Chevrolet Aveo

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Chevrolet Aveo
2009 Chevrolet Aveo5 LS.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerGeneral Motors
Production2002–present
Body and chassis
ClassSubcompact car (B)
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Chronology
PredecessorDaewoo Lanos
Chevrolet Metro
 
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Chevrolet Aveo
2009 Chevrolet Aveo5 LS.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerGeneral Motors
Production2002–present
Body and chassis
ClassSubcompact car (B)
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Chronology
PredecessorDaewoo Lanos
Chevrolet Metro

The Chevrolet Aveo (/əˈv./ ə-VAY-oh) is a subcompact car manufactured since 2002, originally by the South Korean General Motors (GM) subsidiary, GM Daewoo—and later by other GM-affiliated entities. Marketed worldwide in 120 countries under six brands (Chevrolet, Daewoo, Holden, Pontiac, Suzuki, and ZAZ),[1] the first generation Aveo was originally called Daewoo Kalos in its home market South Korea and many export markets. South Korean models were later rebranded Daewoo Gentra, while in other markets, the first generation model was marketed as the Holden Barina in Australasia, Pontiac G3 in the United States and later Canada, previously in Canada as the Pontiac Wave and then in Canada as the Suzuki Swift+.

The second generation Aveo debuted in January 2011, marketed globally as the Chevrolet Aveo;[2][3] in North America, the Middle East, Chile, Israel, Japan, Mexico, and South Africa[4] as the Chevrolet Sonic;[5] and in Australasia as the Holden Barina. As of December, 2012 production was underway at the GAZ plant in Nizhny Novgorod[6]

The Aveo name means "desire" in Latin.

First generation (2002–2011)[edit]

Main article: Chevrolet Aveo (T200)

T200[edit]

First generation (T200)
2004 Chevrolet Aveo sedan -- NHTSA.jpg
Overview
Also calledChevrolet Kalos
Chevrolet Lova
Daewoo Gentra
Daewoo Kalos
Holden Barina (TK)
Pontiac G3
Pontiac G3 Wave
Pontiac Wave
Suzuki Swift+
ZAZ Vida
Production2002–2011 (South Korea)
2002–present (under license)
Body and chassis
Body style3-door hatchback
4-door sedan
5-door hatchback

GM Daewoo introduced the "Daewoo Kalos" in 2002, based on a then-new T200 platform, replacing the Daewoo Lanos (T100). Under development before Daewoo's bankruptcy, the Kalos was the company's first new model introduction following its subsequent takeover by General Motors.[7] Manufacture of the Kalos began in early March, 2002,[7] with pre-production prototypes shown at the Geneva Auto Show in April 2002. The nameplate Kalos derives from the Greek word καλός (kalós) for "beautiful" and "good".[8]

Chevrolet Aveo LT five-door (US)
Holden Barina three-door (Australia)

Originally designed by Italdesign, the Kalos derives directly from the "Kalos Dream" concept vehicle first presented at the 2000 Paris Motor Show and subsequent developmental concepts at the 2001 Frankfurt Motor Show, 2002 Geneva Auto Show, and 2003 at the Geneva Show. During this three-year development period Daewoo was struggling financially, with the ultimate fate of the company and the concept vehicle remaining uncertain.

The Kalos was sold in three available body styles: a 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback from the beginning of production in 2002, and a 3-door hatchback available in certain European markets beginning in 2005. Two different T200 front-end styling designs were sold. When released in 2002, the T200 headlamps were detached from the horizontal amber turn signal strip, located directly below. This detached style, used primarily in South Korea and North America, was used in conjunction with a semi-elliptical grille. When sales in Europe began in 2003, the headlights were an integrated unit that slanted upwards from the "V-shaped" grille towards the front fenders. In Australia, when the Daewoo Kalos was introduced in 2003, the hatchback featured the integrated lighting arrangement, with the detached style used to differentiate the sedans. In South Korea, where the detached lights were used at first, the integrated design was later utilized as a facelift.

The T200 sedan and five-door hatchback featured a swage line running along the lower body to the rear door, which kinks downward prominently on the five-door. Five-doors also feature a side window in the C/D pillar with a distinctively angled lower edge. Interiors feature a circular motif throughout.

