Charles Ingram

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Charles Ingram

Charles Ingram with his wife Diana
Born(1963-08-06) 6 August 1963 (age 49)
England, United Kingdom
OccupationAuthor and Novelist
Known forWho Wants to Be a Millionaire? cheating scandal
SpouseDiana Ingram
 
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Charles Ingram

Charles Ingram with his wife Diana
Born(1963-08-06) 6 August 1963 (age 49)
England, United Kingdom
OccupationAuthor and Novelist
Known forWho Wants to Be a Millionaire? cheating scandal
SpouseDiana Ingram

Charles Ingram (born 6 August 1963) is a former British Army major who made headlines worldwide after he was accused of cheating in the game show Who Wants To Be A Millionaire? in 2001. He was convicted of deception, although he maintains that he did not cheat. His brother-in-law, Adrian, and wife, Diana, had both previously appeared on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? in December 2000 and 9 April 2001 respectively, each winning £32,000.

He is married to Diana Ingram and has since participated in other television game/reality shows, including The Weakest Link (where he appeared with his wife Diana and was voted off in round 6), Wife Swap (in which he swapped lives with Jade Goody's partner for a week) and Hell's Kitchen. In 2003, he received a conditional discharge for insurance fraud after being found guilty of one count of deception and a related count regarding a claim against a house contents insurance policy.[1]

Contents

Education and career

Charles Ingram went to Oswestry School and obtained a BSc in Civil Engineering from Kingston Polytechnic, an MSc in Corporate Management from the Defence College of Management and Technology part of Cranfield University, Chartered membership of the Institute of Personnel and Development, membership of the Chartered Management Institute, membership of the Association for Project Management, and membership of the Society of Authors. In 1986, he trained for the Army at Sandhurst and was commissioned as an officer in the Royal Engineers. He was promoted to the rank of Major in 1995, and in 1999 he served in Bosnia for six months on NATO peacekeeping duties. He was forced to resign from the Army in 2003 and later embarked on a career as a novelist.[2] He now repairs computers for a living.[3]

Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? - cheating

£1 million (15 of 15) - no time limit
A number one followed by one hundred zeros is known by what name?
• A: Googol• B: Megatron
• C: Gigabit• D: Nanomole
Ingram's £1 million question

The ITV programme was produced by Celador at Elstree Studios, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire. The show, hosted by Chris Tarrant, was recorded on 9 September 2001 and 10 September 2001. After winning £1,000,000, the payout was suspended when Ingram was accused of cheating by having his wife, Diana, and an accomplice, Tecwen Whittock, cough as Ingram announced the correct answer from the available choices. Following a trial at Southwark Crown Court lasting four weeks (including jury deliberation for three-and-a-half days), which ended soon after a jury member was evicted for discussing the case in public, Charles and Diana Ingram and Whittock were convicted by a majority verdict of "procuring the execution of a valuable security by deception" on 7 April 2003.

Diana Ingram had previously been a contestant and won £32,000. Her brother Adrian Pollock had also previously won the same amount.[4] Both Diana Ingram and her brother had missed their £64,000 questions (the latter had used his 50:50 lifeline on his question).

On 7 April 2003 the Ingrams and Tecwen Whittock were each given prison sentences suspended for two years (the Ingrams were sentenced for 18-months and Tecwen Whittock was sentenced for 12 months, also suspended), each fined £15,000, and each ordered to pay £10,000 towards prosecution costs. Within two months of the verdict and sentence, the trial judge ordered the Ingrams to pay additional defence costs, Ingram £40,000 and Diana Ingram £25,000. Altogether with legal fees, the Ingrams had to pay £115,000.

This particular episode was not only aired in the UK but also in many other countries, including the United States (where John Carpenter and Kevin Olmstead were big winners) and Australia (whose second jackpot winner was also subject to allegations of cheating but was later exonerated).[citation needed]

On 19 August 2003, the Army Board ordered Ingram to resign his commission as a major, with his state-earned pension of 17 years.[citation needed]

On 19 May 2004 the Court of Appeal denied Ingram leave to appeal against his conviction and upheld his sentence but agreed to quash his wife's fine and prosecution costs.[5] On 5 October 2004 the House of Lords denied Ingram his leave to appeal against his fine and prosecution costs, and he appealed to the European Court of Human Rights. On 20 October 2004 the original trial judge reduced Ingram's defence costs order to £25,000 and Diana Ingram's defence costs order to £5,000.[6] On 21 May 2005, Ingram appealed against his conviction to the Criminal Cases Review Commission. The CCRC completed its review in autumn 2006 concluding that "there was insufficient prospect of overturning the conviction".

