ^ a b c d The Bat! versions prior to 6.3 required rss2mail or rss2pop3 plugin installed for handling RSS and ATOM. The Bat! versions 6.3 and later have built-in support for RSS.

Authentication support[edit]

ClientRegularMSN (NTLM)

browser login

Compuserve

(RPA)

MD5 APOP [Note 1]CRAM-HMAC [Note 2]DIGEST-MD5with hardware token

PKCS#11

BiometricSMTP Auth [Note 3]SSL/TLS Client Certificate
LOGINPLAINMD5SHA1RIPEMD
AlpineYesYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNo
AtmailYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYes
Becky! Internet MailYesYesYes?YesYes?????YesYes
Citadel?????????????
Claws MailYesYes??YesYes??YesYes [Note 4]?YesYes
ConeYesYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNoYesYes
CourierYesYesYesNoYesYesYesNoYesNoNoYesYes
Elm?????????????
eM ClientYesYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNo
EmailTrayYesYes??YesYesYesNo?NoNoYesNo
EudoraYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo?
Eureka Email?????????????
EvolutionYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesYes
GnusYesYes??YesYesYes?Yes??Yes?
GroupWise?????????????
i.Scribe / InScribeYesYesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNo
IBM Lotus NotesYes?YesNoNoNo???YesNoYes?
KMailYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesYes
MailYesYesYes [Note 5]NoYesYes [Note 6]?????Yes?
Microsoft EntourageYesNoYes??Yes???Yes?YesYes
Microsoft Office OutlookYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNo
Mozilla Mail & NewsgroupsYes??Yes?Yes???????
Mozilla ThunderbirdYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo [4]YesNoYesYes
MulberryYesYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesYes
MuttYesYesYes?YesYesNoNoYesNoNo1.5.15Yes
Netscape Messenger?????????????
Netscape Messenger 9?????????????
nmh / MH?????????????
Opera MailYesYesNoNoYesYesNo??NoNoYesYes
Outlook ExpressYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNo
Pegasus MailYes?NoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYes
PineYesYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNo
Pocomail?????????????
SeaMonkey Mail & NewsgroupsYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo [5]YesNoYesYes
SquirrelMailYesYes??YesYesYes?YesYes?Yes?
SylpheedYesYesNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNo
The Bat!YesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoYes [Note 7]Yes [Note 7]YesNo
TrojitáYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNo
Turnpike?????????????
Windows Live MailYesNoYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Windows Mail?????????????
YAMYesYes??Yes???????AmiSSL
ZimbraYesYes??YesYes???Yes???
ClientRegularMSN (NTLM)

browser login

Compuserve

(RPA)

MD5 APOP [Note 1]CRAM-HMAC [Note 2]DIGEST-MD5with hardware token

PKCS#11

BiometricSMTP Auth [Note 3]SSL/TLS Client Certificate
LOGINPLAINMD5SHA1RIPEMD
  1. ^ a b Description: RFC 1734
  2. ^ a b Description: RFC 2195
  3. ^ a b Description: RFC 2554
  4. ^ Claws Mail requires S/MIME plugin installed.
  5. ^ Apple supports NTLM v2 in Mail as of 10.4 release
  6. ^ 10.1.3 Apple adds SSL and CRAM-MD5 support to Mail
  7. ^ a b Professional Edition.

SSL and TLS support[edit]

