Canoga Park, Los Angeles

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Canoga Park
Owensmouth
—  Neighborhood of Los Angeles  —
Canoga Park is located in San Fernando Valley
Canoga Park
Location within Los Angeles/San Fernando Valley
Coordinates: 34°12′04″N 118°35′50″W / 34.20111°N 118.59722°W / 34.20111; -118.59722
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyLos Angeles
CityLos Angeles
Owensmouth1912
Canoga Park1930
Area
 • Land4.35 sq mi (11.3 km2)
Elevation800 ft (200 m)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total60,578
 • Density12,240/sq mi (4,730/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
zip code91303, 91304, 91305, 91309
Area code(s)818
 
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Canoga Park
Owensmouth
—  Neighborhood of Los Angeles  —
Canoga Park is located in San Fernando Valley
Canoga Park
Location within Los Angeles/San Fernando Valley
Coordinates: 34°12′04″N 118°35′50″W / 34.20111°N 118.59722°W / 34.20111; -118.59722
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyLos Angeles
CityLos Angeles
Owensmouth1912
Canoga Park1930
Area
 • Land4.35 sq mi (11.3 km2)
Elevation800 ft (200 m)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total60,578
 • Density12,240/sq mi (4,730/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
zip code91303, 91304, 91305, 91309
Area code(s)818

Canoga Park (formerly known as Owensmouth) is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California, United States about 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Downtown Los Angeles.

It is bordered by Woodland Hills on the south, West Hills on the west, Chatsworth on the north, and Winnetka on the east.

Contents

History and landmarks

Pre-American history

The area of present day Canoga Park was the homeland of Native Americans in the Tongva-Fernandeño and Chumash-Venturaño tribes, that lived in the Simi Hills and along to the tributaries of the Los Angeles River. They traded with the north Valley Tataviam-Fernandeño people. Native American civilizations inhabited the Valley for an estimated 8,000 years.[2][3] Their culture left the Burro Flats Painted Cave nearby.[4]

From 1797 to 1846 the area was part of Mission San Fernando Rey de España (Mission San Fernando). After the Mexican War of Independence from Spain the 'future Canoga Park' land became part of Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando. In 1845 a land grant for the separate and historically rich Rancho El Escorpión was issued by Governor Pío Pico to three Chumash people, Odón Eusebia, his brother-in-law Urbano, and Urbano's son Mañuel.[5][6][7] It was located in the area west of Fallbrook Avenue and later called Platt Ranch.[8][9]

American history

Platt Building, also known as The Victorian, 19725 Sherman Way, Canoga Park, Los Angeles, California

In 1863 the syndicate San Fernando Homestead Association led by Isaac Lankershim and Isaac Van Nuys purchased the southern half of the historic San Fernando Valley. They established seven wheat ranch operations and were the first to ship wheat to Europe from California. In 1869 Alfred Workman acquired the westernmost ranch, a 13,000 acres (50 km2) wheat farm in future Canoga Park (for more: See Landmarks section below).[10] Eucalyptus trees first imported and planted on the ranch, spread to other Canoga Park area ranches and farms.[11][12]

The area was included in the greater part of the southern San Fernando Valley development syndicate, started when the LA Suburban Home Company bought out the Van Nuys Ranch in 1909. The entire south San Fernando valley, from Roscoe Blvd south to the hills, with certain exceptions, were to be subdivided in anticipation of the Los Angeles aqueduct's completion in 1913. The purchasers of the land included Harry Chandler and Harrison Gray Otis of the 'Los Angeles Times', Moses Sherman (a streetcar line builder), and Hobart Johnstone Whitley, an all purpose real estate developer who, from a start in the Land Rush of 1889 in Oklahoma to platting out 140 towns, including Hollywood.

