Children of Henry VIII

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Henry VIII of England had several children. The best-known are the three legitimate children who survived Henry and succeeded him as monarchs of England successively, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.

His first two wives, Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn, had several pregnancies that ended in stillbirth, miscarriage, or death in infancy. Henry acknowledged one illegitimate child, Henry FitzRoy, as his own, but is suspected to have fathered several illegitimate children by different mistresses.[1] The number and identity of these is a matter of historical debate.

There are many theories about whether Henry VIII had fertility difficulties.[2] His last three wives, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr are not known to have conceived by him, although Parr conceived in her next marriage.[3]

Known children of Henry VIII of England
By Catherine of Aragon (married Greenwich Palace 11 June 1509; annulled 23 May 1533)
Unnamed daughter31 January 151031 January 1510stillborn
Henry, Duke of Cornwall1 January 151122 February 1511died aged almost two months[4]
Unnamed sonNovember 1513stillborn or died shortly after birth
Henry, Duke of CornwallDecember 1514lived for a few hours
Queen Mary I18 February 151617 November 1558married Philip II of Spain in 1554; no issue
Unnamed daughter10 November 151817 November 1518lived for a week
By Anne Boleyn (married Westminster Abbey 25 January 1533; annulled 17 May 1536) beheaded on 19 May 1536
Queen Elizabeth I7 September 153324 March 1603never married; no issue
Unnamed son29 January 1536stillborn
By Jane Seymour (married York Place 30 May 1536; Jane Seymour died 24 October 1537)
King Edward VI12 October 15376 July 1553unmarried; no issue
By Elizabeth Blount
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset15 June 151923 July 1536illegitimate; acknowledged by Henry VIII in 1525; no issue[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hart, Kelly (June 1, 2009). The Mistresses of Henry VIII (First ed.). The History Press. ISBN 0-7524-4835-8. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Catherine Parr: Children". The Six Wives of Henry VIII. PBS. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  4. ^ [1] Loades, David, "The six wives of Henry VIII," Amberly, 2009. Pages 25-26. ISBN 978-1-84868-335-8. Retrieved November 30, 2011
  5. ^ Bastard Prince: Henry VIII's Lost Son by Beverley A. Murphy (5 Jan 2004)


Further reading[edit]