Cape May, New Jersey

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Cape May, New Jersey
City
City of Cape May
Beach Avenue, from the sea
Beach Avenue, from the sea
Motto: The Nation's Oldest Seashore Resort
Cape May City highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Cape May City highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Cape May, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Cape May, New Jersey
Coordinates: 38°56′27″N 74°54′12″W / 38.940782°N 74.903198°W / 38.940782; -74.903198Coordinates: 38°56′27″N 74°54′12″W / 38.940782°N 74.903198°W / 38.940782; -74.903198[1][2]
Country United States of America
State New Jersey
CountyCape May
IncorporatedMarch 8, 1848, as Cape Island Borough
ReincorporatedMarch 10, 1851, as Cape Island City
ReincorporatedMarch 9, 1869, as Cape May City
Named forCornelius Jacobsen Mey
Government[5]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • MayorEdward J. Mahaney, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2016)
 • ManagerBruce A. MacLeod[3]
 • ClerkLouise F. Cummiskey[4]
Area[2]
 • Total2.743 sq mi (7.103 km2)
 • Land2.404 sq mi (6.226 km2)
 • Water0.339 sq mi (0.877 km2)  12.35%
Area rank359th of 566 in state
8th of 16 in county[2]
Elevation[6]10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total3,607
 • Estimate (2013[10])3,558
 • Rank428th of 566 in state
8th of 16 in county[11]
 • Density1,500.6/sq mi (579.4/km2)
 • Density rank336th of 566 in state
6th of 16 in county[11]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code08204[12][13]
Area code(s)609[14]
FIPS code3400910270[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID0885178[17][2]
Websitewww.capemaycity.com
 
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This article is about the city of Cape May. For other uses, see Cape May (disambiguation).
Cape May, New Jersey
City
City of Cape May
Beach Avenue, from the sea
Beach Avenue, from the sea
Motto: The Nation's Oldest Seashore Resort
Cape May City highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Cape May City highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Cape May, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Cape May, New Jersey
Coordinates: 38°56′27″N 74°54′12″W / 38.940782°N 74.903198°W / 38.940782; -74.903198Coordinates: 38°56′27″N 74°54′12″W / 38.940782°N 74.903198°W / 38.940782; -74.903198[1][2]
Country United States of America
State New Jersey
CountyCape May
IncorporatedMarch 8, 1848, as Cape Island Borough
ReincorporatedMarch 10, 1851, as Cape Island City
ReincorporatedMarch 9, 1869, as Cape May City
Named forCornelius Jacobsen Mey
Government[5]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • MayorEdward J. Mahaney, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2016)
 • ManagerBruce A. MacLeod[3]
 • ClerkLouise F. Cummiskey[4]
Area[2]
 • Total2.743 sq mi (7.103 km2)
 • Land2.404 sq mi (6.226 km2)
 • Water0.339 sq mi (0.877 km2)  12.35%
Area rank359th of 566 in state
8th of 16 in county[2]
Elevation[6]10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total3,607
 • Estimate (2013[10])3,558
 • Rank428th of 566 in state
8th of 16 in county[11]
 • Density1,500.6/sq mi (579.4/km2)
 • Density rank336th of 566 in state
6th of 16 in county[11]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code08204[12][13]
Area code(s)609[14]
FIPS code3400910270[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID0885178[17][2]
Websitewww.capemaycity.com

Cape May is a city at the southern tip of Cape May Peninsula in Cape May County, New Jersey, where the Delaware Bay meets the Atlantic Ocean. One of the country's oldest vacation resort destinations,[18] it is part of the Ocean City Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a year-round population of 3,607,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 427 (-10.6%) from the 4,034 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 634 (-13.6%) from the 4,668 counted in the 1990 Census.[19] In the summer, Cape May's population is expanded by as many as 40,000 to 50,000 visitors.[20][21] The entire city of Cape May is designated the Cape May Historic District, a National Historic Landmark due to its concentration of Victorian buildings.

With a rich history, award-winning beaches, designation as a top birdwatching location, and many examples of Victorian architecture, Cape May is a seaside resort drawing visitors from around the world. Cape May was recognized as one of America's top 10 beaches by the Travel Channel and its beach was ranked fifth in New Jersey in the 2008 Top 10 Beaches Contest sponsored by the New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium.[22]

History[edit]

The town is named for 1620 Dutch captain named Cornelius Jacobsen Mey who explored and charted the area between 1611–1614, and established a claim for the province of New Netherland. It was later settled by New Englanders from the New Haven Colony.

It is owned by Carolyn.