ClientSecure POP3Secure IMAP4Secure SMTPSecure NNTPSecure LDAPOCSP [Note 1]CRL [Note 2]
SSLTLS [Note 3]SSLTLS [Note 3]SSLTLS [Note 4]SSLTLSSSLTLS
AlpineYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes?Yes??
AtmailNoNoYesYesYesYesNoNoYesYes??
Becky! Internet MailYesYesYesYesYesYes??????
Citadel????????????
Claws MailYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes?Yes
ConeYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoYesYesNoNo
CourierNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Elm????????????
eM ClientYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNoYes
EmailTrayYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
EudoraYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoYesYes??
Eureka Email????????????
EvolutionYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNo
Gnus??YesYes????????
GroupWise????????????
i.Scribe / InScribeYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
IBM Lotus NotesYes?Yes?YesYesYes?Yes?YesYes
KMailYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNo????
MailYes?YesYesYes?NoNoYes???
Microsoft EntourageYes?Yes?Yes?Yes?Yes???
Microsoft Office OutlookYesNoYesYesYesYes??????
Mozilla Mail & Newsgroups????????????
Mozilla ThunderbirdYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
MulberryYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoYesYes??
MuttYesYesYesYes1.5.151.5.15??????
Netscape Messenger????????????
Netscape Messenger 9????????????
nmh / MH????????????
Opera MailYesPartial [Note 5]YesPartial [Note 5]YesPartial [Note 5]YesNoN/AN/AYesYes
Outlook ExpressYesYesYesYesYesYes??????
Pegasus MailYesYesYesYesYesYes??Yes???
PineYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNo??
Pocomail????????????
SeaMonkey Mail & NewsgroupsYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
SpicebirdYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
SquirrelMailYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoYesYes??
SylpheedYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes????
The Bat!YesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoYes [Note 6]Yes [Note 6]
Trojitá??YesYesYesYes????Yes (system)Yes (system)
Turnpike????????????
Windows Live MailYesNoYesNoYesNo??????
Windows MailYes?Yes?Yes???????
YAM????????????
ZimbraYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes??
ClientSecure POP3Secure IMAP4Secure SMTPSecure NNTPSecure LDAPOCSP [Note 1]CRL [Note 2]
SSLTLS [Note 3]SSLTLS [Note 3]SSLTLS [Note 4]SSLTLSSSLTLS
  1. ^ a b Online Certificate Status Protocol - Description: RFC 2560
  2. ^ a b Certificate Revocation List - Description: RFC 3280
  3. ^ a b c d Description: RFC 2595
  4. ^ a b Description: RFC 2487
  5. ^ a b c Opera Mail does not support STARTTLS command on special ports, like 995 for pop3 connection
  6. ^ a b Since version 4.2, The Bat! supports two modes of X.509 certificate handling: Internal Implementation and via Microsoft Crypto API. CRLs and OCSP are only supported in the latter mode during TLS connections.

Features[edit]

Information on what features each of the clients support.

General features[edit]

For all of these clients, the concept of "HTML support" does not mean that they can process the full range of HTML that a web browser can handle. Almost all email readers limit HTML features, either for security reasons, or because of the nature of the interface. CSS and JavaScript can be especially problematic. A number of articles describe these limitations per-email-client; see 1, 2, 3, and 4

