Clifford D. Simak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Clifford D. Simak
Clifford Simak.jpg
BornClifford Donald Simak
(1904-08-03)August 3, 1904
Millville, Wisconsin
DiedApril 25, 1988(1988-04-25) (aged 83)
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
OccupationJournalist, popular writer
Period1931–1986 (fiction)
GenreScience fiction, fantasy
SubjectPopular science
Jump to: navigation, search
"Simak" redirects here. For the village in Iran, see Simak, Iran.
Clifford D. Simak
Clifford Simak.jpg
BornClifford Donald Simak
(1904-08-03)August 3, 1904
Millville, Wisconsin
DiedApril 25, 1988(1988-04-25) (aged 83)
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
OccupationJournalist, popular writer
Period1931–1986 (fiction)
GenreScience fiction, fantasy
SubjectPopular science

Clifford Donald Simak (August 3, 1904 – April 25, 1988) was an American science fiction writer. He was honored by fans with three Hugo Awards and by colleagues with one Nebula Award.[1] The Science Fiction Writers of America made him its third SFWA Grand Master[2] and the Horror Writers Association made him one of three inaugural winners of the Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Simak was born in Millville, Wisconsin in 1904, son of John Lewis and Margaret (Wiseman) Simak. He married Agnes Kuchenberg on April 13, 1929 and they had two children, Richard (Dick) Scott (d. 2012) and Shelley Ellen. Simak attended the University of Wisconsin–Madison and later worked at various newspapers in the Midwest. He began a lifelong association with the Minneapolis Star and Tribune (in Minneapolis, Minnesota) in 1939, which continued until his retirement in 1976. He became Minneapolis Star '​s news editor in 1949 and coordinator of Minneapolis Tribune '​s Science Reading Series in 1961. In a blurb in Time and Again he wrote, "I have been happily married to the same woman for thirty three years and have two children. My favorite recreation is fishing (the lazy way, lying in a boat and letting them come to me). Hobbies: Chess, stamp collecting, growing roses." He dedicated the book to his wife Kay, "without whom I'd never have written a line". He was well liked by many of his science fiction cohorts, especially Isaac Asimov. He died in Minneapolis in 1988.[4]

Writing career[edit]

Simak became interested in science fiction after reading the works of H. G. Wells as a child. His first contribution to the literature was "The World of the Red Sun", published by Hugo Gernsback in the December 1931 issue of Wonder Stories with one opening illustration by Frank R. Paul.[5] Within a year he placed three more stories in Gernsback's pulp magazines and one in Astounding Stories, then edited by Harry Bates.[5] But his only science fiction publication between 1932 and 1938 was The Creator (Marvel Tales #4, March–April 1935), a notable story with religious implications, which was then rare in the genre.

Once John W. Campbell, at the helm of Astounding from October 1937,[6] began redefining the field, Simak returned and was a regular contributor to Astounding Science Fiction (as it was renamed in 1938)[6] throughout the Golden Age of Science Fiction (1938–1950). At first, as in the 1939 serial novel Cosmic Engineers, he wrote in the tradition of the earlier "superscience" subgenre[clarification needed] that E. E. "Doc" Smith perfected, but he soon developed his own style, which is usually described as gentle and pastoral.[citation needed] During this period, Simak also published a number of war and western stories in pulp magazines. His best-known novel may be City, a collection of short stories with a common theme of mankind's eventual exodus from Earth.

Simak continued to produce award-nominated novels throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Aided by a friend, he continued writing and publishing science fiction and, later, fantasy, into his 80s. He believed that science fiction not rooted in scientific fact was responsible for the failure of the genre to be taken seriously, and stated his aim was to make the genre a part of what he called "realistic fiction."


Simak's stories often repeat a few basic ideas and themes. First and foremost is a setting in rural Wisconsin. A crusty individualistic backwoodsman character literally comes with the territory, the best example being Hiram Taine, the protagonist of The Big Front Yard. Hiram's dog "Towser" (sometimes "Bowser") is another Simak trademark being common to many of Simak's works. But the rural setting is not always as idyllic as here; and in Ring Around the Sun it is largely dominated by intolerance and isolationism.