The area was originally named Owensmouth (Pacific Electric) by Los Angeles Suburban Home Company by general manager Hobart Johnstone Whitley with a real estate salesman's exaggeration that it was the new mouth of the Owens River, after the Los Angeles Aqueduct would be completed the next year. The town was founded on March 30, 1912, and the Suburban Home Company contracted with the Janss Investment Company, to sell properties. A well-thought pre-development scheme brought Pacific Electric streetcars and an all purpose highway (Sherman Way) out all the way from Hollywood through Cahuenga Pass, through the previously subdivided Van Nuys (1911). Highlighting the "opening day barbecue" was the display of the "Owensmouth Baby", a racecar that could go up and down the paved Sherman Way at the incredible speed of 35 mph.

Owensmouth, as the junior San Fernando Valley city to Van Nuys, promoted itself with the "baby" motif—using storks in their advertisement. The "baby city" of the Valley remained a very small community.

The lack of an independent water supply made annexation to the City of Los Angeles inevitable, and on February 26, 1917, it joined with its larger neighbor. The name was changed to Canoga Park in 1930. It is believed to be named after Canoga, New York, which derived its name from the Native American village "Ganogeh". Eventually, the area's zoning was rural/agricultural and its industry was small farms involved in the production of fruits, vegetables, and melons, some livestock, horses, a movie/television studio, and a stunt location.[13]

The Canoga Park Airstrip occupied the area now known as "Warner Center" (as shown on the street map 1955 Thomas Guide).

Recent history

Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne Division

In 1955, Rocketdyne, then a division of North American Aviation, moved into the area. It became a major employer along with the Atomics International and Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL) divisions.[14] Other aerospace companies followed: including Atomics International, Thompson Ramo Wooldridge-TRW, Hughes Aircraft, Rockwell International, Boeing, and Teledyne. Small machine shops and other ancillary businesses also sprang up to service the aerospace industry. Currently the Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne facility, operated by Pratt & Whitney division of United Technologies Corporation, is the remaining aerospace industry. The Santa Susana Field Lab property has been closed and will be undergoing an extensive environmental cleanup, and become an open-space park.[15][16]

In 1987 much of the western district of Canoga Park was renamed West Hills and a portion of the eastern district was renamed Winnetka. On June 25, 2005, Canoga Park was named an All-America City. Currently Canoga Park and neighboring Woodland Hills may have the largest shopping mall on the West Coast, with the planned merger of Topanga Plaza-Westfield Topanga with the Woodland Hills Promenade-Westfield Promenade in Warner Center.

Canoga Park was mentioned on the Frank Zappa album Joe's Garage as the hometown of the main character. It is also mentioned in the songs "Can't Let Go" by Bryan Ferry and "Eat Fried Wheat (a Canoga Park jingle)" by Vycrol.

Geography

Bell and Dayton Creeks flowing from the Simi Hills, and Arroyo Calabasas (Calabasas Creek) from the Santa Monica Mountains are several of the headwaters of the Los Angeles River that originate in the western San Fernando Valley that flow through Canoga Park. The Los Angeles River itself begins at the confluence of Calabasas Creek and Bell Creek behind Canoga Park High School. These and other small creeks supply stormwater and suburban runoff water to the Los Angeles River, and several are considered year round creeks. Although the creeks are now channeled and run within concrete walls, they do form a significant urban wildlife landscape and contribute to the population of indigenous wildlife left within the San Fernando Valley.

Demographics

Canoga Park is home to a diverse community. Most of Canoga Park is now suburban neighborhoods, with light industrial and commercial areas, while some film production, stunt-work, equestrian, and feed businesses still exist. In 2009, the Los Angeles Times's "Mapping L.A." project supplied these Canoga Park neighborhood statistics: population: 53,227; median household income: $51,601.[17]

