Clayton, West Yorkshire

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Clayton
Clayton is located in West Yorkshire
Clayton
Clayton
 Clayton shown within West Yorkshire
Population15,191 
OS grid referenceSE123317
Civil parishClayton
Metropolitan boroughCity of Bradford
Metropolitan countyWest Yorkshire
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRADFORD
Postcode districtBD14
Dialling code01274
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK ParliamentBradford West
Websitehttp://www.clayton-village.co.uk/
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
 
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Coordinates: 53°46′55″N 1°48′48″W / 53.782000°N 1.813450°W / 53.782000; -1.813450

Clayton
Clayton is located in West Yorkshire
Clayton
Clayton
 Clayton shown within West Yorkshire
Population15,191 
OS grid referenceSE123317
Civil parishClayton
Metropolitan boroughCity of Bradford
Metropolitan countyWest Yorkshire
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRADFORD
Postcode districtBD14
Dialling code01274
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK ParliamentBradford West
Websitehttp://www.clayton-village.co.uk/
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Clayton, or Clayton Village, is a civil parish in the City of Bradford metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England, situated 3 miles to the west of the city centre. It is listed in the Domesday Book, meaning it dates back to at least the 11th century and was privately owned from 1160 to 1866.[1] It was noted for its clay. More recently, Clayton was a key location in the British and international wool trade, being the home of the British Wool Marketing Board headquarters. The old building was demolished and converted into housing in the late 1990s. The village re-acquired civil parish status with a parish council in 2004.

The main street of the village – Clayton Lane – which runs alongside the park, includes several traditional pubs, a popular crawl route for many residents. Starting at the top of the lane is The Fleece, moving down past The Royal Hotel to The Albion and The Black Bull – the oldest pub in the area. Other pubs include The Fiddlers Three, however, The Quarry Arms has now shut down. There are also several shops, churches, and a nearby golf club and reservoir at Clayton Heights (now designated as a Country Park) with views of the city of Bradford and the village of Thornton across the valley.

History[edit]

Evidence of presence of prehistoric people in Clayton was found in 1951 when a Neolithic stone axe was found in Thornlea Grove, the axe is now in the Cartwright Hall Museum.[2] Clayton was established prior to the Norman conquest in 1066 as it is listed in the Domesday Book in 1086 as the Manor Claitone when William the Conqueror granted it to Ilbert de Lacy.[3] Claitone probably derives from claeg meaning clay and tun, meaning farmstead, and so meant farmstead on clay.[4] The village was privately owned from 1160 to 1866 when a local board was formed to manage the village. During the 1870s "the wells", on the central village roundabout, was used as a site for open air preaching.

Clayton was a township in the ancient parish of Bradford.[5] It became a separate civil parish in 1866. Under the Local Government Act 1894 the parish became Clayton Urban District.[1] The civil parish and urban district were abolished in 1930, when Clayton was absorbed into the County Borough of Bradford. It became part of the City of Bradford Metropolitan District in 1974. The village re-acquired civil parish status with a parish council in 2004.[6]

Governance[edit]

Clayton is situated within the Bradford Metropolitan District Council area having been incorporated into Bradford in 1930.[3] The village re-acquired civil parish status including a parish council in 2004 and the council designated the area an urban village in February 2007.[7] The village was privately owned from 1160 to 1866 when a local board was formed to manage the village. The board managed Clayton's roads, sewers, lighting and refuse collection. The board also laid gas and water pipes in the village. In the Local Government Act 1894 the Board was replaced by Clayton District Council. The council created a crew of local fire fighters for the village until Clayton grew too large for these to be able to cope at which point Bradford Corporation was paid to cover the village with their fire brigade and ambulance service.[1]

Geography[edit]

Station Road, Clayton showing the steep valley sides with Clayton Heights at the top of hill.

Clayton is located at about 220 metres above sea level at the south end of a relatively flat ridge of land on the south side of Clayton beck valley. The valley drops steeply below this shoulder of land and rises steeply to the south, south-east and south-west.[8] The soil is mainly of a clay character but there are deposits of sandstone and gritstone.[4]

The village is three miles from Bradford city centre, with the village of Thornton located on the other side of the valley and the village of Queensbury further up the hill that Clayton is situated on. Clayton Beck runs though the bottom of the valley below Clayton and tributaries for this stream, including Bull Grieve Beck, run through the village.[9]

The centre of the village is designated as a conservation area in 1977.[3][10] The main street of the village – Clayton Lane – which runs alongside the park, includes several traditional pubs, a popular crawl route for many residents. Starting at the top of the lane is The Fleece, moving down past The Royal Hotel to The Albion and The Black Bull – the oldest pub in the area. The now-defunct Clayton Tide newspaper described the central role of the pubs in Clayton village life in a 15 August 1861 account of a visit to the village by Pablo Fanque, the popular Victorian circus owner who The Beatles later immortalised in the song Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite! The Clayton Tide reported, "On Sunday, a great number of persons visited the village, but ignoring the "Teetotal Lectures" which were given at Town Bottom, the public houses were well attended. Mr Pablo Fanque, always welcome on such occasions, was present and a damsel in his company, who emulated Blondin's feats, drew a large crowd."[11]

Clayton boasts several shops, churches, and a nearby golf club and country park at Thornton View with views of the city of Bradford and the village of Thornton across the valley.

