Cohasset, Massachusetts

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Cohasset, Massachusetts
Town
Cohasset Town Common

Seal
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°14′30″N 70°48′15″W / 42.24167°N 70.80417°W / 42.24167; -70.80417Coordinates: 42°14′30″N 70°48′15″W / 42.24167°N 70.80417°W / 42.24167; -70.80417
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyNorfolk
Settled1647
Incorporated1775
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total31.5 sq mi (81.5 km2)
 • Land9.9 sq mi (25.6 km2)
 • Water21.6 sq mi (55.9 km2)
Elevation50 ft (15 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total7,542
 • Density762/sq mi (294/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code02025
Area code(s)339 / 781
FIPS code25-14640
GNIS feature ID0618317
Websitewww.townofcohasset.org
 
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Cohasset, Massachusetts
Town
Cohasset Town Common

Seal
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°14′30″N 70°48′15″W / 42.24167°N 70.80417°W / 42.24167; -70.80417Coordinates: 42°14′30″N 70°48′15″W / 42.24167°N 70.80417°W / 42.24167; -70.80417
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyNorfolk
Settled1647
Incorporated1775
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total31.5 sq mi (81.5 km2)
 • Land9.9 sq mi (25.6 km2)
 • Water21.6 sq mi (55.9 km2)
Elevation50 ft (15 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total7,542
 • Density762/sq mi (294/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code02025
Area code(s)339 / 781
FIPS code25-14640
GNIS feature ID0618317
Websitewww.townofcohasset.org

Cohasset is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 7,542 according to the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Cohasset was first seen by Europeans in 1614, when Captain John Smith explored the coast of New England. The area was first settled in 1670 and became a town separate from Hingham in 1770.[2] Previously, what is today the town of Cohasset was known as Hingham's Second Parish.[3] The town's name came from the Algonquian word "Conahasset", meaning "long rocky place". Much of the land was originally granted to the "Conahasset Partners".

Cushing-Nichols House, Cohasset

At a special town meeting of January 1670, the shares in the new town were apportioned and divided among the new proprietors, many of whom were large Hingham landowners. The largest number of shares—35—went to Hingham Town Clerk Daniel Cushing, with the second largest (25) to Reverend Peter Hobart, Hingham's minster. Others receiving large grants were: Capt. Joshua Hobart, Peter Hobart's brother (18 shares); Lieut. John Smith (15 shares); Ensign John Thaxter (16½ shares); and deacon John Leavitt (with 14½ shares).[4] The layout of the town was distinctive. Many lots were laid out in long narrow strips, facilitating more lots having road frontage, and avoiding back lots.

Cohasset was originally part of Suffolk County, and when the southern part of the county was set off as Norfolk County in 1793, it included the towns of Cohasset, Hingham and Hull. In 1803 Hull and Hingham opted out of Norfolk County and became part of Plymouth County, leaving Cohasset as an exclave of Norfolk County.[5]

Geography[edit]

Surf, Cohasset, Maurice Prendergast, ca. 1900

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.5 square miles (82 km2), of which, 9.9 square miles (26 km2) of it is land and 21.6 square miles (56 km2) of it (68.56%) is water. It is bordered on the west by Hingham, on the northwest by Hull, on the north and northeast by Massachusetts Bay and on the east and south by Scituate. Cohasset is approximately twelve miles east of Braintree and twenty miles southeast of Boston.

Cohasset is located on the "corner" of the South Shore, where greater Boston Harbor ends and Massachusetts Bay begins. The shore is rocky, with many small ledges and rocks lying offshore. Cohasset Cove and The Gulf provide a long portion of the border with Scituate, while Straits Pond divides Cohasset from neighboring Hull. Near the center of the coast lies Little Harbor, a large inlet divided from the ocean by Beach Island. Several other brooks and rivers run through the town. A large portion of the southwestern part of town is occupied by the Wompatuck State Park (formerly the Hingham Naval Ammunition Depot Annex), and the Whitney & Thayer Woods Reservation. There is also a bird sanctuary, as well as a large park (Wheelwright Park) near Little Harbor. There are three beaches along the bay, and the Cohasset Yacht Club, Cohasset Sailing Club and a public boat launch in Cohasset Harbor.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cohasset has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[6]

Government[edit]

Cohasset Town Hall

On the national level, Cohasset is a part of Massachusetts's 10th congressional district, and is currently represented by Stephen Lynch. The senior (Class II) Senator, is Elizabeth Warren. The (Class I) member of the United States Senate is Edward Markey.

