Central line

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Central
Overview
TypeDeep Tube
SystemLondon Underground
Stations49
Ridership260.916 million (2011/12) [1] passenger journeys
Colour on mapRed
Websitetfl.gov.uk
Operation
Opened1900
Depot(s)West Ruislip
Hainault
White City[2]
Rolling stock

1992 Tube Stock

8 carriages per trainset
Technical
Line length74 km (46 mi)
Transport for London rail lines
London Underground lines
 Bakerloo
 Central
 Circle
 District
 Hammersmith & City
 Jubilee
 Metropolitan
 Northern
 Piccadilly
 Victoria
 Waterloo & City
Other lines
 Docklands Light Railway
 Tramlink
 Overground
 
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Central
Overview
TypeDeep Tube
SystemLondon Underground
Stations49
Ridership260.916 million (2011/12) [1] passenger journeys
Colour on mapRed
Websitetfl.gov.uk
Operation
Opened1900
Depot(s)West Ruislip
Hainault
White City[2]
Rolling stock

1992 Tube Stock

8 carriages per trainset
Technical
Line length74 km (46 mi)
Transport for London rail lines
London Underground lines
 Bakerloo
 Central
 Circle
 District
 Hammersmith & City
 Jubilee
 Metropolitan
 Northern
 Piccadilly
 Victoria
 Waterloo & City
Other lines
 Docklands Light Railway
 Tramlink
 Overground

The Central line is a London Underground line, coloured red on the tube map. It is a deep-level "tube" line, running east-west across London, and, at 76 km (47 mi) it is the longest Underground line.[2] Of the 49 stations served, 20 are below ground. It is considered to be the tube line with the highest point-to-point speeds on the Underground, reaching 70 mph (110 km/h) when the 1992 Stock was introduced.[citation needed]

Contents

History

The beginnings

For a detailed history of the line, see Central London Railway.

Although the Central London Railway (CLR) was incorporated in 1891 for a line between Shepherd's Bush and Bank, with an extension to Liverpool Street authorised in 1892, the time for completion had to be extended twice, to 1894 and 1899; and it was not until 27 June 1900 that it was formally opened, a month before public traffic began on 30 July to Bank station. The railway was initially operated by electric locomotives hauling trailer cars. The distinctive station buildings, few of which survive, were designed by the architect Harry Bell Measures.

The tunnels were bored with the nominal diameter of 11 feet 8+14 inches (3.56 m), a diameter also used for several later lines, which was increased on curves but reduced to 11 feet 6 inches (3.51 m) close to the stations. The heavy locomotives caused considerable problems with vibration as they weighed 44 long tons (45 t; 49 short tons), some three-quarters of which was unsprung.[3]

Upon the formation of the London Passenger Transport Board by amalgamation of the CLR with other transport companies in the London area on 1 July 1933, the railway became known as the Central London Line; on 23 August 1937 it was simplified to Central Line.[4]

In the late 1930s the tunnels were expanded and realigned and the stations lengthened. In 1940, the line was converted to the standard tube four-rail electrification. Because of the manner in which the tunnel had been enlarged it was no longer round, and for clearance reasons the positive rail had to be of an unusual shape with the top contact surface 40 mm (1.6 in) higher than normal. This is still the situation, and the extra height can be observed at most deep-level stations, where the insulating 'pots' stand on small cement mounds. Trains between Liverpool Street and White City must have special positive collectors that can lift higher than normal. In turn Central line stock cannot run on any other line, also because they are operated automatically, have no trip-cocks, and would interfere with other signalling equipment. There are also clearance problems with the gearboxes.

The sections under the City were built to follow the streets above rather than run underneath buildings, to take advantage of the free wayleave offered by the government. As a result there are many sharp bends and curves between St Paul's, Bank and Liverpool Street. At Bank, the Central line platforms are so tightly curved it is not possible to see one end of the platform from the other, and the traditional "mind the gap" message is particularly stressed here.

For several years from the outset a uniform fare of 2d (two old pence) was adopted: the railway was popularly known as the "Twopenny Tube". In July 1907 graduated fares of 2d and 3d were introduced: a 1d fare was added in 1909.