Demographics[edit]

The 2001 census recorded 15,191 people living in the Clayton area in 5,926 households.[12]

Clayton population
1831-1871
YearPopulation
18313609[13]
18917,484
19015,119
19114,863
19215,043
19315,491
19517,103
197114,332
Data for Clayton parish
from UK Census results[14]

Transport[edit]

Clayton is lies within the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive area that is known as Metro. It has no rail service but the terminus for two regular bus routes. Buses to the village are run by First Group and are designated the orange route within Bradford district. The two bus services are the 636 and the 637 both of which follow the same route out of Bradford until the junction of Bradford Road and Pasture Lane at the end of Clayton Road and the start of the village. The 636 service terminates at the end of The Avenues in Clayton as do some of the buses in the 637 services with the rest terminating at Town End. Both services terminate, after passing through Bradford City centre, at Bradford Lane, Gain Lane, and Thornbury Leisure Complex. As of 2008 buses run from the village from around 5 am on weekdays and Saturday, then every 20 minutes from 9 am to around 6pm and the last bus just before 11 pm, the last bus for the village leaves Bradford city centre at around 11 pm. On Sunday the services are less regular and start around 8 am.[15][16]

Education[edit]

The village has four schools, three of which are state primary schools, Clayton Church of England Primary School, Bradford Road, Clayton Village Primary School, John Street, and St. Anthony's Roman Catholic Primary School, Bradford Road.[17] The first school in the village was built from public subscription in 1819, and was located on donated by the Lord of the Manor, Richard Hodgson.[1] In 1859 the original school was replaced by 1859 Clayton Village Primary School and this was joined by in 1897 by Methodist board school at Chrisharben Park.[3] St. Anthony's Primary School was opened on 27 April 1954 and was named after the local Catholic Church.[18] A school for Muslim girls, Jaamiatul Imaam Muhammad Zakaria School,was recently opened in the old Thornton View hospital buildings on Thornton View Road.

Religious sites[edit]

Clayton Baptist Church

The village has several Christian places of worship representing different denominations of Christianity as well as an active 'Churches Together' committee, which organises events such as monthly visits to Holly Park Nursing Home, a 'walk of witness' on Good Friday and carol singing at Christmas. Between them, the five churches are home to a whole range of activities; including parent & toddler sessions, youth clubs, life groups and senior citizen meals. There really is something for everyone in Clayton!

The Anglican Parish Church was opened on 19 January 1851 and is dedicated to St John the Baptist.[19] A new 'Community Rooms' extension was opened in 2011 to provide additional space for church activities, art classes, community choir, Scouts and more.

The independent Clayton Gospel Hall is on Bradford Road, by the edge of the estate, and was opened by Mr. Richard Stammers on 10 March 1928. Since 1978 the Gospel Hall has been used by a formerly Brethren congregation that began in Girlington. [20] On Thursday evenings, the hall is home to 'Clan-aulder': West Yorkshire's only highland dance / piping group.

Clayton Baptist Church is located on School Street and was opened for worship on 1 September 1984 replacing the previous Baptist Church building that dated from 1891 which had to be demolished due to dry rot.[21] Applause Drama Studio make use of the church space on Wednesdays.

The village also has a Methodist church on Clayton Lane, known for its monthly coffee mornings, and St Anthony's Roman Catholic church is situated in the dip on Bradford Road, where it is linked to the neighbouring Franciscan convent and catholic primary school.

Sports[edit]

Clayton has amateur sports teams in football, rugby, cricket and bowls. The local football team is Fleece Clayton FC. Clayton Rugby League Club play on Lidget Green Cricket Club their home kit is striped Burgundy Amber and their away kit is Blue.[22] Between 1973 and 2003 the club was coached by Paul Gill and during this time won two Pennine Premier Division Championships and were in finals including nine Bradford Cup and a Yorkshire County Cup.[23] The Club has several teams including those for those under sixteen years old.

Clayton Cricket Club have 2 senior Teams (1st & 2nd Team) while the Junior set up has 4 Teams (Under 9's, Under 13's, Under 15's & Under 17's) The Cricket Club is currently half way through building a new Pavilion to bring them up to the 21st Century with modern facilities. All building work is being completed by Paul Cornforth, ex Clayton Rugby League player. Clayton Cricket Club play in the Halifax League.