An idea often found in the stories is the idea that there is no past time for a time traveler to go to. Instead, our world moves along in a stream of time, and to move to a different place in time is to move to another world altogether. Thus in City our Earth is overrun by ants, but the intelligent dogs and the remaining humans escape to other worlds in the time stream. In Ring Around the Sun the persecuted paranormals escape to other Earths which, if they could all be seen at once, would be at different stages of their orbit around the sun, hence the title. In Time is the Simplest Thing a paranormal escapes a mob by moving back in time, only to find that the past is a place where there are no living things and inanimate objects are barely substantial.

Time travel also plays an important role in the ingeniously constructed Time and Again, then ventures into metaphysics. A long-lost space traveler returns with a message which is SF-slanted yet religious in tone. He crashed on a planet and was nurtured by ethereal duplicates—spirits? souls?—that seem to accompany every sentient being throughout life. His fuddled observations were seized upon by religious factions, and a schism is threatening to erupt into war on Earth.

Intelligence, loyalty and friendship, the existence of God and souls, the unexpected benefits and harm of invention, tools as extensions of humanity, and more questions are often explored by Simak's robots, whom he uses as "surrogate humans".[7] His robots begin as likable mechanical persons, but morph in surprising ways. Having achieved intelligence, robots move onto common themes such as, "Why are we here?" and "Do robots have souls"? Examples are the faithful butler Jenkins in City, the religious robot Hezekiel in A Choice of Gods, the frontier robots in Special Deliverance and A Heritage of Stars, and the monk-like robots in Project Pope who seek Heaven.

Simak's robot-awareness theme goes farthest in All the Traps of Earth. A 600-year-old robot, a family retainer who earned the name Richard Daniel, is considered chattel to be reprogrammed and lose all its memories. The robot runs away, hitches onto a spaceship, and passes through hyperspace unprotected. Daniel gains the ability to see and fix problems in anything—a ship, a robot, a human—telekinetically. Yet he's still drifting and hunted as chattel. Finally he stumbles on a frontier planet and finds a purpose, helping the pioneers as a doctor, a servant, a colonist, and a friend. And here Daniel achieves an epiphany: human beings are more clever than they know. Human-created robots set loose can become agents with para-human abilities that directly or indirectly benefit humanity. Thus do robots, and Mankind, escape "all the traps of earth".

The religious theme is often present in Simak's work, but the protagonists who have searched for God in a traditional sense, tend to find something more abstract and inhuman. Hezekiel in A Choice of Gods cannot accept this. Quote: "God must be, forever, a kindly old (human) gentleman with a long, white, flowing beard."

Simak's short stories and longer novellas range from the contemplative and thoughtfully idyllic to pure terror, although the punch line is often characteristically understated, as in Good Night Mr. James and Skirmish. There is also a group of humorous stories, of which "The Big Front Yard" is the most successful. And Way Station is in the midst of all of the science fiction paraphernalia a moving psychological study of a very lonely man who has to make peace with his past and finally manages to do so, but not without personal loss. The contemplative nature of the Simak character is a recurring trait both of theme and of the author's style.

Many of his aliens have a dry, otherworldly sense of humor, and others are unintentionally amusing, either in their speech or their appearance. So too are his robots full of personality, and even his dogs. By contrast, his "heroes" are ciphers. His protagonists are often boring men, never described and never reappearing. They solve crises by muddling through, and if they fall in love with "the girl" (also never described), it's incidental. One of Simak's editors objected to his stories because his heroes were "losers". Simak replied, "I like losers."[8]

One finds other traditional SF themes in Simak's work. The importance of knowledge and compassion in Immigrant and Kindergarten. Identity play, as in Good Night. Mr James (filmed as The Outer Limits: The Duplicate Man in 1964). Fictions come to life in Shadow Show and elsewhere, such as the novel Out of Their Minds. And there is the revolt of the machines in Skirmish. And the rather horrifying meeting with an alien world in Beachhead, AKA You'll Never Go Home Again. (Many of these are in Strangers in the Universe).

Finally, Simak throws in many science-fictional fillips that remain unexplained. "Not only is the universe stranger than we imagine, it is stranger than we can imagine," is a phrase attributed to Arthur Stanley Eddington and J.B.S. Haldane. Simak's characters encounter alien creatures and concepts they simply cannot understand, and never will. For example, in Special Deliverance, the humans are stalked by The Wailer, which turns out to be a huge wolf-like creature that bellows an infinitely-sad howl. They never learn what the creature is, why it seems sad, or how it got there. Simak leaves mysteries hanging in his writing.