Extensions of the line

1908
Extended westwards by a loop to Wood Lane Exhibition Station for the Franco-British Exhibition.
1912
Extended eastwards to Liverpool Street.
1920
In the west, a short connecting link was made from Wood Lane station to join the Great Western Railway (GWR)-operated line, the Ealing and Shepherd's Bush Railway, allowing trains to run to Ealing Broadway.
1935
As part of the New Works Programme 1935–40, announced in June 1935, London Transport proposed extensions as follows:
An extension beyond West Ruislip to Harefield Road and Denham was planned (and shown on tube maps of the period) but was abandoned, along with the Northern Heights extensions of the Northern line, due to post-war establishment of the Metropolitan Green Belt around London, which restricted development of land in the area.
WW2
Although the works for the latter were completed by the outbreak of war the opening was delayed, and the section, safer as it was from bombing, was used as a long, narrow, munitions factory by the Plessey company.
1946–48
The eastern branch opened in December 1946 as far as Stratford, with trains continuing empty to a temporary reversing facility at Drapers Field, in the cutting south of Leyton), with the line beyond Stratford opening to Woodford and Newbury Park in 1947. On the Fairlop Loop, the southern LNER link from Newbury Park to Ilford closed in 1947, whilst the connection to Seven Kings lasted until 1956. The Newbury Park to Woodford via Hainault section opened to tube trains in 1948, and the section from Woodford to Buckhurst Hill. British Rail (BR) trains continued to access the line via a link from Temple Mills East to Leyton. These included the locomotives and stock for the Epping – Ongar shuttle until electrification in 1957, freight trains to sidings including at Fairlop, Barkingside, Buckhurst Hill, Theydon Bois, South Woodford, Loughton, North Weald, and Ongar) until the mid-1960s, and early-morning and late-night trains between Liverpool Street and Epping, latterly DMUs, last running on 31 May 1970). This section of line now forms a loop and there are through services to Woodford via Hainault.
For the western extension, a new pair of tracks for the Central line from North Acton to Greenford opened in 1947, with West Ruislip following in 1948. The powers to extend the line to Denham were never used. The GWR halts and stations between Old Oak Common West junction and South Ruislip closed by 1948, with the shuttle to Greenford using a bay in the new Underground station.
1949
Extended eastwards to Epping, when London Transport took over the line from BR.
1957
Extended from Epping to Ongar, taking over from BR.

Richmond extensions

In 1912 plans were published for an extension from Shepherd's Bush under Goldhawk Road, Stamford Brook Road and Bath Road to Turnham Green and Gunnersbury,[5] including stations at Hammersmith Grove, Paddenswick Road, Rylett Road, Stamford Gardens, Turnham Green and Heathfield Terrace. This would have enabled the Central London Railway to run trains through to Richmond and possibly beyond. The route was authorised in 1913[6] but work had not started by the outbreak of World War I the following year. In 1919 an alternative route was published, building a tunnelled link to the disused London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) tracks south of the L&SWR's Shepherd's Bush station then via Hammersmith (Grove Road) railway station and Turnham Green.[7] Although authorisation was granted in 1920,[8] the connection was never realised, and the L&SWR tracks were used by the Piccadilly line when it was extended west of Hammersmith in 1932.[9] However the proposal has occasionally reappeared.[10]

A train of 1992 tube stock approaching Roding Valley
A 1992 tube stock train terminating at Loughton

Epping to Ongar branch

Although electrification of this section had begun under the 1935/40 New Works Programme (see above), the line remained steam-hauled until 18 November 1957, though on 16–27 June 1952 an experimental ACV/BUT three-car lightweight railcar set operated part of the shuttle service Monday-Friday. Two-, three- and four-car tube trains then worked the branch. Short platforms at North Weald and Blake Hall and limited power supply meant it was not possible to work through trains to and from London, and the line remained a branch, with the shuttle service initially operating from Loughton. Expected levels of patronage use never materialised; the line became a heavy loss maker, and was closed on 30 September 1994 and sold to the Pilot Group. The connection at Epping was lifted soon after closure, but the remaining section of the branch stayed intact.

A heritage passenger service owned by Epping Ongar Railway Ltd started in October 2004. on Sundays from Ongar to Coopersale, stopping at North Weald, with a possible extension to Epping in the future. It does not stop at Blake Hall, as the station platform was removed upon station closure in 1981, and the remaining building is now a private residence.

2003 derailment and closure

A Central line train derailed at Chancery Lane on 25 January 2003, injuring 32 passengers, after a traction motor fell onto the track. The line was closed while the cause of the failure was determined and appropriate modifications made to the trains. The line was re-opened in stages. By late March 2003 a limited service was running on the eastern and western extremities. Services resumed over the central section on 3 April 2003 and to all stations (at reduced frequency) on 12 April, with full service by the end of the month. The closure also extended to the Waterloo & City line, which uses the same "1992 tube stock" trains, but this line, with only two stops and far fewer trains, reopened quickly.

A more minor derailment occurred on a set of points at the London end of the westbound platform at White City on 11 May 2004, but there were no reported injuries. At that time the line was shut between Marble Arch and North Acton while the cause of the failure was investigated.

2007 derailment

Three carriages derailed on the westbound line between Mile End and Bethnal Green at about 0900 BST on 5 July 2007. The cause was attributed to a roll of tarpaulin from a storage location next to the lines.[11] The London Fire Brigade sent 14 fire engines to the scene, including four urban search and rescue vehicles. The line was closed between Liverpool Street and Leytonstone and re-opened on 7 July 2007.

