Charles Dutoit

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Charles Dutoit
Charles Dutoit (1984) by Erling Mandelmann - 2.jpg
Background information
Birth nameCharles Édouard Dutoit
Born(1936-10-07) 7 October 1936 (age 77)
Lausanne, Switzerland
GenresClassical
OccupationsConductor, pedagogue
Associated actsGothenburg Symphony
Montreal Symphony
NHK Symphony
Orchestre National de France
Philadelphia Orchestra
Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
 
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Charles Dutoit
Charles Dutoit (1984) by Erling Mandelmann - 2.jpg
Background information
Birth nameCharles Édouard Dutoit
Born(1936-10-07) 7 October 1936 (age 77)
Lausanne, Switzerland
GenresClassical
OccupationsConductor, pedagogue
Associated actsGothenburg Symphony
Montreal Symphony
NHK Symphony
Orchestre National de France
Philadelphia Orchestra
Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra

Charles Édouard Dutoit, (French pronunciation: ​[ʃaʁl e.dwaːʁ dy.twa]) OC GOQ (born 7 October 1936) is a Swiss conductor, particularly noted for his interpretations of French and Russian 20th century music. He has made influential modern recordings of Hector Berlioz's Roméo et Juliette and Maurice Ravel's ballets Daphnis et Chloé and Ma mère l'oye. He currently serves as the Principal Conductor and Artistic Director of London's Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.

Biography[edit]

Dutoit was born in Lausanne, Switzerland, studied there and graduated from the Conservatoire de musique de Genève, where he won first prize in conducting. Then he went to the Accademia Chigiana in Siena by the invitation of Alceo Galliera. In his younger days, he frequently attended Ernest Ansermet's rehearsals and had a personal acquaintance with him. He also worked with Herbert von Karajan at Lucerne as a member of the festival youth orchestra and studied with Charles Munch at Tanglewood. Dutoit began his professional music career in 1957 as a viola player with various orchestras across Europe and South America. In January 1959, he made his debut as a professional conductor with an orchestra of Radio Lausanne and Martha Argerich. From 1959 he was a guest conductor of the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande and the Lausanne Chamber Orchestra. After this, he was the conductor for Radio Zurich until 1967, when he took over the Bern Symphony Orchestra from Paul Kletzki, where he stayed for eleven years.

While head of the Bern Symphony, he also conducted the National Symphony Orchestra of Mexico from 1973 to 1975, and Sweden's Gothenburg Symphony from 1975 to 1978. Dutoit was principal guest conductor of the Minnesota Orchestra in the early 1980s.

In 1977, Dutoit became the Artistic Director of the Orchestre Symphonique de Montréal (OSM). During his tenure, the recording profile and reputation of the OSM increased as he managed to make it one of the leading orchestras in the French-speaking world. In April 2002 Dutoit initiated dismissal procedures against two OSM musicians. This led to an uprising within the orchestra. Emile Subirana, then president of the Québec Musicians' Guild, wrote an open letter saying that Dutoit had verbally and psychologically abused his musicians and that they now wanted it to stop. Upon hearing this Dutoit abruptly resigned, never to conduct in Montreal again. But according to la Scena Musicale[1] and to Marie-Josée Desrochers, the MSO's director of communications, Dutoit was simply following the rules of the collective agreement in requesting a meeting with the two musicians to discuss their work, as a first step that might lead to dismissal. La Scena Musicale has learned that this is the first time Dutoit has initiated such a procedure since the last musician was fired back around 1980. Never having had the need to refer to clause 12.05 c) until last month, the MSO musicians were shocked at its contents. It is understandable, then, that the musicians were upset to find Dutoit and the MSO seemingly taking advantage of this clause. As a result they asked their union to save the jobs of their two colleagues. Guild president Emile Subirana must have realized that, given the details of the collective agreement, if Dutoit were to dismiss the musicians, he could really do nothing more to save the jobs. Instead, he resorted to playing the harassment card and threatening a lawsuit. The strategy might have been sound if Subirana had started the negotiations privately.[1] It is now clear that the decision to go public with the threat of a lawsuit was a ploy to disgrace Dutoit, forcing him to resign while diverting attention from the Guild's mishandling of clause 12.05 c). Articles in the daily newspapers suggest that the majority of MSO musicians were surprised by Subirana's actions and that these actions do not represent their will. If this is the case, the musicians had better change the mandate given to the union.[1][2][3]

