Cities of London and Westminster (UK Parliament constituency)

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Cities of London and Westminster
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Cities of London and Westminster in Greater London.
CountyGreater London
Electorate65,140 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created1950 (1950)
Member of ParliamentMark Field (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyLondon
 
  (Redirected from City of London and Westminster South (UK Parliament constituency))
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Cities of London and Westminster
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Cities of London and Westminster in Greater London.
CountyGreater London
Electorate65,140 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created1950 (1950)
Member of ParliamentMark Field (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyLondon

Cities of London and Westminster is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Mark Field of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Contents

Boundaries

Cities of London and Westminster in the Parliamentary County of London, showing boundaries used from 1950 to 1974

The constituency was created in 1950 by the merger of the former seats of City of London and Westminster Abbey. It was named 'City of London and Westminster South' from 1974 to 1997 and comprises the City of London and a southern part of the City of Westminster in Central London.

From 1983 to 1997 the following twelve wards of the City of Westminster were part of the constituency: Baker Street, Belgrave, Bryanston, Cavendish, Churchill, Hyde Park, Knightsbridge, Millbank, St George’s, St James’s, Victoria, and West End.

The seat covers the entire City of London and most of the City of Westminster lying South of the Marylebone Road and the Westway. In the latter more residential city it covers Westminster, Pimlico, Victoria, Belgravia, Knightsbridge, St. James's, Soho, most of Covent Garden, parts of Fitzrovia, Marylebone, Edgware Road, Paddington and Bayswater.

The seat contains electoral wards of:

In the London Assembly, the City of London is covered by the City and East constituency, and the area in Westminster by the West Central constituency.

Constituency profile

The constituency covers much of the commercial, historical and touristic heart of London, including the Square Mile, St. Paul's Cathedral, Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey, Trafalgar Square, Buckingham Palace and Hyde Park.

Few people live in the City of London's financial district and in the closest parts of the West End such as Covent Garden. Mayfair, Belgravia and Knightsbridge rank among Europe's wealthiest residential districts but around half the electorate are in the more socially mixed areas of Bayswater and Pimlico, or the former council estates of Westminster proper.

Proposed changes

As part of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which began in 2011, the Boundary Commission for England have proposed largely retaining the existing seat, whilst renaming it to "The Cities of London and Westminster" with the definite article included[2]

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [3]Party
1950Sir Harold WebbeConservative
1959Sir Harry Hylton-FosterConservative
1959Speaker
1965 by-electionJohn SmithConservative
1970Christopher TugendhatConservative
February 1974constituency renamed 'City of London and Westminster South'
February 1974Christopher TugendhatConservative
1977 by-electionPeter BrookeConservative
1997constituency renamed 'Cities of London and Westminster'
1997Peter BrookeConservative
2001Mark FieldConservative

Election results

Named Cities of London and Westminster from 1997 to date

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2010: Cities of London and Westminster[4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeMark Field19,26452.2+3.9
LabourDave Rowntree8,18822.2-3.1
Liberal DemocratNaomi Smith7,57420.5+2.0
GreenDerek Chase7782.1-2.2
UKIPPaul Weston6641.8+0.7
English DemocratsFrank Roseman1910.5N/A
IndependentDennis Delderfield980.3N/A
PirateJack Nunn900.2N/A
IndependentMad Cap'n Tom840.2N/A
Majority11,07630.0
Turnout36,93155.5+4.4
Conservative holdSwing+3.5

Elections in 2000s

General Election 2005: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeMark Field17,26047.3+1.0
LabourHywel Lloyd9,16525.1−8.0
Liberal DemocratMarie-Louise Rossi7,30620.0+4.6
GreenTristan Smith1,5444.2+0.3
UKIPColin Merton3991.1–0.3
IndependentBrian Haw2980.8N/A
Christian PeoplesJillian McLachlan2460.7N/A
VeritasDavid Harris2180.6N/A
IndependentCass Cass-Horne510.1N/A
Majority8,09522.2
Turnout36,48750.3+3.1
Conservative holdSwing+4.5
General Election 2001: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeMark Field15,73746.3–0.9
LabourMike Katz11,23833.1–2.0
Liberal DemocratMartin Horwood5,21815.4+3.1
GreenHugo Charlton1,3183.9N/A
UKIPColin Merton4641.4+0.8
Majority4,49913.2
Turnout33,97547.2–7.0
Conservative holdSwing+0.5

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativePeter Brooke18,98147.3N/A
LabourKate Green14,10035.1N/A
Liberal DemocratMichael Dumigan4,93312.3N/A
Referendum PartyAlan Walters1,1612.9N/A
IndependentP. Wharton2660.7N/A
UKIPColin Merton2150.5N/A
Natural LawR. Johnson1760.4N/A
Monster Raving LoonyN. Walsh1380.3N/A
Hemp CoalitionG. Webster1120.3N/A
Rainbow Dream TicketJerry Sadowitz730.2N/A
Majority4,88112.2N/A
Turnout58.2N/A