What is now Cape May was originally formed as the borough of Cape Island by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 8, 1848, from portions of Lower Township. It was reincorporated as Cape Island city on March 10, 1851, and finally became Cape May city as of March 9, 1869.[23]

A Stroll along Beach Avenue, Cape May, New Jersey (Video 3:35)

Cape May began hosting vacationers from Philadelphia in the mid 18th century and is recognized as the country's oldest seaside resort.[21] It became increasingly popular in the 18th century and was considered one of the finest resorts in America by the 19th century. In 1878 a five-day-long fire destroyed square blocks of the town center and as part of the reconstruction efforts replacement homes were almost uniformly of Victorian style.[24] As a result of this and of more recent preservation efforts, Cape May is noted for its large number of well-maintained Victorian houses — the second largest collection of such homes in the nation after San Francisco. In 1976, the entire city of Cape May was officially designated a National Historic Landmark as the Cape May Historic District, making Cape May the only city in the United States wholly designated as such.[25] That designation is intended to ensure the architectural preservation of these buildings.

U.S. Navy support during World War II[edit]

Because of the World War II submarine threat off the East Coast of the United States, especially off shore Cape May and at the mouth of the Delaware Bay, numerous United States Navy facilities were located here in order to protect American coastal shipping. Cape May Naval facilities, listed below, provided significant help in reducing the number of ships and crew members lost at sea.[26]

Geography[edit]

Cape May Harbor as seen from Devil's Reach.

Cape May City is located at 38°56′27″N 74°54′12″W / 38.940782°N 74.903198°W / 38.940782; -74.903198 (38.940782, −74.903198). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 2.743 square miles (7.103 km2), of which, 2.404 square miles (6.226 km2) of it was land and 0.339 square miles (0.877 km2) of it (12.35%) was water.[1][2] Cape May is generally low-lying; its highest point, at the intersection of Washington and Jackson Streets, is 14 feet (4.3 m) above sea level.[27]

Cape May borders West Cape May Borough, Lower Township, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Delaware Bay. The Cape May-Lewes Ferry provides transportation across the Delaware Bay to Lewes, Delaware.

Cape May Harbor, which borders Lower Township and nearby Wildwood Crest allows fishing vessels to enter from the Atlantic Ocean, was created as of 1911, after years of dredging completed the harbor which covers 500 acres (200 ha).[28] Cape May Harbor Fest celebrates life in and around the harbor, with the 2011 event commemorating the 100th anniversary of the harbor's creation.[29]

Cape May is the southernmost point in New Jersey; it is at approximately the same latitude as Washington, D.C..

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Cape May has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), typical of coastal New Jersey, with hot, humid summers and cool winters.

A panorama of Cape May Harbor.

Precipitation is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Being the southernmost point in New Jersey, Cape May has fairly mild wintertime temperatures, with a January daily average temperature of 35.1 °F (1.7 °C). Conversely, summer sees less extreme heat than in most places in the state, making the town a popular place to escape the heat; on average there are only 12 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ temperatures.[30] Snowfall averages 15.7 inches (39.9 cm) per season, mostly from December to February. Extremes in temperature have ranged from −2 °F (−19 °C) on January 17, 1982 up to 106 °F (41 °C) on July 7, 1966; since 1894, sub-0 °F (−18 °C) have occurred only four times and 100 °F (38 °C)+ only seven times.[30]

Cape May is in USDA hardiness zone 7b/8a,[31] similar to parts of coastal Maryland, making it a perfect location to grow traditional Northeastern Plants including English Yew, Boxwoods and Sugar Maples. Because of the warmer wintertime temperatures, Hardy Palms including Trachycarpus fortunei (Chinese Windmill Palm) and Needle Palms would work quite well in the landscape. Wine grapes also do particularly well, given the long growing season. However, in recent years Cape May has seen mostly 8a/8b winters.