T250[edit]

Chevrolet Aveo sedan (US)
Chevrolet Aveo three-door (Italy)

GM introduced a facelifted sedan at Auto Shanghai 2005, designed in cooperation with PATAC. Bearing the internal code T250 and sold in South Korea as the "Daewoo Gentra", revisions included exterior styling changes, a new interior instrument panel and minor equipment changes, including increased sound deadening.[9] Incorporation of the radio antenna into the rear glass and extensive wind tunnel testing helped reduce the coefficient of drag from 0.348 to 0.326.[9]

A facelifted hatchback with the sedan's updated instrument panel was presented as the Chevrolet Aveo during the Frankfurt Motor Show 2007, to be marketed in Europe and North America. The Korean market received its own distinct restyle of the hatchback, the Gentra X, whose bumper without the distinctly "Chevrolet" split grille was also used for the Pontiac, Holden and Suzuki variants.

With launch of the Gentra X in South Korea, GMDAT had replaced engines of T250. 1.2 L (1206 cc) S-TEC II engine was updated with features such as dual overhead camshaft (DOHC) and timing chain (older version has timing belt) system. 1.6 L E-TEC II engine has been replaced with an updated GEN-III Ecotec Family 1 engine with new features such as variable valve timing mechanism.

Chevrolet Cobalt[edit]

Chevrolet Cobalt for Russian market

A version of the T250 is sold in the Brazilian market under the name Chevrolet Cobalt. Unrelated to the previous car sold in North America, this Cobalt replaced the aging local Chevrolet Corsa. The car is equipped with an 1.4 and 1.8 Econo.Flex engine. Although sporting a similar front end style, it is not directly related to the Chevrolet Agile, since it shares the overall underpinnings with the Sonic,[10] while the Agile is derived from the considerably older Opel Corsa B, from 1993.

Second generation (2011–present)[edit]

T300[edit]

Second generation (T300)
2012 Chevrolet Sonic 2LT -- 11-10-2011.jpg
Overview
Also calledChevrolet Sonic
Holden Barina (Australia)
Chevrolet Sonic (Brazil)
Production2011–present
Model years2012–present
AssemblyYantai, Shandong Province, China (Shanghai GM Dongyue Plant)
Ramos Arizpe, Mexico
Bupyeong-gu, Incheon (GM Korea)
Rayong, Thailand
Orion Township, Michigan, United States
Bogotá, Colombia (GM Colombia)
Nizhny Novgorod, Russia(Since 2013)[11]
DesignerOndrej Koromhaz (2008)
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
PlatformGM Gamma II platform
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase99.4 in (2,525 mm)
Length173.1 in (4,397 mm) (4-door)
159 in (4,039 mm) (5-door)
Width68.3 in (1,735 mm)
Height59.7 in (1,516 mm)
2012 Chevrolet Sonic LTZ Sedan front(US)
2012 Chevrolet Sonic LTZ sedan back(US)
2013 Chevrolet Sonic RS (US)

The second generation Aveo debuted at the 2010 Paris Motor Show, using the Gamma II global subcompact platform.[12] It had been previewed earlier in the year as the Aveo RS concept, shown in concept form with 19-inch wheels and a M32 six-speed manual transmission mated to a 1.4-liter turbocharged Ecotec engine, rated at 103 kilowatts (138 hp).[13]

Development of the second-generation Aveo was led by GM Korea, with Opel engineers leading platform development along with significant input from engineers from Australia's Holden and Chevrolet of the United States. The Aveo marked the debut of the Gamma II global subcompact platform.[14] Exterior design was led by Australian designer Ondrej Koromhaz, of Holden who was on assignment to GM Korea from 2005 to 2007. Koromhaz described his goal for the Aveo as being a "four-seat motorcycle" and took design inspiration from motorcycles, notably in the Aveo's exposed headlights and motorcycle-style instrument cluster.[14] For Chevrolet Sonic models built in the United States, the Sonic features suspension tuning by Corvette Racing engineer John Buttermore.[15]

Chevrolet markets the new Aveo under the Chevrolet Sonic nameplate in the U.S., Canadian, Mexican, Colombian, Argentinian, Brazilian (and replaces the Chevrolet Astra however the Chevrolet Zafira continued until the following year), Chilean, Japanese, Israeli, Middle East, South African and ASEAN markets. In Australia and New Zealand it is sold as the Holden Barina. The North American-spec Sonic is available as a 4-door sedan or five-door hatchback. It comes with a 1.8-liter inline-four producing 101 kW (135 hp) and 169 N·m (125 lb·ft) torque, or a 1.4-liter turbo inline-four producing 103 kW (138 hp) and 201 N·m (148 lb·ft) torque.[16] The 1.8-liter engine has a timing belt; the 1.4L turbo engine uses a timing chain to drive the camshafts.[17] The 1.8-liter inline-four is mated to a standard five-speed manual or six-speed automatic transmission, while the 1.4-liter turbo has a six-speed manual transmission.[18] On August 2, 2011, the Sonic had entered production at Orion Assembly, with the first cars arriving at dealerships in October.[19] The Sonic is, notably, the only car in its class to be assembled in America.