On the state level, Cohasset is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the Third Plymouth district, which includes Hingham, Hull and Scituate. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Plymouth and Norfolk district, which includes the towns of Duxbury, Hingham, Hull, Marshfield, Norwell, Scituate and Weymouth.[7] The town is patrolled on a secondary basis by the First (Norwell) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[8]

Cohasset is governed on the local level by the open town meeting form of government, and is led by a town manager and a five member board of selectmen. The current Town Manager is Michael Milanoski. Selectmen are elected officials and serve three-year terms led by a chairman in a rotating one-year term. The current Chairman of the Board of Selectmen is Fred Koed. The town operates its own police and fire departments, both of which are headquartered near the town center. Emergency services are also provided by the town, with patients taken to the South Shore Hospital in Weymouth. The town's post office is also nearby, just off of the town common. The town's Paul Pratt Memorial Library is located just west of the town center, in what was once a school adjacent to the original library.

Cohasset Schools are represented by and headed by the Cohasset School Committee. Members of the Cohasset School Committee are Paul Schubert (Chairman), Paul Ognibene(Vice-Chairman), Helene Lieb, Jeanne Astino and Mary McGoldrick.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 15, 2008[9]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
 Democratic1,19922.29%
 Republican1,19722.25%
 Unaffiliated2,97255.24%
 Minor Parties120.22%
Total5,380100%

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.  ±%  
18501,775—    
18601,953+10.0%
18702,130+9.1%
18802,182+2.4%
18902,448+12.2%
19002,759+12.7%
19102,585−6.3%
19202,639+2.1%
19303,083+16.8%
19403,111+0.9%
19503,731+19.9%
19605,840+56.5%
19706,954+19.1%
19807,174+3.2%
19907,075−1.4%
20007,261+2.6%
20107,542+3.9%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]
First Parish Meeting House, a Unitarian Universalist congregation originally built ca. 1750.[3]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 7,261 people, 2,673 households, and 2,012 families residing in the town. The population density was 734.4 people per square mile (283.5/km²). There were 2,805 housing units at an average density of 283.7 per square mile (109.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.20% White, 0.18% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 2,673 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $84,156, and the median income for a family was $100,137. Males had a median income of $79,045 versus $41,397 for females. The per capita income for the town was $42,909. About 1.2% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Cohasset operates its own school department for the town's approximately 1,500 students. The Osgood Elementary School serves students from pre-kindergarten through second grade. The Deer Hill Elementary School, located adjacent to the Osgood School, serves students from grades 3–5. The town operates a combined Middle/High School, which is located just over Bear Hill from the other two schools. Cohasset's athletics teams are known as the Skippers, and their colors are navy blue and white. They compete in the South Shore League, and their chief rival is Hull High School.

The athletic programs offered to Cohasset High School students include Baseball, Lacrosee, Ice Hockey, Basketball, Tennis, Football, Soccer, Competitive Swimming, Track and Field, Sailing, Ski Team, Wrestling, and a Competitive Debate Team.

High school students may also choose to attend South Shore Vocational Technical High School in Hanover free of charge. There are no private schools in Cohasset, but there are several in neighboring Hingham and the towns west of it.

Transportation[edit]

No divided highways run through Cohasset. The longest state route through the town is Route 3A, which curves through the town between Scituate and Hingham. Route 228 runs along the border with Hingham, crossing the Weir River into Hull. The nearest airport to Cohasset is Marshfield Municipal Airport. The nearest national and international air service can be reached at Logan International Airport in Boston. T. F. Green Airport, located outside Providence, Rhode Island, is an alternative to this airport, although it is located further away.

The MBTA Bus system services the bordering town of Hingham. The MBTA's commuter rail Greenbush Line has a Cohasset station off Route 3A, just east of a cemetery.[21]

Notable people[edit]

Media[edit]

Movies filmed in Cohasset:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-06-26. 
  2. ^ History of the Town of Hingham, Massachusetts, Vol. I, Thomas Tracy Bouve et al., Published by the Town, 1893
  3. ^ a b "Congregational History". First Parish of Cohasset. December 28, 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  4. ^ A Narrative History of the Town of Cohasset, Massachusetts, Edwin Victor Bigelow, Published Under the Auspices of the Committee on Town History, Press of Samuel Usher, Boston, Mass., 1898
  5. ^ Information and Historical Data on Cities, Towns and Counties in Massachusetts
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Cohasset, Massachusetts
  7. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov
  8. ^ Station D-1, SP Norwell
  9. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 15, 2008" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  10. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  11. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  15. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  16. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  17. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  18. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  19. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  20. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  21. ^ Greenbush Line Construction website

External links[edit]