Climate data for Cape May, New Jersey (1981−2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)42.3
(5.7)
44.3
(6.8)
51.3
(10.7)
60.7
(15.9)
70.3
(21.3)
79.4
(26.3)
84.5
(29.2)
83.4
(28.6)
77.8
(25.4)
67.1
(19.5)
56.9
(13.8)
46.8
(8.2)
63.7
(17.6)
Average low °F (°C)27.9
(−2.3)
29.2
(−1.6)
35.2
(1.8)
43.8
(6.6)
52.7
(11.5)
62.5
(16.9)
67.7
(19.8)
66.8
(19.3)
60.7
(15.9)
49.9
(9.9)
41.0
(5)
31.9
(−0.1)
47.4
(8.6)
Precipitation inches (mm)3.32
(84.3)
2.81
(71.4)
4.26
(108.2)
3.52
(89.4)
3.48
(88.4)
3.37
(85.6)
3.69
(93.7)
3.64
(92.5)
3.27
(83.1)
3.52
(89.4)
3.29
(83.6)
3.47
(88.1)
41.63
(1,057.4)
Snowfall inches (cm)4.7
(11.9)
6.6
(16.8)
1.5
(3.8)
.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.2
(0.5)
2.5
(6.4)
15.7
(39.9)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)10.110.311.410.910.59.39.68.98.18.48.910.3116.6
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)3.02.91.0.2000000.11.48.6
Source: NOAA [30]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18701,248
18801,69936.1%
18902,13625.7%
19002,2575.7%
19102,4719.5%
19202,99921.4%
19302,637−12.1%
19402,583−2.0%
19503,60739.6%
19604,47724.1%
19704,392−1.9%
19804,85310.5%
19904,668−3.8%
20004,034−13.6%
20103,607−10.6%
Est. 20133,558[10]−1.4%
Population sources: 1870-2000[32]
1870-1920[33] 1870[34][35] 1880-1890[36]
1890-1910[37] 1910-1930[38]
1930-1990[39] 2000[40][41] 2010[7][8][9]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,607 people, 1,457 households, and 782.4 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,500.6 per square mile (579.4 /km2). There were 4,155 housing units at an average density of 1,728.5 per square mile (667.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.05% (3,212) White, 4.85% (175) Black or African American, 0.30% (11) Native American, 0.67% (24) Asian, 0.11% (4) Pacific Islander, 2.30% (83) from other races, and 2.72% (98) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.62% (311) of the population.[7]

There were 1,457 households, of which 16.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.3% were non-families. 42.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 27.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.95 and the average family size was 2.64.[7]

In the city, 12.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 20.6% from 18 to 24, 18.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 27.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.2 years. For every 100 females there were 104.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.4 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $35,660 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,248) and the median family income was $50,846 (+/- $16,315). Males had a median income of $43,015 (+/- $20,953) versus $31,630 (+/- $22,691) for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,046 (+/- $4,010). About 2.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.[42]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 4,034 people, 1,821 households, and 1,034 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,623.7 people per square mile (628.0/km2). There were 4,064 housing units at an average density of 1,635.7 per square mile (632.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.32% White, 5.26% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.79% of the population.[40][41]

There were 1,821 households out of which 18.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.69.[40][41]

In the city the population was spread out with 16.3% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 28.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.[40][41]

The median income for a household in the city was $33,462, and the median income for a family was $46,250. Males had a median income of $29,194 versus $25,842 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,902. About 7.7% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.[40][41]

Government[edit]

Cape May Municipal Office, formerly the Cape May High School
Cape May Housing Authority

Local government[edit]

Effective July 1, 2004, the City of Cape May switched to a Council-Manager form of government under the Faulkner Act,[43] after having used Plan A of the Faulkner Act Small Municipality form since 1995.[44][45] The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising four council members, with all positions elected at large in non-partisan elections. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is elected to serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with three seats coming up for election and then the mayor and the fourth seat two years later. Following the 2004 elections, the first under the new form of government, lots were drawn to determine which of the newly elected members would serve a four-year term, with the other three serving two-year terms. A city manager is responsible for the city's executive functions, managing Cape May's activities and operation.[5][46] Voters approved a November 2010 referendum to shift the city's elections from May to November, with city officials estimating that the change would save $30,000 in costs associated with each May election.[47]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Cape May City is Dr. Edward J. Mahaney, Jr. (whose term of office expires December 31, 2016).[48] Other members of the Cape May City Council are Deputy mayor Jack Wichterman (2014), Deanna Fiocca (2014), William Murray (2014) and Terri Swain (2016).[49][50]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Cape May Post Office

Cape May City is located in the 2nd Congressional District[51] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[8][52][53]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[54] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[55][56] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[57][58]

The 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and Sam Fiocchi (R, Vineland).[59] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[60] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[61]

Cape May County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year; At an annual reorganization held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Director and another to serve as Vice-Director.[62] As of 2013, Cape May County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Gerald M. Thornton (Middle Township, term ends December 31, 2013),[63] Freeholder Vice-Director Leonard C. Desiderio (Sea Isle City, 2015),[64] Kristine Gabor (Upper Township, 2014)[65] and Will Morey (Wildwood Crest, 2014),[66] along with the vacant seat of M. Susan Sheppard expiring in 2013 that was vacated after Sheppard was sworn in as County Surrogate.[62][67] The county's constitutional officers are Sheriff Gary Schafer (Ocean City, 2014),[68][69] Surrogate M. Susan Sheppard (Ocean City, 2015)[70] and County Clerk Rita Fulginiti (Ocean City, 2013).[71]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,932 registered voters in Cape May City, of which 452 (23.4%) were registered as Democrats, 838 (43.4%) were registered as Republicans and 640 (33.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[72]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 50.9% of the vote here (817 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 46.4% (745 votes), with 1,605 ballots cast among the city's 1,940 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.7%.[73] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 53.8% of the vote here (942 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received around 44.0% (771 votes), with 1,752 ballots cast among the city's 2,276 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.0.[74]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 52.1% of the vote here (608 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 39.1% (457 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.8% (80 votes), with 1,168 ballots cast among the city's 2,069 registered voters, yielding a 56.5% turnout.[75]