Chevrolet Sonic had its ASEAN debut at the Bangkok Motor Show 2012 in March 2012, as both a 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback. It was rolled out from GM's facility in Rayong, Thailand in July 3, 2012 as a 4-door sedan.[20] Later, Chevrolet Thailand expected 3 new trim variants; LS, LT and LTZ, in both the 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback models (the LS would be available only with the 4-door sedan) which would run on the 1.4-liter turbo engine with the option of 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic transmission. Pricing is expected to start from BHT548,000 in base 1.4 LS 4-door with a 5-speed manual. Delivery of the 4-door sedan started in late of July 2012, and the hatchback followed on August 2012.[21] The Sonic is expected to be exported to other ASEAN countries like Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia shortly thereafter.

The Japanese model was unveiled at the Summer Sonic 2011 event in QVC Marine Field[22] and later in the Summer Sonic 2012 event in QVC Marine Field.[23] Production models went on sale in November 12, 2011. Early models included the 5-door hatchback with a 1.6-litre I-4 Ecotec (115PS) engine, and a 6-speed automatic transmission with TAPshift. The base model is based on the equivalent of North American LTZ trim level, while the LT model includes alloy wheels and metallic paint.[24][25][26] The width dimension at 1735mm does not meet compact class tax bracket regulations set forth by the Japanese Government.

The Sonic uses a water-based “three-wet” paint process that eliminates the need for a primer bake oven; this reduces the paint shop footprint by 10%, and uses 50% less energy per vehicle painted. Chevy is the first US automaker to use this process.[27]

The Sonic is also assembled at the GM Colmotores plant in Bogotá, Colombia, where it was initially introduced for the domestic market only and later also exported to countries in the Andean region.[citation needed]

2011 SEMA concepts (2011)[edit]

Sonic Z-Spec #1 is a turbocharged Sonic five-door with concept Z-Spec accessories. It included Z-Spec ground effects, a spoiler, unique grille and graphics package, Torch Red body colour, Z-Spec concept 18-inch wheels, Cobalt Red cabin features perforated black suede seat inserts, a Z-Spec sport pedal kit, sport shift knob and a racing-style flat-bottom steering wheel, performance brakes with four-piston calipers, a new high-flow exhaust system and performance suspension parts.

2012 Chevrolet Sonic LT, rear view (US)

Sonic Z-Spec #2 is based on Sonic with 1.4L turbo engine and six-speed manual transmission. It includes Flat White body colour with Torch Red accents, a more aggressive ground effects package, unique grille, rear spoiler and graphics package, Z-Spec concept 18-inch wheels, a re-trimmed interior with Z-Spec sport pedal kit, Z-Spec sport shift knob and a flat-bottom steering wheel, custom racing seats with the Z-Spec logo. Performance upgrades include brakes with four-piston calipers, a high-flow exhaust system and suspension parts.

Sonic Z-Spec 4D Concept is a concept car with a touring car-style motif, based on Sonic sedan with turbo 1.4L engine and six-speed manual transmission. It included Ashen Grey Metallic body colour, concept Z-Spec ground effects, rear spoiler, grille, "Chevrolet" graphics and larger Z-Spec concept 18-inch wheels, Dark Titanium interior upholstery with Cobalt Red accents, Z-Spec sport pedal kit, aluminum sport shift knob, a flat-bottom steering wheel (trimmed with Cobalt Red suede). Performance upgrades include four-piston caliper brakes, a high-flow exhaust system and suspension parts.

Sonic Dusk included Berlin Blue exterior, a mild concept ground effects package, unique grille treatment, 18-inch concept wheels in dark Galvano Silver, Mojave leather interior has custom seat inserts, Z-Spec shift knob with satin chrome trim, Z-Spec sport pedals and accessory interior trim kit, a suede-trimmed flat-bottom steering wheel, custom audio system and brake and suspension upgrades.