ClientHTML emailUTF-8 supportImage blockingJunk filteringPhishing filteringThread viewConversation viewPGP supportS/MIME support
localserver- sideinlinePGP/MIME or OpenPGPprotocolOCSPCRLcertificates on tokens, smartcards support
AlpineYesYesYes???Yes?Yes?Yes???
AtmailYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Becky! Internet MailYesYesYesNoNoNoYesNoYes?Yes???
CitadelYesYesNoYes [Note 1]??No??????
Claws MailRead-onlyYesYesYesYesYesYes?YesYesYes?YesYes
ConeYesYesYesYesNoNoYes?NoYesNoNoNoNo
CourierYesNoNoYesYes?No???????
Elm??????????????
eM ClientYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNoYesYes
EmailTrayYesYesYesNoYes?NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
EudoraYesNoYesPro onlyPro only?YesNoYes [Note 2]Yes [Note 2]Yes???
Eureka Email??????????????
EvolutionYesYesYesYes?NoYesYesYesYesYes???
GnusYesYesYesYesYes?Yes?YesYesYes??Yes
GroupWiseYesYesYesYes??Yes???????
i.Scribe / InScribeRead-onlyYesYesYesNo?Yes?YesNoNoNoNoNo
IBM NotesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes [Note 3]?YesYes
(4.1.2+)
YesYes, [6]YesYes
KMailYesYesYesYes??YesYesYes
(with GPG)
Yes
(1.5+, with GPGME)
YesYesYes?
MailYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes [Note 4]Yes [Note 4]YesYesYesYes
MailbirdYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes?NoNoNoNoNo
Microsoft EntourageYesYesYesYesYesYes???YesYes??Yes
Microsoft Office OutlookYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes (2010+)[46]NoNoYes???
Mozilla Mail & Newsgroups??????????????
Mozilla ThunderbirdYesYes [Note 5]YesYesYesYes [Note 6]YesYesYes [Note 7]YesYesYes?Yes
MulberryYesYesYesNoYes?Yes?Yes [Note 8]Yes [Note 8]Yes [Note 8]???
MuttRead-onlyYesYes
(no support for images)
Yes??Yes?YesYesYes?Yes (with GPGME)?
Netscape Messenger??????????????
Netscape Messenger 9??????????????
nmh / MH??????????????
Opera MailYesYesYesYesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Outlook ExpressYesYesYesNo??Yes?Yes [Note 9]No [Note 10]Yes???
Pegasus MailYesYesYesYesYesYesYes?YesYes
(sending is broken)
?NoNoNo
PineRead-onlyYesYesNo??Yes?Yes
(with Pine Privacy Guard)
NoYes???
PocomailYesYesYesYesYes?????????
SeaMonkey Mail & NewsgroupsYesYesYesYes?YesYes?Yes [Note 7]Yes [Note 7]YesYes?Yes
SpicebirdYesYesYesYes?YesYes?YesYesYesYes?Yes
SquirrelMailYesYesYesYesYesYes (depends on antivirus)Yes??YesYes???
SylpheedNo [Note 11]YesYesYes??Yes?YesYes????
The Bat!YesYesYes [Note 12]YesYes?Yes?YesYesYesPartial [Note 13]Partial [Note 13]Yes [Note 13]
TrojitáRead onlyYesYesNoYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
TurnpikeRead-only?????????????
Windows Live MailYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes?Yes???
Windows MailYes??Yes??????????
YAM??????????????
ZimbraYesYesYesYesYesYes (depends on antivirus)Yes??Yes???
ClientHTML emailUTF-8 supportImage blockingJunk filteringPhishing filteringThread viewConversation viewPGP supportS/MIME support
localserver- sideinlinePGP/MIME or OpenPGPprotocolOCSPCRLcertificates on tokens, smartcards support
  1. ^ Citadel plugs Mail into SpamAssassin
  2. ^ a b Eudora requires a plugin to handle PGP.
  3. ^ First release 6.0 (September 2003), [1] enhancements introduced in release 7.0 (August 2005)
  4. ^ a b Mail requires [2] GPGMail-plugin.
  5. ^ Although Thunderbird supports UTF-8, its handling of line wraps causes problems with long lines of text that don't contain spaces, which essentially makes it unusable for certain languages (e.g. Chinese, Japanese, Korean) [3]
  6. ^ Mozilla Thunderbird adds this feature in Thunderbird 1.5.0.4
  7. ^ a b c Using PGP in Thunderbird requires Enigmail.
  8. ^ a b c PGP/GPG and S/MIME support require a free (included) plugin.
  9. ^ Using PGP in Outlook Express requires a plugin.
  10. ^ Outlook Express does not display PGP/MIME signed messages.
  11. ^ Sylpheed has some limited ability to show HTML email. It can show the plain text that's left after stripping away all the HTML tags. Sylpheed has no ability to compose HTML.
  12. ^ The Bat is not able to display inline images.
  13. ^ a b c The Bat! supports two modes of S/MIME: Internal Implementation and via Microsoft Crypto API.[47] CRLs and OCSP are only supported in the latter mode. Internal implementation only supports Aladdin eToken Pro or Rainbow iKey1000[48] tokens and can import certificates (from PKCS#12/PFX format) which were created outside The Bat!. CryptoAPI supports any kind of tokens and smart cards which have a corresponding Cryptographic Service Provider installed.

