Cliff Robertson

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Cliff Robertson
Cliffrobertson.jpg
Cliff Robertson in 1981
BornClifford Parker Robertson III
(1923-09-09)September 9, 1923
La Jolla, California, U.S.
DiedSeptember 10, 2011(2011-09-10) (aged 88)
Stony Brook, New York, U.S.[1]
Cause of death
Natural causes
Resting place
Cremated
ResidenceWater Mill, New York[2]
EducationLa Jolla High School
Alma materAntioch College
OccupationActor
Years active1943–2007
Spouse(s)Cynthia Stone
(m.1957-1959; divorced; 1 daughter, 1 stepson)
Dina Merrill
(m.1966-1989, divorced; 1 daughter, 3 stepchildren)
Website
www.cliffrobertson.info
 
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Cliff Robertson
Cliffrobertson.jpg
Cliff Robertson in 1981
BornClifford Parker Robertson III
(1923-09-09)September 9, 1923
La Jolla, California, U.S.
DiedSeptember 10, 2011(2011-09-10) (aged 88)
Stony Brook, New York, U.S.[1]
Cause of death
Natural causes
Resting place
Cremated
ResidenceWater Mill, New York[2]
EducationLa Jolla High School
Alma materAntioch College
OccupationActor
Years active1943–2007
Spouse(s)Cynthia Stone
(m.1957-1959; divorced; 1 daughter, 1 stepson)
Dina Merrill
(m.1966-1989, divorced; 1 daughter, 3 stepchildren)
Website
www.cliffrobertson.info

Clifford Parker "Cliff" Robertson III (September 9, 1923 – September 10, 2011) was an American actor with a film and television career that spanned half a century. Robertson portrayed a young John F. Kennedy in the 1963 film PT 109, and won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in the movie Charly. On television, he portrayed retired astronaut Buzz Aldrin in the 1976 adaptation of Aldrin's autobiographic Return to Earth, played a fictional character based on Director of Central Intelligence Richard Helms in the 1977 adaptation of John Ehrlichman's Watergate novel The Company, and portrayed Henry Ford in the 1987 Ford: The Man and the Machine. His last well-known film appearances were in 2002 through 2007 as Uncle Ben in the Spider-Man film trilogy.

Early life[edit]

Robertson was born on September 9, 1923 in La Jolla, California,[3][4][5] the son of Clifford Parker Robertson, Jr. (1902–1968), and his first wife, the former Audrey Olga Willingham (1903-1925).[6][7] His Texas-born father was described as "the idle heir to a tidy sum of ranching money".[8] Robertson recalled that his father "was a very romantic figure—tall, handsome. He married four or five times, and between marriages he'd pop in to see me. He was a great raconteur, and he was always surrounded by sycophants who let him pick up the tab. During the Depression, he tapped the trust for $500,000, and six months later he was back for more."[9] The actor's parents divorced when he was one, and Robertson's mother died of peritonitis a year later in El Paso, Texas, at the age of 21.[3][9][10] He was raised by his maternal grandmother, Mary Eleanor "Eleanora" Willingham (née Sawyer, 1875–1957), in California, and he and his father rarely saw each other.[3][9][11] He graduated in 1941 from La Jolla High School,[12] where he was known as "The Walking Phoenix".[13] He then served in the United States Merchant Marine in World War II[3] before attending Antioch College in Ohio and dropping out to work as a journalist for a short time.[14][15]

Career[edit]

Robertson had a bit part in Mr. Roberts (1950) in Boston, Massachusetts.

Feature films[edit]

Robertson was President John F. Kennedy's personal choice to play him in 1963's PT 109 as a young Lieutenant PT boat captain. Kennedy chose Robertson over Edd "Kookie" Byrnes, Warren Beatty (Jacqueline Kennedy's choice), and Jeffrey Hunter.[16]

The next year, Robertson played a presidential candidate in The Best Man.

A life member of The Actors Studio,[17] Robertson won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of a mentally disabled man in Charly, an adaptation of the science fiction novel Flowers for Algernon.