Sonic Super 4 is a race car concept that demonstrates Chevrolet's new small car performance potential, based on Sonic with Ecotec 1.4L turbo engine and six-speed manual transmission. It includes Chevrolet racing graphics, Carbon fiber lower splitter, Carbon fiber rocker panel extensions, Carbon fiber rear diffuser, Tinted headlamps and taillights, Concept Z-Spec high wing rear spoiler, Tow hooks, 18x7.5-inch satin black wheels with street-legal racing tires, SCCA-approved 1¾ -inch chrome moly roll cage, SCCA-approved inner and outer window nets, Z-Spec pedal kit, Racing instrumentation, Racing seat with five-point harness, Fire suppression system, Rearview camera system, Racing steering wheel with quick disconnect, Adjustable coil-over struts and spring kit, four-piston front brake calipers with two-piece drilled rotors, two-piston rear brake calipers with one-piece drilled rotors, Low-restriction air intake and filter, Two-inch cat-back straight-pipe exhaust.

Sonic Boom Concept is a sound system-based concept that delivers high performance of an auditory type, designed with Kicker. Based on the Sonic with the Ecotec 1.4L turbo engine and six-speed automatic transmission, it has a special painjob and graphics. The wheels are 19x9-inches, matched by a ground effects package, as well as a special grille and spoiler. The interior features racing seats, various leather accents, and a custom sound system. The vehicles were unveiled in 2011 SEMA show.[28]

Sonic JBL Sound Limited (2012-)[edit]

It is a limited (50 units) version of Chevrolet Sonic 5-door hatchback for Japan market, with:

The vehicle went on sale in 2012-02-25,[29] and was unveiled in NEOPASA Shimizu.[30]

HOKT GinRhymes edition (2012-)[edit]

It is a limited (5 units) version of Chevrolet Sonic 5-door hatchback for Japan market, commemorating 10th anniversary debut of hip hop artist HOKT. It included:

The vehicle was unveiled at G★SPA PARADISE event in Jyozankei Grand Hotel. The vehicle went on sale in 2012-03-18.[31][32]

Sonic Sportline (2012-)[edit]

It is a version of Chevrolet Sonic 5-door hatchback with 1.6L Ecotec (115PS) engine for Japan market, with:

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Tokyo Auto Salon, followed by Nagoya Auto Trend.[34]

Sonic Dusk (2012–)[edit]

The production intent car is a version of Sonic sedan with Ecotec 1.4L turbocharged engine and six-speed transmission, based on the 2011 SEMA concept. The SEMA show vehicle included a production-intent package with ground effects, a rear spoiler, 18-inch aluminum wheels with a Pearl Nickel finish, Mojave accent stitching and tan-color door panel and instrument panel accents, and MyLink infotainment system.

The production intent vehicle was unveiled in 2012 SEMA show. Production model includes a choice of six-speed manual or automatic transmission.[35]

Powertrains[edit]

Gasoline
EnginePowerTorqueTransmissionYears
1.2 L (1,229 cc) LDC/LWB Ecotec I451 kW (69 PS; 68 hp)115 N·m (85 lb·ft)2011–
62 kW (84 PS; 83 hp)115 N·m (85 lb·ft)2011–
1.4 L (1,398 cc) LDD Ecotec I474 kW (101 PS; 99 hp)130 N·m (96 lb·ft)2011–
1.4 L (1,364 cc) LUV Ecotec I4 (t/c)

(US Engine)

103 kW (138 hp)201 N·m (148 lb·ft) (NA)2011–
1.6 L (1,598 cc) LDE Ecotec I485 kW (116 PS; 114 hp)155 N·m (114 lb·ft)2011–
1.8 L (1,796 cc) LUW Ecotec I4

(US Engine)

101 kW (135 hp) (NA)169 N·m (125 lb·ft) (NA)2011–
Diesel
1.3 L (1248 cc) CDTI LDV/LSF I4 (t/c)55 kW (75 PS; 74 hp)190 N·m (140 lb·ft)2011–
70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp)210 N·m (155 lb·ft)2011–

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
Chevrolet Aveo (2011)[36]
TestPoints%
Overall:5 /5 stars
Adult occupant:3495%
Child occupant:4387%
Pedestrian:1954%
Safety assist:793%

Marketing[edit]

