Cessna 208 Caravan

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Cessna 208 Caravan
Cessna 208B SKS (105090285).jpg
RoleLight transport turboprop
ManufacturerCessna
First flightAugust 8, 1982
Introduction1984
Primary userFedEx Feeder
Number builtover 2,000[1]
Unit cost
US$2,022,450 (Base price, Caravan 675, 2011 price)
VariantsSoloy Pathfinder 21
 
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Cessna 208 Caravan
Cessna 208B SKS (105090285).jpg
RoleLight transport turboprop
ManufacturerCessna
First flightAugust 8, 1982
Introduction1984
Primary userFedEx Feeder
Number builtover 2,000[1]
Unit cost
US$2,022,450 (Base price, Caravan 675, 2011 price)
VariantsSoloy Pathfinder 21

The Cessna 208 Caravan is a single-engined turboprop, fixed-tricycle landing gear, short-haul regional airliner and utility aircraft that is built in the United States by Cessna. The airplane typically seats nine passengers with a single pilot, although with a FAR Part 23 waiver it can seat up to fourteen passengers. The aircraft is also used for cargo feederliner operations.

Design and development[edit]

The prototype first flew in December 1982. The production model was certified by the FAA in October 1984. Since then, the Caravan has undergone a number of design evolutions. Working with FedEx, Cessna produced first the Cargomaster, and followed that with the stretched and upgraded Super Cargomaster. The passenger model, the Grand Caravan, was derived from the Super Cargomaster. In January 2013 a higher-powered (867 shp from P&WC PT6A-140) version, the Grand Caravan EX, received FAA certification.[2] This higher-powered version will be produced by a Cessna-AVIC joint venture in China.

Cessna 208B Grand Caravan factory demonstrator, with underbelly baggage locker, bearing the Cessna Caravan motto "Sure Thing"

Cessna offers the 208B in many configurations. The basic 208 airframe can be outfitted with various types of landing gear, allowing it to operate in a wide variety of environments. Some common adaptations include skis, enlarged tires for unprepared runways, and floats on the Caravan Amphibian model.

The Caravan interior can be outfitted with seats or cargo holds. The standard high-density airline configuration features four rows of 1-2 seating behind the two seats in the cockpit. This variant is capable of holding up to thirteen passengers, although it is marketed as being able to make a profit carrying just four.[3] The cabin can be configured in a low density passenger configuration, with 1-1 seating, as a combination of passengers and cargo, or as a strictly cargo aircraft. Many variants include an underbelly cargo pod, which can be used for additional freight capacity, or for passenger baggage. A number of Caravans are operated as skydiving aircraft with the left-side cargo hatch converted to a roll-up door.[4]

On April 28, 2008, Cessna announced that the Garmin G1000 glass cockpit will be standard equipment on all new Caravans.[5]

In May 2012 Cessna announced that an assembly line for the 208 would be established in the People's Republic of China. The government-owned China Aviation Industry General Aircraft (CAIGA) will conduct final assembly of Caravans at its plant in Shijiazhuang for the Chinese market.[6]

Variants[edit]

Civilian[edit]

An RCMP 208A Caravan on amphibious floats
An Iraqi Air Force Cessna 208B Grand Caravan flies over Iraq on a training sortie.
A FedEx 208A Caravan flies overhead on short approach.
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Green Hawk Aerobatic Team perform in SAREX 2008 at Hua Hin Airport 30 May 2008.
Seawings Caravan on amphibious floats
The cockpit of a FedEx Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
208A Caravan I
The basic introductory model, outfitted for passenger operation.
208A Caravan 675
The current production model of the basic Caravan, with higher-powered PT6A-114A engine.
208A Cargomaster
Developed with FedEx, a pure-cargo version of the Caravan. Fedex purchased 40 of this model.
208B Grand Caravan
A 4 feet (1.2 m) stretch of the Caravan I. The 208B features a more powerful PT6A-114A engine.
208B Grand Caravan EX
Model certified in January 2013 powered by a 867 hp (647 kW) Pratt and Whitney Canada PT6A-140 that improves climb by 38%. The model is aimed at float operators and will compete with aftermarket conversions.[7]
208B Super Cargomaster
The cargo variant of the 208B series. FedEx purchased 260 of this model.
Caravan Amphibian
A 208A Caravan with Wipaire 8000 floats in place of the landing gear, for water landings or land operations.[8]
Soloy Pathfinder 21
A twin-engined stretch of the 208 that was developed by the Soloy Corporation. This aircraft features two PT6D-114A engines driving a single propeller, and a 70-inch (1,800 mm) fuselage stretch behind the wing.[9]
850 Caravan
208A with an 850 hp (634 kW) Honeywell TPE331-12JR-701S engine, installed by Aero Twin Inc.[10]
950 Grand Caravan
208B with a 1,000 hp (746 kW) Honeywell TPE331-12JR-704AT engine, installed by Aero Twin Inc.[10]
Blackhawk Caravan
208A and 208B conversion to 850 hp (634 kW) PT-6A-42A.[11]
Supervan 900
208B with a 850 hp (634 kW) (900 hp (671 kW) flat-rated) Honeywell TPE331-12JR engine, installed by Texas Turbine[12]
XP42A Upgrade
208B with an 850 hp (634 kW) Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-42A engine, installed by Blackhawk[13]

Military[edit]

