Colville, Washington

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Colville, Washington
—  City  —
Highland Cemetery
Location of Colville, Washington
Coordinates: 48°32′42″N 117°54′3″W / 48.545°N 117.90083°W / 48.545; -117.90083Coordinates: 48°32′42″N 117°54′3″W / 48.545°N 117.90083°W / 48.545; -117.90083
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyStevens
Area
 • Total2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 • Land2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation1,614 ft (492 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total4,669
 • Density1,947.1/sq mi (753.7/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code99114
Area code509
FIPS code53-14170
GNIS feature ID1517983[1]
Websitehttp://www.colville.wa.us/
 
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Colville, Washington
—  City  —
Highland Cemetery
Location of Colville, Washington
Coordinates: 48°32′42″N 117°54′3″W / 48.545°N 117.90083°W / 48.545; -117.90083Coordinates: 48°32′42″N 117°54′3″W / 48.545°N 117.90083°W / 48.545; -117.90083
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyStevens
Area
 • Total2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 • Land2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation1,614 ft (492 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total4,669
 • Density1,947.1/sq mi (753.7/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code99114
Area code509
FIPS code53-14170
GNIS feature ID1517983[1]
Websitehttp://www.colville.wa.us/

Colville (Ktunaxa: xapqǂinik̓ [2]) is a small city in Stevens County, Washington, United States. The population was 4,673 at the 2010 census.[3] It is the county seat of Stevens County[4].

Contents

History

The Hudson's Bay Company established Fort Colville near the Kettle Falls fur trading site in 1825. The Oregon boundary dispute (or Oregon question) arose as a result of competing British and American claims to the Pacific Northwest of North America in the first half of the 19th century. In 1859, the US Army established a new Fort Colville at Pinkney City, about 1.5 miles NE of the current city of Colville. That fort was abandoned in 1882 and the city was moved to the present location on the Colville River Valley.

In the 1950s, in the hills above Colville, was the Colville Air Force Station, part of the Air Defense Command's network of radar stations. A few buildings remain at the site today which is largely used by paint-ballers.

Colville, as a town, is claimed to be founded by John U. Hofstetter,[5] was officially incorporated on June 7, 1890.

Geography

Colville is located at 48°32′42″N 117°54′3″W / 48.545°N 117.90083°W / 48.545; -117.90083 (48.545094, −117.900841).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1900594
19101,533158.1%
19201,71812.1%
19301,8034.9%
19402,41834.1%
19503,03325.4%
19603,80625.5%
19703,742−1.7%
19804,60323.0%
19904,360−5.3%
20004,98814.4%
20104,673−6.3%
Est. 20114,669−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
Historical Population 1890-2000[8]
2011 estimate[9]

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,673 people, 2,090 households, and 1,262 families residing in the city. The population density was 1948 people per square mile (802.4/km²). There were 2,219 housing units at an average density of 925.2 per square mile (357.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.3% White, 0.16% African American, 1.9% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 3.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.35% of the population.

There were 2,090 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,168, and the median income for a family was $40,466. Males had a median income of $32,066 versus $21,782 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,031. About 10.4% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The area is supported by the timber and mining industry, manufacturing, and regional offices of the Washington State Dept. of Natural Resources and U.S. Forest Service. Major private employers incluce Boise Cascade, Stimson, Vaagen Brothers, Hearth and Home, Hewes Marine, Colmac Coil Manufacturing, Colmac Industries, and Washington Dental Service. Lesser industries are cattle, horse, and hay-farming, and more recently tourism to nearby National Forest Land for hunting and fishing, and to local farms, orchards and corn mazes.

Trivia

Colville is the setting of Debbie Macomber's novel Susannah's Garden.

References

External links