Mayfield Cricket Club have 2 senior teams (1st & 2nd Team) and are currently work towards establishing a junior cricket team. Mayfield Cricket Club are located on Mayfield Terrace, just off Pasture Lane. The club play in the Bradford Mutual Sunday School Cricket League on Saturday afternoons and Bradford Evening League on Wednesday Evenings.

A nine-hole parkland golf course with a par of 65, managed by Clayton Golf Club, is located at Thornton View Road. The club, founded in 1906, is members only and their facilities include a club house at the course.[24]

Community facilities[edit]

Clayton Library occupies the original village school building on Clayton Lane and its services include free computer and Internet access.[25]

The Village Hall, on Reva Syke Road, serves tea and coffee every weekday morning and is available for function hire. A range of weekly groups use The Village Hall on a regular basis.

The Friendship Centre on Thornaby Drive host activities for various age groups on the estate, including weekly cafes, bingo and parent & toddler groups. These, along with summer trips, are organised by Clayton Estate Community Action Group. When the centre was out of action due to an arson attack (Feb 2011 - April 2012) some activities temporarily relocated to the Gospel Hall, as CECAG often work in conjunction with the Gospel Hall's youth group.

Green End

There are a few established businesses in this area of Clayton Village, notably, Greenend Fisheries, The Flower Vase, Nail and Bodyworx,the Chiropodist, the Albion and Black Horse public house (or Black Bull, as most people call it) and the Tote Betting Shop.

Also there is only one butchers in Clayton (John Summers Butchers), who has provided the village with top quality produce for the last 21 years.

Noted Clayton people[edit]

Clayton was the birthplace and home of Albert Pierrepoint, the Great Britain's last state executioner, he held the position until 1956. His father Henery Albert Pierrepoint, born in Clayton in 1876, was also a state executioner.[26] Abe Waddington was born in Clayton on 4 February 1893 and was a bowler in the English cricket team from 1920 to 1921.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Dalgety, Margaret; Downey, Stuart (2005). Images of Clayton. Stoud: Tempus Publishing Limited. p. 7. 
  2. ^ "MONUMENT NO. 49735". Pastscape - English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Key dates in the Clayton Village Story...". Clayton Village Online. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  4. ^ a b "Clayton: Conservation Area Assessment". City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. February 2006. p. 8. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  5. ^ Vision of Britain, Clayton, West Riding
  6. ^ "What do we do?". Clayton Parish Council. 30 August 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Clayton Urban Village". Bradford Metropolitan District Council. February 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-02. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Clayton: Conservation Area Assessment". City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. February 2006. p. 15. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  9. ^ "Search". Ordnance Survey. 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  10. ^ "Environment: Clayton". Bradford Metropolitan District Council. 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-01. [dead link]
  11. ^ "CommuniGate: 19th Century News". This is Bradford.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  12. ^ The area recorded was the Clayton and Fairweather Green (Ward) "Area: Clayton and Fairweather Green (Ward) - Key Figures for 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics". UK: Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  13. ^ Samuel, Lewis (1831). A Topographical Dictionary of England: Comprising the Several Counties, Cities, Boroughs, Corporate & Market Towns ...& the Islands of Guernsey, Jersey, and Man, with Historical and Statistical Descriptions; Illustrated by Maps of the Different Counties & Islands; ... and a Plan of London and .... S. Lewis & co. p. 466. 
  14. ^ "Clayton Tn/CP: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  15. ^ "Timetables". First Group. 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  16. ^ "Bradford Network Map". First Group. 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  17. ^ "State Primary Schools". Bradford Metropolitan District Council. 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  18. ^ "School History 1954 - 2004 (50 years)". St. Anthony's Roman Catholic Primary School. 2004. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  19. ^ Dalgety, Margaret; Downey, Stuart (2005). Images of Clayton. Stoud: Tempus Publishing Limited. pp. 96–97. 
  20. ^ Rushton, Christopher (2008) |The Complete History of Clayton Gospel Hall
  21. ^ Dalgety, Margaret; Downey, Stuart (2005). Images of Clayton. Stoud: Tempus Publishing Limited. pp. 110–113. 
  22. ^ "Clayton A Team Info". Pennine Amateur Rugby League. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  23. ^ "Gill gutted by `out of blue' sacking". Telegraph and Argus. 28 May 2003. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  24. ^ "Clayton Golf Club". Clayton Golf Club. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  25. ^ "Clayton Library". Bradford Metropolitan District Council. 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-02. [dead link]
  26. ^ Hill, Marion (2004). The Honeypot Killers. Next Century Books Limited. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-9544011-4-6. 

External links[edit]