Coyhaique

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Coihaique
Coyhaique
City and Commune
Panoramic view of the city
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of the Coihaique commune in Los Aisén Region
Location of the Coihaique commune in Aisén Region
Location in Chile
Coihaique
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 45°34′S 72°04′W / 45.567°S 72.067°W / -45.567; -72.067Coordinates: 45°34′S 72°04′W / 45.567°S 72.067°W / -45.567; -72.067
CountryChile
RegionAisén
ProvinceCoihaique
Founded asBaquedano
FoundedOctober 12, 1929
Government[1] [2]
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeAlejandro Huala Canumán (PS)
Area[3]
 • Total7,290.2 km2 (2,814.8 sq mi)
Elevation302 m (991 ft)
Population (2002 Census)[3]
 • Total50,041
 • Density6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)
 • Urban44,850
 • Rural5,191
DemonymCoyhaiquino
Sex[3]
 • Men25,453
 • Women24,588
Time zoneCLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST)CLST (UTC−3)
Postal code5950000
Area code(s)56 + 67
WebsiteOfficial website (Spanish)
 
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Coihaique
Coyhaique
City and Commune
Panoramic view of the city
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of the Coihaique commune in Los Aisén Region
Location of the Coihaique commune in Aisén Region
Location in Chile
Coihaique
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 45°34′S 72°04′W / 45.567°S 72.067°W / -45.567; -72.067Coordinates: 45°34′S 72°04′W / 45.567°S 72.067°W / -45.567; -72.067
CountryChile
RegionAisén
ProvinceCoihaique
Founded asBaquedano
FoundedOctober 12, 1929
Government[1] [2]
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeAlejandro Huala Canumán (PS)
Area[3]
 • Total7,290.2 km2 (2,814.8 sq mi)
Elevation302 m (991 ft)
Population (2002 Census)[3]
 • Total50,041
 • Density6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)
 • Urban44,850
 • Rural5,191
DemonymCoyhaiquino
Sex[3]
 • Men25,453
 • Women24,588
Time zoneCLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST)CLST (UTC−3)
Postal code5950000
Area code(s)56 + 67
WebsiteOfficial website (Spanish)

Coihaique (Spanish pronunciation: [koiˈaike]), also spelled Coyhaique in Patagonia, is the capital city of both the Coihaique Province and the Aysén Region of Chile. Founded by settlers in 1929, it is a young city. Until the twentieth century, Chile showed little interest in exploiting the remote Aisén region. The Carretera Austral road opened in the 1980s.

Geography and climate[edit]

The commune of Coihaique spans an area of 43,297 km2 (16,717 sq mi).[3] It is surrounded by rivers (Simpson and Coihaique) and by mountains. The mountains may be snow-covered throughout the year, thus Coihaique is sometimes called the city of eternal snow. Temperatures are moderate during the months of November through April. From May until October, temperatures can be comparatively cold and accompanied by the possibility of snowfall.

Climate data for Coyhaique
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)35.4
(95.7)
31.0
(87.8)
30.8
(87.4)
23.8
(74.8)
18.6
(65.5)
15.4
(59.7)
19.2
(66.6)
17.2
(63)
23.0
(73.4)
25.6
(78.1)
29.2
(84.6)
30.6
(87.1)
35.4
(95.7)
Average high °C (°F)18.5
(65.3)
18.9
(66)
16.8
(62.2)
12.9
(55.2)
8.6
(47.5)
5.5
(41.9)
5.3
(41.5)
7.8
(46)
10.8
(51.4)
13.6
(56.5)
15.6
(60.1)
17.3
(63.1)
12.6
(54.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)15.1
(59.2)
15.0
(59)
13.1
(55.6)
9.7
(49.5)
6.0
(42.8)
3.2
(37.8)
2.9
(37.2)
5.0
(41)
7.7
(45.9)
10.3
(50.5)
12.4
(54.3)
14.2
(57.6)
9.5
(49.1)
Average low °C (°F)9.6
(49.3)
8.9
(48)
7.5
(45.5)
5.3
(41.5)
2.9
(37.2)
0.6
(33.1)
0.2
(32.4)
1.5
(34.7)
3.1
(37.6)
5.1
(41.2)
7.1
(44.8)
8.8
(47.8)
5.0
(41)
Record low °C (°F)1.2
(34.2)
0.0
(32)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8.2
(17.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−14.6
(5.7)
−13.4
(7.9)
−14.1
(6.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.0
(32)
0.6
(33.1)
−22.0
(−7.6)
Precipitation mm (inches)56.9
(2.24)
44.2
(1.74)
65.7
(2.587)
91.4
(3.598)
126.5
(4.98)
125.9
(4.957)
131.3
(5.169)
112.4
(4.425)
71.7
(2.823)
54.0
(2.126)
52.5
(2.067)
61.0
(2.402)
993.5
(39.114)
Avg. precipitation days131012151918181814121312174
Avg. snowy days00003664210022
 % humidity59606471808281746761595968.1
Source #1: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile[4]
Source #2: MeoWeather [5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Coihaique has 50,041 inhabitants (25,453 men and 24,588 women). Of these, 44,850 (89.6%) lived in urban areas and 5,191 (10.4%) in rural areas. The population grew by 15.6% (6,744 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Coihaique is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2012-2016 alcalde is Alejandro Huala Canumán (PS).[1][2] He was preceded by Omar Muñoz Sierra (UDI) from 2008 to 2012 and David Sandoval Plaza (also UDI), who served from 2000 to 2008.

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Coihaique is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by René Alinco (PDC) and the former mayor David Sandoval as part of the 59th electoral district, which includes the entire Aisén Region. The commune is represented in the Senate by Antonio Horvath Kiss (RN) and Patricio Walker Prieto (PDC) as part of the 18th senatorial constituency (Aisén Region).

Society and culture[edit]

Monument to the shepherd
View of Coihaique

The town square is laid out in the shape of a pentagon in honor of the Carabineros, the national police force. A Carabinero general was one of the town's founders.

Transport and tourism[edit]

Travelers arrive by a number of means, including by air through the local airport, by sea through ships that dock at Puerto Chacabuco (near Puerto Aisén, about one hour to the west of Coihaique), and by road. Two border crossings near Coihaique allow entry into Argentina. Fly fishing is popular along its rivers and lakes.

LAN has three daily flights from Santiago to Balmaceda Airport, located 40 km (25 mi) from Coihaique. Other airlines also provide services. Connections from Balmaceda airport to points further south in Chile will often require a connection in Puerto Montt.

Its sole ski resort, El Fraile, provides two ski lifts and a couple of tracks but no on-site lodging.

Hotspots

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Spanish) "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b (Spanish) "Municipality of Coihaique". Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Estadisca Climatologica Tomo III (pg 247-270)" (in Spanish). Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Climatological Normals of Coyaique". Retrieved 2010-09-21. 

External links[edit]