In marketing the Sonic, GM had the car driven in a full 360 degree rotation off a ramp and over an oversized skateboard.[37] In addition, GM produced a commercial for Super Bowl XLVI called "Stunt Anthem", which featured 360 rotation with other Sonics skydiving doing a bungee jump and scenes from OK Go's music video for the song "Needing/Getting." The song featured in the commercial is We Are Young by Fun.. The Sonic is the only Subcompact car sold in North America that is built in the United States.[38][citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2008 Chevrolet Aveo sedan & Aveo5". General Motors. 2007-08-01. Archived from the original on 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  2. ^ "The Chosun Ilbo (English Edition): Daily News from Korea - GM Daewoo Models to Be Sold as Chevrolets in Korea". English.chosun.com. 2010-12-03. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  3. ^ "IHS Global Insight // Same-Day Analysis". Ihsglobalinsight.com. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  4. ^ "Chevrolet Sonic". GM South Africa. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  5. ^ Ewing, Steven J. (2010-12-13). "Aveo No More: New Chevrolet small car to officially be called 'Sonic' — Autoblog". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  6. ^ Andrew E. Kramer (December 25, 2012). "Russia’s Desire for Cars Grows, and Foreign Makers Take Notice". The New York Times. Retrieved December 26, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Road Test: Daewoo Kalos (2002-2005)". channel4.com. Archived from the original on 2005-05-05. 
  8. ^ "Daewoo Kalos". Dennis Publishing. July 2002. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  9. ^ a b "2007 Chevrolet Aveo". topspeed.com. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  10. ^ "Testes: Chevrolet Cobalt LTZ 1.4 8V - Quatro Rodas". quatrorodas.abril.com.br. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  11. ^ "GAZ Welcomes Chevrolet Aveo". Wroom.ru. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  12. ^ "IL Insider: Pontiac Says No G3 for the States - Yet". insideline.com. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  13. ^ "Chevy Aveo RS Kills It!". GMTunerSource.com. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  14. ^ a b Hammerton, Ron. "AIMS: Holden gives Barina some muscle". Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  15. ^ Nasser, Zaid. "First Drive: 2012 Chevrolet Sonic". Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  16. ^ "Chevrolet Creates Waves With The All-New 2012 Sonic" (Press release). GM Media. 2011-01-10. 
  17. ^ "2012 Chevrolet Sonic review". Samarins.com. March 8, 2012. 
  18. ^ "2012 Chevrolet Sonic Booms into Detroit". Automoblog.net. 2011-01-11. Retrieved 2011-01-11. 
  19. ^ "Chevrolet Sonic production gets underway". Autoblog. August 2, 2011. Archived from the original on August 2, 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Chevrolet เติมความสนุกสู่ตลาดเมืองไทยด้วย Chevrolet Sonic". Motor Trivia. 2012-07-03. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  21. ^ "Chevrolet Sonic ประกาศราคาจำหน่าย เริ่มต้นที่ 548,000 บาท". Motor Trivia. 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  22. ^ サマーソニック2011(東京会場)で、シボレー・ブースを出展
  23. ^ シボレー、日本最大級の都市型ロックフェス「サマーソニック 2012」に協賛
  24. ^ Chevrolet To Re-Enter Japanese Small Car Market With Sonic
  25. ^ 【シボレー ソニック 日本発表】189万円から…主要市場に真っ向勝負
  26. ^ 新型ワイルド・コンパクト「シボレー・ソニック」、日本市場に投入
  27. ^ "Paint it Green: Sonic shrinks its footprint at Orion Assembly Plant". SonicInsider.com. November 15, 2011. 
  28. ^ Chevrolet SEMA display reveals Sonic boom
  29. ^ ワイルド・コンパクト「シボレー ソニック JBLサウンドリミテッド」発売
  30. ^ 新東名高速の要所「ネオパーサ清水」に「シボレー ソニックJBLサウンドリミテッド」を展示
  31. ^ 「シボレー ソニック」ヒップホップ・アーティストとのコラボレーション特別限定車を販売
  32. ^ シボレー ソニック とヒップホップアーティストとのコラボモデル
  33. ^ シボレー ソニック|CHEVROLET SONIC│シボレー ソニック スポーツライン
  34. ^ 「シボレー ソニック スポーツライン」発売
  35. ^ Chevy unveils production Sonic Dusk sedan for SEMA
  36. ^ "Euro NCAP results for Chevrolet Aveo". euroncap.com. 2011. 
  37. ^ Mullane, Corey (December 2011). "When Dyrdek Dreams to Kickflip". SonicInsider.com. Retrieved 18 December 2011. 
  38. ^ Vlasic, Bill (6/12/11). "With Sonic, G.M. Stands Automaking on Its Head". The New York Times. Retrieved 2/18/12. 

External links[edit]