Economy[edit]

Washington Street Mall

Tourism is the dominant industry. Cape May's economy runs on shops, restaurants, lodgings and tourist attractions on Washington Street Mall, along the boardwalk and elsewhere throughout town. Many historic hotels and B&Bs dot the landscape. Commercial and sport fishing are also important to Cape May's economy. Marine mammal watching, bird watching, and other forms of eco-tourism have become equally important in Cape May. A small wine growing area is adjacent to Cape May, and tourists to Cape May visit the four local wineries: Hawk Haven Vineyard and Winery, Turdo Vineyards, Natali Vineyards and Cape May Winery.[76]

As of a period of several decades before 2010, French Canadian tourists visit Cape May during the summer. Cape May County established a tourism office in Montreal, Quebec, but around 1995 it closed due to budget cuts. By 2010 the tourism office of Cape May County established a French language coupon booklet.[77]

Arts and culture[edit]

Beach tags are required in order to use Cape May beaches.
A Victorian house in Cape May.

Cape May has become known both for its Victorian gingerbread homes and its cultural offerings. The town hosts the Cape May Jazz Festival,[78] the Cape May Music Festival[79] and the Cape May, New Jersey Film Festival.[80] Cape May Stage, an Equity theater founded in 1988, performs at the Robert Shackleton Playhouse on the corner of Bank and Lafayette Streets.[81] East Lynne Theater Company, an Equity professional company specializing in American classics and world premieres, has its mainstage season from June–December and March, with school residencies throughout the year.[82] Cape May is also home for the Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities, established in 1970, which offers year-round arts classes.[83] African American history tours are transforming the historic Franklin Street School, constructed in 1928 to house African-American students in a segregated school, into a Community Cultural Center.[84]

Cape May is the home of the so-called "Cape May Diamonds". They show up at Sunset Beach and other beaches in the area. These are in fact clear quartz pebbles that wash down from the Delaware River. They begin as prismatic quartz (including the color sub-varieties such as Smoky Quartz and Amethyst) in the quartz veins alongside the Delaware River that get eroded out of the host rock and wash down 200 miles to the shore. Collecting Cape May diamonds is a popular pastime and many tourist shops sell them polished or even as faceted stones.[85]

The Cape May area is also world-famous for the observation of migrating birds, especially in the fall. With over 400 bird species having been recorded in this area and hundreds of local birders, Cape May is arguably the top bird-watching area in the entire Northeastern United States. The Cape May Bird Observatory is based nearby at Cape May Point.[86]

Education[edit]

For pre-Kindergarten through sixth grade, public school students attend Cape May City Elementary School as part of the Cape May City School District. Also attending are students from Cape May Point, a non-operating district, as part of a sending/receiving relationship, with most students in the district coming from the United States Coast Guard Training Center Cape May.[87] As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 145 students and 20.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 7.00:1.[88] As of 2010, discussions were under way regarding a possible consolidation of the districts of Cape May City, Cape May Point and the West Cape May School District.[89]

For seventh through twelfth grades, public school students attend the schools of the Lower Cape May Regional School District, which serves students from Cape May City, Cape May Point, Lower Township and West Cape May.[90][91] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[92]) are Richard M. Teitelman School[93] (grades 7 and 8; 532 students) and Lower Cape May Regional High School[94] (9–12; 1,015).[95]

The private Catholic schools serving Cape May are Cape Trinity Regional School (PreK – 8) and Wildwood Catholic High School are located in Wildwood and serve all students from Cape May County under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.[96]

Colleges in the Cape May area include Rutgers University, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and Atlantic Cape Community College.