Simak himself sums up his life's work in the Foreword to Skirmish. After explaining what themes he avoids—no large-scale alien invasions, no space wars, no empire sagas—he states, "Overall, I have written in a quiet manner; there is little violence in my work. My focus has been on people, not on events. More often than not I have struck a hopeful note... I have, on occasions, tried to speak out for decency and compassion, for understanding, not only in the human, but in the cosmic sense. I have tried at times to place humans in perspective against the vastness of universal time and space. I have been concerned where we, as a race, may be going, and what may be our purpose in the universal scheme—if we have a purpose. In general, I believe we do, and perhaps an important one."




Science fiction short stories[edit]

The table is ordered by date; select an arrow to sort by another column.

"The World of the Red Sun"Wonder StoriesDecember 1931
"Mutiny on Mercury"Wonder StoriesMarch 1932
"The Voice in the Void"Wonder Stories QuarterlySpring 1932
"Hellhounds of the Cosmos"AstoundingJune 1932
"The Asteroid of Gold"Wonder StoriesNovember 1932
"The Creator"Marvel Tales, Volume 1, #4March/April 1935
“Rule 18”Astounding Science FictionJuly 1938Earth has lost at football to Mars for decades because men have grown soft. So the coach reaches back for real he-men - back 3,000 years.
"Hunger Death"Astounding Science FictionOctober 1938
"Reunion on Ganymede"Astounding Science FictionNovember 1938On Jupiter's desolate moon, two cantankerous veterans of the Earth-Mars War end up fighting shoulder-to shoulder against rampaging robots.
"The Loot of Time"Thrilling Wonder StoriesDecember 1938AKA "S.O.S in Time" (unauthorized).
"Cosmic Engineers"Astounding Science FictionFebruary, March, April 1939A crew is piped to the edge of known space to help prevent two universes from colliding.
"Madness from Mars"Thrilling Wonder StoriesApril 1939The fourth, and only, spaceship to return from Mars holds an insane crew and a Martian "furball".
"Hermit of Mars"Astounding Science FictionJune 1939A woman dares two guides to trek into Madman's Canyon, where no one's ever escaped with their sanity.
"The Space Beasts"Astounding Science FictionApril 1940
"Rim of the Deep"Astounding Science FictionMay 1940
"Clerical Error"Astounding Science FictionAugust 1940
"Sunspot Purge"Astounding Science FictionNovember 1940Two newspapermen fly into the future to report how sunspots have affected humanity.
"Masquerade"Astounding Science FictionMarch 1941AKA "Operation Mercury". The power station on Mercury tolerates the "Roman Candle" energy beings that cavort outside - until a crew member goes missing.
"Earth for Inspiration"Thrilling Wonder StoriesApril 1941
"Spaceship in a Flask"Astounding Science FictionJuly 1941
"The Street That Wasn't There"CometJuly 1941AKA "The Lost Street". Co-written with Carl Jacobi. A disgraced physicist watches his city disappear as people stop believing it exists.
"Tools"Astounding Science FictionJuly 1942
"Shadow of Life"Astounding Science FictionMarch 1943
"Hunch"Astounding Science FictionJuly 1943A blind man and his alien seeing eye dog have only a hunch that an epidemic of insanity stems from a million-year-old war.
"Infiltration"Science Fiction StoriesJuly 1943
"Message from Mars"Planet StoriesFall 1943
"Ogre"Astounding Science FictionJanuary 1944
"Lobby"Astounding Science FictionApril 1944
"City"Astounding Science FictionMay 1944Since everyone moved to the country with their atomic generators and personal aircraft, the cities are largely abandoned. What's left of the city councils will burn the empty houses—unless someone has a better idea.
"Mr. Meek - Musketeer"Planet StoriesSummer 1944Touring the asteroid Juno, a bookkeeper is mistaken for a gunman and forced to clean up the town!
"Huddling Place"Astounding Science FictionJuly 1944Men left the cities for the comforts of home, and now can't leave home—not even to save a life.
"Mr. Meek Plays Polo"Planet StoriesFall 1944Touring the rings of Saturn, a bookkeeper runs into mathematically minded bugs and rough-and-tumble miners out to play space polo - with Meek as their star player!
"Census"Astounding Science FictionSeptember 1944In the first census in 300 years, an enumerator discovers what may be the next step in human evolution.
