Chief of Naval Operations

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Chief Naval Operations
CNO
US-ChiefOfNavalOperations-Flag.svg
Flag of the Chief of Naval Operations
ChiefOfNavalOperationsSeal.png
Seal of the Chief of Naval Operations
Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert (CNO).jpg
Incumbent
Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert

since September 23, 2011
Department of the Navy
Member ofJoint Chiefs of Staff
Reports toSecretary of Defense
Secretary of the Navy
AppointerThe President
Term length4 years
Renewable
Constituting instrument10 U.S.C. § 5033
FormationMay 11, 1915
First holderADM William S. Benson
DeputyVice Chief of Naval Operations
WebsiteOfficial Website
 
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Chief Naval Operations
CNO
US-ChiefOfNavalOperations-Flag.svg
Flag of the Chief of Naval Operations
ChiefOfNavalOperationsSeal.png
Seal of the Chief of Naval Operations
Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert (CNO).jpg
Incumbent
Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert

since September 23, 2011
Department of the Navy
Member ofJoint Chiefs of Staff
Reports toSecretary of Defense
Secretary of the Navy
AppointerThe President
Term length4 years
Renewable
Constituting instrument10 U.S.C. § 5033
FormationMay 11, 1915
First holderADM William S. Benson
DeputyVice Chief of Naval Operations
WebsiteOfficial Website

The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 5033) held by a four-star admiral in the United States Navy, and is the most senior naval officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Navy. The office is a military adviser and deputy to the Secretary of the Navy. In a separate capacity as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151) the CNO is a military adviser to the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President. The current Chief of Naval Operations is Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert.

The Chief of Naval Operations is an administrative position based in the Pentagon, and while the CNO does not have operational command authority over Naval forces as the title implies (that is nowadays within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense), the CNO does exercise supervision of Navy organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Navy.

Responsibilities[edit]

Department of the Navy[edit]

The CNO reports directly to the Secretary of the Navy for the command, utilization of resources, and operating efficiency of the operating forces of the Navy and of the Navy shore activities assigned by the Secretary.[1] Under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy, the CNO also designates naval personnel and naval resources to the commanders of Unified Combatant Commands.[2][3] The CNO also performs all other functions prescribed under 10 U.S.C. § 5033 and those assigned by the secretary[2] or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration. The CNO is typically the highest-ranking officer on active duty in the Navy unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are naval officers. Like the other joint chiefs, the CNO is an administrative position and has no operational command authority over United States naval forces.[1]

Office of the Chief of Naval Operations[edit]

The Chief of Naval Operations presides over the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OpNav),[4] which is one of three headquarters staffs in Department of the Navy (the others being the Office of the Secretary of the Navy and Headquarters Marine Corps.)

Policy documents are issued in the form of OPNAV Instructions.

Appointment[edit]

The Chief of Naval Operations is nominated by the President for appointment and must be confirmed by the Senate.[5] A requirement for being Chief of Naval Operations is having significant experience in joint duty assignments, which includes at least one full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment as a flag officer.[5] However, the president may waive those requirements if he determines that appointing the officer is necessary for the national interest.[5] By statute, the CNO is appointed as a four-star admiral.[5]

Official Residence[edit]

Number One Observatory Circle, located on the northeast grounds of the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, was built in 1893 for its superintendent. The Chief of Naval Operations liked the house so much that in 1923 he took over the house as his own official residence. It remained the residence of the CNO until 1974, when Congress authorized its transformation to an official residence for the Vice President.[6] The Chief of Naval Operations currently resides in Quarters A in the Washington Naval Yard.

List of Chiefs of Naval Operations (1915 – present)[edit]

The position of CNO replaced the position of Aide for Naval Operations, which was a position established by regulation rather than statutory law.

Mullen (CNO in December 2006) with some of his predecessors: Clark, Watkins, Hayward and Johnson
No.ImageNameTenure
BeganEndedDays of Service
1William S. Benson.jpgADM William S. Benson11 May 191525 September 19191598
2Robert E. Coontz.jpgADM Robert E. Coontz1 November 191921 July 19231358
3Edward Walter Eberle.jpgADM Edward W. Eberle21 July 192314 November 19271577
4Charles Frederick Hughes.jpgADM Charles F. Hughes14 November 192717 September 19301099
5William Veazie Pratt.jpgADM William V. Pratt17 September 193030 June 19331017
6William H Standley.jpgADM William H. Standley1 July 19331 January 19371280
7William Leahy cropped.jpgFADM William D. Leahy2 January 19371 August 1939941
8Harold Rainsford Stark.jpgADM Harold R. Stark1 August 19392 March 1942944
9FADM Ernest J. King.jpgFADM Ernest J. King2 March 194215 December 19451384
10Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz portrait.jpgFADM Chester W. Nimitz15 December 194515 December 1947730
11Louis E. Denfeld.jpgADM Louis E. Denfeld15 December 19472 November 1949688
12Forrest P SHerman.jpgADM Forrest P. Sherman2 November 194922 July 1951627
13William Fechteler.jpgADM William M. Fechteler16 August 195117 August 1953732
14Robert Bostwick Carney.jpgADM Robert B. Carney17 August 195317 August 1955730
15ADM Burke, Arleigh (CNO).jpgADM Arleigh A. Burke17 August 19551 August 19612176
16Georgewandersonjr(big).gifADM George W. Anderson Jr.1 August 19611 August 1963730
17ADM McDonald, David Lamar.jpgADM David L. McDonald1 August 19631 August 19671461
18ADM Thomas Moorer.JPGADM Thomas H. Moorer1 August 19671 July 19701065
19Elmo Zumwalt.jpgADM Elmo R. Zumwalt1 July 197029 June 19741459
20James Holloway III.jpgADM James L. Holloway III29 June 19741 July 19781463
21ADM Hayward, Thomas B CNO Official Portrait.jpgADM Thomas B. Hayward1 July 197830 June 19821460
22Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEGADM James D. Watkins30 June 198230 June 19861461
23Admiral Carlisle Trost, official military photo.JPEGADM Carlisle A.H. Trost1 July 198629 June 19901459
24Admiral Frank Kelso, official military photo.JPEGADM Frank B. Kelso II29 June 199023 April 19941394
25Jeremy M. Boorda.jpgADM Jeremy M. Boorda23 April 199416 May 1996754
26Admiral Jay Johnson, official military photo.JPEGADM Jay L. Johnson16 May 199621 July 20001527
27VernClark.jpgADM Vern Clark21 July 200022 July 20051827
28Admiral Michael Mullen, official Navy photograph.jpgADM Michael Mullen22 July 200529 September 2007860
29ADM Gary Roughead CNO.jpgADM Gary Roughead29 September 200723 September 20111394
30Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert (CNO).jpgADM Jonathan W. Greenert23 September 2011Present1073

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The US Navy". Retrieved 24 September 2007. 
  2. ^ a b [1] 10 USC 5013(f). Secretary of the Navy
  3. ^ [2] 10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support
  4. ^ navy.mil Chief of Naval Operations − Responsibilities. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d "10 USC 5033. Chief of Naval Operations". Retrieved 24 September 2007. 
  6. ^ "The Vice President's Residence". 

External links[edit]