Chardon, Ohio

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City of Chardon, Ohio
—  City  —
Motto: "Home Of The Geauga County Maple Festival"
Location of Chardon, Ohio
Coordinates: 41°34′45″N 81°12′16″W / 41.57917°N 81.20444°W / 41.57917; -81.20444Coordinates: 41°34′45″N 81°12′16″W / 41.57917°N 81.20444°W / 41.57917; -81.20444[1]
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyGeauga
Government
 • MayorPhilip King
 • Vice MayorLeslie Bednar
Area
 • Total4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2)
 • Land4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[2]1,299 ft (396 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total5,148
 • Density1,120.1/sq mi (432.8/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code44024
Area code(s)440
FIPS code39-13554[3]
GNIS feature ID1056789[2]
WebsiteChardon.cc
 
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City of Chardon, Ohio
—  City  —
Motto: "Home Of The Geauga County Maple Festival"
Location of Chardon, Ohio
Coordinates: 41°34′45″N 81°12′16″W / 41.57917°N 81.20444°W / 41.57917; -81.20444Coordinates: 41°34′45″N 81°12′16″W / 41.57917°N 81.20444°W / 41.57917; -81.20444[1]
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyGeauga
Government
 • MayorPhilip King
 • Vice MayorLeslie Bednar
Area
 • Total4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2)
 • Land4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[2]1,299 ft (396 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total5,148
 • Density1,120.1/sq mi (432.8/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code44024
Area code(s)440
FIPS code39-13554[3]
GNIS feature ID1056789[2]
WebsiteChardon.cc

Chardon is an exurb of Greater Cleveland and the county seat of Geauga County, Ohio, United States.[4] The population was 5,148 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the only incorporated city in Geauga County, and incorporates land that was once part of Chardon Township, Hambden Township and Munson Township.[5]

Contents

History

The Geauga County Courthouse on Chardon Square, as viewed from the Ferris wheel during the Maple Festival

Chardon is named after Peter Chardon Brooks, who donated land to build the historic Chardon Square.[5] Chardon Township celebrates its incorporation in 1812, and thus the City of Chardon does the same.[5]

Chardon fire

On July 24–25, 1868, a massive fire totally destroyed what is now known as Chardon Square. The fire originated in the Parlin Parkin's grocery store, and spread rapidly. By the time the fire was contained, the courthouse, post office, and many stores on the square were destroyed. Damage was estimated at around $120,000. Chardon Square was quickly rebuilt following the fire. A new courthouse, which still stands today, was completed in 1869. Many other buildings that were constructed after the fire also still exist today.[5][6]

Chardon High School shooting

On February 27, 2012, a student that attended Lake Academy, T.J. Lane, opened fire at the Chardon High School cafeteria, killing three, and injuring two other classmates. Daniel Parmertor, 16 years old, was killed at the time of the shooting. Two other victims, Demetrius Hewlin and Russell King, Jr., were pronounced dead on February 28.[7] The alleged shooter, T.J. Lane, was taken into custody by police and was charged with three counts of aggravated murder.[8]

Geography and climate

Geography

Chardon is located on U.S. Route 6 about 25 miles (40 km) east of Cleveland. According to the United States Census Bureau, Chardon has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), of which 4.6 square miles (12 km2) is land and 0.22% is water.

Climate

With an average annual snowfall of 106 inches (269 cm),[9][10] Chardon is notable for being the snowiest city in Ohio.[11] This is mainly due to its location on a 730 foot (220 m) ridge approximately 10 miles (16 km) inland from Lake Erie, creating the perfect conditions for Orographic lift and its associated heavy snowfall when winter winds blow across the lake.

In 1996, from November 9 through November 13, a storm dropped over 70 inches of lake-effect snow in the city over a period of six days.[12][13] Governor George Voinovich declared a state of emergency as a result, and the Ohio National Guard was brought in to assist with the cleanup.[14]

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Avg high °F31.6
34.6
44.3
55.9
67.6
76.2
80
78.6
71.8
60.4
47.9
36.7
57.1
Avg low temperature °F14.3
15.1
23.9
33.6
44
53.1
57.5
56.1
49.2
39
31.5
21.5
36.6
Rainfall in.3.28
2.71
3.4
3.84
4.17
4.53
3.94
4.62
4.41
3.84
4.3
4.29
47.33
Snowfall in.28.29
20.11
16.49
4.20
0.12
0
0
0
0.01
1.18
9.95
27.04
107.39
Source: Chardon City Data

