Canyon Diablo (meteorite)

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Canyon Diablo
Canyon-diablo-meteorite.jpg
Canyon Diablo iron meteorite fragment (IAB) 2,641 grams. Note colorful natural desert patina.
TypeIron
Structural classificationCoarse Octahedrite
GroupIAB-MG
Composition7.1% Ni; 0.46% Co; 0.26% P; 1% C; 1% S; 80ppm Ga; 320ppm Ge; 1,9ppm Ir
CountryUnited States
RegionCoconino County, Arizona
Coordinates35°03′N 111°02′W / 35.050°N 111.033°W / 35.050; -111.033Coordinates: 35°03′N 111°02′W / 35.050°N 111.033°W / 35.050; -111.033[1]
Observed fallNo
Fall date49000 years ago[2]
Found date1891
TKW30 tonnes
Strewn fieldYes
Canyon Diablo meteorite, pattern.jpg
etched slice
 
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For other uses of the term Canyon Diablo, see Canyon Diablo (disambiguation).
Canyon Diablo
Canyon-diablo-meteorite.jpg
Canyon Diablo iron meteorite fragment (IAB) 2,641 grams. Note colorful natural desert patina.
TypeIron
Structural classificationCoarse Octahedrite
GroupIAB-MG
Composition7.1% Ni; 0.46% Co; 0.26% P; 1% C; 1% S; 80ppm Ga; 320ppm Ge; 1,9ppm Ir
CountryUnited States
RegionCoconino County, Arizona
Coordinates35°03′N 111°02′W / 35.050°N 111.033°W / 35.050; -111.033Coordinates: 35°03′N 111°02′W / 35.050°N 111.033°W / 35.050; -111.033[1]
Observed fallNo
Fall date49000 years ago[2]
Found date1891
TKW30 tonnes
Strewn fieldYes
Canyon Diablo meteorite, pattern.jpg
etched slice

The Canyon Diablo meteorites include the many fragments of the asteroid that created the Barringer Crater (Meteor Crater), Arizona, USA. Meteorites have been found around the crater rim, and are named for nearby Canyon Diablo, which lies about three to four miles west of the crater.

History[edit]

The asteroid fell about 50,000 years ago.[3] The meteorites have been known and collected since the mid-19th century and were known and used by pre-historic Native Americans. The Barringer Crater, from the late 19th to the mid-20th century, was the center of a long dispute over the origin of craters that showed little evidence of volcanism. That debate was settled in the 1950s thanks to Eugene Shoemaker's study of the crater.

In 1953, Clair Cameron Patterson measured ratios of the lead isotopes in samples of the meteorite. The result permitted a refinement of the estimate of the age of the Earth to 4.550 billion years (± 70 million years).[4]

Composition and classification[edit]

This meteorite is an iron octahedrite. Minerals reported from the meteorite include:

Samples may contain troilite-graphite nodules with metal veins and small diamonds.

Fragments[edit]

"Holsinger Meteorite", the biggest recovered fragment of the Canyon Diablo meteorite
Example of a small (90mm) fragment of the meteorite

The biggest fragment ever found is the Holsinger Meteorite, weighing 639 kilograms (1,409 lb), now on display in the Meteor Crater Visitor Center on the rim of the crater. Other famous fragments:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]