Named City of London and Westminster South between 1974 and 1992

General Election 1992: City of London and Westminster South
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativePeter Brooke20,93860.3
LabourCharlie Smith7,56921.8
Liberal DemocratMs. Jane Smithard5,39215.3
GreenGuy Herbert4581.3
Monster Raving LoonyPeter Stockton1470.4
Irish Freedom MovementAlex Farrell1070.3
Natural LawRichard Johnson1010.3
Majority13,36938.5
Turnout63.1
General Election 1987: City of London and Westminster South
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativePeter Brooke19,33357.8
LiberalJ Smithard7,29121.8
LabourR Bush6,82120.4
Majority12,04236.0
Turnout58.2
General Election 1983: City of London and Westminster South
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativePeter Brooke20,75459.1
LiberalA Walker-Smith7,36721.0
LabourS Jones6,01317.1
EcologyR Shorter4191.2
CommunistA Spence1610.5
Independent - Pro Nuclear War Gay RightsV Litvin1470.4
Majority13,38738.1
Turnout51.8

Elections in 1970s

General Election 1979: City of London and Westminster South
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativePeter Brooke16,85160.7
LabourR Profitt7,06725.5
LiberalH Ball-Wilson3,37512.2
National FrontK Mathews4781.7
Majority9,78435.2
Turnout55.2
City of London and Westminster South by-election, 1977
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativePeter Brooke11,92655.49+3.77
LabourMalcolm Noble3,99718.60-12.35
LiberalAngus Scrimgeour1,9819.22-5.64
National FrontPaul Kavanagh1,0514.89+2.42
Pro-Homosexual Civil RightsPeter Mitchel4492.09N/A
National PartyMichael Lobb3641.69N/A
New BritainDennis Delderfield3061.42N/A
Air, Road, Public Safety, White ResidentBill Boaks610.28N/A
Christian Outreach to Britain, Anti-PornographyWilliam Thompson430.20N/A
Christ, Crown, Country, Commonwealth, Christian ConstitutionRalph Herbert370.17N/A
Turnout21,492
Conservative holdSwing
General Election October 1974: City of London and Westminster South
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeChristopher Samuel Tugendhat14,35051.7
LabourPhil J Turner8,58931.0
LiberalTG Underwood4,12214.9
National FrontD Baxter6862.5
Majority5,76120.8
Turnout53.2
General Election February 1974: City of London and Westminster South
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeChristopher Samuel Tugendhat16,94553.2
LabourPhil J Turner8,69827.3
LiberalTG Underwood6,01518.9
Independent ConservativeCD Wertheim1340.4
Majority8.24725.9
Turnout61.4

Named from 1950 to 1970 Cities of London and Westminster

General Election 1970: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeChristopher Samuel Tugendhat19,10259.4
LabourAL Dubs10,06231.3
LiberalDA Nicholson2,7088.4
Independent - Anti-LabourWA Clark1570.5
Independent - Young IdeasLord Sutch1570.4
Majority9,04028.1
Turnout54.5

Election in the 1960s

General Election 1966: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeJohn Smith19,24254.7
LabourAJ Pringle12,34935.1
LiberalTP Houston3,57610.2
Majority6,89319.6
Turnout60.0
By-election 1965: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeJohn Lindsay Smith15,03759.33+1.16
LabourAlexander Pringle8,30032.86+2.28
LiberalStephen Jakobi1,5956.31-4.74
IndependentDesmond Burgess3266.71N/A
Majority6,737
Conservative holdSwing
General Election 1964: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
SpeakerHarry Hylton-Foster19,24254.7
LabourAJ Pringle12,34935.1
LiberalTP Houston3,57610.2
Majority6,89319.6
Turnout60.0

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1959: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeHarry Hylton-Foster27,48965.1
LabourW Howie10,30124.4
LiberalD Monsey4,40910.5
Majority17,18840.7
Turnout61.3
General Election 1955: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeHarold Webbe31,31470.2
LabourDJ Nisbet13,27029.8
Majority18,04440.5
Turnout60.0
General Election 1951: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeHarold Webbe35,27566.8
LabourHF Sutherland17,52733.2
Majority17,73833.6
Turnout67.2
General Election 1950: Cities of London and Westminster
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeHarold Webbe32,67261.6
LabourJ Curthoys14,84928.0
LiberalJ Gorsky4,6708.8
CommunistG Carritt8881.7
Majority17,82333.6
Turnout72.4

See also

Notes and References

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Cirencester and Tewkesbury
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1959–1965
Succeeded by
Southampton Itchen

Coordinates: 51°31′N 0°08′W / 51.51°N 0.13°W / 51.51; -0.13