2012 object striking

On 31 October 2012 a Central line train struck a trackside object near Holland Park. This caused very severe delays on the line and it was closed between Marble Arch and White City. The accident happened on an early-morning service but 200 people still had to be rescued.[12]

Rolling stock

Former rolling stock

1992 Stock (left) and 1962 Stock at Hainault Depot. The older train is retained for departmental work.

When opened in 1900, the railway was operated by electric locomotives hauling cars. The cars had gates at each end, similar to those on the City and South London Railway and the Glasgow Subway. With a large unsprung weight, the locomotives proved highly unsatisfactory and the cause of considerable vibration. They were replaced as early as 1903 with motor cars, with the existing cars being adapted to run as trailers in newly-formed electric multiple units.

By the 1920s the rolling stock was in need of modernisation or replacement. Since the then-new Standard Stock was too large to work in the line's tunnels, it was decided to modernise the existing fleet. The end gates were removed and replaced by an extension to the passenger accommodation. Two air-operated single-leaf sliding doors were inserted into each side of each car. Additional trains were purchased for the opening of the Wood Lane to Ealing Broadway extension in 1920. These were also temporarily used on the Watford extension of the Bakerloo line.

The 1900/03 stock and 1920 stock were finally withdrawn from service in 1939. With the enlargement of the tunnels and modification of the electrical supply, Standard Stock (displaced from the Northern line by new 1938 Stock) was operated, eventually as 8-car trains following platform extensions.

The Standard Stock became increasingly unreliable during the 1950s. Some had been stored during World War II pending the opening of extensions. Plans for replacement, using a production version of the prototype 1960 Stock, were abandoned; new trains of 1962 Stock, virtually identical to the tried and tested 1959 Stock, were ordered instead. These operated until their replacement by 1992 Stock in the early 1990s.

Interior of 1992 Stock

The Epping-Ongar branch was not electrified until 1957, prior to which the service was operated by BR using steam-hauled coaches. Upon electrification, two-car sets of 1935 Stock were initially used, later replaced by four-car sets of 1962 Stock specially modified to cope with the limited current. The section closed in 1994, and is now the Epping Ongar Railway.

The 1967 rolling stock used on the Victoria line was also used on the Hainault-Woodford section until 1984.[13] This was made possible because this section was converted to automatic operation as a trial for the Victoria Line.[14]

Current trains

In common with virtually all other Underground lines, the Central line is worked by a single type of rolling stock. The 1992 Tube Stock was introduced gradually from April 1993 to 17 February 1995, and were the first of their type in London to have automated announcements for connections and station stops. The stock is painted in the standard red, white and blue Underground livery and runs in eight-car sets.

In 1996 the line was fitted with Automatic Train Protection, and subsequently full ATO (Automatic Train Operation) was brought into use during service in sections between 1999 and 2003.

In August 2011, the seats were given a refresh; the moquette being replaced with a new Underground-wide design. Additionally, window frames were modified to enable their removal for emergency repairs, and the interior lighting surrounds were deep-cleaned. All refresh work was completed ahead of the London 2012 Olympics.[dated info]

Map

Geographical layout of the Central line

The TfL line diagram is available online.[15]

