Chiang Rai (city)

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Chiang Rai
เชียงราย
City Municipality
Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai is located in Thailand
Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 19°54′34″N 99°49′39″E / 19.90944°N 99.82750°E / 19.90944; 99.82750
CountryFlag of Thailand.svg Thailand
ProvinceChiang Rai Province
Districts of ThailandAmphoe Mueang Chiang Rai
Geocoding5100
Area
 • Total23.49 sq mi (60.85 km2)
Elevation1,280 ft (390 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total69,888
 • Density3,000/sq mi (1,100/km2)
 
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Not to be confused with Chiang Mai.
This article is about the city. For the province, see Chiang Rai Province.
Chiang Rai
เชียงราย
City Municipality
Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai is located in Thailand
Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 19°54′34″N 99°49′39″E / 19.90944°N 99.82750°E / 19.90944; 99.82750
CountryFlag of Thailand.svg Thailand
ProvinceChiang Rai Province
Districts of ThailandAmphoe Mueang Chiang Rai
Geocoding5100
Area
 • Total23.49 sq mi (60.85 km2)
Elevation1,280 ft (390 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total69,888
 • Density3,000/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Chiang Rai Clock Tower in Wiang Mueang area

Mueang Chiang Rai (Thai: เมืองเชียงราย, pronounced [mɯəŋ tɕʰiəŋ raːj]; Northern Thai: ᩮᨾᩥᩬᨦᨩᩭᨦᩁᩣᩭ: Mueang Chiang Hai; Lao: Mueang Xieng Hai) is a city in Amphoe Mueang Chiang Rai, Changwat Chiang Rai. Chiang Rai is the northernmost large city in Thailand. It was established as a capital city in the reign of King Mangrai, in the year 1262 AD.

History[edit]

Sadue Mueang, Omphalos of the City

The city was founded by King Mengrai in 1262 and became the capital of the Mengrai dynasty. Subsequently, Chiang Rai was conquered by Burma and remained under Burmese rule for several hundred years. It was not until 1786 that Chiang Rai became a Chiang Mai vassal. Siam (Thailand) annexed Chiang Mai in 1899, and Chiang Rai was proclaimed a province of Thailand in 1933.

In 1432, during the reign of King Sam Fang Kaen of Mengrai dynasty (1402–1441), the Phra Kaeo, or Emerald Buddha, the most revered Buddha statue, was discovered in Chiang Rai when an earthquake split the Chedi at Wat Phra Kaeo of Chiang Rai City. The beautiful jade figure was then seen concealed within. Another telling of the story has the 'Emerald Buddha' hastily covered in mud just before marauders entered to pillage. Many years later, the clunky-looking mud Buddha was found to actually house the magnificent jade statue, perhaps by way of the earthquake mentioned above - which caused a piece of the clay to break off - revealing the jade beneath.

In 1992, the City Pillar was moved from Wat Klang Wiang to Wat Phra That Doi Chom Thong, where it is known as Sadue Mueang (Thai: สะดือเมือง), the Navel or Omphalos of the City.

Geography[edit]

Chiang Rai City lies in the flat alluvial plain of the Mae Kok River, a tributary of the Mekong, between the Daen Lao Range in the north and the Phi Pan Nam Range in the south. The Mae Kok River runs along Chiang Rai's north side, flowing eastwards out of Burma at Tha Ton(ท่าตอม) town, bending northeastwards and joining the Mekong River about 40 km northeast of the city. The Lao River, a tributary of the Kok, flows south of Chiang Rai.

There are four bridges spanning the Mae Kok river within the town's boundaries, each running south/north. Most of the terrain surrounding Chiang Rai town is either flat or has moderate hills. The exception is outward in the west and northwest directions, where limestone hills are evident, some of which have straight-up exposed cliffs. Not surprisingly, that is also the direction where most of the region's Hill Tribe people have their villages, further afield.

The city is located 860 km north of Bangkok, about 200 kilometres northeast of Chiang Mai City, 62 kilometres south of Mae Sai and the Burmese border; 60 kilometres southwest of the town of Chiang Saen on the Mekong River across from Laos; and 90 kilometres north of Phayao town. The Golden Triangle, the tripoint of the Thailand, Laos and Myanmar borders, is 55 km northeast of the city.


