From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article
|Layout||Front-engine, front-wheel drive|
|Layout||Front-engine, front-wheel drive|
The Chevrolet Aveo (pronounced /əˈveɪ.oʊ/ ə-VAY-oh) is a subcompact automobile manufactured since 2002, originally by the South Korean General Motors (GM) subsidiary, GM Daewoo—and later by other GM-affiliated entities. Marketed worldwide in 120 countries under six brands (Chevrolet, Daewoo, Holden, Pontiac, Suzuki, and ZAZ), the first generation Aveo was originally called Daewoo Kalos in its home market South Korea and many export markets. South Korean models were later rebranded Daewoo Gentra, while in other markets, the first generation model was marketed as the Holden Barina in Australasia, Pontiac G3 in the United States and later Canada, previously in Canada as the Pontiac Wave and then in Canada as the Suzuki Swift+.
The second generation Aveo debuted in January 2011, marketed globally as the Chevrolet Aveo; in North America, the Middle East, Chile, Israel, Japan, Mexico, and South Africa as the Chevrolet Sonic; and in Australasia as the Holden Barina. As of December, 2012 production was underway at the GAZ plant in Nizhny Novgorod
|Also called||Chevrolet Kalos|
Holden Barina (TK)
Pontiac G3 Wave
|Production||2002–2011 (South Korea)|
2002–present (under license)
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
GM Daewoo introduced the "Daewoo Kalos" in 2002, based on a then-new T200 platform, replacing the Daewoo Lanos (T100). Under development before Daewoo's bankruptcy, the Kalos was the company's first new model introduction following its subsequent takeover by General Motors. Manufacture of the Kalos began in early March, 2002, with pre-production prototypes shown at the Geneva Auto Show in April 2002. The nameplate Kalos derives from the Greek word καλός (kalós) for "beautiful" and "good".
Originally designed by Italdesign, the Kalos derives directly from the "Kalos Dream" concept vehicle first presented at the 2000 Paris Motor Show and subsequent developmental concepts at the 2001 Frankfurt Motor Show, 2002 Geneva Auto Show, and 2003 at the Geneva Show. During this three-year development period Daewoo was struggling financially, with the ultimate fate of the company and the concept vehicle remaining uncertain.
The Kalos was sold in three available body styles: a 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback from the beginning of production in 2002, and a 3-door hatchback available in certain European markets beginning in 2005. Two different T200 front-end styling designs were sold. When released in 2002, the T200 headlamps were detached from the horizontal amber turn signal strip, located directly below. This detached style, used primarily in South Korea and North America, was used in conjunction with a semi-elliptical grille. When sales in Europe began in 2003, the headlights were an integrated unit that slanted upwards from the "V-shaped" grille towards the front fenders. In Australia, when the Daewoo Kalos was introduced in 2003, the hatchback featured the integrated lighting arrangement, with the detached style used to differentiate the sedans. In South Korea, where the detached lights were used at first, the integrated design was later utilized as a facelift.
The T200 sedan and five-door hatchback featured a swage line running along the lower body to the rear door, which kinks downward prominently on the five-door. Five-doors also feature a side window in the C/D pillar with a distinctively angled lower edge. Interiors feature a circular motif throughout.
GM introduced a facelifted sedan at Auto Shanghai 2005, designed in cooperation with PATAC. Bearing the internal code T250 and sold in South Korea as the "Daewoo Gentra", revisions included exterior styling changes, a new interior instrument panel and minor equipment changes, including increased sound deadening. Incorporation of the radio antenna into the rear glass and extensive wind tunnel testing helped reduce the coefficient of drag from 0.348 to 0.326.
A facelifted hatchback with the sedan's updated instrument panel was presented as the Chevrolet Aveo during the Frankfurt Motor Show 2007, to be marketed in Europe and North America. The Korean market received its own distinct restyle of the hatchback, the Gentra X, whose bumper without the distinctly "Chevrolet" split grille was also used for the Pontiac, Holden and Suzuki variants.
With launch of the Gentra X in South Korea, GMDAT had replaced engines of T250. 1.2 L (1206 cc) S-TEC II engine was updated with features such as dual overhead camshaft (DOHC) and timing chain (older version has timing belt) system. 1.6 L E-TEC II engine has been replaced with an updated GEN-III Ecotec Family 1 engine with new features such as variable valve timing mechanism.