Other films included Picnic (1955), Autumn Leaves (1956), Gidget (1959), Sunday in New York (1963), 633 Squadron (1964), Devil's Brigade (1968), Too Late the Hero (1970), J. W. Coop (1972), Three Days of the Condor (1975), Obsession (1976), Star 80 (1983) and Malone (1987). Late in his life Robertson's career had a resurgence. He appeared as Uncle Ben Parker in the first movie adaptation of Spider-Man (2002), as well as in the sequels Spider-Man 2 (2004) and Spider-Man 3 (2007). He commented on his website: "Since Spider-Man 1 and 2, I seem to have a whole new generation of fans. That in itself is a fine residual."[18] He was also in the horror film Riding the Bullet (2004).

In 1989, he was a member of the jury at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival.[19]

Television[edit]

Robertson's early television appearances included a starring role in the live space opera Rod Brown of the Rocket Rangers (1953–1954), as well as recurring roles on Hallmark Hall of Fame (1952), Alcoa Theatre (1959), and Playhouse 90 (1958, 1960), The Outlaws (three episodes).

In 1958, Robertson portrayed Joe Clay in the first broadcast of Playhouse 90's Days of Wine and Roses, in what some critics[who?] cite as a superior version of this story about alcoholism.

In 1960, Robertson was cast as the conman with an unusual name, Martinus Van Der Brig, in the episode "End of a Dream" of the NBC western series, Riverboat, starring Darren McGavin and Noah Beery, Jr. In the story line, Van Der Brig persuades series character Grey Holden (McGavin) to transport a group of pioneers to "Rolling Stone", a tract of land which he recently purchased that cannot match the expectations of the settlers. Character actor Robert J. Wilke appeared in this episode as Red Dog Hanlon.[20]

Other appearances included The Twilight Zone episodes "A Hundred Yards Over the Rim" (1961) and "The Dummy" (1962), followed by the NBC medical drama about psychiatry, The Eleventh Hour, in the role of Jeff Dillon in the 1963 episode, "The Man Who Came Home Late".

Robertson guest-starred in 1963 in the ABC series, The Greatest Show on Earth, starring Jack Palance. He was also cast in ABC's Breaking Point (1964) and the ABC Stage 67 episode "The Trap of Gold" (1966).

He had starring roles in episodes of both the 1960s and 1990s versions of The Outer Limits. He was awarded an Emmy for his leading role in a 1965 episode, "The Game" of Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre.

He appeared twice as a guest-villain on ABC's Batman as the gunfighter "Shame" (1966 and 1968), the second time with his wife, Dina Merrill, as "Calamity Jan".

In 1976, he portrayed a retired Buzz Aldrin in an adaptation of Aldrin's autobiography Return to Earth. The next year, he portrayed a fictional Director of Central Intelligence (based on Richard Helms) in Washington: Behind Closed Doors, an adaptation of John Ehrlichman's roman a clef The Company, in turn based on the Watergate scandal. In 1987, he portrayed Henry Ford in Ford: The Man and The Machine.

Later, he appeared from 1983 to 1984 as Dr. Michael Ranson in Jane Wyman's CBS primetime soap opera, Falcon Crest.

In 1984, he narrated an AT&T promotional video documenting some of its technological improvements at the time. Robertson then became AT&T's national television spokesman for ten years, winning the Advertising Age award for best commercial. He was to have been the keynote speaker at an AT&T stockholders' meeting during a strike by AT&T workers, but he refused to cross the picket line and did not speak.

In 2003, he appeared on the short-lived series The Lyon's Den.[citation needed]

Columbia Pictures scandal[edit]

In 1977, Robertson discovered that his signature had been forged on a $10,000 check payable to him, although it was for work he had not performed. He also learned that the forgery had been carried out by Columbia Pictures head David Begelman, and on reporting it he inadvertently triggered one of the biggest Hollywood scandals of the 1970s.[21] As a result of Robertson's whistle-blowing, Begelman was charged with embezzlement: he later was fired from Columbia. Robertson was subsequently blacklisted by the people who run Hollywood for several years before he finally returned to film in Brainstorm (1983).[15][22] The story of the scandal is told in David McClintick's 1982 bestseller Indecent Exposure.

Personal life[edit]

In 1957, Robertson married actress Cynthia Stone, the former wife of actor Jack Lemmon. They had a daughter, Stephanie, before divorcing in 1959; he also had a stepson by this marriage, Chris Lemmon.