An essay written by James Plaskett in favour of the innocence of Ingram, his wife and Whittock led to the journalist Bob Woffinden, who had a longtime interest in miscarriages of justice, publishing a two-page article in the 9 October 2004 edition of the British newspaper the Daily Mail, entitled "Is The Coughing Major Innocent?" Plaskett's essay also prompted a reconsideration of the case in The Guardian Comment Is Free blog on 17 July 2006 from an initially skeptical Jon Ronson.[7] Plaskett may also be heard at Episode 29 of The Pod Delusion podcast[8] being interviewed by political blogger, Mark Thompson, who was himself led by Plaskett's essay to take an interest in the case of The Millionaire Three.[citation needed]

Ingram and his wife declared bankruptcy in October 2004.[9] Having written two novels, The Network, published through a vanity publisher on 27 April 2006 and Deep Siege, published on 8 October 2007, Ingram now repairs computers for a living at PC World, Delhi.

Evidence

Tapes

A transcript of the video tape played in court can be found here. In court Ingram claimed the video tape was "unrepresentative of what I heard"; indeed, he continues to assert that it was "unfairly manipulated". The audio recording of Whittock's coughing was amplified for the knowledge of the jury (and viewers in later television accounts) during the trial. He claims that he neither listened for, encouraged, nor noticed any coughing. The prosecution alleged that, of the 192 coughs recorded during his second-night performance, 32 were recorded from the ten Fastest Finger First contestants, and that 19 of the 32 coughs clearly heard on the video tape recorded louder than both Ingram's and Tarrant's voices, were "significant". Chris Tarrant also denied hearing any coughing, claiming he was too busy to notice.[10]

Larry Whitehurst

Whitehurst, another contestant who has appeared on the show as a Fastest Finger First contestant on four occasions, was adamant that he had known the answers to Ingram's questions. He told the court that he had been able to detect a pattern of coughing, and that he was entirely convinced coughing had helped Ingram.[11]

Tecwen Whittock

Whittock claims to have suffered from a persistent cough for his entire life[12] and insisted that he had a genuine cough caused by a combination of hay fever and a dust allergy, and that it was only coincidence that his throat problem coincided with the right answer.[13] During the trial, however, the jury heard evidence that once Whittock himself was picked to sit in the hot seat, his throat problems disappeared.[13] Whittock later testified that he drank several glasses of water before he went in front of the cameras.[14] Whittock also insisted that he had not known the answers to three of the questions he allegedly helped with. However, the police found the answer to question number 12 regarding the artist who painted The Ambassadors in a hand-written general knowledge book at his home.[13]

Davies, the floor manager, said that as soon as the coughing came to his notice during the recording he decided to find out who was responsible. "The loudest coughing was coming from Tecwen in seat number three", he claimed. "He was talking to the person to his left when I was observing him, and then he turned towards the set and the hot seat to cough." Whittock remarked during the trial that "you do not cough into someone's face".[15]

During the trial, Whittock portrayed himself as a "serial quiz show loser" because he had been eliminated in round one of 15 to 1 and had only won an atlas on his appearance on Sale of the Century.[16] However, Whittock twice won the Wales heat of Brain of Britain (on BBC Radio 4) and in the 1994 semi-final was only narrowly beaten into runner-up spot. In the 1997 semi-final, he could only manage third place and the heat was easily won by quiz legend Daphne Fowler.

After the show

Tarrant, who drank champagne with the Ingrams in their dressing room, said he was convinced that Ingram was genuine when he signed the £1 million cheque, saying that "If I thought there was anything wrong, I certainly would not have signed it." When asked whether the atmosphere in the dressing room was tense after the show, Tarrant replied: "No, not at all. They seemed as normal as people who have just won a million pounds would be in the situation." However, he said that on his way to the dressing room, "I had been told there had been quite an unpleasant exchange."[17]

Eve Winstanley testified in court that Ingram seemed very "unhappy" for someone who had just won a million pounds.[18]

Celador employees produced and reviewed various compilation tapes, before and after contacting the police. Celador and their editing company, Editworks, retained all the tapes during the case and reproduced all tapes for court.[citation needed]

In court, Smith confirmed that his company had previously produced a television programme involving witnesses about the case, for broadcast on ITV after the trial. This was subsequently broadcast on ITV a month after the trial as Tonight With Trevor McDonald – Major Fraud, which was credited with over 17 million viewers. Two weeks later, the day after Major Fraud aired in the USA, the same channel broadcast another programme on the same topic entitled The Final Answer, which was credited with over 5 million viewers.

