Cascade Locks, Oregon

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Cascade Locks, Oregon
City
Former locks on the Columbia River, with the modern Bridge of the Gods in the background
Former locks on the Columbia River, with the modern Bridge of the Gods in the background
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°40′21″N 121°52′25″W / 45.67250°N 121.87361°W / 45.67250; -121.87361Coordinates: 45°40′21″N 121°52′25″W / 45.67250°N 121.87361°W / 45.67250; -121.87361
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyHood River
Incorporated1935
Government
 • MayorTom Cramblett
Area[1]
 • Total3.04 sq mi (7.87 km2)
 • Land2.08 sq mi (5.39 km2)
 • Water0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)
Elevation170 ft (51.82 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,144
 • Estimate (2012[3])1,149
 • Density550.0/sq mi (212.4/km2)
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code97014
Area code(s)541
FIPS code41-11600[4]
GNIS feature ID1139422[5]
Websitewww.cascade-locks.or.us www.cascadelocks.net
 
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Cascade Locks, Oregon
City
Former locks on the Columbia River, with the modern Bridge of the Gods in the background
Former locks on the Columbia River, with the modern Bridge of the Gods in the background
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°40′21″N 121°52′25″W / 45.67250°N 121.87361°W / 45.67250; -121.87361Coordinates: 45°40′21″N 121°52′25″W / 45.67250°N 121.87361°W / 45.67250; -121.87361
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyHood River
Incorporated1935
Government
 • MayorTom Cramblett
Area[1]
 • Total3.04 sq mi (7.87 km2)
 • Land2.08 sq mi (5.39 km2)
 • Water0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)
Elevation170 ft (51.82 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,144
 • Estimate (2012[3])1,149
 • Density550.0/sq mi (212.4/km2)
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code97014
Area code(s)541
FIPS code41-11600[4]
GNIS feature ID1139422[5]
Websitewww.cascade-locks.or.us www.cascadelocks.net
Sternwheeler J.N. Teal in Cascade Locks, 1911. Note Brass Era cars on foredeck.

Cascade Locks is a city in Hood River County, Oregon, United States. The city took its name from a set of locks built to improve navigation past the Cascades Rapids of the Columbia River. The U.S. federal government approved the plan for the locks in 1875, construction began in 1878, and the locks were completed on November 5, 1896. The locks were subsequently submerged in 1938, replaced by Bonneville Lock and Dam, although the city lost no land from the expansion of Lake Bonneville behind the dam located some 4 miles (6.4 km) downstream of the city.

Post office in Cascade Locks, Oregon, with the Columbia River in the background

Cascade Locks is located just upstream from the Bridge of the Gods, a toll bridge that spans the Columbia River. It is the only bridge across the Columbia between Portland and Hood River. Cascade Locks is also a few miles upstream of Eagle Creek Gorge, a popular scenic area that doubles as an alternate route for the Pacific Crest Trail. Cascade Locks is used frequently by hikers along the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) to cross the Columbia River. Cascade Locks is the lowest point along the trail, which runs from the Mexican border in California to the Canadian border in Washington.

Since 1999, the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs have been pursuing an off-reservation casino to be sited in Cascade Locks.[6]

The population was 1,144 at the 2010 census. The 2007 estimate is 1,075 residents.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.04 square miles (7.87 km2), of which, 2.08 square miles (5.39 km2) is land and 0.96 square miles (2.49 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,144 people, 445 households, and 305 families residing in the city. The population density was 550.0 inhabitants per square mile (212.4 /km2). There were 502 housing units at an average density of 241.3 per square mile (93.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.7% White, 0.5% African American, 1.8% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.6% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 5.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.1% of the population.

There were 445 households of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.5% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 20.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.4% were from 25 to 44; 32.9% were from 45 to 64; and 11.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.5% male and 48.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,115 people, 427 households, and 313 families residing in the city. The population density was 517.8 people per square mile (200.2/km²). There were 476 housing units at an average density of 221.0 per square mile (85.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.15% White, 0.09% African American, 4.22% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 2.60% from other races, and 3.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.17% of the population.

There were 427 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,284, and the median income for a family was $37,422. Males had a median income of $35,469 versus $25,234 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,359. About 17.0% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

US 30 runs through the city, and can be accessed by exit 44 from I-84. The Bridge of the Gods connects Cascade Locks to Washington State Route 14.

See also[edit]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cascade Locks has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Partlow, Joshua (2008-03-11). "Gamble in the Gorge?". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 
  7. ^ PSU:Population Research Center
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Cascade Locks, Oregon

External links[edit]

Historic Columbia River Highway
Sheridan State Park
MP 44
Cascade Locks
MP 45-46
Herman Creek Bridge
MP 47.7