In 1966, he married actress and Post Cereals heiress Dina Merrill, the former wife of Stanley M. Rumbough, Jr.; they had a daughter, Heather (1969-2007), before divorcing in 1989.[3] By this marriage, he also had stepchildren Stanley Hutton Rumbough, David Post Rumbough, and Nedenia (Nina) Colgate Rumbough.

One of Robertson's main hobbies was flying and, among other aircraft, he owned several de Havilland Tiger Moths, a Messerschmitt Bf 108, and a genuine World War II - era Mk.IX Supermarine Spitfire MK923.[23][24] His piloting skills helped him get the part as the squadron leader in the British war film 633 Squadron. He even entered balloon races, including one in 1964 from the mainland to Catalina Island that ended with him being rescued from the Pacific Ocean. Robertson's first plane ride was in a Lockheed Model 9 Orion. As a 13-year-old he would clean hangars for airplane rides. He met Paul Mantz, Art Scholl, and Charles Lindbergh while flying at local California airports.[25] A certified private pilot, Robertson was a longtime member of the Experimental Aircraft Association, working his way through the ranks in prominence and eventually co-founding the EAA's Young Eagles program, which he chaired from its 1992 inception to 1994 (succeeded by former test pilot Gen. Chuck Yeager). He was flying a private Beechcraft Baron directly over New York City on the morning of September 11, 2001. He was directly over the World Trade Center, climbing through 7,500 feet, when the first Boeing 767 struck. He was ordered by air traffic control to land immediately at the nearest airport following a nationwide order to ground all civilian and commercial aircraft following the attacks.[26]

On September 10, 2011, just one day after his 88th birthday, Robertson died of natural causes in Stony Brook, New York.[27]

Filmography[edit]

YearFilmRoleNotes
1943Corvette K-225uncredited
We've Never Been LickedAdams (uncredited)
1956PicnicAlan Benson
Autumn LeavesBurt Hanson
1957The Girl Most LikelyPete
1958The Naked and the DeadLieutenant Robert Hearn
Days of Wine and RosesJoe ClayPart of the Playhouse 90 anthology series
1959GidgetThe Big Kahuna
As the Sea RagesClements
Battle of the Coral SeaLt. Cmdr. Jeff Conway
1960RiverboatMartinus Van Der Brig"End of a Dream" (NBC-TV)
1961The Big ShowJosef Everard
"A Hundred Yards Over the Rim" (The Twilight Zone)Christian Horn
All in a Night's WorkWarren Kingsley, Jr.
Underworld U.S.A.Tolly Devlin
1962The InternsDr. John Paul Otis
The Dummy: The Twilight Zone: Episode 98Ventriloquist[28]
1963My Six LovesReverend Jim Larkin
PT 109Lt. (j.g.) John F. Kennedy
Sunday in New YorkAdam Tyler
1964633 SquadronWing Cmdr. Roy Grant
The Best ManJoe Cantwell
1965Up from the BeachSgt. Edward Baxter
MasqueradeDavid Frazer
Love Has Many FacesPete Jordon
1967The Honey PotWilliam McFly
1968The Devil's BrigadeMaj. Alan Crown
CharlyCharlie GordonAcademy Award for Best Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1970Too Late the HeroLt. (j.g.) Sam Lawson
1972J. W. CoopJ. W. Coop
The Great Northfield Minnesota RaidCole Younger
1973The Men Who Made the Movies: Alfred Hitchcocknarrator
Ace Eli and Rodger of the SkiesAce Eli Walford
1974Man on a SwingLee Tucker
1975Out of SeasonJoe TannerEntered into the 25th Berlin International Film Festival
Three Days of the CondorJ. Higgins
1976ShootRex
MidwayCmdr. Carl Jessop
ObsessionMichael Courtland
Return to EarthBuzz Aldrin
1977Fraternity RowNarrator
Washington: Behind Closed DoorsWilliam MartinAdaptation of The Company; character based on Richard Helms
1979The Little Prince
Martin the Cobbler
Rip Van Wynkle
The Diary of Adam and Eve
Host; The pilot (Little Prince)Package of Claymation shorts by Will Vinton
1980DominiqueDavid Ballard
The PilotMike Hagan
1983BrainstormAlex Terson
Falcon CrestDr. Michael RansonSeason 3
ClassMr. Burroughs
Star 80Hugh Hefner
1985Shaker RunJudd Pierson
1987MaloneCharles Delaney
Ford: The Man and the MachineHenry Ford
1991Wild Hearts Can't Be BrokenDoctor Carver
1992WindMorgan Weld
The Ghosts of '87Host
1994Renaissance ManColonel James
1995Waiting for Sunset or The Sunset Boys (Pakten)Ted Roth
1996Escape from L.A.President
1998Assignment BerlinCliff Garret
Melting PotJack Durman
1999Family TreeLarry
2000Falcon DownBuzz Thomas
2001Mach 2Vice President Pike
200213th ChildMr. ShroudRobertson was one of the writers of this film
Spider-ManBen Parker
2004Spider-Man 2Ben ParkerCameo
Riding the BulletFarmer
2007Spider-Man 3Ben ParkerCameo; Last film appearance