Messages features[edit]

ClientLabel messagesReformat received messagesBi-directional text supportComposing messagesNative images previewPostpone/?scheduled message sendingNative documents preview
with colorswith flagantideleteadd noteedit headers (e.g., Subject)forced recode [Note 1]Spell checkingSignaturesBottom-posts repliesjpeggifbmppngotherstxtpdfdocxlsodtodsothers
AlpineYesYes?????YesYes??????YesYes??????
AtmailYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNo
Becky! Internet MailYesYes?YesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYesYesYes?????????
Citadel???????????????????????
Claws MailYesYesYesNo???YesYes?YesYesYesYes?YesYeswith a plugin?????
ConeYesYesYesNo???YesNo?NoNoNoNoNo????????
CourierYesYesNoNoYes??YesYes?NoNoNoNoNoYes?NoNoNoNoNo?
Elm???????????????????????
eM ClientYesYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNo???????
EmailTrayYesNoNoNoNoNo?YesYesYesYesYesYesYes?NoYesYesYesYesNoNo?
EudoraYesYesNoNoYes??YesYes?YesYesYesYesQuickTimeYes???????
Eureka Email???????????????????????
EvolutionYesYes??No?YesYesYes?YesYesYesYes?????????
GnusYesYesYes????YesYesYesYesYesYesYesXPMYes???????
GroupWiseYes??????YesYes?YesYesYes??Yes???????
i.Scribe / InScribeYesNoNoYesNoNoNoYes [Note 2]YesYesYes [Note 3]YesYesYes [Note 4]ICO, TIFFYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
IBM NotesYesYes??Yes??YesYes?YesYesYesNoCGM, Lotus PIC, PCX, TIFF????????
KMailYes[61]YesNoNo???YesYes?YesYesYesYes?????????
MailYesYes?Yes???YesYes?YesYesYesYesany QuickTime supported formatNo?Yes?????
MailbirdYesYes?Yes???YesYesYesYesYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYesNoNo?
Microsoft EntourageYesYes?Yes[Note 5]???YesYes?YesYes?Yes???Yes?????
Microsoft Office OutlookYesYesNoYesYes??YesYesNoYesYesYesYes?YesYeswith a pluginYesYes20102010PowerPoint
Mozilla Mail & Newsgroups???????????????????????
Mozilla ThunderbirdYesYes??with a plugin[7], not via IMAP [8]??YesYesYes [Note 6]YesYesYesYesICOYes [Note 7]YesNoNoNoNoNoNo
Mulberry?Yes?????YesYes?NoNoNoNoNo????????
MuttYesYesNoNoYes??YesYes?NoNoNoNoNopostpone???????
Netscape Messenger???????????????????????
Netscape Messenger 9???????????????????????
nmh / MH???????????????????????
Opera MailYesYesNoNo??YesYesYes?YesYesYesYesAPNG, ICO, SVG, WBMP, XBM, WebPNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Outlook ExpressNoYesNoNo???YesYes?YesYesYesYesICO, art????????
Pegasus MailYesYesYesYesin indexNoNoYesYesNo [Note 8]YesYesYesYesTIFFN/AYesNoNoNoNoNoRTF, HTML
PineYesYes??Nowith a patch [Note 9]?Yes [Note 10]Yes?NoNoNoNoNo????????
PocomailYesYes?Yes???YesYes?YesYesYesYes?????????
SeaMonkey Mail & NewsgroupsYesYesNoNo???YesYes?YesYesYesYes?????????
SquirrelMailYesYesYesYes??YesYesYes?YesYesYesYes??YesYesYesYesYesYes?
SylpheedYesYesNoNo???YesYes?YesYesYesYes??YesNoNoNoNoNo?
The Bat!YesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYesICO, emfYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
TrojitáNoYes??NoNoYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNo?
TurnpikeYes??No???YesYes?YesYesYesNo?????????
Windows Live MailNoYesNoNo???YesYes?YesYesYesYes?????????
Windows Mail???????????????????????
YAM???????????????????????
ZimbraYesYesYesYes???YesYes?YesYesYesYes?????????
ClientLabel messagesReformat received messagesBi-directional text supportComposing messagesNative images previewPostpone/?scheduled message sendingNative documents preview
with colorswith flagantideleteadd noteedit headers (e.g., Subject)forced recode [Note 1]Spell checkingSignaturesBottom-posts repliesjpeggifbmppngotherstxtpdfdocxlsodtodsothers
  1. ^ a b It's a frequent problem for people dealing with Cyrillic/Russian in email messages that the message is not encoded in the encoding declared in its headers and thus can't be read. With such a message (with a wrong declaration of the encoding), it well might be the case that it passed through several incorrect recoding stages while it was being sent and delivered; thus it's not possible to correctly render it and read it if one uses the common type of the interface for choosing the encoding (such as the menu in Mozilla Firefox). An example of such a complex case of a wrongly declared encoding: a message was entered through a webform in the windows-1251 encoding, but the web interface incorrectly assumed that it was in latin-1; based on this assumption, it performed the recoding from latin-1 to utf-8. The result of this operation cannot be correctly decoded through the common encoding-selection interface; it can only be decoded through a two-stage recoding: first from utf-8 to latin-1, then from windows-1251 to utf-8 (assuming that one works in a Unicode environment). After it is decoded, it is desirable to store it in the recoded form instead of the original, in order to be able to read it easily afterwards, and to quote it for replies.
  2. ^ i.Scribe / InScribe supports full integration with GNU Aspell, which is its requirement for spell checking.
  3. ^ i.Scribe / InScribe requires libjpeg.
  4. ^ i.Scribe / InScribe requires libpng.
  5. ^ Entourage can link a message to a note.
  6. ^ Configurable to start replies at top or bottom, with separate configuration of signature position
  7. ^ Thunderbird requires SL8TR extension.
  8. ^ Starts replies with cursor at top, but is configurable regarding whether to include a blank space at the top for replies or not; some interleaved-posting users prefer starting the cursor at the top so they can trim the quotes
  9. ^ The recoding engine and interface extensions that would solve the described recoding problems have been developed as a patch for Pine; it is to be found in the package pine-4.58L-alt4.src.rpm(ftp) for ALTLinux (under the name pine-4.58L-alt2-0.4.1.diff). Its essential feature is to enable to forcibly recode messages, save them in the recoded form, and quote in replies.
  10. ^ Pine supports full integration with GNU Aspell or other external speller, which is its requirement for spell checking.