The Cape May Branch of the Cape May County Public Library is located in Cape May City.[97]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the city had a total of 31.63 miles (50.90 km) of roadways, of which 24.99 miles (40.22 km) were maintained by the municipality and 6.64 miles (10.69 km) by Cape May County.[98]

New Jersey Transit offers service to Philadelphia on the 313 and 315 routes and to Atlantic City on the 552 route, with seasonal service to Philadelphia on the 316 route and to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 319 route.[99][100]

Media[edit]

Cape May is served by several media outlets including WCFA-LP 101.5 FM, a commercial-free jazz and community station, the weekly Cape May Star and Wave, as well as free weekly newspapers The Cape May Gazette and Exit Zero and local websites CapeMay.com Cape May Times. The name Exit Zero refers to the town's location at the far southern end of the Garden State Parkway near the intersection with Route 109. Informally, the entire town is sometimes called Exit Zero.[101]

Coast Guard Training Center Cape May[edit]

The United States Coast Guard Training Center Cape May, New Jersey is the nation's only Coast Guard Recruit Training Center. In 1924, the U.S. Coast Guard occupied the base and established air facilities for planes used in support of United States Customs Service efforts. During the Prohibition era, several cutters were assigned to Cape May to foil rumrunners operating off the New Jersey coast. After Prohibition, the Coast Guard all but abandoned Cape May leaving a small air/sea rescue contingent. For a short period of time (1929–1934), part of the base was used as a civilian airport. With the advent of World War II, a larger airstrip was constructed and the United States Navy returned to train aircraft carrier pilots. The over the water approach simulated carrier landings at sea. The Coast Guard also increased its Cape May forces for coastal patrol, anti-submarine warfare, air/sea rescue and buoy service. In 1946, the Navy relinquished the base to the Coast Guard.[102]

In 1948, all entry level training on the East Coast was moved to the U.S. Coast Guard Recruit Receiving Station in Cape May. The Coast Guard consolidated all recruit training functions in Cape May in 1982. Currently over 350 military and civilian personnel and their dependents are attached to Training Center Cape May.[103]

Fisherman's Memorial[edit]

The Cape May Fisherman's Memorial was erected over the harbor in 1988 and dedicated to fishermen lost at sea. It is maintained by the City of Cape May and administered by the Friends of the Cape May Fisherman's Memorial. There is a statue and memorial stones holding the names of local fishermen who died at sea. The memorial has 75 names, starting with Andrew Jeffers, who died in 1893, and includes the six people who died in March 2009 with the sinking of the scalloping boat Lady Mary.[104]

The granite statue was designed by Heather Baird, with Jerry Lynch, and features a fisherman's wife and her two children located inside a giant compass and looking out onto the sheltering waters of Cape May harbor. The monument occupies a dedicated site at the juncture of Baltimore and Missouri Avenues at Harbor Cove.[105]

Cultural references[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Cape May include:

