Cardiff-by-the-Sea, California

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Community of Cardiff-by-the-Sea
Cardiff
Community
Sunset at Cardiff Beach
Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySan Diego
CityEncinitas
Founded1911
Elevation79 ft (24 m)
Population (2007)
 • Total11,537
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code92007
Area code(s)760
GNIS feature ID1656451 [1]
Websitehttp://cardiffbythesea.org/
 
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Community of Cardiff-by-the-Sea
Cardiff
Community
Sunset at Cardiff Beach
Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySan Diego
CityEncinitas
Founded1911
Elevation79 ft (24 m)
Population (2007)
 • Total11,537
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code92007
Area code(s)760
GNIS feature ID1656451 [1]
Websitehttp://cardiffbythesea.org/

Cardiff-by-the-Sea, usually referred to as Cardiff, is a beach community located in Encinitas, bordering Solana Beach to the south in San Diego County, California. The Pacific Ocean is to the west of Cardiff, Encinitas on its east and north, and a beach and lagoon on its south. With a population of under 12,000, Cardiff-by-the-Sea operates as part of the city of Encinitas, but unlike the other communities that comprise Encinitas, has its own ZIP code (92007).

In 1911, this former farming community began to develop Cardiff, when developer J. Frank Cullen broke ground to build new homes.[2] It is reported by the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce that it was Frank Cullen's wife, a native of Cardiff, Wales, who persuaded him to name the community, "Cardiff". Many streets in Cardiff bear names this English-born landowner grew up with in his native UK. The names of, "Birmingham", "Oxford", "Chesterfield" and "Manchester" are major streets in this city.

According to the 2010 Census, Cardiff-by-the-Sea is 71% white, 21% Hispanic, 3% Asian, 1% African-American and 4% Other [3]

Cardiff is also home to a few well-known surf spots, such as Swami's and Cardiff Reef.

Government[edit]

Cardiff is part of the city of Encinitas, which is governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals.

In the state legislature Cardiff is located in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Mark Wyland, and in the 74th Assembly District, represented by Republican Martin Garrick.

Federally, Cardiff is located in California's 50th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +5[4] and is represented by Republican Brian Bilbray.

Cardiff School District[edit]

Cardiff has a school district consisting of two schools:[5]

Cardiff Reef[edit]

Cardiff Reef ("The Reef") is a popular surf spot in Cardiff that produces waves both professional and novice surfers enjoy year round. Surfing at The Reef has progressed from just a few surfers in the 1950s to become one of the most popular surfing spots in San Diego County.[6] Cardiff Reef and nearby surf spot, Pipes, are famous for their smooth and consistent wave shape.

When the tide is low, a flat rock reef is revealed that extends 50 yards from shore. Exploring these tide pools is a popular activity for visitors of Cardiff.

Photos[edit]

Stand-Up Paddle surfers at Cardiff Reef in Encinitas, California.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cardiff-by-the-Sea". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  2. ^ Some Cardiff History from the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce
  3. ^ "Mapping America — Census Bureau's 2005-9 American Community Survey". The New York Times. December 13, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  5. ^ "Cardiff School District". Retrieved May 20, 1010. 
  6. ^ Template:Url=http://www.utsandiego.com/feature/san-diego-surfing/history.html
  7. ^ "IRONMAN TRIATHLON : Mark Allen Wins, Gains Confidence". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. October 8, 1990. Retrieved May 24, 2011. 

External links[edit]