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19703,991
19804,43411.1%
19904,4460.3%
20005,15616.0%
20105,148−0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 5,148 people, 2,079 households, and 1,344 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,124.0 people per square mile (432.8/km²). There were 2,457 housing units at an average density of 493.3/sq mi (190.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 0.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.[15]

There were 2,079 households out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.02.[15]

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $54,063, and the median income for a family was $57,845. Males had a median income of $44,071 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,845. About 1.3% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

Chardon is known for its maple syrup industry. Celebration of the syrup season begins at Tapping Sunday in March, when the sap is at prime thawing temperature. The annual Geauga County Maple Festival[16] is a four-day celebration that takes place on the Chardon Square the last weekend in April. The festival has been rescheduled numerous times because of snowstorms in April due to Chardon’s location in the “snow belt” and large amount of snowfall every year. Chardon has an active performance art community including work done by the Geauga Lyric Theater Guild, housed in the renovated Geauga theater building, which used to house an old movie theater, and which has begun to show first-run movies again.[17][18] Greater Chardon features a large number of golf courses. Chardon Lakes Golf Course is located in the heart of Chardon, two minutes from the Chardon square. Sand Ridge Golf Club in nearby Munson Township is also an excellent golf course. Chardon has an abundance of park space. Due largely to the area's wide variety of weather conditions, citizens in the area can enjoy a wide variety of hobbies throughout the year.

Education

Chardon and the area surrounding the city are served by the Chardon Local School District. The district contains one high school, one middle school, and four elementary schools: Maple, Park, Hambden and Munson. Hambden and Munson elementary are not in city limits.[19] Chardon High School was the site of a school shooting on February 27, 2012, in which three students were fatally shot and two others were injured.

The district has received an "Excellent" rating from the State of Ohio Board of Education for eleven consecutive years leading up to the 2011-2012 school year.[20]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ a b c d e City of Chardon - History.
  6. ^ Terrible Conflagration.; The Entire Business Portion of Chardon, Ohio, in Ashes-Loss Over $100,000. New York Times, August 1, 1868.
  7. ^ "Chardon High School Shootings: 3rd Student is Dead". Fox8 Cleveland. February 28, 2012. http://fox8.com/2012/02/28/chardon-ohio-high-school-shootings. 
  8. ^ "FBI, hospitals, say 5 students injured when classmate opens fire at Ohio high school". The Washington Post. February 27, 2012. http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/sheriffs-office-reports-shooting-at-northeastern-ohio-high-school-number-of-victims-unknown/2012/02/27/gIQAx2hidR_story.html. Retrieved February 27, 2012. 
  9. ^ Schmidlin, Thomas W. (September 1989). "Climatic Summary of Snowfall and Snow Depth in the Ohio Snowbelt at Chardon". The Ohio Journal of Science 89 (4): 101–108. hdl:1811/23329. 
  10. ^ City of Chardon - Snowfall
  11. ^ Chardon ranks as one of the snowiest cities
  12. ^ Data and Analyses, November 9-14, 1996 in the Great Lakes - WW2010 Archives, University of Illinois.
  13. ^ National Agricultural Summary, November 11-17, 1996 - National Agricultural Statistics Service, United States Department of Agriculture.
  14. ^ Albrecht, Brian E (1996-11-17). "So much, so soon; Snowfall will have place among stories of survival in Cleveland weatherlore". The Plain Dealer. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/iw-search/we/InfoWeb?p_action=doc&p_topdoc=1&p_docnum=1&p_sort=YMD_date:D&p_product=NewsBank&p_text_direct-0=document_id=(%200F808D814FE36FF4%20)&p_docid=0F808D814FE36FF4&p_theme=aggregated5&p_queryname=0F808D814FE36FF4&f_openurl=yes&p_nbid=M53C52ROMTIwNDY4MzQ3Ni44NDA4MjU6MToxMjoxOTguMzAuMjI4LjA&&p_multi=CPDB. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  15. ^ a b [1]
  16. ^ Geauga County Maple Festival official site
  17. ^ "Guild restores murals that set the tone for Chardon's 1939, art deco cinema", The Plain Dealer, February 5, 2001.
  18. ^ Movies for 4 - Geauga Lyric Theater Guild website.
  19. ^ http://www.chardon.k12.oh.us/Schools.aspx
  20. ^ About the District.
  21. ^ Lee Kemp's Bio

External links