Columbia, Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Columbia, Virginia
Town
Location of Columbia, Virginia
Location of Columbia, Virginia
Coordinates: 37°45′8″N 78°9′44″W / 37.75222°N 78.16222°W / 37.75222; -78.16222Coordinates: 37°45′8″N 78°9′44″W / 37.75222°N 78.16222°W / 37.75222; -78.16222
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyFluvanna
Incorporated1788[1]
Named forColumbia
(poetic name for the United States)[1]
Area
 • Total0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 • Land0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation210 ft (64 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total49
 • Density246.1/sq mi (95.0/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code51-18624[2]
GNIS feature ID1492796[3]
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Columbia, Virginia
Town
Location of Columbia, Virginia
Location of Columbia, Virginia
Coordinates: 37°45′8″N 78°9′44″W / 37.75222°N 78.16222°W / 37.75222; -78.16222Coordinates: 37°45′8″N 78°9′44″W / 37.75222°N 78.16222°W / 37.75222; -78.16222
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyFluvanna
Incorporated1788[1]
Named forColumbia
(poetic name for the United States)[1]
Area
 • Total0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 • Land0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation210 ft (64 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total49
 • Density246.1/sq mi (95.0/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code51-18624[2]
GNIS feature ID1492796[3]

Columbia is a town in Fluvanna County, Virginia, United States, at the confluence of the James and Rivanna Rivers. The population was 49 at the 2000 census, making it Virginia's smallest incorporated town. Columbia sits at the confluence of the James and Rivanna Rivers.

Known as Point of Fork through the late 18th century, it was the setting of a minor battle during the Revolutionary War.

Columbia is part of the Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In the mid-19th century, Columbia was a point along the stagecoach route between Richmond and Staunton.[4]

Gum Creek, Point of Fork Arsenal, Point of Fork Plantation, and Tinsley Tavern are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5] The town saw significant flooding during Hurricane Camille in 1969.

Geography[edit]

Columbia is located at 37°45′8″N 78°9′44″W / 37.75222°N 78.16222°W / 37.75222; -78.16222 (37.752206, -78.162291)[6].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square mile (0.5 km²), of which 0.2 square mile (0.5 km²) is land and 4.76% is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[7]

Climate data for Columbia, Virginia
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)8
(46)
9
(48)
14
(57)
20
(68)
25
(77)
29
(84)
31
(87)
30
(86)
27
(80)
21
(69)
15
(59)
9
(48)
19.8
(67.4)
Average low °C (°F)−4
(24)
−3
(26)
0
(32)
5
(41)
10
(50)
15
(59)
18
(64)
17
(62)
13
(55)
6
(42)
1
(33)
−3
(26)
6.3
(42.8)
Precipitation mm (inches)81
(3.2)
71
(2.8)
91
(3.6)
84
(3.3)
94
(3.7)
91
(3.6)
109
(4.3)
107
(4.2)
84
(3.3)
84
(3.3)
71
(2.8)
79
(3.1)
1,046
(41.2)
Source: Weatherbase [8]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 49 people, 18 households, and 12 families residing in the town. The population density was 246.1 people per square mile (94.6/km²). There were 22 housing units at an average density of 110.5 per square mile (42.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 63.27% White, 28.57% African American, and 8.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.08% of the population.

There were 18 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 44.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 69.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,250, and the median income for a family was $50,000. Males had a median income of $18,750 versus $18,125 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,632. None of the population or families were below the poverty line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cox, Edwin (1965). Gleanings of Fluvanna History. Fluvanna County Historical Society. pp. 20–21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Smith, John Calvin (1847). The Illustrated Hand-book, a New Guide for travelers through the United States of America. New York City: Sherman & Smith. p. 132. 
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Columbia, Virginia
  8. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on August 20, 2013.