A carminative, also known as carminativum (pluralcarminativa), is an herb or preparation intended to either prevent formation of gas in the gastrointestinal tract or facilitate the expulsion of said gas, thereby combatting flatulence.
Modern drugs used for the same purpose include simethicone, which, rather than having physiological activity, simply lowers the surface tension of gas bubbles.
The English author Aldous Huxley includes a long passage (chapter 20) about the word "carminative" in his novel Crome Yellow. The character Denis describes how he had loved the word since childhood, and had built up rich, elaborate associations with it until, with disappointment, he had discovered its true meaning.
^ abcdPitasawat, B; Choochote, W; Kanjanapothi, D; Panthong, A; Jitpakdi, A; Chaithong, U (Sep 1998). "Screening for larvicidal activity of ten carminative plants.". The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health29 (3): 660–2. PMID10437975.
^ abcdeHarries, Nicola; James, K. C.; Pugh, W. K. (1 July 1977). "Antifoaming and Carminative Actions of Volatile Oils". Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics2 (3): 171–177. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2710.1977.tb00087.x.
^W.N. Ewing; Lucy Tucker (2008). The Living Gut. Nottingham University Press. ISBN9781904761570.