"Desertion"Astounding Science FictionNovember 1944When yet another survey team fails to return from Jupiter's harsh surface, an aging administrator and his old dog volunteer for a biological conversion—with the promise to return quickly with information, if at all possible. (One of the first stories about Pantropy).
“Paradise”Astounding Science FictionJune 1946A volunteer has returned from lizard-conversion on Jupiter (seen in "Desertion") with a promise of paradise.
"Hobbies"Astounding Science FictionNovember 1946While the last few humans kill time with hobbies, talking dogs and sentient robots explore uncharted sciences.
"Aesop"Astounding Science FictionDecember 1947Animals have inherited the world, and "cobblies" (other-dimensional demons) have come, so Jenkins the faithful butler takes the last remaining humans away.
"Eternity Lost"Astounding Science FictionJuly 1949A 500-year-old politician is denied any more life extensions, so plots to get even.
"Limiting Factor"Startling StoriesNovember 1949A survey team finds a shining planet is one vast computer, built to calculate - what?
"Bathe Your Bearings in Blood!"Amazing Stories1950AKA “Skirmish”. A newspaper reporter discovers machines are coming alive and revolting, the first skirmish in a war to come.
"The Call from Beyond"Super Science StoriesMay 1950
"Seven Came Back"Amazing StoriesOctober 1950AKA "Mirage". A stranded archeologist who befriends Martians is shown an ancient city that glitters like a mirage.
"The Trouble with Ants"Fantastic AdventuresJanuary 1951AKA "The Simple Way". Evolved ants and their robot ants are building so fast they'll cover the Earth, and there's no simple way to stop them.
"Second Childhood"Galaxy Science FictionFebruary 1951
"Good Night, Mr. James"Galaxy Science FictionMarch 1951AKA "The Duplicate Man" and "The Night of the Puudly". A lethal alien puudly is loose and ready to breed. Mr. James hunts to kill it—or does he?
"You’ll Never Go Home Again"Fantastic AdventuresJuly 1951AKA "Beachhead". A survey team brutally pacifies a toehold on an alien planet, then learns you can't plan for the unknown.
"Courtesy"Astounding Science FictionAugust 1951Planetary explorers succumb to a virus that doesn't afflict the local "savages" - except for one man who's polite.
"The Fence"Space Science FictionSeptember 1952A man with a dismal PS (Personal Satisfaction rating) finds intrigue in an invisible fence that can't be crossed.
"And The Truth Shall Make You Free"Future Science FictionMarch 1953AKA "The Answers". A space wanderer finds the long-lost mutant strain of humans and the universal truths they uncovered.
"Retrograde Evolution"Science Fiction PlusApril 1953Spacefaring traders are stumped when an alien race evolves from savages to geniuses overnight.
"Junkyard"Galaxy Science FictionMay 1953Explorers touch down on a planet containing only a junked spaceship and a stone tower. Then they discover they can't get leave because the engineers have forgotten how.
"Kindergarten"Galaxy Science FictionJuly 1953
"Worrywart"Galaxy Science FictionSeptember 1953A newspaperman finds a recluse who can seemingly fix any problem just by wishing it better.
"Shadow Show"Fantasy & Science FictionNovember 1953A colony of scientists struggle to develop artificial life. For entertainment, they role-play in a neverending melodrama. Until art begins to imitate life.
"Contraption"Star Science Fiction Stories #11953A lonely farm boy finds friends in a broken flying saucer.
"The Questing of Foster Adams"Fantastic UniverseAugust/September 1953
"Spacebred Generations"Science Fiction PlusAugust 1953AKA "Target Generation". A generation ship that's traveled for 1,000 years suddenly stops. Only one man, a "sinner" who can read books, will risk his life to complete the mission.
"Immigrant"Astounding Science FictionMarch 1954The planet Kimon is a galactic El Dorado. There are a few who do not dream of going there, and fewer still who make the grade, none return.
"Neighbor"Astounding Science FictionJune 1954A newcomer to a run-down farm brings peace and prosperity to the community, but powerfully resists inquiries.
"Green Thumb"'Galaxy Science Fiction'July 1954A county agent finds an alien plant hiding in his garden and learns why a "green thumb" is a blessing and a curse.
"Dusty Zebra"'Galaxy Science Fiction'September 1954When common household items disappear from his desk top, a salesman seizes the opportunity to trade for alien what-nots.