U-27A
A military offering of the 208A.
C-98
The Brazilian Air Force designation for the standard U-27.
C-16
The proposed United States Army designation.
AC-208 "Combat Caravan"
An ISTAR version built by ATK armed with Hellfire missiles are used by the Iraqi air force.[14][15] The AC-208 received its combat debut in January 2014 when the Iraqi Air Force began employing it against insurgents in Anbar province.[16]
The Lebanese Air Force requested a new AC-208 and the conversion of the C-208 it already operates.[17]
Other AC-208's will be delivered to countries in the Middle East and Africa through the Foreign Military Sales program. Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso are possible recipients of these AC-208 Combat Caravans.[18]

Operators[edit]

Civil operators[edit]

The Cessna 208 is used by governmental organisations and by a large number of companies for police, air ambulance, passenger transport, air charter, freight and parachuting operations. Fedex Feeder is the largest operator of the Cessna 208, with over 250 aircraft.[19]

Military operators[edit]

 Afghanistan
 Bahamas
 Bangladesh
 Brazil
A Brazilian Air Force Caravan
 Chile
 Colombia
 Djibouti
 Iraq
 Jordan
 Lebanon
 Liberia
 Mauritania
 Niger
 Paraguay
 South Africa
 United Arab Emirates
 United States
 Yemen

Specifications (208B Super Cargomaster)[edit]

Data from airliners.net[40][41]

General characteristics

Performance

Avionics

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cessna Celebrates the 25th Anniversary of the Caravan". Cessna. April 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2010. 
  2. ^ Pia Bergqvist, Cessna Grand Caravan EX Certified, Flying Magazine, March 2013 issue, p. 14
  3. ^ "Cessna Caravan. Sure Thing - Airline". Cessna Inc. Archived from the original on June 29, 2006. Retrieved July 19, 2006. 
  4. ^ "Skydiving aircraft in use at Netheravon, a UK dropzone". Retrieved April 5, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Cessna Certified to Build Caravans with Garmin G1000, TKS Ice Protection". Cessna Inc. Retrieved June 23, 2008. 
  6. ^ Pew, Glenn (May 7, 2012). "Cessna Caravans Final Assembly In China". AVweb. Retrieved May 7, 2012. 
  7. ^ Niles, Russ (January 13, 2013). "Cessna Certifies New Caravan, Starts M2 Production". AVweb. Retrieved January 14, 2013. 
  8. ^ Caravan Amphibian
  9. ^ "The Soloy Pathfinder 21". Soloy Corporation. 1999/2000. Retrieved July 19, 2006.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ a b 850 Caravan Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  11. ^ Thomas Horne. "Blackhawk Boost". AOPA Pilot: T-11. 
  12. ^ Supervan 900 Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  13. ^ XP42A Upgrade Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  14. ^ Worldtribune.com
  15. ^ Lebaneseairforce.info
  16. ^ Cenciotti, David (2014-01-10). "AC-208 Combat Caravan". The Aviationist. Retrieved 2014-03-17. 
  17. ^ US to deliver armed aircraft to Lebanon
  18. ^ AC-208 Combat Caravan's For Africa And The Middle East
  19. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (July 2010). "FAA Registry - Name Inquiry Results". Retrieved July 17, 2010. 
  20. ^ Hoyle Flight International 10–16 December 2013, p. 30.
  21. ^ a b Hoyle Flight International 10–16 December 2013, p. 31.
  22. ^ "Cessna 208 Caravan I - History of the Brazilian Air Force". August 2008. Retrieved August 9, 2008. 
  23. ^ a b Hoyle Flight International 10–16 December 2013, p. 32.
  24. ^ a b Hoyle Flight International 10–16 December 2013, p. 34.
  25. ^ "En guerra electrónica" (in Spanish). El Espectador. August 15, 2009. 
  26. ^ "Armada Nacional adquiere nuevo Cessna Grand Caravan C208 EX". Webinfomil.com. Retrieved 2013-12-11. 
  27. ^ Aviación Naval colombiana recibirá tercer Cessna Caravan. "Aviación Naval colombiana recibirá tercer Cessna Caravan | Avances | Noticias del Aire | El portal de la Aviación Colombiana". Aviacol.net. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  28. ^ Hoyle Flight International 10–16 December 2013, p. 35.
  29. ^ Strategy Page (February 2008). "Iraq Seeks Cessna Solution". Retrieved February 19, 2008. 
  30. ^ Hoyle Flight International 10–16 December 2013, p. 40.
  31. ^ "تسلم القوات الجوية طائرة نوع Cessna caravan 208 B" (in Arabic). Lebanese Armed Forces. April 16, 2009. Retrieved April 16, 2009. 
  32. ^ Flight International 3 December 1988, p. 60.
  33. ^ Isby, David C. (August 2014). "ISR Caravans Received by Mauritania". Air International. Vol. 87 (No. 2): p. 23. ISSN 0306-5634. 
  34. ^ "Niger Armed Forces receive new aircraft, vehicles". DefenceWeb. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  35. ^ Hoyle Flight International 10–16 December 2013, p. 44.
  36. ^ (12) Department of Defence (October 2007). "Republic of South Africa Air Force Aircraft". Retrieved February 13, 2008. 
  37. ^ Hoyle Flight International 10–16 December 2013, p. 49.
  38. ^ Hoyle Flight International 10–16 December 2013, p. 50.
  39. ^ Yemen; AF incepts C208 Caravan reconnaissance aircraft - Dmilt.com, 26 September 2013
  40. ^ Airliners.net
  41. ^ Cessna Caravan website

External links[edit]