Stations

Central line
Ongar
Head station
Epping Ongar Railway
(closed 1981)Blake Hall
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Former LU Ongar Line
North Weald
Stop on track
(closed 1994)
M11
Unknown BSicon "AKRZ-UKu"
Coopersale
rail access only
Unknown BSicon "xENDEe"
Epping
Unknown BSicon "umKBHFxa"
M25
Waterway under motorway
Theydon Bois
Urban stop on track
Debden
Urban stop on track
Loughton
Urban stop on track
Buckhurst Hill
Urban stop on trackUnknown BSicon "POINTERd"
M11
Roding Valley
Urban junction from leftUnknown BSicon "uHSTq"Unknown BSicon "uAKRZRu2"Unknown BSicon "uHSTq"Unknown BSicon "uHTUNNEL2"Urban track turning from right
Chigwell
Urban straight trackUrban stop on track
Grange Hill
Unknown BSicon "uvSTRa-"Unknown BSicon "d"Unknown BSicon "uv-STRa"
Woodford
Unknown BSicon "uvBHF-KBHFe"Unknown BSicon "d"Unknown BSicon "uvDST-STR"
Hainault depot
Unknown BSicon "uvSTR-"Unknown BSicon "d"Unknown BSicon "uv-STRe"
A406
Unknown BSicon "uAKRZo"Urban station on track
Hainault
South Woodford
Urban stop on trackUrban stop on track
Fairlop
Urban straight trackUrban stop on track
Barkingside
Snaresbrook
Urban stop on trackUrban station on track
Newbury Park
A12
Unknown BSicon "uAKRZu"Unknown BSicon "uAKRZu"
A12
Urban straight trackUnknown BSicon "uÜWc2"
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" + Unknown BSicon "uSTR3"
Urban straight trackUnknown BSicon "utSTR+1a"
Unused continuation forward + Unknown BSicon "uÜWc4"
LNER Fairlop Loop
to Ilford & Seven Kings
Urban straight trackUrban tunnel stop on track
Gants Hill
Wanstead
Urban junction from leftUnknown BSicon "uTUNNELlu"Unknown BSicon "utHSTq"Unknown BSicon "utHSTq"Unknown BSicon "utSTRrf"
Redbridge
Leytonstone
Urban station on track
Unknown BSicon "uSTR2"
Unknown BSicon "uÜWc3" + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2"
Unknown BSicon "CONT3"
Gospel Oak to Barking Line
Unknown BSicon "uÜWc1" + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2"
Unknown BSicon "uSTR2+4" + Unknown BSicon "BRIDGErl" + Unknown BSicon "STR3+1"
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4" + Unknown BSicon "uÜWc3"
Unknown BSicon "CONT1"
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4" + Unknown BSicon "uÜWc1"
Unknown BSicon "uHST+4"
Leyton
High Speed 1
Tunnel continuation backwardEnter urban tunnelContinuation backward
Great Eastern Main Line
Lea Valley Lines
Unknown BSicon "tSTR"Unknown BSicon "POINTERr"Continuation backward
Urban tunnel straight track + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2"
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" + Unknown BSicon "STR3"
Stratford International
Unknown BSicon "tCPICl" + Unknown BSicon "PORTALS"
Urban left side head station of cross-platform interchangeUnknown BSicon "vBS2l"
Urban tunnel straight track + Unknown BSicon "vSTR+1-" + Unknown BSicon "v-STR+1"
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4" + Unknown BSicon "POINTERl"
Crossrail
Tunnel continuation forward
Urban straight track + Unknown BSicon "HUB39"
Unknown BSicon "vxKBFa-BHF" + Unknown BSicon "vKBHFa" + Hub
Exit urban tunnel + Unknown BSicon "vSTR" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "exBHF" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "HUB79"
below: former North London Line
Stratford Jubilee Line London Overground Docklands Light Railway
Unknown BSicon "exSTRrg" + Waterway turning to left + Unknown BSicon "PORTALl"
Unknown BSicon "utSTRq" + Unknown BSicon "vSTR"
Unknown BSicon "vBHF" + Urban station on track + Unknown BSicon "HUB26"
Unknown BSicon "exmKRZt"
Unknown BSicon "uBHFq" + Unknown BSicon "PORTALr" + Unknown BSicon "HUB26"
Urban continuation to left
now DLR towards Canning Town)
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2"
Unknown BSicon "vSTR3-" + Unknown BSicon "v-STR"
Enter urban tunnel + Unknown BSicon "vSTR" + Unknown BSicon "HUB38"
