Clinton, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Clinton
City
Motto: So many things to do - With a river view!
Location in the State of Iowa
Coordinates: 41°50′49″N 90°12′26″W / 41.84694°N 90.20722°W / 41.84694; -90.20722Coordinates: 41°50′49″N 90°12′26″W / 41.84694°N 90.20722°W / 41.84694; -90.20722
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyClinton
Incorporated1836
Government
 • MayorMark Vulich
Area[1]
 • Total38.01 sq mi (98.45 km2)
 • Land35.15 sq mi (91.04 km2)
 • Water2.86 sq mi (7.41 km2)
Elevation600 ft (185 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total26,885
 • Estimate (2012[3])26,647
 • Rank18th in Iowa
 • Density764.9/sq mi (295.3/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes52732-52734, 52736, 52771
Area code(s)563
FIPS code19-14430
GNIS feature ID0455480
Websitehttp://www.ci.clinton.ia.us/
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Clinton
City
Motto: So many things to do - With a river view!
Location in the State of Iowa
Coordinates: 41°50′49″N 90°12′26″W / 41.84694°N 90.20722°W / 41.84694; -90.20722Coordinates: 41°50′49″N 90°12′26″W / 41.84694°N 90.20722°W / 41.84694; -90.20722
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyClinton
Incorporated1836
Government
 • MayorMark Vulich
Area[1]
 • Total38.01 sq mi (98.45 km2)
 • Land35.15 sq mi (91.04 km2)
 • Water2.86 sq mi (7.41 km2)
Elevation600 ft (185 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total26,885
 • Estimate (2012[3])26,647
 • Rank18th in Iowa
 • Density764.9/sq mi (295.3/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes52732-52734, 52736, 52771
Area code(s)563
FIPS code19-14430
GNIS feature ID0455480
Websitehttp://www.ci.clinton.ia.us/

Clinton is a city in and the county seat of Clinton County, Iowa, United States.[4] The population was 26,885 as of 2010. Clinton, along with DeWitt, Iowa (also located in Clinton County), was named in honor of the sixth governor of New York, DeWitt Clinton. Clinton is the principal city of the Clinton Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is coterminous with Clinton County.[5] Clinton was incorporated on January 26, 1857.[6]

History[edit]

View of Clinton (left side of river) and its neighbor, Fulton, Illinois (right side of river) as seen from the airplane at the altitude of 35,000 feet

Among the first settlers of European origin in the Clinton area was Elijah Buell, who built a log cabin on July 25, 1835 and established the town of Lyons, named after the French city of the same name. Lyons later merged with Clinton.

Clinton was platted as the town of New York in 1836 by Joseph Bartlett.[7] In March 1837, Noble and Sarah Gregory Perrin purchased 136 acres (0.55 km2) of land in what is now Clinton and raised their family in a cabin located approximately at the foot of the railroad bridge.[8] Their oldest daughter, Valeria, married Dr. Augustus Lafayette Ankeny, who participated in the Blackhawk war and came to Lyons in April 1850.

Mary Perrin, born September 26, 1837, was the first female child of European ancestry born in Clinton County. In 1839, as in most early river towns, the town consisted of a sprinkling of cabins, two stores and a tavern. In 1855, the Chicago, Iowa, Nebraska Railroad announced it would cross the river at Little Rock Island adjacent to Bartlett's settlement. The Iowa Land Company was organized on May 26, 1855 and on July 4, bought Bartlett's tract and renamed it Clinton, in honor of DeWitt Clinton, two-time governor of New York and one of the driving forces behind the construction of the Erie Canal.

On November 10, 1855, the first plat of the city of Clinton was signed. On January 26, 1857 the city was granted a charter and on March 7, the charter was adopted. On April 5, 1859, the amended charter of the city was adopted, which lasted until a general charter was adopted in 1867. In June 1859 the railroad line was completed to Cedar Rapids. The first train crossed from the Illinois shore to Little Rock Island at noon, January 9, 1860, and was ferried from there to the Iowa shore. In January 1864, construction was started on the span from Little Rock Island to the Iowa shore and was completed on January 6, 1865. The original single track railroad bridge was replaced by a double track bridge that was completed in 1909.

The first public school in Clinton was conducted in a log house near the W.J. Young upper mill. It was erected in the winter of 1855-56 and Isaac Baldwin was its first teacher. St. Irenaeus School was opened in 1852.

Wagon Bridge, 1891

The original Lyons-Fulton Bridge was constructed in 1891 (replaced by the Mark N. Morris Memorial Bridge in 1975), followed by the Clinton High Bridge in 1892 (replaced by the Gateway Bridge in 1956).

