Canoeing and kayaking at the Summer Olympics

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Canoeing and kayaking at the Summer Olympics
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg
Governing bodyICF
Events16 (men: 11; women: 5)
Games
189619001904190819121920
192419281932193619481952
195619601964196819721976
198019841988199219962000
2004200820122016
Note: demonstration sport years indicated in italics
Medalists (men • women)
 
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Canoeing and kayaking at the Summer Olympics
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg
Governing bodyICF
Events16 (men: 11; women: 5)
Games
189619001904190819121920
192419281932193619481952
195619601964196819721976
198019841988199219962000
2004200820122016
Note: demonstration sport years indicated in italics
Medalists (men • women)

Canoeing and kayaking have been featured as competition sports in the Summer Olympic Games since the 1936 Games in Berlin, although they were demonstration sports at the 1924 Games in Paris.[1] There are two disciplines of canoeing in Olympic competition: slalom and sprint.

Two styles of boats are used in this sport, canoes with 1 or 2 canoers and kayaks with 1, 2 or 4 kayakers. This leads to the name designation of each event. For example, "C-1" is a canoe singles event and "K-2" is a kayak doubles event. Races are usually 500 metres or 1000 metres long, although there were also 10 km events from 1936 to 1956. On 13 August 2009, it was announced by the International Canoe Federation that the men's 500 m events would be replaced at the 2012 Summer Olympics by 200 m events with one of them being K-1 200 m for the women. The other events for men at 200 m will be C-1, C-2, and K-1.[2] This was confirmed at their 2009 Board of Directors meeting in Windsor, Berkshire, Great Britain on 5 December 2009.[3]

Events[edit]

The following tables shows which events were contested at each Games.

Slalom[edit]

Event7276808488929600040812Total
Men's C-17
Men's C-27
Men's K-17
Women's K-17
Total Events40000444444

Sprint[edit]

Event364852566064687276808488929600040812Total
Current program
Men's C-1 200 m1
Men's C-1 1000 m18
Men's C-2 1000 m18
Men's K-1 200 m1
Men's K-1 1000 m18
Men's K-2 200 m1
Men's K-2 1000 m18
Men's K-4 1000 m13
Women's K-1 200 m1
Women's K-1 500 m17
Women's K-2 500 m14
Women's K-4 500 m8
Past events
Men's C-1 500 m9
Men's C-1 10000 m3
Men's C-2 500 m9
Men's C-2 10000 m4
Men's K-1 500 m9
Men's K-1 10000 m4
Men's K-1 4 × 500 m1
Men's K-2 500 m9
Men's K-2 10000 m4
Men's folding K-1 10000 m1
Men's folding K-2 10000 m1
Total Events9999777711111212121212121212

Medal table[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union (URS)2913951
2 Germany (GER)28161963
3 Hungary (HUN)22292677
4 Sweden (SWE)1511430
5 East Germany (GDR)147930
6 Romania (ROU)10101434
7 France (FRA)781833
8 Slovakia (SVK)74415
9 Czechoslovakia (TCH)74112
10 Italy (ITA)66416
11 Norway (NOR)64414
12 New Zealand (NZL)6219
13 United States (USA)55616
14 Finland (FIN)52310
15 Canada (CAN)4101024
16 Bulgaria (BUL)45817
17 Unified Team of Germany (EUA)45211
18 Czech Republic (CZE)44311
19 Australia (AUS)381122
20 Austria (AUT)35614
21 Great Britain (GBR)35513
21 Denmark (DEN)35513
23 Spain (ESP)27312
24 West Germany (FRG)26311
25 Russia (RUS)23611
26 Belarus (BLR)2237
27 Ukraine (UKR)2226
28 Yugoslavia (YUG)2215
29 China (CHN)2002
30 Unified Team (EUN)1102
31 Poland (POL)061218
32 Netherlands (NED)0358
33 Cuba (CUB)0303
34 Latvia (LAT)0202
35 Lithuania (LTU)0101
35 Moldova (MDA)0101
35 Portugal (POR)0101
35 Slovenia (SLO)0101
35 Switzerland (SUI)0101
40 Israel (ISR)0011
40 South Africa (RSA)0011
40 Togo (TOG)0011
Total210210210630

Nations[edit]

Nation3648525660646872768084889296000408Years
 Andorra (AND)11
 Angola (ANG)11
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)31
 Argentina (ARG)18543227
 Australia (AUS)8710678598172321161614
 Austria (AUT)97771054122624342416
 Armenia (ARM)11
 Belarus (BLR)45984
 Belgium (BEL)99424238116522313217
 Bolivia (BOL)112
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)1113
 Brazil (BRA)634225
 Bulgaria (BUL)5237121212111177212
 Canada (CAN)87119661012141514182116192116
 Chile (CHI)112
 China (CHN)444815236
 Costa Rica (CRC)422
 Ivory Coast (CIV)35422217
 Croatia (CRO)444325
 Cuba (CUB)2353446
 Czech Republic (CZE)25191074
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)131313510452311992712
 Denmark (DEN)4797975611166432417
 East Germany (GDR)12261113155
 Estonia (EST)1113
 Finland (FIN)3596935474532112417
 France (FRA)3101369261413111416311914131517
 Germany (GER)141029272526227
 Great Britain (GBR)3773751020111115172517129717
 Greece (GRE)1633
 Guam (GUM)11
 Guatemala (GUA)11
 Hong Kong (HKG)67224
 Hungary (HUN)5512139101012141616141915161616
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)51
 Indonesia (INA)312
 Iran (IRI)11
 Ireland (IRL)442145632110
 Israel (ISR)115315
 Italy (ITA)16124210115751815881615
 Japan (JPN)12253586825911
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)84374
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)21
 Latvia (LAT)331135
 Lithuania (LTU)123345
 Luxembourg (LUX)33434
 Macedonia (MKD)31114
 Malaysia (MAS)11
 Mexico (MEX)1274246238
 Moldova (MDA)41
 Morocco (MAR)11
 Myanmar (MYA)11
 Netherlands (NED)97545722632422215
 New Zealand (NZL)2436781259
 Norway (NOR)144125671377546115
 Panama (PAN)11
 Peru (PER)11
 Poland (POL)23469823131512182321232115
 Portugal (POR)3761146
 Romania (ROU)1511111111131414514141310515
 Russia (RUS)14128144
 Saar (SAA)31
 Samoa (SAM)11
 São Tomé and Príncipe (STP)11
 Senegal (SEN)21
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)1623
 Seychelles (SEY)112
 Slovakia (SVK)171916124
 Slovenia (SLO)654435
 South Africa (RSA)11121105
 South Korea (KOR)21562116
 Soviet Union (URS)139121311151515179
 Spain (ESP)254751011221917141012
 Sweden (SWE)99106671110111211111312105317
 Switzerland (SUI)967463416834113
 Togo (TOG)112
 Ukraine (UKR)1311764
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA)1010125
 Unified Team (EUN)191
 United States (USA)1089121311122616161632251417716
 Uruguay (URU)112
 Uzbekistan (UZB)171714
 Venezuela (VEN)31
 Vietnam (VIE)11
 West Germany (FRG)13281315145
 Yugoslavia (YUG)4134213133310
No. of nations85
No. of athletes2814

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olympic sprint events
  2. ^ "IOC announcement of canoe sprint format changes for the 2012 Summer Olympics". International Canoe Federation. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "The Board of Directors Wrap Up in Windsor." - International Canoe Federation (5 December 2009) - accessed 18 December 2009.[dead link]