College Station, Texas

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City of College Station
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 30°36′05″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444Coordinates: 30°36′05″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444
CountryUnited States United States
StateTexas Texas
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilJulia Elwood
 • City ManagerKelly Templin
 • City40.34 sq mi (64.84 km2)
 • Land40.3 sq mi (64.91 km2)
 • Water.04 sq mi (.07 km2)
Elevation338 ft (103 m)
Population (2014)[1]
 • City100,046
 • Density2,500/sq mi (1,500/km2)
 • Metro231,623
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes77840-77845
Area code(s)979
FIPS code48-15976[1]
GNIS feature ID1354786[2]
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City of College Station
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 30°36′05″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444Coordinates: 30°36′05″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444
CountryUnited States United States
StateTexas Texas
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilJulia Elwood
 • City ManagerKelly Templin
 • City40.34 sq mi (64.84 km2)
 • Land40.3 sq mi (64.91 km2)
 • Water.04 sq mi (.07 km2)
Elevation338 ft (103 m)
Population (2014)[1]
 • City100,046
 • Density2,500/sq mi (1,500/km2)
 • Metro231,623
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes77840-77845
Area code(s)979
FIPS code48-15976[1]
GNIS feature ID1354786[2]

College Station is a city in Brazos County, Texas, situated in East Central Texas in the heart of the Brazos Valley. As of December 2012, College Station had an estimated population of 97,534.[1] College Station and Bryan together make up the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area, the 15th largest metropolitan area in Texas with 231,623 people.

College Station is home to the main campus of Texas A&M University, the flagship institution of The Texas A&M University System. The city owes both its name and existence to the university's location along a railroad. Texas A&M's triple designation as a Land-, Sea-, and Space-Grant institution reflects the broad scope of the research endeavors it brings to the city, with ongoing projects funded by agencies such as NASA, the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation and the Office of Naval Research.

Due largely to the presence of Texas A&M University, College Station was named by Money magazine in 2006 as the most educated city in Texas, and the 11th most educated city in the United States.[3]

Historical events[edit]

The origins of College Station date from 1860, when the Houston and Texas Central Railway began to build through the region.[4] Eleven years later, the site was chosen as the location for the proposed Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, a land-grant school.[4] In 1876, as the nation celebrated its centennial, the school, (renamed Texas A&M University in 1963) opened its doors as the first public institution of higher education in the state of Texas.[4]

The population of College Station grew slowly, reaching 350 in 1884 and 391 at the turn of the century.[4] However, during this time period transportation improvements took place in the town. In 1900 the I&GN Railroad was extended to College Station[5] (the line would be abandoned by the Missouri Pacific Railroad Company in 1965),[6] and ten years later Electric Interurban service was established between Texas A&M and the neighboring town of Bryan, Texas.[4] The Interurban would be replaced by a city bus system in the 1920s.[4]

In 1930 the community to the north of College Station, known as North Oakwood, was incorporated as part of Bryan.[4] College Station itself did not incorporate until 1938 with John H. Binney as the first mayor.[4] Within a year, the city established a zoning commission, and by 1940 the population had reached 2,184.[4]

The city grew under the leadership of Ernest Langford, called by some the “Father of College Station”, who began a 26 year stretch as mayor in 1942. Early in his first term, the city adopted a council-manager system of city government.[4]

Population growth accelerated following World War II as the non-student population reached 7,898 in 1950, 11,396 in 1960, 17,676 in 1970, 30,449 in 1980, 52,456 in 1990, and 67,890 in 2000.[4] It is estimated the population for the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area will range from 250,846 to 271,773 by 2030.[7]

In the 1990s, College Station and Texas A&M University drew national attention when the George Bush Presidential Library opened in 1997 and, more tragically, when 12 people were killed and 27 injured when the Aggie Bonfire collapsed while being constructed in 1999.


College Station is located at 30°36′5″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444 (30.601433, -96.314464).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 40.3 square miles (104 km2), of which 40.3 square miles (104 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.10%) is water.

Area Lakes cover 180,000 acres (730 km2) and include Somerville Lake, Lake Conroe, Gibbons Creek Reservoir, Lake Limestone, Lake Bryan, and many others.


The local climate is subtropical and temperate and winters are mild with periods of low temperatures usually lasting less than two months. Snow and ice are extremely rare. Summers are warm and hot with occasional showers being the only real variation in weather.

Climate data for College Station, Texas
Record high °F (°C)86
Average high °F (°C)61
Average low °F (°C)42
Record low °F (°C)7
Precipitation inches (mm)3.32


Historical population
Est. 201297,8014.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 67,890 people, 24,691 households, and 10,370 families residing in the city.