"Idiot's Crusade"Galaxy Science FictionOctober 1954The village idiot has been possessed by an anthropologist alien, but now the idiot has ideas of his own.
"How-2"Galaxy Science FictionNovember 1954Novella illustrated by Emsh. Due to a mix-up, a hobbyist builds a kit-robot that makes another robot, then another...
"Project Mastodon"Galaxy Science FictionMarch 1955Going back 50,000 years in time, opportunists found "Mastodonia" to make millions selling access to their country and its resources.
"Full Cycle"Science Fiction StoriesNovember 1955An out-of-work history teacher buys a trailer and becomes a nomad—as has everyone else—but conceives an idea how to improve life for everyone.
"Worlds Without End"Future #311956When the Director of Dreams mysteriously dies, a bureaucrat is promoted - into a conspiracy.
"The Spaceman's Van Gogh"Science Fiction StoriesMarch 1956A seeker finds the final resting place of a famous painter who saw something no one had ever seen before.
"Drop Dead"Galaxy Science FictionJuly 1956An agricultural survey team on a new planet finds a one-stop-shopping animal that could end hunger. Dare they eat it?
"So Bright the Vision"Fantastic UniverseAugust 1956A luckless writer can't afford a new "yarner" machine to create stories until he finds an alien "blanket" that grants him visions.
"Honorable Opponent"Galaxy Science FictionAugust 1956The alien "Flyers" are winning the war, and Earth's leaders can't even guess their objective.
"Galactic Chest"Science Fiction StoriesSeptember 1956A frustrated newsman attributes local serendipities to brownies, then gets a surprise.
"Jackpot"Galaxy Science FictionOctober 1956Shoestring salvagers hit the jackpot when they discover a galactic library, but soon learn a little knowledge is a dangerous thing.
"Operation Stinky"Galaxy Science FictionApril 1957An old codger finds a skunk with peculiar abilities and is soon in hot water with the local Air Force commander.
"Founding Father"Galaxy Science FictionMay 1957A lonely colonist is responsible for raising one thousand embryos on a distant planet, but he's no longer sure what's real.
"Lulu"Galaxy Science FictionJune 1957Lulu, a Planetary Exploration Robot, develops the heart and soul of a woman - and ambitious plans for her three-man crew.
"Shadow World"Galaxy Science FictionSeptember 1957On an alien planet, a construction crew is pestered by “Shadows” that copy everything they do - literally.
"Death Scene"Infinity Science FictionOctober 1957Everyone on Earth gains the power to see a day into the future, but some visions are better not seen.
"Carbon Copy"Galaxy Science FictionDecember 1957A real estate salesman is making a fortune leasing houses to families — except the houses remain empty.
"Nine Lives"Short Stories: A Man's MagazineDecember 1957
"The World That Couldn’t Be"Galaxy Science FictionJanuary 1958A plantation owner on an alien world tracks the strange animal Cytha and gets a lesson in xeno-ecology.
"Leg. Forst."Infinity Science FictionApril 1958A skinflint stamp dealer discovers an alien stamp is reorganizing his collection—and himself.
"The Sitters"Galaxy Science FictionApril 1958A prodigal-son spaceman brought home gentle alien "Sitters" to raise the town's children — except they don't remain children.
"The Money Tree"Venture Science FictionJuly 1958A sharper goes hunting a money tree and stumbles on an opportunity to benefit all mankind.
"The Big Front Yard"Astounding Science FictionOctober 1958When a spatial gateway splits his house and opens onto another world, a Yankee trader drives in to explore and to dicker with the locals. Winner 1959 Hugo for Best Novelette.
"The Civilization Game"Galaxy MagazineNovember 1958On the neglected backwater Earth, people preserve mankind's greatest arts such as sculpture, music, and religion but also war, politics, and assassination.
"Installment Plan"Galaxy MagazineFebruary 1959A work gang shows up on a remote planet to collect the harvest of podars needed for medicine, but the natives won't sell.
"No Life of Their Own"Galaxy MagazineAugust 1959Novella illustrated by Wally Wood. Aliens are settling local farms, so Steve plays with kids nicknamed Fancy Pants, Nature Boy, and Butch. Quarrels escalate when one boy goes missing, and only kids can see the ghostly "Halflings" who hold him!
"A Death in the House"Galaxy MagazineOctober 1959A hillman finds a smashed spaceship and a dying alien, and buries it. Then is visited again.