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  3. ^ Administration, City of Cape May. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  4. ^ City Clerk and Registrar of Vital Statistics, City of Cape May. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 8.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Cape May, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Cape May city, Cape May County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 20, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Cape May city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed April 20, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 9, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Cape May, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 6, 2011.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Cape May, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Johnson, Charles P. "Many Drive To Resorts On Atlantic: Coast Places Draw Drivers From Pittsburgh District", The Pittsburgh Press, June 22, 1930, p. 3 of the Automobile section. Accessed July 4, 2011. "The southern part of New Jersey largely in Cape May County contains other popular resorts. Cape May City, the southernmost part of New Jersey, is said to be the oldest vacation resort in the United States."
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 9, 2012.
  20. ^ Mulvihill, Geoff via Associated Press. "Dangerous fishing, quaint B&B's share N.J. resort", Delaware County Daily Times, March 30, 2009. Accessed July 4, 2011. "'I don't really think much about the fishing business,' said Jimmy Iapallucci, a cook at Uncle Bill's Pancake House near the beach. He suspects the tourists who swell the community's population from 4,000 to 40,000 each summer don't either."
  21. ^ a b Staff. "LIFE STYLE; Old Resort Draws New Clientele: Honeymooners", The New York Times, July 23, 1989. Accessed July 4, 2011. "At one time, Cape May was known as the serene Victorian getaway of four Presidents and scores of wealthy New York and Philadelphia industrialists. But recently, Cape May, the nation's oldest seaside resort, has begun to attract a new breed of beachgoer.... Innkeepers here say Cape May's 19th-century ambiance and views of the Atlantic Ocean are the main reasons this sleepy city of 5,000 (50,000 in the summer) has become popular for weddings and honeymoons."
  22. ^ Urgo, Jacqueline L. (May 23, 2008). "Triumph for South Jersey". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 5, 2008. Retrieved May 30, 2008. 
  23. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 113. Accessed April 20, 2012.
  24. ^ Victorian Cape May, Cape May Times. Accessed July 4, 2011. "Cape May looked a lot different before the fire of 1878. The town is the oldest seashore resort in the nation. In the 1800s, Cape May had quite a collection of classically designed seaside hotels. The fire of 1878 wiped out 30 blocks of the early seashore town, including some of the resort's major hotels, including the original Congress Hall.... And, for the most part, the new buildings that went up were built in the modern style of the day...later known as the Victorian style... lots of gingerbread trim, gables and turrets."
  25. ^ Kent, Bill. "DEVELOPMENT; If They Build It, Will Even More Come? Cape May Ponders Parking Garage", The New York Times, November 9, 1997. Accessed July 4, 2011. "William Bolger, manager of the National Parks Service Historic Landmarks Program for the Northeast, confirmed that he had been surveying Cape May to evaluate the city's historic buildings since January. 'Cape May is unique in America in that, since 1977, the entire city has been designated a National Historic Landmark District,' Mr. Bolger said. 'That means everything within the city limits is considered of historic landmark status.'"
  26. ^ U.S. Naval Activities, World War II
  27. ^ Floodplain Management Plan, City of Cape May, September 10, 2009. Accessed April 20, 2012.
  28. ^ Preston, Benjamin. "Cape May, New Jersey's Battle Against Nature", The Earth Institute, June 20, 2011. Accessed July 4, 2011. "Beach erosion is a perennial challenge for coastal communities, but in Cape May, man began accelerating the natural process in 1903. That year, dredges began scooping sand and muck out of the small harbor, expanding it to its current 500 acres. By 1911, a pair of massive stone jetties were completed to protect the mouth of Cape May Inlet."
  29. ^ Staff. "Cape May Harbor Fest offers activities on land and sea", Shore News Today, June 9, 2011. Accessed July 4, 2011. "Cape May's Harbor Fest, a celebration of seafood and song, the sea, its culture, economy and ecology, will take place 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Saturday, June 18 in and along the banks of Cape May Harbor on Delaware Avenue, with many of the land-based activities taking place at the Nature Center of Cape May.This year's festival commemorates the 100th anniversary of Cape May Harbor."
  30. ^ a b c "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  31. ^ What is my arborday.org Hardiness Zone?, Arbor Day Foundation. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  32. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cape May County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  33. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  34. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 260, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed October 8, 2013. "Cape May city contained in 1870 a population of 1,248."
  35. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  36. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  37. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  38. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed December 3, 2011.
  39. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed December 3, 2011.
  40. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Cape May city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 20, 2012.
  41. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Cape May city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  42. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Cape May city, Cape May County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 20, 2012.
  43. ^ Degener, Richard. "CAPE MAY GOVERNMENT-CHANGE VOTE CHALLENGED", The Press of Atlantic City, July 8, 2003. Accessed April 20, 2012. "A recount upheld the two-vote margin to change the form of government, and now some residents are asking a judge to set aside the decision and order a new election in November. Residents voted 422-420 on May 13 to return the city to the council-manager form of government."