There were 24,691 households out of which 21.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 58.0% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 14.4% under the age of 18, 51.2% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 9.4% from 45 to 64, and 3.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males. The ratio of white people has downward trend corresponded to the ratio of white students at A&M which has been dropped from 77.15% in Fall 1999 to 64.2% in Spring 2013 (See A&M Office of Registrar's reports).

The median income for a household in the city was $21,180, and the median income for a family was $53,147. Males had a median income of $38,216 versus $26,592 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,170. About 15.4% of families and 37.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.


The City of College Station has a council-manager form of government. Voters elect the members of a city council, who pass laws and make policy. The council hires a professional city manager who is responsible for day-to-day operations of the city and its public services.[10]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Bryan District Parole Office in College Station.[11]

The United States Postal Service operates the College Station and Northgate College Station post offices.[12][13]



Northgate is a mixed-use district located north of Texas A&M University that features a combination of businesses, restaurants, apartments, churches, and entertainment. It is a vibrant part of the city known for its eclectic mix of restaurants and bars.[14][15] In total, the district spans approximately 145 acres (0.59 km2), bounded by Wellborn Road to the west, South College Avenue to the east, the College Station city limits to the north and University Drive to the south. The district is the home of the first Texas location for the regional fast food chain Freebirds World Burrito (Freebirds was founded in Isla Vista, California in 1987), and the Dixie Chicken.

Northgate's roots start in the 1930s as the city began enjoying rapid population growth from the influx of Texas A&M University students, professors and their families. Realizing that proximity to the campus would be a boon for revenues, the first business district was established in College Station near the campus, taking its name for the closest on-campus landmark: the north gate. When the city was incorporated in 1938, its first City Hall was opened in the new district. In 1994, restoration efforts began to revitalize the ailing area. A four day music festival, "North By Northgate" was introduced in 1998 and has become an annual tradition, renamed to the "Northgate Music Festival" in 2002. In 2006, the city council incorporated Northgate as a special tax zone to finance additional improvements and expansions.[16]

Live music is a major draw to the Northgate area, with venues such as Church Street BBQ and Hurricane Harry's consistently providing evening concerts. Many well known musicians, especially in the Texas country music scene, have gotten their start playing on the porches and stages found in the Northgate area. Notable names include Robert Earl Keen, Grammy award winner Lyle Lovett, Dub Miller and Roger Creager. The district is bisected to the north by Church Street, made famous by the Robert Earl Keen and Lyle Lovett duet "The Front Porch Song".

Wolf Pen Creek District[edit]

View of the Lofts at Wolf Pen Creek in College Station

Wolf Pen Creek District is a large commercial development located adjacent to Post Oak Mall and between two of the city's main commercial thoroughfares: Earl Rudder Freeway and Texas Avenue. The area consists of a greenway with trails, a $1.5 million amphitheater and entertainment area, a small lake, the Arctic Wolf Ice Skating Complex, and is the home of the Arts Council of the Brazos Valley. The Amphitheater has hosted a variety of musical events, including the annual Starlight Music Series, a concert series that starts in late spring and runs through late summer.

Wellborn District[edit]

Wellborn, Texas became a community in 1867 as a construction camp on the Houston and Texas Central Railroad. The town's name has been attributed to a well at the construction camp, a foreman named E.W. Wellborn, or a landowner named W.W. Willburn. Also in 1867, a post office opened in the community under the name Wellborn Station. In 1870 the name was shortened to Wellborn.[17] In 2010, the city of College Station started the annexation of Wellborn and on April 14, 2011 the City Council of College Station voted 5-2 to annex Wellborn, thus making the community the Wellborn District.[18]

Business parks[edit]


Mass transit[edit]



General Aviation Terminal at Easterwood Airport


Major roads[edit]



As of May 2008, the local unemployment hovered around 3 to 4 percent, among the lowest in the State of Texas. This low rate is largely attributed to the significant role the university plays in the local economy.[19][20] However, underemployment is an ongoing issue.[21]

Major employers[edit]


Until its 2007 acquisition by Tavistock Group, Freebirds World Burrito had its corporate headquarters in College Station.[22][23]

Post Oak Mall[edit]

Post Oak Mall was the city's first mall and it is currently the largest mall in the Brazos Valley. The 82-acre (330,000 m2) mall is home to 125 stores; its opening on February 17, 1982 helped create the impetus for growing economic and commercial developments for College Station.[24] It is currently the largest tax payer in College Station, and the second largest in the Brazos Valley, even though the anchor stores are free-standing units that are privately owned and taxed separate from the mall proper.[25] Over 75 percent of retail sales in the Brazos Valley come from sales at the mall's stores.[24]

Sports facilities[edit]

Media and journalism[edit]

Television stations[edit]

Local channels are NBC affiliate KAGS-LD, CBS affiliate KBTX, ABC affiliate KRHD-CD, Fox affiliate KYLE-TV and PBS affiliate KAMU, which is owned by Texas A&M University.