"Final Gentleman"Fantasy & Science FictionJanuary 1960An oracle computer seems to be steering humanity's destiny, and a defamed writer doesn't like it.
"Crying Jag"Galaxy MagazineFebruary 1960A visiting alien latches onto people to hear their sad stories.
"All the Traps of Earth"Fantasy & Science FictionMarch 1960A runaway robot gains the ability to telekinetically fix any problem, yet can't fix his own problem: the need to be needed.
"The Gleaners"IFMarch 1960The put-upon director of Past, Inc. sends out operatives to cherry-pick treasures from the past, until some oddly prescient folk in his office suggest another way.
"Condition of Employment"Galaxy MagazineApril 1960Only homesickness can induce spacemen to risk their lives, so it's induced.
"The Golden Bugs"Fantasy & Science FictionJune 1960An insurance salesman finds an agate boulder in his garden and his house full of golden (alien?) ladybugs.
"Shotgun Cure"Fantasy & Science FictionJanuary 1961An alien gives a country doctor a vaccine to wipe out mankind's diseases, including a few we never recognized.
"Horrible Example"Analog Science FictionMarch 1961A frustrated robot plays the role of a town drunk, then one night steps outside his programming.
"The Shipshape Miracle"IF (Worlds of IF Science Fiction)January 1963A slippery character stranded on a remote planet is rescued by a mysterious black ship.
"Day of Truce"Galaxy MagazineFebruary 1963The local "Punks" take advantage of the once-a-year truce to ransack the last fortified house in the suburbs.
"Physician to the Universe"Fantastic Science FictionMarch 1963When health and hygiene are made mandatory, an inventor is consigned to a dismal remote "limbo" to die.
"A Pipeline to Destiny"HKLPLOD #4Summer 1963
"New Folk's Home"Analog Science FictionJuly 1963
"Small Deer"”Galaxy MagazineOctober 1965A tinkerer fires up a time machine and learns what killed off the dinosaurs — and may come back.
"Over the River and Through the Woods"Amazing StoriesMay 1965A farm family c. 1900 is visited by their great-great-great-grandchildren.
"Buckets of Diamonds"Galaxy MagazineApril 1969First Uncle George mysteriously "finds" a pile of treasures, then a mysterious evangelist commands he throw it all away!
"I Am Crying All Inside"Galaxy MagazineAugust 1969
"The Thing in the Stone"IF (Worlds of If Science Fiction)March 1970A man who suffered brain damage can see the ancient past and hear the traffic of the stars - and the creature trapped under a mountain.
"The Autumn Land"Fantasy & Science FictionOctober 1971An engineer drifting through life finds himself trapped in a village where nothing ever happens.
"To Walk a City's Street"Infinity #31972
"The Observer"Analog Science FictionMay 1972
"Construction Shack"Worlds of IfJanuary/February 1973A manned expedition to Pluto finds it's not a planet, but a hollow metal sphere.
"UNIVAC: 2200"Frontiers 1: Tomorrow’s Alternatives1973
"The Marathon Photograph"Threads of Time1974Back in the hills, two scientists find a body and a hologram-photo of the Battle of Marathon - and sinister strangers hunting both.
"The Birch Clump Cylinder"Stellar #11974A sputtering "time engine" has fallen onto the grounds of an old college, and an alumnus is asked to turn it off - with no idea what might happen.
"The Ghost of a Model T"Epoch1975A lonely old man gets one last ride through his happy youth.
"Senior Citizen"Fantasy & Science FictionOctober 1975
"Unsilent Spring"Stellar #21976A country doctor suspects an epidemic of malaise is due to a lack(?) of DDT. Co-written with Richard Simak.
"Auk House"Stellar #31977An artist enters a remote house only to learn it actually sits in prehistoric North America, with no way back.
"Brother"Fantasy & Science FictionOctober 1977
"Party Line"Destinies1978Volunteers risk their sanity by sending their minds into the void to query alien intelligences.
"Grotto of the Dancing Deer"Analog Science FictionApril 1980An archeologist discovers ancient cartoon-like cave paintings and the artist who painted them. Winner of Hugo and Nebula Awards for Best Short Story 1981.[1]
"The Whistling Well"Dark Forces1980A genealogist unearths his ancestral home and wonders if dinosaurs had gods.
"Epilog"City1981Humans, animals, and even ants are gone, so it's time for Jenkins the robot to go too.
"Byte Your Tongue!"Stellar #61981