Notable persons

Government and infrastructure

Police

Los Angeles Police Department Topanga Community Police Station serves residents in Canoga Park, parts of Winnetka, West Hills and Woodland Hills. The Topanga Community Police Station opened in January 2009. The police department named the station after a village in the Tongva language of the historically local Tongva-Fernandeño Native Americans tribe. The department originally planned to name it the Northwest Station, but residents preferred a name linking to the town's history.[18] Prior to the opening of the Topanga station, the Devonshire Community Police Station served addresses north of Roscoe Boulevard while the West Valley Police Station served addresses south of Roscoe Boulevard.[19]

Post offices

The United States Postal Service operates the Canoga Park Post Office at 8201 Canoga Avenue and the Challenger Post Office at 21801 Sherman Way. Challenger Station maintains a fine WPA mural by the famous Western artist, Maynard Dixon.[20][21]

Public libraries

The Los Angeles Public Library operates the Canoga Park Branch Library at 20939 Sherman Way.[22]

Parks and Recreation

Education

Public schools

Canoga Park is zoned to Los Angeles Unified School District schools.

Public schools serving Canoga Park include:

Elementary schools
Middle schools
High schools
Charter schools

Private schools

Private schools located in Canoga Park include:

See also

References

  1. ^ LAtimes.com/mapping-L.A. neighborhoods/Canoga Park . accessed 8.18.2011
  2. ^ USA Today article USA Today
  3. ^ Mercury News article
  4. ^ [1] SSPSHP link: pp.41–2
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rancho El Escorpión
  6. ^ Map of old Spanish and Mexican ranchos in Los Angeles County
  7. ^ Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Numa Hubert, San Francisco
  8. ^ http://www.co-hs.org/ April 2007 Bulletin-Canoga/Owensmouth Historical Society
  9. ^ [2] SSPSHP link: Ethnohistory
  10. ^ SFVHS-Workman
  11. ^ [3]
  12. ^ http://bigorangelandmarks.blogspot.com/2007/03/no-9-shadow-ranch.html
  13. ^ Rivers in the Desert By Margaret Leslie Davis http://books.google.com/books?id=7lvRnuwxmUoC&pg=PA92&dq=h+j+whitley&hl=en&ei=4P5-TOT3Koa4sAO7yeX0Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCoQ6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=h%20j%20whitley&f=false (1993)
  14. ^ Rocketdyne forum
  15. ^ State DTSC-SSFL info site
  16. ^ ACME-SSFL info site
  17. ^ "Canoga Park" entry on the Los Angeles Times "Mapping L.A." website
  18. ^ Vives, Ruben. "LAPD opens new station in Canoga Park." Los Angeles Times. January 4, 2009. Retrieved on April 26, 2009.
  19. ^ "Canoga Park Police Stations." Los Angeles Police Department. October 11, 2007. Retrieved on April 26, 2009.
  20. ^ "Post Office Location – CANOGA PARK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  21. ^ "Post Office Location – CHALLENGER." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  22. ^ "Canoga Park Branch Library." Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  23. ^ a b "Lanark Recreation Center." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 22, 2010.
  24. ^ "Lanark Pool." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 22, 2010.
  25. ^ http://www.canoga-lausd-ca.schoolloop.com
  26. ^ http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=56.40038
  27. ^ "8. Proposed Changes to Enadia Way Elementary School Area Schools." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 17, 2010.
  28. ^ http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/Hart_EL/
  29. ^ http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/Columbus_MS/
  30. ^ http://data1.cde.ca.gov/dataquest/DQReports.asp?CDSType=S&CDSCode=19766790121137/
  31. ^ "Home." Concordia Canoga Park. Retrieved on September 1, 2011. "7357 Jordan Avenue, Canoga Park, CA 91303"
  32. ^ Lin, C.J. "Valley private school options dwindling." August 17, 2011. Retrieved on August 31, 2011.
  33. ^ "Welcome to Trinity Lutheran High School." Trinity Lutheran High School. Retrieved on September 1, 2011. "7357 Jordan Ave Canoga Park, CA. 91303"

External links

Coordinates: 34°12′04″N 118°35′50″W / 34.20111°N 118.59722°W / 34.20111; -118.59722