Charles Dutoit has earned more than 40 international awards and distinctions, including two Grammy Awards (USA), several Juno Awards (Canada), the Grand Prix du Président de la République (France), the Prix mondial du disque de Montreux (Switzerland), the Amsterdam Edison Award, the Japan Record Academy Award, and the German Music Critics' Award. He and the OSM made many recordings for the Decca/London label.

Dutoit first conducted the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1980. From 1990 to 1999, he was music director of the orchestra's summer concerts at the Mann Center for the Performing Arts. Since 1990, he has been the artistic director and principal conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra's summer festival in Saratoga Springs, New York, a post he relinquished in August 2010. In 1991, he was made an Honorary Citizen of the city of Philadelphia. As of the 2012-2013 season, he became Conductor Laureate of the orchestra.

Since 1990, Dutoit has directed the Pacific Music Festival in Japan. From 1991 to 2001, Dutoit was Music Director of the Orchestre National de France, with whom he made a number of critically lauded recordings and toured extensively. In 1996, he was appointed principal conductor of Tokyo's NHK Symphony Orchestra. In 1997, he was made an honorary Officer of the Order of Canada. He is also one of a handful of non-Canadian citizens to be a Grand Officer of the Ordre national du Québec.

In February 2007, he was named chief conductor and artistic adviser of The Philadelphia Orchestra, for a contract of four years, effective September 2008.[4] In April 2007, Dutoit was named principal conductor and artistic director of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra as of 2009.[5] Since July 2009 Dutoit has also served as the music director of the Verbier Festival Orchestra in Switzerland.[6]

Personal life[edit]

Dutoit shuns publicity and protects his private life from the media. He has been married four times, including a marriage to the world-renowned concert pianist Martha Argerich, to the economist Marie-Josée Drouin, and to Canadian violinist Chantal Juillet.[7] His first marriage was to Ruth Cury, by whom he has a son, Ivan, who lives in Santa Monica, California with his family. He also has a daughter, Anne-Catherine, by his marriage to Argerich.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wah Keung Chan (2002-04-16). "The Dutoit Affair: Cause and Solution". La Scena Musicale Online. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  2. ^ Lawrence Van Gelder (2002-04-13). "Montreal Conductor Asked To Reconsider Resignation". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  3. ^ Clifford Krauss (2002-04-18). "Dissonance In Montreal; Dealing With the Aftermath Of a Rare Orchestral Uprising". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  4. ^ Dobrin, Peter (2007-03-03), "Positivity on the podium", The Philadelphia Inquirer: D01, ISSN 0362-4331 
  5. ^ Martin Cullingford, "Charles Dutoit takes over Royal Philharmonic Orchestra". Gramophone, 20 April 2007.
  6. ^ "Music Directors". Verbier Festival. Retrieved December 7, 2009. 
  7. ^ Kaptainis, Arthur (2010-02-11), "Charles Dutoit marries Montreal-born violinist Chantal Juillet", The Montreal Gazette [dead link]

External links[edit]

http://www.icma-info.com/

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
Artistic Director, Montreal Symphony Orchestra
1977–2002
Succeeded by
Kent Nagano
Preceded by
Alexander Rumpf
Principal Conductor and Music Director, NHK Symphony Orchestra
1996–1998 (principal conductor), 1998–2003 (music director)
Succeeded by
Vladimir Ashkenazy
Preceded by
Christoph Eschenbach (music director)
Chief Conductor, Philadelphia Orchestra
2008–2012
Succeeded by
Yannick Nézet-Séguin (music director)