Between the 1850s and 1900, the cities of Lyons and Clinton quickly became centers of the lumber industry and were regarded as the "Lumber Capital of the World." Huge log rafts were floated down the river from Wisconsin and Minnesota, cut into lumber at Clinton, then shipped to the growing communities via the river and the railroads. Companies owned by the W.J. Young, Chancy Lamb, George M. and Charles F. Curtis (Curtis Bros. & Co), David Joyce, Silas W. Gardiner Lyons, Iowa Lumber History, and Friedrich Weyerhäuser families soon became among the largest in the nation. In the 1880s and 1890s Clinton boasted 13 resident millionaires, more millionaires per capita than any other town or city in the nation.

In 1877 the noted pianist Carl Lachmund founded the German Conservatorium of Music in Clinton.

The largest, most elaborate party ever held in Clinton celebrated the debut of Emma Lamb and the twentieth wedding anniversary of her parents, Artemus and Henrietta Sabrina Smith Lamb on October 13, 1885. Fellow lumber baron F.C. Weyerhauser, his wife and daughter attended together with several hundred guests all attired in formal wear.[9]

The era of opulence came to an end by 1900, as the northern forests were depleted. The sawmills closed, but the railroad and river, providing economical transportation in all directions, attracted manufacturing and heavy industry. The city still boasts a number of magnificent Victorian mansions, including the Curtis Mansion, now the home of the Clinton Women's Club.

The American Protective Association (APA) was founded in Clinton on March 13, 1887 by Attorney Henry Francis Bowers.

In 1941, with Howard Judd as coach, Clinton High School won the first of its 11 state championships in swimming.[10] This string included five straight championships between 1954 and 1958 and produced 39 individual All Americans and 14 Individual All American Relay Teams (The Howard Judd Story Reception Program June 5, 1966). Clinton’s athletic successes were added to in 1953 when St. Mary’s won the state basketball championship.

View of downtown Clinton looking north

Other great athletic triumphs were achieved by the 1964 Clinton High School boys’ baseball team winning the State Championship, the 1991 Clinton Giants winning the Midwest League baseball championship and by the 1992 Clinton High School boys’ basketball team (referred to as the '92 Crew) winning the State Championship.

On April 27, 1951, the Mississippi crested at 20.7 feet (6.3 m); then on April 26, 1952, it crested again at 20.9 feet (6.4 m). All of that was an exercise compared with the crest on April 28, 1965, which at 24.85 feet (7.57 m) was the highest ever recorded.[11]

Construction of the Gateway Bridge (Illinois-Iowa) was started in August, 1954, was finished in May 1956. It opened on July 1, 1956.

In 2005, Clinton, along with Coon Rapids, Iowa and Sioux City, was awarded one of the inaugural Iowa Great Places designations.[12] This award brought to Clinton a $1 million state budget allocation for cultural and landscape improvements along the city's riverfront.

In 2008, the Archer Daniels Midland corn processing plant, already a major polluter in the area, added a cogeneration plant to provide for its massive electrical needs, in-house. Burning coal and leftover corn for energy, this plant adds more pollution to the area and the areas around the plant have a very strong pungent odor. Along with this come decreased air quality, increased air and surface pollution, and occasional smog.[13]

In January 2011, Clinton opened the world's first-ever site of noted rapper Flavor Flav's fast food chain, Flav's Fried Chicken. This was due to the fact that Flav's business partner, Nick Cimino, is a Clinton native and felt that the restaurant's opening would be good for the community.[14] The restaurant was closed down after a mere four months due to low staff retention and bad checks, among other concerns. Rapper Flav has gone on record stating "that restaurant manager Nick Cimino wasn't running the business right.".[15]

Geography[edit]

Clinton is located at 41°50′49″N 90°12′26″W / 41.84694°N 90.20722°W / 41.84694; -90.20722 (41.846863, -90.207330).[16]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.01 square miles (98.45 km2), of which, 35.15 square miles (91.04 km2) is land and 2.86 square miles (7.41 km2) is water.[1]

Clinton is on the western shore of the Mississippi River and is the easternmost city in Iowa. The Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge passes through Clinton along the river.