Unknown BSicon "exTUNNELa"
Unknown BSicon "uKBHFl" + Unknown BSicon "HUB26"
Urban continuation to left
Jubilee Line
North London Line
Continuation to right
Unknown BSicon "exSTRrf" + Unknown BSicon "STRr+1"
Unknown BSicon "vBS2+l" + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2" + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4"
Urban tunnel straight track + Unknown BSicon "vSTR3-" + Unknown BSicon "v-STR3"
Unknown BSicon "extLUECKE"
Unknown BSicon "uKBHFl" + Hub
Urban continuation to left
DLR towards Poplar
Unknown BSicon "ÜWgo+l"
Urban tunnel straight track + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4"
Unknown BSicon "extLUECKE"
Crossrail
Great Eastern Main Line
Continuation forwardUrban tunnel straight track
Urban tunnel straight trackUrban tunnel continuation backward
District Line and H&C
enlarge… Mile End District Line Hammersmith & City Line
Unknown BSicon "utCPICl"Left side of urban tunnel cross-platform interchange
Urban tunnel straight trackUrban tunnel continuation forward
Bethnal Green
Urban tunnel stop on track
Shoreditch High Street London Overground
Urban tunnel unused stop on in-use trackUnknown BSicon "extLUECKE"
Liverpool Street National Rail Circle Line Hammersmith & City Line Metropolitan Line
Urban tunnel station on track + Hub
Unknown BSicon "extBHF" + Hub
Bank Circle Line District Line Northern Line Waterloo & City Line Docklands Light Railway
Urban tunnel station on trackUnknown BSicon "extLUECKE"
St Paul's
Urban tunnel stop on track
Chancery Lane
Urban tunnel stop on track
Holborn Piccadilly Line
Urban tunnel station on track
(closed 1933)British Museum
Urban tunnel unused stop on in-use trackUnknown BSicon "extLUECKE"
Tottenham Court Road Northern Line
Urban tunnel station on track + Hub
Unknown BSicon "extBHF" + Hub
Oxford Circus Bakerloo Line Victoria Line
Urban tunnel station on trackUnknown BSicon "extSTR"
Bond Street Jubilee Line
Urban tunnel station on track + Hub
Unknown BSicon "extBHF" + Hub
Marble Arch
Urban tunnel stop on trackUnused tunnel continuation forward
Crossrail
Lancaster Gate
Urban tunnel stop on track
Queensway
Urban tunnel stop on track
Notting Hill Gate Circle Line District Line
Urban tunnel station on track
Holland Park
Urban tunnel stop on track
Shepherd's Bush (
Main
Line
)
Continuation to right
Station on transverse track + Hub
Unknown BSicon "umtKRZ"Continuation to left
West London Line
Shepherd's Bush (LT)
Unknown BSicon "HUB77"
Urban tunnel station on track + Hub
Unknown BSicon "utÜWBl"
right-hand running starts
Unknown BSicon "utBS2c2"Unknown BSicon "utBS2lr"Unknown BSicon "utBS2c3"
Unknown BSicon "utdNULf"Unknown BSicon "utdSTR"
Unknown BSicon "udKDSTa" + Unknown BSicon "dBRIDGEf"
Unknown BSicon "utdSTR"Unknown BSicon "d"
White City depot
Unknown BSicon "d"Unknown BSicon "utdSTR"
Unknown BSicon "utvÜSTxl" + Unknown BSicon "uexvHSTc2 legende"
Unknown BSicon "utdNULg"
Wood Lane (Central Line)
Unknown BSicon "utdNULf"Unknown BSicon "udtSTR"Unknown BSicon "uetdABZgl"Unknown BSicon "uetdABZgr"Unknown BSicon "d"
(closed 1947)
Unknown BSicon "d"Unknown BSicon "uetdABZgl"Unknown BSicon "uedtKRZtu"Unknown BSicon "uetdABZgr"Unknown BSicon "utdNULg"
Unknown BSicon "utdNULf"Unknown BSicon "udTUNNELe"Unknown BSicon "utvSTRe-"Unknown BSicon "d"
Hammersmith & City Line
Unknown BSicon "d"Waterway turning from leftUnknown BSicon "udKRZu"Unknown BSicon "udtKRZ"Unknown BSicon "ueBHFq"Urban continuation to left
Wood Lane (Metropolitan Line)
Wood Lane (H&C) Circle Line Hammersmith & City Line
Urban station on track
Unknown BSicon "udSTR" + Unknown BSicon "dNULf"
Unknown BSicon "udTUNNELe"Unknown BSicon "d"
Urban continuation forwardUnknown BSicon "uv-STRe"Unknown BSicon "d"
Urban station on track
White City
GWR goods line
to West London Line
Unused continuation to right
Unknown BSicon "exSTRlg" + Urban straight track
Unknown BSicon "uAKRZu"
Westway (A40)
Unknown BSicon "uÜWBl"