  44. ^ "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  45. ^ Degener, Richard. "CAPE MAY VOTERS MIGHT CHOOSE GOVERNMENT-CHANGE PANEL", The Press of Atlantic City, September 8, 2001. Accessed April 20, 2012. "The city in 1995 changed from a council-manager form of government to the small municipality plan A form of government under the Faulkner Act."
  46. ^ Form of Government - Council / Manager, City of Cape May. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  47. ^ Fichter, Jack. "Moving Cape May Election to November to Save $30K", Cape May County Herald, November 3, 2010. Accessed August 30, 2014. "Voters here approved moving the municipal election from May to November in a 610-320 votes, Tues. Nov. 2."
  48. ^ Mayor, City of Cape May. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  49. ^ Elected Officials, City of Cape May. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  50. ^ Degener, Richard. "Newcomers Murray, Wichterman, Fiocca win Cape May council seats", The Press of Atlantic City, May 11, 2010. Accessed July 4, 2011.
  51. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  52. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  53. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  54. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  55. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  56. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  57. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  58. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  59. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  60. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  61. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  62. ^ a b Freeholders Home Page, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  63. ^ Gerald M. Thornton, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  64. ^ Leonard C. Desiderio, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  65. ^ Kristine Gabor, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  66. ^ Will Morey, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  67. ^ Cape May County Installs Returning Freeholder Leonard Desiderio and Names Director and Vice-Director, Cape May County, New Jersey, January 3, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2013. "Freeholder Leonard C. Desiderio, who was re-elected in November to serve a three-year term, was sworn in by Superior Court Judge J. Christopher Gibson.... Additionally at the meeting, Freeholder Gerald M. Thornton was re-elected Director of the Board and Freeholder Desiderio was elected Vice-Director."
  68. ^ Sheriff's Office, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  69. ^ Sheriff, Cape May County Sheriff. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  70. ^ Surrogate, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  71. ^ County Clerk's Office, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  72. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cape May, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 16, 2012.
  73. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cape May County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 16, 2012.
  74. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cape May County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 16, 2012.
  75. ^ 2009 Governor: Cape May County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 16, 2012.
  76. ^ Map, Garden State Wine Growers Association. Accessed July 4, 2011.
  77. ^ "Cape May, N.J., targets Canadian tourists." USA Today. February 9, 2010. Accessed August 10, 2013.
  78. ^ Jackson, Vincent. "Jazz festival returns to Cape May next month, but without the original event's founders", The Press of Atlantic City, October 28, 2012. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  79. ^ Reich, Ronni. "Cape May Music Festival puts together an eclectic schedule", The Star-Ledger, May 24, 2013. Accessed October 8, 2013. 'Classical ensembles from across the region, from the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra Chamber Players to the Bay-Atlantic Symphony, will take the stage for the 24th Cape May Festival. World music, jazz and country are also among the beachside musical offerings, which begin Sunday and continue through June 13."
  80. ^ About, Cape May Film Festival . Accessed October 8, 2013. "The Cape May NJ State Film Festival is New Jersey’s premiere weekend film festival dedicated exclusively to the support and presentation of creative, challenging, groundbreaking, film/video works by New Jersey filmmakers.... It has grown from a three-day event attracting an audience of 500 in 2001 to a four-day film festival drawing thousands annually."
  81. ^ History and Mission, Cape May Stage. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  82. ^ About, East Lynne Theater Company. Accessed October 8, 2013. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  83. ^ About MAC, Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities. Accessed October 8, 2013. "The Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities (MAC) is a multi-faceted non-profit organization that promotes the restoration, interpretation and cultural enrichment of greater Cape May for its residents and visitors."
  84. ^ Cherry-Farmer. Stephanie. "People Preserving Places: Cape May’s Franklin Street School", Prserve NJ, December 12, 2011. Accessed October 8, 2013. "Designed in the Colonial Revival Style by the architectural firm of Edwards and Green of Philadelphia and Camden, the Franklin Street School opened in September 1928 as an elementary school for Cape May’s African-American children.... Currently, the Center is working with the city to rehabilitate the school for use as a community cultural center and the focal point for African-American heritage tours of the area. "
  85. ^ Fox, Karen. "Cape May Diamonds", Cape May magazine, August 2009. Accessed July 4, 2011.
  86. ^ Cape May Bird Observatory, New Jersey Audubon Society. Accessed July 4, 2011.
  87. ^ Cape May City School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 30, 2014. "The District is a one-school district. 60% of the students come from the United States Coast Guard Training Center based in Cape May; 25% from Cape May City residents; and 15% from the Low-income Housing Authority, and three students from the sending district of Cape May Point."
