Civitavecchia

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Civitavecchia
Comune
Comune di Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia fort and harbour

Coat of arms
Civitavecchia is located in Italy
Civitavecchia
Location of Civitavecchia in Italy
Coordinates: 42°06′N 11°48′E / 42.100°N 11.800°E / 42.100; 11.800Coordinates: 42°06′N 11°48′E / 42.100°N 11.800°E / 42.100; 11.800
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceRome
FrazioniAurelia, La Scaglia
Government
 • MayorPietro Tidei (PD)
Area
 • Total71.95 km2 (27.78 sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total51,969
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
DemonymCivitavecchiesi
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code00053
Dialing code0766
Patron saintSaint Fermina
Saint day28 April
WebsiteOfficial website
 
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Civitavecchia
Comune
Comune di Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia fort and harbour

Coat of arms
Civitavecchia is located in Italy
Civitavecchia
Location of Civitavecchia in Italy
Coordinates: 42°06′N 11°48′E / 42.100°N 11.800°E / 42.100; 11.800Coordinates: 42°06′N 11°48′E / 42.100°N 11.800°E / 42.100; 11.800
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceRome
FrazioniAurelia, La Scaglia
Government
 • MayorPietro Tidei (PD)
Area
 • Total71.95 km2 (27.78 sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total51,969
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
DemonymCivitavecchiesi
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code00053
Dialing code0766
Patron saintSaint Fermina
Saint day28 April
WebsiteOfficial website

Civitavecchia [ˌtʃivitaˈvɛkkja] is a town and comune of the province of Rome in the central Italian region of Lazio. A sea port on the Tyrrhenian Sea, it is located 80 kilometres (50 miles) west-north-west of Rome, across the Mignone river. The harbour is formed by two piers and a breakwater, on which is a lighthouse. The name Civitavecchia means "ancient town".

History[edit]

Civitavecchia in 1795, etching by William Marlow.

The modern city was built over a pre-existing Etruscan settlement.

The harbour was constructed by the Emperor Trajan at the beginning of the 2nd century. The first occurrence of the name Centum Cellae is from a letter by Pliny the Younger (AD 107). The origin of the name is disputed: it has been suggested that it could refer to the centum ("hundred") halls of the villa of the emperor.

In the high Middle Ages[citation needed], Centumcellae was a Byzantine stronghold. Raided by the Saracens in 828, it was later acquired by the Papal States.

The place became a free port under Pope Innocent XII in 1696 and by the modern era was the main port of Rome. The French occupied it in 1849. On 16 April 1859 the Rome and Civitavecchia Rail Road was opened for service. The Papal troops opened the gates of the fortress to the Italian general Nino Bixio in 1870.

During World War II, Allied bombings severely damaged Civitavecchia, and caused civilian casualties.

Economy[edit]

Civitavecchia is today a major cruise and ferry port, the main starting point for sea connection from central Italy to Sardinia, Sicily, Malta, Tunis and Barcelona. Fishing has a secondary importance.

The city is also the seat of two thermal power stations. The conversion of one of them to coal has raised the population's protests, as it has been suggested it could create heavy pollution.

Main sights[edit]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Civitavecchia experiences a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa).

Climate data for Civitavecchia
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)12.8
(55.0)
13.1
(55.6)
14.6
(58.3)
16.7
(62.1)
20.3
(68.5)
23.6
(74.5)
26.5
(79.7)
27
(80.6)
24.9
(76.8)
21.4
(70.5)
17
(62.6)
13.9
(57.0)
19.3
(66.8)
Average low °C (°F)7.1
(44.8)
7.4
(45.3)
8.5
(47.3)
10.6
(51.1)
14.3
(57.7)
17.5
(63.5)
20.3
(68.5)
20.5
(68.9)
18.5
(65.3)
15.2
(59.4)
11.1
(52.0)
8.1
(46.6)
13.3
(55.9)
Precipitation mm (inches)94
(3.7)
71
(2.8)
51
(2.0)
53
(2.1)
43
(1.7)
18
(.7)
10
(.4)
30
(1)
56
(2.2)
84
(3.3)
89
(3.5)
71
(2.8)
665
(26.2)
Source: [1]

Transport[edit]

View of the port
View of station platforms

The Port of Civitavecchia, also known as "Port of Rome",[2] is an important hub for the maritime transport in Italy, for goods and passengers. Part of the "Motorways of the Sea"[3] it is linked to several Mediterranean ports and represents one of the main links between Italian mainland to Sardinia.

Civitavecchia railway station, opened in 1859, is the western terminus of the Rome–Civitavecchia railway, which forms part of the Pisa–Livorno–Rome railway. A short line linking the town center to the harbour survived until early 2000s.[4] It counted two stations: Civitavecchia Marittima, serving the port, and Civitavecchia Viale della Vittoria.

Civitavecchia is served by the A12, an unconnected motorway linking Rome to Genoa and by the State highway SS1 Via Aurelia, which also links the two stretches. The town is also interested by a project regarding a new motorway, the Civitavecchia-Venice or New Romea,[5] nowadays completed as a dual carriageway between Viterbo and Ravenna (via Terni, Perugia and Cesena) and commonly known in Italy as the Orte-Ravenna.


Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Civitavecchia is twinned with:

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civitavecchia historic weather averages in Italy". Intellicast. Retrieved 3 June 2009. 
  2. ^ (Italian) Port of Civitavecchia website
  3. ^ (Italian) [http://www.ramspa.it/content/view/88/294/ Infos at R.A.M. website (search the list of ports)
  4. ^ (Italian) Historical infos and pictures about the Civitavecchia-Cv. Marittima rail line
  5. ^ (Italian) Article at ANAS website
  6. ^ "Twinning with Palestine". © 1998-2008 The Britain - Palestine Twinning Network. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 
  7. ^ The City of Bethlehem has signed a twinning agreements with the following cities Bethlehem Municipality.
  8. ^ "::Bethlehem Municipality::". www.bethlehem-city.org. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 

External links[edit]