Verdict

The trial judge summed up the case by stating to the jury that the tapes and Whitehurst were the two pieces of "direct evidence" offered by the prosecution before adding that, "coincidences happen".[citation needed]

The foreman at first told the judge that they thought Ingram and Tecwen to be guilty but Diana not. He was informed that since all three were co-defendants, this was not an acceptable conclusion. He then returned to the jury room and emerged some twenty minutes later saying that they now thought her guilty as well.[citation needed]

Immediately after the jury's verdict the judge sentenced the Ingrams to an 18 months imprisonment suspended for two years while Whittock received a 12 month suspended sentence.[19]

See also


References

  1. ^ "TV cheat gets two-year discharge". BBC News (BBC). 21 November 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/wiltshire/3227442.stm. Retrieved 8 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Millionaire cheat sacked by Army". BBC News (BBC). 24 July 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/3092357.stm. Retrieved 8 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "Who Wants To Be A Millionaire? cheat Charles Ingram slices off three toes in freak gardening accident". Mail Online (London: dailymail.co.uk). 17 September 2010. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1312559/Who-Wants-To-Be-A-Millionaire-cheat-Charles-Ingram-slices-3-toes.html. Retrieved 8 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Major Charles Ingram has been found guilty of cheating his way to the top prize on Who Wants To Be a Millionaire.". BBC News. 2003-04-07. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/2823407.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  5. ^ "TV quiz cheat loses his appeal". BBC News. 2004-05-19. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/wiltshire/3728929.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  6. ^ "Quiz cheat has defence costs cut". BBC News. 2004-10-21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/wiltshire/3762688.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  7. ^ Ronson, Jon (2006-07-17). "Are the Millionaire three innocent?". The Guardian (London). http://commentisfree.guardian.co.uk/jon_ronson/2006/07/could_the_who_wants_to_be_a_mi.html. 
  8. ^ "The Pod Delusion Episode 29 – 9th April 2010". 2010-04-09. http://poddelusion.co.uk/blog/2010/04/09/episode-29-9th-april-2010/. 
  9. ^ "Game show cheat Ingram bankrupt". BBC News. 2004-12-08. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/wiltshire/4080191.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  10. ^ Mcveigh, Karen (2003-03-13). "Quizmaster 'amazed' to hear £1m winner could have cheated". The Scotsman (Edinburgh). http://news.scotsman.com/quizshowscam/Quizmaster-amazed-to-hear-1m.2410121.jp. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  11. ^ "Contestant 'spotted Millionaire coughs'". BBC News (bbc.co.uk). 11 March 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/2839587.stm. Retrieved 8 July 2011. 
  12. ^ "So I phoned a friend - part two". The Guardian (London). 2003-04-19. http://www.guardian.co.uk/weekend/story/0,3605,938649,00.html. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  13. ^ a b c Innes, John (2003-03-07). "Pager plot too risky for TV quiz'". The Scotsman (Edinburgh). http://news.scotsman.com/uk/Pager-plot-too-risky-for.2408136.jp. Retrieved 2008-05-13. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Cheating 'silly' says Millionaire accused". BBC News. 2003-03-26. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/2888791.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  15. ^ http://www.portia.org/chapter14/major.html
  16. ^ "Lecturer a serial quiz show failure, court is told". The Scotsman (Edinburgh). 2003-03-26. http://news.scotsman.com/topics.cfm?tid=788&id=360802003. Retrieved 2008-05-13. [dead link]
  17. ^ The Scotsman (Edinburgh). 13 March 2003. http://news.scotsman.com/topics.cfm?tid=788&id=302972003. [dead link]
  18. ^ "Millionaire winner 'unhappy'". BBC News. 2003-03-10. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/2836937.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-13. 
  19. ^ "Millionaire trio escape jail". BBC. 8 April 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/2910119.stm. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 

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