Common Rosefinch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Common Rosefinch
A male singing, in Poland
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Fringillidae
Genus:Carpodacus
Species:C. erythrinus
Binomial name
Carpodacus erythrinus
(Pallas, 1770)
Distribution map
Synonyms

Erythrina erythrina

 
Jump to: navigation, search
Common Rosefinch
A male singing, in Poland
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Fringillidae
Genus:Carpodacus
Species:C. erythrinus
Binomial name
Carpodacus erythrinus
(Pallas, 1770)
Distribution map
Synonyms

Erythrina erythrina

The Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus) is the most widespread and common rosefinch of Asia and Europe.

Contents

Description

Female at around 8,000 feet (2,400 m) in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, India

The Common Rosefinch is larger than a sparrow. It has a stout and conical bill. The mature male has brilliant rosy-carmine head, breast and rump; heavy bill; dark brown wings with two indistinct bars, and a white belly. Females and young males are dull-colored with yellowish-brown above, brighter on the rump and greyer on head; buff below.

Distribution and habitat

It has spread westward through Europe in recent decades, even breeding in England once. Common Rosefinches breed from the Danube valley, Sweden, and Siberia to the Bering Sea; the Caucasus, northern Iran and Afghanistan, the western Himalayas, Tibet and China; to Japan between latitudes 25° and 68°. In winter they are found from southern Iran to south-east China India, Burma, and Indochina.

They are found in summer in thickets, woodland and forest edges near rivers and in winter in gardens and orchards, wetlands and locally in dry oak woods.

Behaviour

The nest is placed low in a bush. The eggs are dark blue with coarse dark brown spots, and a typical clutch contains five eggs.

Taxonomy

Because this species and the Scarlet Finch form a phylogenetic group, it has been removed from the genus Carpodacus in some recent taxonomies.[1][2][3]

References

  1. ^ Arnaiz-Villena, A; Moscoso J, Ruiz-del-Valle V, González J, Reguera R, Ferri A, Wink M, Serrano-Vale JI (2008). "Mitochondrial DNA Phylogenetic Definition of a Group of "Arid-Zone" Carduelini Finches". The Open Ornithology Journal 1: 1–7. http://chopo.pntic.mec.es/biolmol/publicaciones/Arid.pdf. 
  2. ^ Arnaiz-Villena, A.; Guillén, J.; Ruiz-del-Valle, V.; Lowy, E.; Zamora, J.; Varela, P.; Stefani, D.; Allende, L. M. (2001). "Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches". Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 58 (8): 1159–1166. doi:10.1007/PL00000930. PMID 11529508. http://chopo.pntic.mec.es/~biolmol/publicaciones/crossbills.pdf. 
  3. ^ Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P, Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Nova Science Publishers. ISBN 978-1-60741-844--3. https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=13642. 

External links