|Also called||Chevrolet Sonic|
Holden Barina (Australia)
|Assembly||China: Shanghai GM|
México: Ramos Arizpe
South Korea: Bupyeong-gu, Incheon
Thailand : Rayong
United States: Orion Township, Michigan
Russia: Nizhny Novgorod (since 2013)
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Layout||Front-engine, front-wheel drive|
|Platform||GM Gamma II platform|
|Engine||1.2 L Ecotec Family 0 I4|
1.4 L Ecotec Family 0 I4
1.4 L Ecotec Family 0 I4 turbo
1.6 L Ecotec Family 1 I4
1.8 L Ecotec Family 1 I4
1.3 L CDTi I4
6 speed manual (turbo)
|Wheelbase||99.4 in (2,525 mm)|
|Length||173.1 in (4,397 mm) (4-door)|
159 in (4,039 mm) (5-door)
|Width||68.3 in (1,735 mm)|
|Height||59.7 in (1,516 mm)|
The second generation Aveo debuted at the 2010 Paris Motor Show, using the Gamma II global subcompact platform. It had been previewed earlier in the year as the Aveo RS concept, shown in concept form with 19-inch wheels and a M32 six-speed manual transmission mated to a 1.4-liter turbocharged Ecotec engine, rated at 103 kilowatts (138 hp).
Chevrolet markets the new Aveo under the Chevrolet Sonic nameplate in the U.S., Canadian, Mexican, Colombian, Argentinian, Brazilian, Chilean, Japanese, Israeli, Middle East, South African and ASEAN markets. The North American-spec Sonic is available as a 4-door sedan or five-door hatchback. It comes with a 1.8-liter inline-four producing 101 kW (135 hp) and 169 N·m (125 lb·ft) torque, or a 1.4-liter turbo inline-four producing 103 kW (138 hp) and 201 N·m (148 lb·ft) torque. The 1.8-liter engine has a timing belt; the 1.4L turbo engine uses a timing chain to drive the camshafts. The 1.8-liter inline-four is mated to a standard five-speed manual or six-speed automatic transmission, while the 1.4-liter turbo has a six-speed manual transmission. On August 2, 2011, the Sonic had entered production at Orion Assembly, with the first cars arriving at dealerships in October.
Chevrolet Sonic get ASEAN debut at Bangkok Motor Show 2012 in March 2012, as both 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback. It was rolled out from GM's facility in Rayong, Thailand in July 3, 2012 as 4-door sedan model; Later Chevrolet Thailand expected specification with 3 model variants LS, LT and LTZ in both 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback (LS available only with 4-door sedan) and run on 1.4-liter engine and option of 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic and pricing start from BHT548,000 in base 1.4 LS 4-door with 5-speed manual and opening to pre-order, deliver of 4-door sedan start in late of July 2012, and hatchback on August 2012. and expected to export to ASEAN country like Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia
The Sonic uses a water-based “three-wet” paint process that eliminates the need for a primer bake oven; this reduces the paint shop footprint by 10%, and uses 50% less energy per vehicle painted. Chevy is the first US automaker to use this process.
The Sonic is also assembled at the GM Colmotores plant in Bogotá, Colombia, where it was initially introduced for the domestic market only and later also exported to countries in the Andean region.
Sonic Z-Spec #1 is a turbocharged Sonic five-door with concept Z-Spec accessories. It included Z-Spec ground effects, a spoiler, unique grille and graphics package, Torch Red body colour, Z-Spec concept 18-inch wheels, Cobalt Red cabin features perforated black suede seat inserts, a Z-Spec sport pedal kit, sport shift knob and a racing-style flat-bottom steering wheel, performance brakes with four-piston calipers, a new high-flow exhaust system and performance suspension parts.
Sonic Z-Spec #2 is based on Sonic with 1.4L turbo engine and six-speed manual transmission. It includes Flat White body colour with Torch Red accents, a more aggressive ground effects package, unique grille, rear spoiler and graphics package, Z-Spec concept 18-inch wheels, a re-trimmed interior with Z-Spec sport pedal kit, Z-Spec sport shift knob and a flat-bottom steering wheel, custom racing seats with the Z-Spec logo. Performance upgrades include brakes with four-piston calipers, a high-flow exhaust system and suspension parts.
Sonic Z-Spec 4D Concept is a concept car with a touring car-style motif, based on Sonic sedan with turbo 1.4L engine and six-speed manual transmission. It included Ashen Grey Metallic body colour, concept Z-Spec ground effects, rear spoiler, grille, "Chevrolet" graphics and larger Z-Spec concept 18-inch wheels, Dark Titanium interior upholstery with Cobalt Red accents, Z-Spec sport pedal kit, aluminum sport shift knob, a flat-bottom steering wheel (trimmed with Cobalt Red suede). Performance upgrades include four-piston caliper brakes, a high-flow exhaust system and suspension parts.
Sonic Dusk included Berlin Blue exterior, a mild concept ground effects package, unique grille treatment, 18-inch concept wheels in dark Galvano Silver, Mojave leather interior has custom seat inserts, Z-Spec shift knob with satin chrome trim, Z-Spec sport pedals and accessory interior trim kit, a suede-trimmed flat-bottom steering wheel, custom audio system and brake and suspension upgrades.