  88. ^ District information for Cape May School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  89. ^ Crowley, Terrence J. Cape May County Report on Consolidation and Regionalization, New Jersey Department of Education, March 15, 2010, available through the Asbury Park Press. Accessed August 30, 2014. "The school districts of Cape May City, West Cape May, and Cape May Point (non-operating) are currently conducting a feasibility study to merge the districts. A consultant is currently collecting and analyzing data and will be finalizing his report in late spring 2010."
  90. ^ Richard M. Teitelman Middle School, Lower Cape May Regional School District. Accessed August 30, 2014. "Richard M. Teitelman RMT Middle School is part of the Lower Cape May Regional School District. RMT consists of students in the 7th and 8th grades from Cape May, Lower Township, West Cape May and Cape May Point."
  91. ^ Lower Cape May Regional High School, Lower Cape May Regional School District. Accessed July 3, 2011. "Lower Cape May Regional High School is a four-year public school that serves students from four communities including Cape May, Lower Township, West Cape May and Cape May Point."
  92. ^ School Data for the Lower Cape May Regional High School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  93. ^ Richard M. Teitelman School, Lower Cape May Regional School District. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  94. ^ Lower Cape May Regional High School, Lower Cape May Regional School District. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  95. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Lower Cape May Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  96. ^ Cape May County Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed July 4, 2011.
  97. ^ Library hours, addresses, & phone numbers, Cape May County Library. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  98. ^ May.pdf Cape May County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  99. ^ Cape May County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  100. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  101. ^ Hoffman, Barbara. "KILLING KITSCH - GOING BEYOND THE QUAINT IN CAPE MAY; CAPE CRUSADER", New York Post, August 28, 2007. Accessed October 8, 2013. "I KNEW it was down there - I just didn't care. After 25 years in North Jersey, a k a 'the very West Side,' I'd never ventured down the shore to Cape May. I'm not alone. Randomly polled neighbors - who routinely head to the Hamptons and Cape Cod - showed zero interest in the Garden State Parkway's Exit Zero, hailed for its gingerbread Victoriana by the sea."
  102. ^ Kluger, Cindy J. "From rum to subs: The Coast Guard in Cape May", Cape May Magazine, November 1, 2000. Accessed October 7, 2013. "In 1924, the Coast Guard took over the World War I Cape May City’s naval air station fighting the rumrunners and bootleggers with eight seventy-five foot patrol boats.... Over time they were united and placed under the umbrella of the USCG, which, in turn, was placed under Navy Department control in 1941, moved to Treasury Department control in 1946, and finally transferred to the newly-formed Department of Transportation in 1967, where it remains today."
  103. ^ History of Training Center Cape May, United States Coast Guard. Accessed July 4, 2011.
  104. ^ Degener, Richard. "Group has new goal for Cape Fishermen's Memorial", The Press of Atlantic City, June 3, 2009. Accessed July 4, 2011.
  105. ^ Heather Baird, Art & Architecture of New Jersey, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. Accessed April 20, 2012.
  106. ^ Gilfillian, Trudi. "MORLEY TRIBUTE HALFWAY THERE", The Press of Atlantic City, February 8, 2003. Accessed April 20, 2012. "About half of Cozy Morley's statue is paid for, and organizers are looking for help with the other half.The money, about $60,000, is earmarked for a life-size bronze statue of Morley along with a Memorial Day weekend tribute to the popular entertainer known for singing the famed tune On the Way to Cape May."
  107. ^ Toner, Noreen. "GARDEN STATE BLOSSOMS AS FILMMAKERS' SETTING", The Press of Atlantic City, September 17, 1989. Accessed April 20, 2012. "Graduation Day (1980, Cape May), The Prowler (1980, Cape May)"
  108. ^ Shenot, Christine for the Orlando Sentinel. "The Jersey Shore Comes to Florida; Disney's New Boardwalk Resort Evokes 1900s Seaside Nostalgia", Sun-Sentinel, July 8, 1996. Accessed October 8, 2013. "Architectural touches are reminiscent of Cape May, NJ, with a Coney Island feel to the boardwalk."
  109. ^ "Catarcio, Maurice A.", Northeast Obits, May 13, 2005. Accessed August 30, 2014.
  110. ^ Distinguished Alumni: Eugene Grace '99, Lehigh University. Accessed September 3, 2007. "Born in Cape May, New Jersey on August 27, 1876, Grace was the son of a sea captain."
  111. ^ Thomas Millet Hand, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 16, 2007.
  112. ^ Thomas Hurst Hughes, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 4, 2011.
  113. ^ Pree bio, Army of Freshmen. Accessed October 7, 2013. "Started by lead singer, Chris Jay, who moved as a teenager by himself to California from his hometown of Cape May, New Jersey, and met fellow AOF members, Aaron Goldberg, Owen Bucey, Dan Clark and Kai Dodson at a local coffeehouse where he was performing, the band first made a name for themselves in the Ventura County area."
  114. ^ Martin, Douglas. "Richie Phillips, Union Leader Who Helped and Hurt Umpires, Dies at 72", The New York Times, June 4, 2013. Accessed October 5, 2013. "Richie Phillips, a boisterous, street-shrewd lawyer who quintupled the salaries of major league baseball umpires as their union representative, then caused many of them to lose their jobs by having them resign en masse, died Friday at his home in Cape May, N.J. He was 72."
  115. ^ Litsky, Frank. "GOODWILL GAMES; Popov Defeats U.S. Rival, and It Isn't Even Close", The New York Times, August 3, 1998. Accessed October 9, 2012. "Pilczuk, from Cape May, N.J., was six inches behind Yegorov, a disappointment for someone who upset Popov at this distance in last January's world championships."
  116. ^ Staff. "The Lure of the Boards", Asbury Park Press, July 9, 2006. Accessed October 9, 2012. "'Every boardwalk has its own personality,' said Emil Salvini, of Cape May, author of Boardwalk Memories."
  117. ^ Staff. "DR. WITMER STONE, ORNITHOLOGIST, 72; Member of Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia for 51 Years Dies", The New York Times, May 25, 1939. Accessed July 4, 2011.
  118. ^ Paul A. Volcker, Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Accessed April 20, 2012. "Mr. Volcker was born on September 1927 in Cape May, New Jersey."

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Diamond Beach
Beaches of New JerseySucceeded by
Southernmost