Collin County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Collin County, Texas
Collin county tx courthouse.jpg
The Collin County Courthouse in McKinney
Flag of Collin County, Texas
Flag
Seal of Collin County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Collin County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded1846
Named forCollin McKinney
SeatMcKinney
Largest cityPlano
Area
 • Total886 sq mi (2,295 km2)
 • Land841 sq mi (2,178 km2)
 • Water45 sq mi (117 km2), 5.1%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013)854,778
 • Density1,016/sq mi (392/km²)
Congressional districts3rd, 4th, 32nd
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.co.collin.tx.us
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Collin County, Texas
Collin county tx courthouse.jpg
The Collin County Courthouse in McKinney
Flag of Collin County, Texas
Flag
Seal of Collin County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Collin County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded1846
Named forCollin McKinney
SeatMcKinney
Largest cityPlano
Area
 • Total886 sq mi (2,295 km2)
 • Land841 sq mi (2,178 km2)
 • Water45 sq mi (117 km2), 5.1%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013)854,778
 • Density1,016/sq mi (392/km²)
Congressional districts3rd, 4th, 32nd
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.co.collin.tx.us

Collin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 782,341.[1] Its seat is McKinney.[2]

Collin County is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. A small portion of the city of Dallas is located in the county.

Name and history[edit]

Both the county and the county seat were named after Collin McKinney[3] (1766-1861), one of the five men who drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest of the 59 men who signed it.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 886 square miles (2,290 km2), of which 841 square miles (2,180 km2) is land and 45 square miles (120 km2) (5.1%) is water.[4]

Lakes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18501,950
18609,264375.1%
187014,01351.3%
188025,98385.4%
189036,73641.4%
190050,08736.3%
191049,021−2.1%
192049,6091.2%
193046,180−6.9%
194047,1902.2%
195041,692−11.7%
196041,247−1.1%
197066,92062.2%
1980144,576116.0%
1990264,03682.6%
2000491,67586.2%
2010782,34159.1%
Est. 2013854,7789.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 491,675 people, 181,970 households, and 132,292 families residing in the county. The population density was 580 people per square mile (224/km²). There were 194,892 housing units at an average density of 230 per square mile (89/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.39% White, 4.79% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.92% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.26% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. 10.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to U.S. Census figures released in 2006, the racial makeup of the county was as follows: 77.21% White, 7.26% African American, 10.02% Asian, 0.45% Native American, 5.06% of other or mixed race. 12.8% Hispanic of any race.

There were 181,970 households out of which 40.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 37.90% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 5.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $70,835, and the median income for a family was $81,856 (these figures had risen to $77,671 and $91,881 respectively as of a 2007 estimate).[7] Males had a median income of $57,392 versus $36,604 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,345. About 3.30% of families and 4.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over. Based on median household income, as of 2006, Collin County is the second richest county in Texas after Fort Bend, and is considered one of the wealthiest counties in the United States.

However, Collin - like other Texas counties - has one of the nation's highest property tax rates. In 2007, it was #21 for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing.[8] It also ranked in the Top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income. Part of this is due to the Robin Hood plan school financing system in Texas.[9]

Government[edit]

Presidential Election Results
YearGOPDEMOthers
201265.1% 195,93333.5% 100,7571.5% 8,432
200862.2% 184,89736.7% 109,0471.2% 3,513
200471.2% 174,43528.1% 68,9350.7% 1,784
200073.1% 128,17924.4% 42,8842.7% 4,357
199663.0% 83,75028.5% 37,8548.5% 11,321
199247.0% 60,51419.0% 24,50834.0% 43,811
198874.3% 67,77625.1% 22,9340.6% 520
198481.6% 61,09518.2% 13,6040.2% 139
198067.9% 36,55928.2% 15,1873.9% 2,115
197660.0% 21,60839.0% 14,0391.0% 353
197278.0% 17,66721.1% 4,7830.8% 187
196839.9% 6,49436.4% 5,91823.7% 3,850
196429.8% 3,34170.0% 7,8330.2% 19
196042.2% 3,86557.1% 5,2290.7% 64

Collin County is a Republican stronghold in presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. As the northern Dallas suburbs spilled into Collin County in the late 1960s and early 1970s its politics immediately swung to the Republican Party.

In the House of Representatives, the southwestern part of Collin County is represented in Texas's 3rd congressional district and the rest of the county is represented in the Texas's 4th congressional district. Both districts are held by Republicans, the 3rd by Sam Johnson, and the 4th by Ralph Hall, who switched to the Republican Party.

Education[edit]

The following school districts lie entirely within Collin County:

The following districts lie partly within the county:

Colleges and universities[edit]

Collin College [10] opened its first campus on Highway 380 in McKinney in January 1986. The college has grown to seven campuses/locations--two in McKinney and two in Plano and as well as Frisco, Allen and Rockwall. Dallas Baptist University [11] also has an extension site in Frisco, DBU Frisco.

Parks[edit]

Collin County Parks and Open Spaces

Communities[edit]

City extends into one adjacent county.

†† City extends into two or more adjacent counties.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 87. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ Collin County, Texas - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder. Retrieved on 2009-05-21.
  8. ^ http://www.taxfoundation.org/research/show/1888.html Taxfoundation.org
  9. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F04E5DB173BF934A35753C1A9629C8B63 Query.nytimes.com
  10. ^ Collin College website
  11. ^ DBU website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°11′N 96°35′W / 33.18°N 96.58°W / 33.18; -96.58