Clarendon, Arkansas

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Clarendon, Arkansas
City
Mostly abandoned main street Clarendon
Location in Monroe County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 34°41′39″N 91°18′30″W / 34.69417°N 91.30833°W / 34.69417; -91.30833Coordinates: 34°41′39″N 91°18′30″W / 34.69417°N 91.30833°W / 34.69417; -91.30833
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyMonroe
Area
 • Total1.9 sq mi (5 km2)
 • Land1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation174 ft (53 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total1,965
 • Density1,031.6/sq mi (392/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code72029
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-13990
GNIS feature ID0076618
 
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Clarendon, Arkansas
City
Mostly abandoned main street Clarendon
Location in Monroe County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 34°41′39″N 91°18′30″W / 34.69417°N 91.30833°W / 34.69417; -91.30833Coordinates: 34°41′39″N 91°18′30″W / 34.69417°N 91.30833°W / 34.69417; -91.30833
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyMonroe
Area
 • Total1.9 sq mi (5 km2)
 • Land1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation174 ft (53 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total1,965
 • Density1,031.6/sq mi (392/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code72029
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-13990
GNIS feature ID0076618

Clarendon is a city in Monroe County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,960 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Monroe County.[1]

Geography[edit]

Clarendon is located at 34°41′39″N 91°18′30″W / 34.69417°N 91.30833°W / 34.69417; -91.30833 (34.694035, -91.308411).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which, 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (6.15%) is water.

Clarendon is located at the mouth of the Cache River, where it flows into the White River.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,960 people, 814 households, and 520 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,072.9 people per square mile (413.5/km²). There were 925 housing units at an average density of 506.3 per square mile (195.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.47% White, 30.20% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.05% Asian, and 0.82% from two or more races. 2.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 814 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,927, and the median income for a family was $30,250. Males had a median income of $25,972 versus $18,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,902. About 20.8% of families and 28.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.4% of those under age 18 and 26.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by the Clarendon School District, which includes:

History[edit]

The area around Clarendon was originally populated by various Native American groups. By 1799, French hunters and trappers had built cabins at the mouth of the Cache River. It was the point where The Military Road from Memphis, Tennessee to Little Rock crossed the White River. The Military Road was begun in 1826 and completed in 1828. By that date, a ferry crossing and post office had been established in Clarendon, and the town served as the terminus for a stagecoach line to the west. The Military Road was used as the route for some groups of Native Americans being relocated from eastern states to Oklahoma during the forced relocations commonly known as the Trail of Tears; Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Cherokee groups are known to have traveled along it. A railroad bridge across the White River was constructed in 1883 by the Texas and St. Louis Railway; the ferry operated until 1931 when it was replaced by a highway bridge.

The city of Clarendon was officially incorporated in 1859. In 1864, the city was burned to the ground by Union forces in retaliation for the sinking of the tinclad Union gunboat USS Queen City by forces under the command of Confederate Brigadier General Joseph O. Shelby. The town's charter was dissolved in 1884, and it was reincorporated in 1898.

In the early 1900s, Clarendon developed a number of industries, including lumber, staves and barrels, oars, and buttons made from the shells of the area's plentiful freshwater mussels. The mussels also provided freshwater pearls, which were bought and sold at the Clarendon Pearl Market. The Moss Brothers Bat Company supplied baseball bats to a number of major league baseball players during this era.

Like most of eastern Arkansas, Clarendon was devastated by the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927. The main levee at Clarendon held until the White River reached a height of 38.5 feet, 8.5 above normal flood stage; the flood eventually crested at 44 feet. While no fatalities were reported, the town was inundated by water up to the second floor of many buildings, and the catastrophic inrush of water when the levee broke caused considerable damage to many buildings. The cleanup of mud and debris took many years.

The area around Clarendon today is primarily agricultural; tourism related to the area's hunting and fishing resources is the most common non-agricultural economic activity. The reported rediscovery of the ivory-billed woodpecker in 2004-2005 in the Cache River and White River National Wildlife Refuges has brought new attention to the area. There are several duck call makers in town. One Jim Stinson III, maker of Stinson Duck calls.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Clarendon has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Torrance Daniels Biography, Videos - FamousWhy". FamousWhy. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Clarendon, Arkansas

External links[edit]