Chedworth

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Chedworth
View of Chedworth from Church Graveyard - geograph.org.uk - 343679.jpg
View over Chedworth
Chedworth is located in Gloucestershire
Chedworth

 Chedworth shown within Gloucestershire
OS grid referenceSP051122
Shire countyGloucestershire
RegionSouth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
PoliceGloucestershire
FireGloucestershire
AmbulanceGreat Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
 
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Coordinates: 51°48′27″N 1°55′31″W / 51.8075°N 1.9254°W / 51.8075; -1.9254

Chedworth
View of Chedworth from Church Graveyard - geograph.org.uk - 343679.jpg
View over Chedworth
Chedworth is located in Gloucestershire
Chedworth

 Chedworth shown within Gloucestershire
OS grid referenceSP051122
Shire countyGloucestershire
RegionSouth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
PoliceGloucestershire
FireGloucestershire
AmbulanceGreat Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire

Chedworth is a village in Gloucestershire, England, in the Cotswolds and is known as the location of Chedworth Roman Villa, administered since 1924 by the National Trust.

Chedworth Parish is bounded by the Foss Way (spelled Foss locally not Fosse as it is in Warwickshire) to the east and River Coln to the north while the southern boundary straggles from The Hare and Hounds Inn at Foss Cross to the River Churn North of Marsden, including the hamlet of Chedworth Laines but not the Industrial Estate of Fossecross or the hamlet of Calmsden.

Roman villa[edit]

The villa is a 1,700-year-old 'stately home' between Yanworth and Withington and some miles from Chedworth Village by road although it sits to the south of the River Coln and so is within Chedworth Parish and accessible by footpath from the 7 Tuns Inn in Chedworth by the fit and agile. It was discovered by accident in 1864[1] It is the remains of one of the largest Romano-British villas in England featuring several mosaics, two bathhouses, hypocausts (underfloor heating), a water-shrine and a latrine. The water shrine became very special as the Romans used it to worship the goddess of the natural spring that gives it an endless amount of water.

History[edit]

The oldest house in the village is the manor house, which is situated near the parish church. The village which lines a street over a mile long was formerly three distinct settlements "Upper, Middle and Lower Chedworth" which later merged through infilling and has many attractive Cotswold stone houses, and many unattractive Bradstone Houses. From 1920 until 1960 development was confined to ribbon development along Fields Road to the south of the Village where modern bungalows were erected.

A railway line once served the village – the Midland & South Western Junction Railway (later part of the Great Western Railway), opened in 1891 and closed in September 1961. It ran through Chedworth Tunnel, 494 yards in length, and Chedworth railway station was in a deep cutting. Train services ran from Cheltenham (Midland) station to Southampton Terminus until 1957 when the only surviving train was diverted to Cheltenham St James Station and worked by a Southern Region locomotive from Eastleigh Shed.

During the Second World War there was an RAF airfield at RAF Chedworth. The remnants of this can be seen today.

Chedworth was mentioned in author Craig Thomas' first novel "Rat Trap" published in 1976.

Chedworth Silver Band[edit]

Chedworth Silver Band is a traditional Brass Band of some 25 players approximately from Gloucestershire and Wiltshire based in Chedworth which plays at a variety of Concerts, Fete's and Church services in the East Gloucestershire and North Wiltshire areas. The Band has a website www.chedworthsilverband.co.uk which lists the bands forthcoming engagements,fees and other news.

Chedworth organisations[edit]

Chedworth Singers perform occasionally at village concerts and church services, Mezzo Soprano Victoria Jess often performs as guest soloist with Chedworth Singers.

Chedworth Drama Group have performed a number of plays at Chedworth Village Hall, most recently "Rumours" A comedy by Neil Simon directed by John Robson in November 2013.

Chedworth Village Hall was built in 1976 and is a popular facility. Bookings can be made through the www.chedworth.org Website

A project team "Chedworth Remembers" has been established to commemorate the men of the village who died or returned safely from WW1. The team is looking to contact relatives of Chedworth families from that era. Details are on the main village website www.chedworth.org.

Seven Tuns Inn[edit]

The Seven Tuns Inn is positioned close to the church at the far western "upper" end of the village. Named after 7 Tuns, variously Chimneys, or Barrels both of which have featured on the pub sign at different times.[2]

Chedworth Nature Reserve[edit]

Fuller information may be found in the Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust nature reserves handbook.[3]

This is a Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust nature reserve situated on the South side of the Coln Valley and midway between the villages of Chedworth and Withington and next to the Roman Villa owned by the National Trust. The reserve is a section of the disused Cheltenham to Cirencester railway line. The track bed includes both cuttings and embankments. The Trust purchased the reserve in 1969, the line having been closed in 1961. The reserve takes the form of a woodland ride, with expanses of beech woods on either side of the railway line bed. The reserve in 1800 yards long passing through ancient woodland until it reaches the closed Chedworth tunnel. The reserve passes through Chedworth Woods, the second largest woodland block in the Cotswolds.

Chedworth is of interest to geologists and biologists. The former railway cuttings especially those adjacent to Fields Road used to show a geological sequence in the Bajocian stage of the Middle Jurassic period (about 180 million years ago) before neglect allowed the site to become cloaked in vegetation. Fossils could be found in the limestone scree at the base of the cuttings.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chedworth - Roman Retreat, Angharad Moran, Supplement to the British Connection, Archant, 2011
  2. ^ Westlake, Howard (2007). The Chedworth Story. Trafford Publishing. pp. 67–68. ISBN 978-1-4251-2178-5. 
  3. ^ Kelham, A, Sanderson, J, Doe, J, Edgeley-Smith, M, et al, 1979, 1990, 2002 editions, 'Nature Reserves of the Gloucestershire Trust for Nature Conservation/Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust'

External links[edit]