Awards[edit]

Robertson received an award from Antioch College Alumni in 2007 for his contributions to his field of work. In addition to his Oscar and Emmy and several lifetime achievement awards from various film festivals, Robertson has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6801 Hollywood Blvd. He was also awarded the 2008 Ambassador of Good Will Aviation Award by the National Transportation Safety Board Bar Association in Alexandria, Virginia, on May 18, 2008, for his leadership in and promotion of general aviation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cliff Robertson, who played JFK in 'PT-109', dies". Yahoo! News. September 11, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Career Achievements". The Official Website of Cliff Robertson. Retrieved October 15, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Keepnews, Peter (September 11, 2011). "Cliff Robertson, Oscar-Winning Rebel, Dies at 88". The New York Times. Retrieved September 11, 2011. 
  4. ^ IMDb
  5. ^ California Births, 1905–1995 Familytreelegends.com
  6. ^ Several obituaries have stated that Robertson was adopted by his parents. However, the California Birth Index of 1905–1995 states that Clifford P. Robertson was born to a mother whose maiden name was Willingham, in Los Angeles County, California, on September 9, 1923.
  7. ^ Mother's birth and death information per records accessed on ancestry.com on September 12, 2011
  8. ^ Father's birthplace accessed on ancestry.com on September 12, 2011
  9. ^ a b c Green, Michelle (December 5, 1983). "Cliff Robertson". People. Retrieved November 25, 2011. 
  10. ^ Mother's death information per records accessed on ancestry.com on September 12, 2011
  11. ^ Grandmother's name and dates accessed on ancestry.com on September 12, 2011
  12. ^ "Cliff Robertson". Film Reference.com.
  13. ^ "Cliff Robertson/Hollywood Walk of Fame". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved September 11, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Cliff Robertson".
  15. ^ a b "Cliff Robertson". Yahoo!
  16. ^ Hoberman, J. (August 26, 2003). "Lights, Camera, Exploitation". Village Voice. Retrieved November 25, 2011. 
  17. ^ Garfield, David (1980). "Appendix: Life Members of The Actors Studio as of January 1980". A Player's Place: The Story of The Actors Studio. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. p. 278. ISBN 0-02-542650-8. 
  18. ^ "Cliff Robertson's Career Achievements". Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  19. ^ "Berlinale: 1989 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved March 9, 2011. 
  20. ^ ""End of a Dream", Riverboat, September 19, 1960". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 21, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Cliff Robertson". The Telegraph (London). September 11, 2011. 
  22. ^ McClintick, David. Indecent Exposure: A True Story of Hollywood and Wall Street, William Morrow and Company, 1982.
  23. ^ Hall, Bob. Southeastern Antiquing and Collecting Magazine. Cliff Robertson Collects Vintage AircraftArticle on Robertson's private aviation collection. 2004.
  24. ^ First Cross-Country Soaring or (You Ain't John Wayne – Robertson)
  25. ^ Gene Smith (December 1987). Real Airport Kids Never Grow Up.  Unknown parameter |amagazine= ignored (help)
  26. ^ Official Cliff Robertson site
  27. ^ "US film actor Cliff Robertson dies aged 88". BBC. September 11, 2011. Retrieved September 11, 2011. 
  28. ^ The Complete Definitive Collection Season 3, Disk 5

External links[edit]