Western short stories[edit]

Simak wrote a few Western pulp stories.

"Smoke Killer"Lariat Story MagazineMay 1944
"Cactus Colts"Lariat Story MagazineJuly 1944
"Trail City's Hot-Lead Crusaders"New Western MagazineSeptember 1944
"Gravestone Rebels Ride by Night"Big Book Western MagazineOctober 1944
"Fighting Doc of Bushwhack Basin".44 Western MagazineNovember 1944
"The Reformation of Hangman's Gulch"Big Book Western MagazineDecember 1944
"Way for the Hangtown Rebel"Ace-High Western StoriesMay 1945
"Good Nesters are Dead Nesters".44 Western MagazineJuly 1945
"The Hangnoose Army Rides to Town"Ace-High Western StoriesSeptember 1945
"Barb Wire Brings Bullets"Ace-High Western StoriesNovember 1945
“The Gunsmoke Drummer Sells a War”Ace-High Western StoriesJanuary 1946A roving peddler tangles with county politics, feuding bandits, a mysterious letter, a grizzled trapper, and a dapper assassin to rescue his kidnapped girl.
"No More Hides and Tallow"Lariat Story MagazineMarch 1946
"When it's Hangnoose Time in Hell".44 Western MagazineApril 1946
"Gunsmoke Interlude"Ten Story WesternOctober 1952

War short stories[edit]

Simak wrote a few war stories during World War II.

"A Bomb for No. 10 Downing"Sky FightersSeptember 1942
"A Hero Must Not Die"Sky RaidersJune 1943
"Green Flight, Out!"Army-Navy Flying StoriesFall 1943
"Guns on Guadalcanal"Air WarFall 1943
"War is Personal"Army-Navy Flying Stories Vol. 4 No. 3Winter 1944
"War is Personal" (reprint)American Eagles (U.K)Aug 1945

Non-fiction books[edit]

Edited books[edit]

Film adaptations[edit]



The Science Fiction Writers of America made Simak its third SFWA Grand Master in 1977, after Robert Heinlein and Jack Williamson.[2] In 1987 the Horror Writers Association named him one of three inaugural winners of the Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement, with Fritz Leiber and Frank Belknap Long.[3]

Other lifetime awards
Best-of-year literary awards[1]

Books about Clifford D. Simak[edit]

Biographical sources[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Simak, Clifford D." The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index to Literary Nominees. Locus Publications. Retrieved 2013-04-05.
  2. ^ a b "Damon Knight Memorial Grand Master". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA). Retrieved 2012-06-18.
  3. ^ a b "Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement". Horror Writers Association (HWA). Retrieved 2013-04-05.
  4. ^ Bramscher, Paul. "Clifford Simak's Biography". Paul Bramscher. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  5. ^ a b Clifford D. Simak at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (ISFDB). Retrieved 2013-04-05. Select a title to see its linked publication history and general information. Select a particular edition (title) for more data at that level, such as a front cover image or linked contents.
  6. ^ a b "Astounding/Analog – Series Bibliography". ISFDB. Retrieved 2013-04-05.
  7. ^ Author's "Foreword" in Skirmish: The Great Short Fiction of Clifford D. Simak.
  8. ^ a b Author's Foreword in Skirmish.
  9. ^ Paperback Library Edition of 1964 gives this printing history: "From the original short novel by the same author, Copyright 1939 by Street and Smith Publications, Inc... Copyright 1950 by Clifford D. Simak."
  10. ^ "Galaxy's Five Star Shelf," Galaxy Science Fiction, August 1951, p.101.

External links[edit]