Database, folders and customization[edit]

ClientMessage file formatEncrypted databaseVirtual foldersScheduled backupNew mail notificationCustomizable interfaceCustomizable keybindingsFragmented messages [Note 1]Database search with regular expressions supportIndexed searchSearch folders [Note 2]IMAP
tickertray icontooltipsoundSearchIDLE
Alpinembox, mbx, MIX, maildir (with patches), MMDF, tenex, mtx, MH, mx, news, phile?YesPartial???YesYesNo?NoYesYesYesNo
Atmailmaildir, imap, mboxYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYes?
Becky! Internet Mailmbox??NoYes?YesYes???Yes?YesYesYes
Citadel????????????????
Claws MailMH, mbox (plugin)NoNoNoYesYesYesYesYesYes???NoYesNo
Conembox, maildirNoNoNoNo???Yes (colors)NoNoNoNoYesYesYes
CourierProprietaryYes (weak)Yes?????Yes (layout)No?NoNoYesNoYes
Elm????????????????
eM ClientProprietary (sqlite)YesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoYesYesNoYes
EmailTrayProprietaryYesYesNoYesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYesYes??
Eudoramodified mboxNoYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYes[specify]YesYesYes?
Eureka EmailProprietary???????????????
Evolutionmaildir, mbox, MHNoYesNoNoYesYesYesPartialYes [Note 3]YesYesYesYesYesYes
Gnusbabyl, maildir, mbox, MMDF, news, rnews, SOUP, outlook, oe-dbxNoYesNoNo???YesYesYesYesNoYesYes?
GroupWiseProprietaryYesYesYes?YesYesYesYes???YesYesYesNo
i.Scribe / InScribeProprietary (sqlite)NoNoNoNoYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoYes
IBM NotesProprietaryYes [9]YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes [Note 4]NoYesYes?No
KMailmbox, maildirNoYesNo????YesYesNoYes?YesYesYes
MailProprietary?YesYes?Yes?YesYes???Yes [Note 5]Yes [Note 6]?Yes
MailbirdProprietaryNoYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesPartialYesYesYes
Microsoft EntourageProprietary (Personal Storage Table)?YesPartial [Note 7]????PartialNoNoPartial [Note 8]YesYesYesYes
Microsoft Office OutlookProprietary (Personal Storage Table)YesYesYes?YesYesYesYesYes??Yes [Note 9]YesYesYes
Mozilla Mail & Newsgroupsmbox???????????????
Mozilla ThunderbirdmboxNoYes??YesYesYesYes [Note 10]?No?Yes (as of 3.0)YesYesYes
Mulberrymbox [Note 11]Partial [Note 12]Partial [Note 12]Partial [Note 12]????Yes??Yes[specify]Partial [Note 12]NoYesNo
Muttmbox, MMDF, MH, maildirYes (with compressed folders patch [10])? (has limit command)No????YesYes?Yesno integrated solutions available[72]No (easily integrated with mairix)YesYes
Netscape Messengermbox???????????????
Netscape Messenger 9mbox???????????????
nmh / MHMHNoYesNoNo???YesYes?YesYesYesNo?
Opera Mailmbox, MH, ProprietaryNoYes
(all folders are virtual)
NoNoYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYes?Yes
Outlook ExpressProprietaryNoNoNo?YesNoYesNoNoYes?No??Yes
Pegasus MailProprietary (mbox-like)NoYesNo?YesYesYesYes??Yes?YesYesNo[73]
Pinembox, mbx, MIX, maildir (with patches), MMDF, tenex, mtx, MH, mx, news, phile??????????????No
PocomailmboxYesYesYes????Yes??YesYesYes??
SeaMonkey Mail & Newsgroupsmbox???YesYesYesYes??????YesYes
SquirrelMail[IMAP Server]???YesNoNoYesYesYes???YesYes?
SylpheedMHNoYesNo?Yes??YesYesNoNo [Note 13]No [Note 13]Yes?No
The Bat!ProprietaryYes (RC2 128 bit)