Sonic Super 4 is a race car concept that demonstrates Chevrolet's new small car performance potential, based on Sonic with Ecotec 1.4L turbo engine and six-speed manual transmission. It includes Chevrolet racing graphics, Carbon fiber lower splitter, Carbon fiber rocker panel extensions, Carbon fiber rear diffuser, Tinted headlamps and taillights, Concept Z-Spec high wing rear spoiler, Tow hooks, 18x7.5-inch satin black wheels with street-legal racing tires, SCCA-approved 1¾ -inch chrome moly roll cage, SCCA-approved inner and outer window nets, Z-Spec pedal kit, Racing instrumentation, Racing seat with five-point harness, Fire suppression system, Rearview camera system, Racing steering wheel with quick disconnect, Adjustable coil-over struts and spring kit, four-piston front brake calipers with two-piece drilled rotors, two-piston rear brake calipers with one-piece drilled rotors, Low-restriction air intake and filter, Two-inch cat-back straight-pipe exhaust.
Sonic Boom Concept is a sound system-based concept that delivers high performance of an auditory type, designed with Kicker. Based on Sonic with Ecotec 1.4L turbo engine and six-speed automatic transmission, it includes following:
The vehicles were unveiled in 2011 SEMA show.
The production intent car is a version of Sonic sedan with Ecotec 1.4L turbocharged engine and six-speed transmission, based on the 2011 SEMA concept. The SEMA show vehicle included a production-intent package with ground effects, a rear spoiler, 18-inch aluminum wheels with a Pearl Nickel finish, Mojave accent stitching and tan-color door panel and instrument panel accents, and MyLink infotainment system.
The production intent vehicle was unveiled in 2012 SEMA show. Production model includes a choice of six-speed manual or automatic transmission.
|1.2 L (1,229 cc) LDC/LWB Ecotec I4||51 kW (69 PS; 68 hp)||115 N·m (85 lb·ft)||2011–|
|62 kW (84 PS; 83 hp)||115 N·m (85 lb·ft)||2011–|
|1.4 L (1,398 cc) LDD Ecotec I4||74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp)||130 N·m (96 lb·ft)||2011–|
|1.4 L (1,364 cc) LUV Ecotec I4 (t/c)|
|103 kW (138 hp)||201 N·m (148 lb·ft) (NA)||2011–|
|1.6 L (1,598 cc) LDE Ecotec I4||85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp)||155 N·m (114 lb·ft)||2011–|
|1.8 L (1,796 cc) LUW Ecotec I4|
|101 kW (136 hp) (NA)||167 N·m (123 lb·ft) (NA)||2011–|
|1.3 L (1248 cc) CDTI LDV/LSF I4 (t/c)||55 kW (75 PS; 74 hp)||190 N·m (140 lb·ft)||2011–|
|70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp)||210 N·m (155 lb·ft)||2011–|
|Euro NCAP test results|
|Chevrolet Aveo (2011)|
In marketing the Sonic, GM had the car driven in a full 360 degree rotation off a ramp and over an oversized skateboard. In addition, GM produced a commercial for Super Bowl XLVI called "Stunt Anthem", which featured 360 rotation with other Sonics skydiving doing a bungee jump and scenes from OK Go's music video for the song "Needing/Getting." The song featured in the commercial is We Are Young by Fun.. The Sonic is the only Subcompact car sold in North America that is built in the United States.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Chevrolet Aveo|
|Daewoo Motors and GM Daewoo automobile timeline, 1980s–2011|
|City car||Tico||Matiz||Matiz Creative|
|Subcompact||Lanos||Kalos / Gentra|
|Compact||Maepsy-Na||LeMans / Cielo||Nubira||Lacetti||Lacetti Premiere|
|Royale Series||Prince & Brougham|
|Microvan||Damas & Labo|
|Compact SUV||Winstorm MaXX|
|« previous — Chevrolet, a marque of General Motors, road car timeline, United States market, 1980s–present|
|Mid-size||Malibu||Corsica / Beretta||Malibu||Malibu||Malibu||Malibu|
|Personal||Monte Carlo||Monte Carlo||Monte Carlo||Monte Carlo|
|Vehicle is available for police departments only|
|« previous — Pontiac, a division of General Motors, automobile timeline, 1980s–2010|
|Phoenix||Grand Am||Grand Am||Grand Am||G6|
|Mid-size||LeMans||Bonneville||Grand Prix||Grand Prix||Grand Prix|
|Minivan||Trans Sport||Trans Sport/Montana||Montana SV6|
|Personal luxury||Grand Prix|