Chiang Rai
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
7.5
 
29
13
 
 
14
 
31
14
 
 
28
 
34
17
 
 
98
 
35
21
 
 
213
 
33
23
 
 
178
 
32
24
 
 
311
 
31
23
 
 
358
 
31
23
 
 
284
 
31
23
 
 
125
 
31
21
 
 
59
 
29
17
 
 
14
 
27
14
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Thai Meteorological Department[1]

Climate[edit]

Chiang Rai has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are fairly dry and warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is hot with the average daily maximum at 34.9 °C (94.8 °F). The monsoon season runs from late April through October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for Chiang Rai (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)34.5
(94.1)
37.2
(99)
40.4
(104.7)
42.3
(108.1)
41.9
(107.4)
40.5
(104.9)
39.5
(103.1)
38.1
(100.6)
38.6
(101.5)
37.9
(100.2)
36.2
(97.2)
35.5
(95.9)
42.3
(108.1)
Average high °C (°F)28.6
(83.5)
31.3
(88.3)
33.8
(92.8)
34.8
(94.6)
33.1
(91.6)
32.1
(89.8)
31.1
(88)
30.9
(87.6)
31.1
(88)
30.5
(86.9)
28.8
(83.8)
27.2
(81)
31.11
(87.99)
Average low °C (°F)12.8
(55)
13.7
(56.7)
16.9
(62.4)
20.6
(69.1)
22.5
(72.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.4
(74.1)
23.3
(73.9)
22.7
(72.9)
21.1
(70)
17.3
(63.1)
13.5
(56.3)
19.28
(66.71)
Record low °C (°F)−0.2
(31.6)
1.5
(34.7)
5.0
(41)
10.4
(50.7)
13.5
(56.3)
18.4
(65.1)
20.3
(68.5)
20.0
(68)
19.1
(66.4)
17.4
(63.3)
11.5
(52.7)
2.8
(37)
−0.2
(31.6)
Rainfall mm (inches)7.5
(0.295)
13.8
(0.543)
28.2
(1.11)
97.9
(3.854)
213.4
(8.402)
178.4
(7.024)
310.9
(12.24)
358.4
(14.11)
283.9
(11.177)
124.9
(4.917)
59.2
(2.331)
14.0
(0.551)
1,690.5
(66.554)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm)2131017192224181263137
 % humidity75676266768082848382797776.1
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

Demographics[edit]

Official Population count: According to the Thailand National Statistical Office, as of September 2010, Chiang Rai municipal district has a population of 199,699. With the spread of the city extending into neighboring districts, the metropolitan area is considered somewhat larger by local residents. Chiang Rai City is the capital city and business center of the Chiang Rai Province, home to 1.1 million residents.

12.5% of the population belong to the hill tribes, a collective term for the minority ethnic groups in the North of Thailand such as the Karen, Akha, Lisu, Meo, and Hmong.

Government[edit]

Chiang Rai City is the capital of Changwat Chiang Rai.

The City Hall 19°54.805′N 99°49.615′E / 19.913417°N 99.826917°E / 19.913417; 99.826917 holds the Provincial Offices.

The Thetsaban holds the Municipal Offices 19°54′34″N 99°49′39″E / 19.90944°N 99.82750°E / 19.90944; 99.82750.

Buddhist temples[edit]

Tourist attractions in or near Chiang Rai town[edit]

Tourist attractions further afield, within Chiang Rai province[edit]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

International Schools[edit]

High Schools[edit]

Primary Schools[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Route 1 runs from Bangkok through Chiang Rai to Mae Sai on the Burma border. Chiang Rai is 839 kilometers from Bangkok, about 14 hours by car or by bus. According to official bus schedules, the bus ride to Chiang Rai from Chiang Mai takes approximately an hour and 30 minutes, however the 175 km trip most often takes at least two and a half hours. All of these times should take into account the rainy season which lasts from about June to late October, this can severely inhibit travel with road sections often completely flooded and even washed out.

Several flights are available to and from Bangkok daily. Mae Fah Luang International Airport flight time is about 1 hour and 30 minutes. There are several major operators including Thai airways, Air Asia, Nok air and One to go.

There is scheduled boat service between Chiang Rai and Thaton in Chiang Mai province daily this journey will last about 3–4 hours and is a pleasant alternative to the bus ride through the mountains.

There are currently no rail services to Chiang Rai as the railway line from Bangkok ends at Chiang Mai. There have been talks of extending the rail line from Den Chai to Chiang Rai in the near future,[2] but this is unlikely to happen as the city's population is well below 1 million and there aren't as many international tourists visiting Chiang Rai as Chiang Mai. Also there are no major industrial complexes in the region as it is largely a rural economy.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "http://www.tmd.go.th/province_stat.php?StationNumber=48303". 
  2. ^ railway.co.th

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°54′34″N 99°49′39″E / 19.90944°N 99.82750°E / 19.90944; 99.82750