flyover restores left-hand running
to Paddington
Unknown BSicon "CONT2"
Unknown BSicon "cd" + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc3"
Urban stop on trackUnknown BSicon "cd"
East Acton
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc1"
Unknown BSicon "v-STR+4" + Unknown BSicon "STRl+4"
Unknown BSicon "umdKRZu"Unknown BSicon "dSTRq"Transverse trackUnknown BSicon "dSTRq"Unknown BSicon "LSTRlg"
Great Western Main Line
North London Line
Continuation to rightUnknown BSicon "dSTRq"
Unknown BSicon "vSTR-uSTR" + Unknown BSicon "BRIDGEvq" + Transverse track
Unknown BSicon "dSTRq"Continuation to leftUnknown BSicon "d"
Unknown BSicon "edHST"Unknown BSicon "udBHF"Unknown BSicon "d"
North Acton
New North Main Line
Unknown BSicon "c"
Unknown BSicon "c" + Unknown BSicon "POINTERr"
Unknown BSicon "dSTR"
Unknown BSicon "uvSTR-" + Unknown BSicon "uvSTRl-"
Unknown BSicon "udSTRq"Urban track turning from right
First Central (proposed)
Unknown BSicon "cd"Unknown BSicon "dSTR"Unknown BSicon "uedHST"Unknown BSicon "uAKRZu"Unknown BSicon "c"
A40
Unknown BSicon "cd"Unknown BSicon "vSTR-uSTR"Urban stop on trackUnknown BSicon "c"
West Acton
Piccadilly line
Unknown BSicon "cd"Urban continuation to rightUnknown BSicon "udSTRq"
Unknown BSicon "vSTR-uSTR" + Unknown BSicon "BRIDGEvq" + Urban transverse track
Unknown BSicon "ucSTRq"Unknown BSicon "uABZ3rg"Unknown BSicon "udKRZu"Urban continuation to left
Piccadilly & District lines
A406/A40 gyratory
Unknown BSicon "cd"
Unknown BSicon "vSTR-uSTR" + Unknown BSicon "BRIDGEvq" + Unknown BSicon "MROADq"
Unknown BSicon "c"Unknown BSicon "uvBS2l"Unknown BSicon "uvSTR-"Abbreviated in this map
Hanger Lane
Unknown BSicon "cd"Unknown BSicon "dSTR"Unknown BSicon "udHST"Unknown BSicon "cd"Unknown BSicon "uvKBHFe"Unknown BSicon "dCPIC"Left side of cross-platform interchange
enlarge… Ealing Broadway National Rail District Line
Perivale
Unknown BSicon "cd"Unknown BSicon "veHST-uHST"Unknown BSicon "c"Continuation forward
Great Western Main Line
Unknown BSicon "BS2+l"
Urban straight track + Unknown BSicon "BS2c4"
Unknown BSicon "kABZgl"
Urban straight track + Unknown BSicon "ELEVf"
Unknown BSicon "kSTRl+l"
Unknown BSicon "kABZl+l" + Unknown BSicon "hleer" + Urban straight track + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2"
Unknown BSicon "ÜABZ3rg"Continuation to left
Greenford Branch Line
to GWML
Unknown BSicon "kABZg+l"
Unknown BSicon "ÜWo+l" + Unknown BSicon "uvSTRa" + Unknown BSicon "ELEVg"
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4"
Unknown BSicon "eBHF-L"
Unknown BSicon "uBHFm legende" + Unknown BSicon "uvSTR" + End stop
Unknown BSicon "uBHFr legende"
Greenford National Rail
Unknown BSicon "BS2l"
Unknown BSicon "uvSTRe" + Unknown BSicon "BS2c3"
Unknown BSicon "veHST-uHST"Unknown BSicon "d"
Northolt
Chiltern Main Line
Continuation to right
Unknown BSicon "v-STR" + Unknown BSicon "v-STR+r"
Unknown BSicon "udSTR"
Unknown BSicon "d"Unknown BSicon "vBHF-uBHF"
South Ruislip National Rail
Unknown BSicon "d"Unknown BSicon "veHST-uHST"
Ruislip Gardens Airport interchange
Unknown BSicon "dSTR"Unknown BSicon "uvSTRa-"
Unknown BSicon "vSTR-uSTR"Unknown BSicon "udDST"
Ruislip depot
Unknown BSicon "dSTR"Unknown BSicon "uvÜSTr"
Ruislip
Unknown BSicon "c"Urban continuation to rightUnknown BSicon "uBHFq"
Urban transverse track + Unknown BSicon "vBRIDGE" + Unknown BSicon "vSTR-uSTR"
Unknown BSicon "ucSTRq" + Unknown BSicon "uvSTRl-"
Urban transverse trackUnknown BSicon "udCONTl"
Metropolitan and
Piccadilly lines
Unknown BSicon "d"
Unknown BSicon "uexvSTR" + Unknown BSicon "vBHF-uKBHFe"
West Ruislip National Rail
South Harefield
Unknown BSicon "veHST-uexHST"Unknown BSicon "d"
Harefield Road
Denham
Unknown BSicon "vBHF-uexKBHFe"Unknown BSicon "d"
aborted Denham extension
Chiltern Main Line
Continuation forward
Notice explaining about step-free access, found inside every Central line train.