Radio stations[edit]

College Station is part of the Bryan-College Station Arbitron market #238.

Area newspapers[edit]

Area magazines[edit]



Local colleges and universities[edit]

Local school districts[edit]

Tallest buildings[edit]

Surrounding cities[edit]

Nearest cities[edit]

Nearest major cities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

The following people have lived or are currently living in College Station:

Points of interest[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Top 25 most educated cities". Money Magazine. 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Odintz, Mark. "College Station, Texas". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  5. ^ "A Guide to Historic Brazos County" (PDF). Brazos Heritage Society. 2003. p. 25. Archived from the original on 2008-06-26. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  6. ^ Werner, George C. "International-Great Northern Railroad". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, Edith; Thomas, Beth; Lacy, Blake; Merten, Kory (2008). "Real Estate Market Overview 2008 College Station — Bryan" (PDF). Texas A&M University Real Estate Center. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Monthly Averages for College Station, TX". The Weather Channel. Retrieved June 29, 2009. 
  10. ^
  11. ^ "Parole Division Region I." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  12. ^ "Post Office Location - COLLEGE STATION." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  13. ^ "Post Office Location - NORTHGATE COLLEGE STATION." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  14. ^ Jones, Finn-Olaf (2006-09-22). "College Station, Tex.". New York Times. p. 1F. 
  15. ^ "Retail and Entertainment District: Northgate". City of College Station. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  16. ^ Avison, April (2006-06-23). "College Station creates Northgate tax zone". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. 
  17. ^ "Wellborn, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  18. ^
  19. ^ "Texas Employers Add 8,700 Jobs in May" (PDF). Texas Workforce Commission. 2008-06-20. p. 2. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  20. ^ Nauman, Brett (2005-05-15). "New equation gives more realistic look at local jobless rate". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  21. ^ "College Station Demographic Report" (PDF). City of College Station. p. 2. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  22. ^ "Tavistock Restaurants swoops in on Freebirds". Austin Business Journal. July 23, 2007. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Contact Us". Freebirds World Burrito. February 7, 2003. Archived from the original on February 7, 2003. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  24. ^ a b Hensley, Laura (2007-02-16). "Post Oak Mall to celebrate 25 years". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  25. ^ Levey, Kelli (2004-04-04). "Post Oak Mall works to retain costumers". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on 2007-09-01. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  26. ^ "RISE at Northgate". Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  27. ^ "Oceanography & Meteorology Building". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  28. ^ "Albritton Bell Tower". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  29. ^ "J. Earl Rudder Tower". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  30. ^ "Hilton College Station & Conference Center". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  31. ^ "Adam Corporation Headquarters". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  32. ^ "Petroleum Engineering Building". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  33. ^ "CE/TTI Building". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  34. ^ "Board of Regents Building". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  35. ^ "Jack E. Brown Chemical Engineering Building". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  36. ^ "Harrington Education Center". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  37. ^ "Harvey R. Bum Bright 43 Building". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  38. ^ "Photo: Construction progressing on McFerrin Athletic Center". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. 2007-04-13. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  39. ^ "The Texas A&M University System". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  40. ^ Matthew Watkins (2008-05-04). "CS man has fantasy gig at ESPN". The Bryan College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  41. ^ Janet Phelps (2008-04-16). "Anti-abortion group will meet pope in Washington". The Bryan College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  42. ^ "A Guide to the Robert Calvert Papers, 1970-1995". Retrieved October 15, 2010. 
  43. ^ "Kyle Kacal's Biography". Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  44. ^ Craig Kapitan (2006-09-17). "'Pipe dream' turning into a musical reality". The Bryan College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  45. ^ "Nobel Prize Winner to Join Texas A&M Physics Faculty". Texas A&M University College of Science. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  46. ^ "David M. Lee". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  47. ^ "Martin Melosi". Retrieved December 11, 2010. 
  48. ^ Joe Southern (2008-01-04). "A changing of the guard". Amarillo Globe-News. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  49. ^ "Office of the president, History of the office". 
  50. ^

External links[edit]