Clovelly

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Clovelly
Clovelly - Harbour02.jpg
Lower part of the village as seen from the harbour wall
Clovelly is located in Devon
Clovelly

 Clovelly shown within Devon
Population443 - Whole parish (2011)
OS grid referenceSS315245
DistrictTorridge
Shire countyDevon
RegionSouth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBIDEFORD
Postcode districtEX39
Dialling code01237
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireDevon and Somerset
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK ParliamentTorridge and West Devon
List of places
UK
England
Devon
 
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 50°59′N 4°24′W / 50.99°N 04.40°W / 50.99; -04.40

Clovelly
Clovelly - Harbour02.jpg
Lower part of the village as seen from the harbour wall
Clovelly is located in Devon
Clovelly

 Clovelly shown within Devon
Population443 - Whole parish (2011)
OS grid referenceSS315245
DistrictTorridge
Shire countyDevon
RegionSouth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBIDEFORD
Postcode districtEX39
Dialling code01237
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireDevon and Somerset
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK ParliamentTorridge and West Devon
List of places
UK
England
Devon

Clovelly is a small village in the Torridge district of Devon, England. It is a major tourist attraction, exceptional in its history and beauty, its extremely steep car-free cobbled main street, donkeys and its location looking out over the Bristol Channel. Thick woods shelter it and render the climate so mild that even tender plants flourish. As of the 2011 Census the civil parish itself that includes the Isle of Lundy had a population of just 443 people, 50 fewer than ten years previously.[n 1][1]

The village has one public house and one hotel.

Access[edit]

The village main street is not accessible by motor vehicle, although there is a road leading to the harbour with parking limited to staying guests of the Red Lion Hotel[2] and locals with permits. Visitors can park at the end of the B3237 road above the village, at the visitor centre, where there is a café and shops selling gifts, books, and fudge. A taxi service operates in summer between the car park and the harbour, using Land Rover vehicles.

The Village is served by Stagecoach bus service 319; the route includes Barnstaple, Bideford and Hartland.[3]

The estate is run by the Clovelly Estate Company, under the leadership of the Hon. John Rous, a descendant of the Hamlyn family who have owned the village, estate and manor house Clovelly Court since 1738. John Rous is the eldest son of the Hon. Mary Rous and Keith Rous, the 5th Earl of Stradbroke.[3]

Access[edit]

Visitor Centre

Despite information to the contrary being circulated by the company the estate has no legal right to charge for entry to the village although it has every right to charge for access to its visitor centre, museums and passage through the building, It is legal to enter the village from any other entrance point with no toll payable.

A Visitor Centre owned by the Clovelly Estate Company has been built across the main street of the village, enterance at the top of the hill during opening hours is only available through this building. The visitor centre opens at 9.00am every day in the peak summer season. It is possible to enter the village at the top of the hill, avoiding the visitor centre via a gate which is unlocked, outside of these hours.

The visitor centre has been operational since 1988, The entrance fee to the visitor centre as of May 2012 is £6.50 for adults, £4.00 for children and £17.00 for a family of four. The fee covers all-day car parking, entry to two museums in the village - the Kingsley Museum and the Fisherman's Cottage - and a 15-minute film show of the village story, as well as use of the WC facilities in the visitor centre.

The village[edit]

View looking down part of the 400 foot (120 metre) descent from the main street car park to the harbour and Bideford Bay

Clovelly used to be a fishing village and in 1901 had a population of 621. It is a cluster of largely wattle and daub cottages on the sides of a rocky cleft; its steep main street descends 400 feet (120 m) to the pier, too steeply to allow wheeled traffic. Sledges are used for the movement of goods. The quaint street is lined with houses, a small number of shops, a cafe and a public house. All Saints' Church, restored in 1866, is late Norman, containing several monuments to the Cary family, Lords of the Manor for 600 years.