The pool of the Mississippi River above Lock and Dam No. 13 is the widest section of the river at 1.8 miles (2.9 km) across.[17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18706,129
18809,05247.7%
189013,61950.5%
190022,69866.7%
191025,57712.7%
192024,151−5.6%
193025,7266.5%
194026,2702.1%
195030,37915.6%
196033,58910.6%
197034,7193.4%
198032,828−5.4%
199029,201−11.0%
200027,772−4.9%
201026,885−3.2%
U.S. Census Bureau[18]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 26,885 people, 11,246 households, and 6,889 families residing in the city. The population density was 764.9 inhabitants per square mile (295.3 /km2). There were 12,202 housing units at an average density of 347.1 per square mile (134.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.0% White, 4.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.3% of the population.

There were 11,246 households of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.7% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 23.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 27,772 people, 11,427 households, and 7,358 families residing in the city. The population density was 780.9 people per square mile (301.5/km²). There were 12,412 housing units at an average density of 349.0 per square mile (134.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.80% White, 3.22% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.68% of the population.

There were 11,427 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.93.

Age spread: 24.6% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

In the 2000 census 37.7% of the population reported they were of German ancestry, 15.3% of Irish ancestry, 11.4% of British (English, Scottish, Welsh or Scots-Irish) ancestry, 7.8% of Scandinavian ancestry and 5.8% of Dutch ancestry

The median income for a household in the city was $34,159, and the median income for a family was $43,157. Males had a median income of $34,210 versus $20,882 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,320. About 10.0% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Panoramic view of the Mississippi River from Eagle Point Park
Parks[6]
Tourist attractions

Transportation[edit]

Balloons in June

U.S. Route 30 (Lincoln Highway), U.S. Route 67 (Great River Road), and Iowa Highway 136 pass through Clinton.

For air travel, the Quad City International Airport, which is about 40 miles away in Moline, Illinois, is the closest commercial airport and can be reached in less than one hour by car. Chicago's O'Hare International Airport is about 140 miles east, and can typically be reached in less than three hours by car.

Clinton has a municipal airport (Clinton Municipal Airport, KCWI) that serves the general aviation community. There are two runways, 3-21 which is 5,200' long, and 14-32 which is 3700' long. Numerous instrument approaches are available.

Major railroads include the Union Pacific Railroad and the Canadian Pacific.

A national U.S. recreation trail, the Mississippi River Trail passes through Clinton.[22]

Culture and institutions[edit]

Castle at Eagle Point Park

Architecture[edit]

The Clinton County Courthouse, National Register of Historic Places
The Clinton Public Library, National Register of Historic Places

National Historic Landmark

Buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Micropolitan Statistical Areas and Components, Office of Management and Budget, November 2007. Posted by the United States Census Bureau on 2008-06-24. Accessed 2009-02-04.
  6. ^ a b "City Data website". Scroll search. Retrieved 2010-11-22. 
  7. ^ Clinton, Iowa - Our Community
  8. ^ The Clinton Herald, Monday, January 21, 1924 p.6
  9. ^ The Clinton Morning News, Wednesday, October 15, 1885
  10. ^ Clinton High School, Clinton, Iowa, USA
  11. ^ "The Great Flood of 1965 At Clinton, Iowa: A Pictorial Review", KROS Radio News Department)[1]
  12. ^ Iowa Great Places
  13. ^ ADM:Clinton, Iowa http://www.aimlesslywandering.com/2013/02/05/adm-clinton-iowa/. Aimlesslywandering.com. Retrieved on February 7th, 2013.
  14. ^ The Atlantic Monthly
  15. ^ http://www.slashfood.com/2011/04/25/flavor-flav-ditches-his-fried-chicken-restaurant/
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  17. ^ "US Army Corps of Engineers". Upper Mississippi River Navigation Charts. Retrieved 2010-12-02. 
  18. ^ Historical Census Data Retrieved on 2012-5-28
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ "Bickelhaupt Arboretum website". Fourteen acres and forty years of experience,. Retrieved 2010-11-22. 
  21. ^ "Felix Adler Children's Discovery Center website". A Childs World. Retrieved 2010-11-22. 
  22. ^ "Mississippi River Trail". Retrieved 2010-12-02. 
  23. ^ "Clinton - Our Community - History". Clinton Area Chamber of Commerce. 2006. Retrieved 2012-11-29. "Ashford University 400 North Bluff Blvd., Clinton, IA 52732" 
  24. ^ The wondrous works of Claire Allen, architect
  25. ^ Smith, Jeniece. "St. Irenaeus: A legacy in danger". Clinton Herald (September 17, 2009). Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  26. ^ "Medaglia al parà, Obama chiama la Ederle". Il Giornale di Vicenza. September 10, 2010. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  27. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (September 12, 2010). "Iowan downplays Medal of Honor designation". The Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on September 13, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]