(with Pro and Voyager version) [Note 14]

YesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYes

(PCRE 6.2)

NoYesYes?
Trojitá??????????????YesYes
TurnpikeProprietaryYesYes???????Yes??Yes??
Windows Live Mail?NoNoNoNoYes?YesYesNoYesNoYesYes??
Windows Mail???????Yes???????Yes
YAM????????????????
ZimbraFile systemYesYesYes????YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
ClientMessage file formatEncrypted databaseVirtual foldersScheduled backupNew mail notificationCustomizable interfaceCustomizable keybindingsFragmented messages [Note 1]Database search with regular expressions supportIndexed searchSearch folders [Note 2]IMAP
tickertray icontooltipsoundSearchIDLE
  1. ^ a b Fragmented messages make it possible, for example, to send a large audio message as several partial messages, and still have it appear to the recipient as a simple audio message rather than as an encapsulated message containing an audio message. RFC 2046
  2. ^ a b Search Folders are virtual folders that contain views of all email items matching specific search criteria. Search Folders display the results of previously defined search queries.
  3. ^ Editable keybindings is part of GNOME, provided "Editable menu accelerators" is enabled in GNOME's "Menus & Toolbars" control applet.
  4. ^ Fragmented messages are called truncated document in Lotus Notes.
  5. ^ with Spotlight Mac OS X v. 10.4
  6. ^ Search folders is called Smart Folders in Mail on Mac OS X v. 10.4.
  7. ^ With Entourage 2008, you can use AppleScript and various internal/external scheduling mechanisms to create timed backups of Entourage Data.
  8. ^ With Entourage 2008 and later versions of 2004, you can use the Spotlight data to search what's in the Entourage database via regular expression in the file system in Terminal or via Spotlight's ...interesting...version of "regular expressions".
  9. ^ supported since Office 2007.
  10. ^ Thunderbird's interface can be user customized via the use of themes (which can reposition and skin controls)
  11. ^ This is for Mulberry's 'offline browsing' capability, which is turned off by default. In the default configuration no local copy of the mail is created.
  12. ^ a b c d Mulberry is a dedicated IMAP client; If the IMAP server has these abilities, Mulberry can use them.
  13. ^ a b Because MH stores each letter in a separate file, it is trivially easy to (externally) search them with grep. This ease is shattered when non-raw encodings are used, such as base64.
  14. ^ The Bat! Pro support two methods access to program when database is encrypted: password authorization and token authorization; Voyager support only password authorization and encrypted database is default and only available storage method.