In order from west to east.

StationImageOpened[16]Notes[16]
West Ruislip National RailWest Ruislip stn building.JPG
01948-11-2121 November 1948
Terminus Opened as West Ruislip (for Ickenham); the suffix was later dropped.
Ruislip GardensRuislip Gardens stn entrance.JPG
01948-11-2121 November 1948
South Ruislip National RailSouth Ruislip stn building.JPG
01948-11-2121 November 1948
NortholtNortholt station building.JPG
01948-11-2121 November 1948
Greenford National RailGreenford station entrance.JPG
01947-06-3030 June 1947
PerivalePerivale station building.JPG
01947-06-3030 June 1947
Hanger LaneHanger Lane stn building.JPG
01947-06-3030 June 1947
Ealing Broadway National Rail (Airport interchange Trains to Heathrow)EalingBroadway1.jpg
01920-08-033 August 1920
Terminus – Change for District line
West ActonWest Acton stn building.JPG
01923-11-055 November 1923
North ActonNorth Acton stn entrance.JPG
01923-11-055 November 1923
East ActonEast Acton Tube Station.jpg
01920-08-033 August 1920
White CityWhite City stn entrance2.JPG
01947-11-2323 November 1947
Trains run right-handed through this station
Shepherd's BushShepherd's Bush tube stn eastern entrance.JPG
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Refurbished in 2008
Holland ParkHolland Park stn building.JPG
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Notting Hill GateNottingHillGate.jpg
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Change for Circle and District lines
QueenswayQueensway tube station.jpg
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Opened as Queens Road; renamed 1 September 1946
Lancaster GateLancaster Gate stn entrance.JPG
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Marble ArchMarble Arch Underground Station.jpg
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Bond StreetBond Street stn entrance Oxford St.JPG
01900-09-2424 September 1900
Change for Jubilee line
Oxford CircusOxford Circus tube station - Central Line Entrance.jpg
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Change for Bakerloo and Victoria lines
Tottenham Court RoadTottenham Court Road stn main entrance under refurb Oct 09.JPG
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Opened as Oxford Street; renamed 9 March 1908 – Change for Northern line
HolbornHolborn Tube Station - April 2006.jpg
01933-09-2525 September 1933
Opened as a Piccadilly station on 15 December 1906. Central line platforms opened 25 September 1933 and station renamed Holborn (Kingsway); the suffix was later dropped. Change for Piccadilly line.
Chancery LaneChancery Lane stn northeast entrance.JPG
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Renamed Chancery Lane (Grays Inn) 25 June 1934; the suffix was later dropped
St. Paul'sSt Paul's stn entrance2.JPG
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Opened as Post Office; renamed 1 February 1937
BankBankwbankofengland.jpg
01900-07-3030 July 1900
Change for Circle, District, Northern and Waterloo & City lines and DLR
Liverpool Street National Rail (Airport interchange Trains to Stansted)Liverpool Street Underground concourse entr.JPG
01912-07-2828 July 1912
Bethnal GreenBethnal Green stn southwest entrance.JPG
01946-12-044 December 1946
Mile EndMile End stn entrance.JPG
01946-12-044 December 1946
Stratford London Overground National Rail Handicapped/disabled accessStratford Station London UK.jpg
01946-12-044 December 1946
Change for Jubilee line, London Overground, DLR and Greater Anglia train services (towards Shenfield, Tottenham Hale and London Liverpool Street)
LeytonLeyton stn building.JPG
01947-05-055 May 1947
LeytonstoneLeytonstone east entrance.JPG
01947-05-055 May 1947
SnaresbrookSnaresbrook station building.JPG
01947-12-1414 December 1947
South WoodfordSouth Woodford entrance east.JPG
01947-12-1414 December 1947
Opened as South Woodford (George Lane); renamed 1947
Woodford Handicapped/disabled accessWoodford Station.jpg
01947-12-1414 December 1947
Terminus of Hainault Loop
WansteadWanstead station building northwest.JPG
01947-12-1414 December 1947
RedbridgeRedbridge station entrance east.JPG
01947-12-1414 December 1947
Gants HillGants Hill stn southwest entrance.JPG
01947-12-1414 December 1947
Newbury ParkNewbury Park Tube station.jpg
01947-12-1414 December 1947
BarkingsideBarkingside station building.JPG
01948-05-3131 May 1948
FairlopFairlop station building.JPG
01948-05-3131 May 1948
HainaultHainault stn building.JPG
01948-05-3131 May 1948
Grange HillGrange Hill stn entr.JPG
01948-11-2121 November 1948
ChigwellChigwell stn building.JPG
01948-11-2121 November 1948
Roding ValleyRoding Valley stn building.JPG
01948-11-2121 November 1948
Currently least used station on the network
Buckhurst HillBuckhurst Hill stn building.JPG
01948-11-2121 November 1948
LoughtonLoughton station building.JPG
01948-11-2121 November 1948
DebdenDebden Tube Station.jpg
01949-09-2525 September 1949
Theydon BoisTheydon Bois stn building.JPG
01949-09-2525 September 1949
Epping Handicapped/disabled access,Epping tube station.JPG
01949-09-2525 September 1949
Terminus

Former stations

Depots

There are three depots: West Ruislip (51°33′51″N 0°25′37″W / 51.56417°N 0.42694°W / 51.56417; -0.42694 (West Ruislip Depot)), Hainault (51°36′29″N 0°5′37″E / 51.60806°N 0.09361°E / 51.60806; 0.09361 (Hainault Depot)) and White City (51°30′25″N 0°13′21″W / 51.50694°N 0.2225°W / 51.50694; -0.2225 (White City Depot)).[2]

Future plans

The proposed Crossrail 2 line, running from south to northeast London and due to open by 2030, was planned for a number of years to be taking over the Epping branch between Leytonstone and Epping.[17][18] The section between Leytonstone and Woodford via Hainault would have become the main line, and trains that would have terminated at Epping would have run to Woodford via Hainault.[19] However, as of 2013 the preferred route options for the line no longer include this proposal.[20]

When the London Overground East London line was extended between 2008 and 2010 a new Shoreditch High Street station opened. The Central line runs directly below the station and it has long been proposed to provide an interchange. The station would lie between Liverpool Street and Bethnal Green, which is one of the longest gaps between stations in central London. Although there would be many benefits to this interchange, it was ruled out on grounds of the disruption it would cause to the Central line while being built, creating high levels of overcrowding and heavily increasing journey times. TfL has since stated that the proposal will be revisited and it could be made possible once Crossrail has been completed in 2018.