Unusually, the village is still privately owned and has been associated with only three families since the middle of the 13th century, nearly 800 years. The scenery has been captured by artists for its richness of colour, especially in the separately accessed and separated Clovelly Court and along The Hobby, a road cut through the woods and overlooking the sea. The South West Coast Path National Trail runs from the top of the village and the section from Clovelly to Hartland Quay is particularly spectacular.

Listed Buildings[edit]

Each of the buildings along the terraced cobbled street is architecturally listed: more than 50 of these 71 are on the main street itself. Only seven buildings are not listed. At a higher level of build or antiquity, Grade II*, are numbers 16, and 45-47, 53-54, (53 has the house name Crazy Kate's) and 59-61.[4]

Notable residents and cultural references[edit]

Waterfall visible by boat

The novelist Charles Kingsley lived here as a child from 1831 to 1836, while his father, Rev. Charles Kingsley served first as senior Curate then as rector. Later, in 1855, his novel Westward Ho! did much to stimulate interest in Clovelly and to boost its tourist trade.

Clovelly is also described by Charles Dickens in A Message from the Sea and was painted by Rex Whistler, whose cameos of the village were used on a china service by Wedgwood.

The sixteenth-century Carys of Clovelly feature in the historical novel The Grove of Eagles by Winston Graham.

The surgeon Campbell De Morgan (1811–1876), who first speculated that cancer arose locally and then spread more widely in the body, was born here.

Clovelly is mentioned in passing by Rudyard Kipling in Stalky & Co. as being located to the west of the boys' academy.

In Susan Coolidge's "In the High Valley" (1890), part of the Katy series, a walk in to Clovelly is described: "surely a more extraordinary thing in the way of a street does not exist in the known world. The little village is built on the sides of a crack in a tremendous cliff; the "street" is merely the bottom of the crack, into which the ingenuity of man has fitted a few stones, set slant-wise, with intersecting ridges on which the foot can catch as it goes slipping hopelessly down." [5]

J.M.W. Turner's painting of Clovelly harbour hangs in the National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin.

On Sunday 28th October 1838 twelve fishing vessels with a total of twenty-six men on board left Clovelly harbour for the fishing grounds. Only one vessel and its crew ever returned after a ferocious storm in the Bristol Channel. This event led to the founding of the Shipwrecked Mariners’ Society early the following year with the object of:

“giving relief and assistance to the widows and orphans of fishermen; and of mariners, members of the Society, who lose their lives by storms and shipwreck on any part of the coasts of the United Kingdom, while engaged in their lawful occupations; and also to render necessary assistance to such mariners, soldiers, or other poor persons as suffer shipwreck upon the said coasts.”

The Charity is still very active supporting the seafaring community suffering hardship and distress. [6]

Trivia[edit]

Deliveries by sledge[edit]

The impossibility of getting vehicular access to the main street has led to deliveries being made by sledge. This is not done as a tourist attraction but as a matter of practicality. Goods being delivered are pulled down the hill from the upper car park. Refuse is pulled down the hill to a waiting vehicle at the harbour.

Donkeys on the steep main street, outside the village's post office. The slope can be seen by comparing the cobbled street with the (level) slate pavement in front of the shop.

The tradition of the Clovelly cannibals[edit]

An 18th century chapbook entitled The History of John Gregg and his Family of Robbers and Murderers explains that 'Chovaley' (i.e. Clovelly) was once the home of a tribe of cannibalistic bandits. Gregg and his extended family of dozens were eventually tracked down by bloodhounds and burnt alive in three fires. They were said to have lived in 'a cave near the sea-side' and committed some 1'000 murders.[7] The story is generally considered to be a work of fiction, although writer Daniel Codd makes the observation that a stretch of Clovelly Bay is denominated 'Devil's Kitchen', 'an apt name indeed if there is any truth in the ghoulish story of the Gregg family'.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ The ward of Clovelly Bay, which includes a neighbouring civil parish, had a 2011 total population of 1,627, 11 greater than in 2001
References

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]