Candy corn

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Candy corn
Candy-Corn.jpg
candy corn
Alternative namesIndian corn
TypeConfectionery
Coursedessert
Place of originUnited States
CreatorGeorge Renninger
Main ingredientsSugar, corn syrup, carnauba wax, artificial coloring and binders
Variationscupid corn
Cookbook:Candy corn  Candy corn
 
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Candy corn
Candy-Corn.jpg
candy corn
Alternative namesIndian corn
TypeConfectionery
Coursedessert
Place of originUnited States
CreatorGeorge Renninger
Main ingredientsSugar, corn syrup, carnauba wax, artificial coloring and binders
Variationscupid corn
Cookbook:Candy corn  Candy corn

Candy corn is a confection in the United States and Canada[clarification needed], popular primarily around Halloween. Candy corn was created in the 1880s by George Renninger of the Philadelphia, PA-based Wunderle Candy Company. The three colors of the candy – a broad yellow end, a tapered orange center, and a pointed white tip – mimic the appearance of kernels of corn.[1] Each piece is approximately three times the size of a real kernel from a ripe or dried ear.

Candy corn is made primarily from sugar, corn syrup, confectioners wax, artificial coloring and binders.[2]

Sales[edit]

The National Confectioners Association estimates that 25 million pounds (just over 9,000 metric tons) of candy corn are sold annually.[3]

Production[edit]

Originally the candy was made by hand.[4] Manufacturers first combined sugar, corn syrup, carnauba wax, and water and cooked them to form a slurry. Fondant was added for texture and marshmallows were added to provide a soft bite.[4] The final mixture was then heated and poured into shaped molds. Three passes, one for each colored section, were required during the pouring process.

The recipe remains basically the same today. The production method, called "corn starch modeling,"[1] likewise remains the same, though tasks initially performed by hand were soon taken over by machines invented for the purpose.[5]

Variants[edit]

A popular variation called "Indian corn" features a "special" chocolate brown wide end, orange center and pointed white tip, often available around Thanksgiving. During the Halloween season, blackberry cobbler candy corn can be found in eastern Canada. Confectioners have introduced additional color variations suited to other holidays.[1] The Christmas variant (sometimes called "reindeer corn") typically has a red end and a green center; the Valentine's Day variant (sometimes called "cupid corn") typically has a red end and a pink center; In the United States during Independence Day celebrations, Corn with a blue end, white center, and red tip (aptly named "freedom corn") can be found at celebratory cook outs and patriotic celebrations; the Easter variant (sometimes called "bunny corn") is typically only a two-color candy, and comes with a variety of pastel bases (pink, green, yellow, and purple) with white tips all in one package. In 2011, there were caramel apple and green apple candy corn variants. In 2013 there were s'mores and pumpkin spice variants. In 2014, carrot corn was also introduced for the Easter season, typically being green and orange, and having a carrot type flavor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Saeger, Natalie (29 October 2007). "History of candy corn. With new colors and flavors, a treat for all seasons.". Showcase. The Spectator. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Unwrapped Bulk Candy Ingredients". rites.com. Retrieved 4 October 2009. 
  3. ^ Brach's Confections, Inc. 2004. "Brach's for Halloween. Press release. Retrieved 2006-10-03.
  4. ^ a b "TLC Cooking "What is Candy Corn and How is it Made?"". howstuffworks.com. Retrieved 15 October 2009. 
  5. ^ "Candy Corn Bulk Candy". Candyfavorites.com. Retrieved 4 October 2009.