Templates, scripts and programming languages[edit]

ClientMessage templatesMessage templates individual forSupport in message templates scripts, programming languages
newreplyforwardread confirmationsaveprintJavaScriptVBScriptPHP ScriptsPythonRegular expressionsJavaOther (specify)
AlpineYesYesYes???anyNoNoNoNo?No?
AtmailYesYesYesYesYesYesanyYesNoYesNoNoNoNo
Becky! Internet MailYesYesYesYesYesYesany
account
folder
??????
Citadel??????????????
Claws MailYesYesYesYesYesYesaccount
folder
NoNoNoYes??Perl, Python
ConeYesNoNoNoNoNo?NoNoNoNoNoNoNo
CourierYesYesYesNoYesYes?NoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Elm??????????????
eM ClientYesYesYesYesYesYesaccountNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
EudoraYesYesYesYesYesYesanyNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Eureka Email??????????????
EvolutionYesYesYesYesYesYes????????
GnusYesYesYesYesYesYes?NoNoNoNoYesNoelisp
GroupWiseYesNoNoYesYes?????????
i.Scribe / InScribeYesYesYesNoNoNoanyNoNoNoNoNoNoInternal macros (similar to JavaScript)
IBM NotesYesYesYesYes???YesNoNoNoYes [11]YesLotusScript, Formula language
KMailYesYesYesNoNoNonone?NoNoNo???
MailYes Mac OS 10.5 (Leopard)NoNoNo???NoNoNoNoNo?AppleScript, Automator
Microsoft EntourageYesYesYesYes?????????AppleScript, Automator
Microsoft Office OutlookYesYesYesYes??????????
Mozilla Mail & Newsgroups??????????????
Mozilla ThunderbirdYesYes[Note 1]Yes[Note 1]YesYesYesprofileYes??????
MulberryYesYesYesYes???NoNoNoNo???
MuttYesYesYesNo??anyNoNoNoNoYes?Internal macros
Netscape Messenger??????????????
Netscape Messenger 9??????????????
nmh / MH??????????????
Opera MailNoNoNoNoNoNoN/ANoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Outlook ExpressYesYes?Yes???YesYes?????
Pegasus MailYesYesYesYes??????????
PineYesYesYes???any?NoNo??No?
PocomailYesYesYes??Yes?NoNoNoNoNoNoPocoScript
SeaMonkey Mail & Newsgroups??????????????
SquirrelMailYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo?
SylpheedYesYesYes????NoNoNoNoNo??
The Bat!YesYesYesYesYesYesaccount
folder
address book group
contact
Yes [Note 2]Yes [Note 3]Yes [Note 4]Yes [Note 5]YesPCRE 6.2Internal and plugins macros
Turnpike??????????????
Windows Live MailYes[Note 6]Yes[Note 6]?Yes[Note 6]???YesYes?????
Windows Mail??????????????
YAMYesYesYes?YesYes?NoNoNoNo??ARexx
ZimbraYesYesYesYesYesYesanyNoNoNoNoNo??
ClientMessage templatesMessage templates individual forSupport in message templates scripts, programming languages
newreplyforwardread confirmationsaveprintJavaScriptVBScriptPHP ScriptsPythonRegular expressionsJavaOther (specify)
  1. ^ a b Thunderbird supports HTML templates with "Stationery" add-on.
  2. ^ The Bat! supports JavaScript in message templates with the JavaScript Macro plugin.
  3. ^ The Bat! supports VBScript in message templates with the XMP plugin.
  4. ^ The Bat! supports PHP in message templates with the XMP plugin.
  5. ^ The Bat! supports Python in message templates with the TBPyxie plugin.
  6. ^ a b c Weak "stationery" system that only accept pages done with Word.

Internationalization[edit]

The Bat! supports Email Address Internationalization (EAI) [94][better source needed][discuss]

Currently there are no mail clients know to support SMTPUTF8.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]