The Central line was the first Underground line to receive a complete refurbishment in the early 1990s, including the introduction of new rolling stock.[21] Once the last line to be fully upgraded, the Bakerloo line, is completed in 2018, it is planned that new trains will start to be introduced on the Central line.[22] TfL has started working with train manufacturers to develop a concept train to run not only on the Central line but also the Bakerloo, Piccadilly and Waterloo & City lines (which will receive new rolling stock before the Central line).[23]

The London Borough of Hillingdon is planning to lobby TfL to extend the line to Uxbridge, linking the Central line to the Metropolitan and Picadilly lines near Ruislip depot. TfL has stated that the link would become viable only when the Metropolitan line's signalling is upgraded near 2017.[24]

The developers of the First Central business park at Park Royal, west London, were planning a new station between North Acton and Hanger Lane. This would have served the business park and provide a walking distance interchange with Park Royal station on the Piccadilly line.[25] This is not being actively pursued; London Underground has said that the transport benefits of a Park Royal station on the Central line are not sufficiently high to justify the costs of construction.[26]

References

  1. ^ "LU Performance Data Almanac". Transport for London. 2011/12. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/Performance_Data_Store_P2_2012-13_Issued(1).xlsm. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "London Underground Key Facts". Transport for London. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/modesoftransport/londonunderground/1608.aspx. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
  3. ^ Day, John R.; Reed, John (2008) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground (10th ed.). Harrow: Capital Transport. pp. 53, 57. ISBN 978-1-85414-316-7.
  4. ^ Lee, Charles Edward (May 1970). Seventy Years of the Central. Westminster: London Transport. p. 27. ISBN 0-85329-013-X. 570/1111/RP/5M.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28666. pp. 9018–9021. 26 November 1912.
  6. ^ Central London Railway Act, 1913
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31656. p. 14473. 25 November 1919.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32009. pp. 8171–8172. 6 August 1920. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  9. ^ "Central line facts". Transport for London. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/corporate/modesoftransport/tube/linefacts/?line=central. Retrieved 30 June 2008.
  10. ^ "Bakerloo from Queen's Park to Ealing and Central Line from Shepherd's Bush to Richmond". Transport Plans for the London Area. 14 June 1999. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080119132528/http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/7069/tpftla_w.html. Retrieved 30 June 2008.
  11. ^ "Tube route safety checks ordered". BBC News. 5 July 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/6274604.stm.
  12. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (31 October 2012). "Central Line passengers stuck in Tube tunnel after train strikes object 'that fell from engineering train'". The Independent (London). http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/central-line-passengers-stuck-in-tube-tunnel-after-train-strikes-object-that-fell-from-engineering-train-8268563.html. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
  13. ^ Hardy, Brian (2002) [1976]. London Underground Rolling Stock (15th ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. p. 10. ISBN 1-85414-263-1.
  14. ^ Bruce, J. Graeme; Croome, Desmond F. (2006) [1996]. The Central Line: An Illustrated History. Capital Transport. p. 69. ISBN 1-85414-297-6.
  15. ^ TFL line diagram
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. London: Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. OCLC 59556887.
  17. ^ Crossrail official site.
  18. ^ Route options
  19. ^ "Chelsea-Hackney line". Crossrail. No date. http://www.crossrail.co.uk/route/safeguarding/chelsea-hackney-line. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  20. ^ "Crossrail 2: Supporting London's Growth" (PDF). London First. February 2013. http://londonfirst.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/LF_CROSSRAIL2_REPORT_AW_Single_Pages.pdf. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  21. ^ "Tube upgrade plan: Central line". Transport for London. No date. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/projectsandschemes/18075.aspx. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  22. ^ Waboso, David (December 2010). "Transforming the tube". Modern Railways (London): p. 44.
  23. ^ "Siemens reveals innovative air-con for deep Tube trains". Rail (Peterborough) (673): p. 12. 29 June 2011.
  24. ^ Coombs, Dan (17 June 2011). "'Extending Central Line to Uxbridge will cut traffic'". Uxbridge Gazette. http://www.uxbridgegazette.co.uk/west-london-news/local-uxbridge-news/2011/06/17/extending-central-line-to-uxbridge-will-cut-traffic-113046-28897325/.
  25. ^ First Central Business Park.
  26. ^ "Proposed Park Royal Central Line station". 20 October 2009. http://www.brent.gov.uk/tps.nsf/Files/LBBA-674/$FILE/London%20Regional%20Diageo%20Cov%20Let.pdf. Retrieved 21 May 2012.

External links