Toyota Camry

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Toyota Camry
2012 Toyota Camry SE -- 02-29-2012.JPG
2012 Toyota Camry
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Production1982–present
Body and chassis
ClassNarrow-body (compact): 1980–1998
Wide-body (mid-size): 1991–present
Chronology
PredecessorToyota Celica Camry
Toyota Corona
 
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Toyota Camry
2012 Toyota Camry SE -- 02-29-2012.JPG
2012 Toyota Camry
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Production1982–present
Body and chassis
ClassNarrow-body (compact): 1980–1998
Wide-body (mid-size): 1991–present
Chronology
PredecessorToyota Celica Camry
Toyota Corona

The Toyota Camry (/ˈkæmri/; Japanese: トヨタ・カムリ) is a series of mid-size (originally compact) automobiles manufactured by Toyota since 1982, and sold in the majority of automotive markets throughout the world. Between 1980 and 1982, the "Camry" nameplate was delegated to a four-door sedan, known as the Toyota Celica Camry.

The name "Camry" is an Anglicized phonetic transcription of the Japanese word kanmuri (冠, かんむり), meaning "crown".[1] This follows Toyota's naming tradition of using the crown name for primary models starting with the Toyota Crown in 1955, continuing with the Toyota Corona and Corolla; the Latin words for "crown" and "small crown", respectively.[2] In Japan, it is exclusive to Toyota Corolla Store retail dealerships.

As of May 2012, the Camry is the best-selling passenger car in North America.[3] The Camry also sells very well in Australia, and a number of Asian markets. Despite international success, the Camry has not sold as well in its home market Japan, where the only powertrain offered is a hybrid. In Europe, sales ended in 2004, where the similarly sized Toyota Avensis is offered instead.[4] For the East and Southeast Asian markets, high-specification Camry models are seen as executive cars. Since the XV30 series, the Camrys sold in these markets have sported revised front- and rear-end treatment. For the 2006 onwards XV40 version, the same was done, although the Australian-designed and Camry-derived Toyota Aurion (XV40) was the donor model. The Aurion features revised front- and rear-end styling and changes to the interior, but has the same powertrains as the Camry in various markets.

Narrow-body[edit]

Toyota Carina (A40), which shares its front-end with the Celica Camry. See also: 1980–1982 Toyota Celica Camry

Toyota's Camry originated in January 1980 as a four-door sedan approximate to the Toyota Celica coupe and liftback. Known as the "Celica Camry" and sold only in Japan at Toyota Corolla Store retail dealerships, the four-door shared few components with the model from which its name derives. Instead, Toyota elongated the front-end of the Carina (A40, A50), incorporating styling cues to resemble the 1978–1981 Celica XX (known as the Celica Supra in export markets).

Camry became an independent model line in 1982 with the V10 series, available in four-door sedan and five-door liftback body styles. At this point, Camry, now an international model line, was positioned above the Carina and Corona, two other similar-sized vehicles manufactured by Toyota at the time. The Camry V10 also spawned a badge engineered equivalent, the Vista V10, a more luxurious version of the Camry sold in the Japanese market.

The Camry V20 model debuted in 1986, following much the same formula as its predecessor. Although the liftback body variant was substituted with a station wagon, the Vista derivative continued. When Toyota replaced the V20 in 1990 with the V30, the model series was exclusive to Japan. Automotive tax regulations in that country dictated the retention of a narrower body as utilized in the previous Camry generations. However, overseas demand for a larger Camry resulted in the development of a "wide-body" XV10 model, introduced to North America in 1991.[5] Japan also received this wider model, although it was sold under the "Toyota Scepter" name there.[6][7]

The Japanese market received a new narrow-body V40 series Camry in 1994 to replace V30, yet the wide-body XV10 Camry continued unchanged. The XV10 replacement, the XV20 Camry, arrived in 1996. This new model ceased the era of separate Camrys—a global Camry—and a smaller Japanese-only version. In Japan, the smaller Vista V50 took up the former V40 Camry role after 1998.

V10 (1982–1986)[edit]

V10
1st Toyota Camry.jpg
Overview
Also calledToyota Vista (V10)
Production1982–1986
Model years1983–1986
AssemblyJapan: Toyota, Aichi
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
5-door liftback
LayoutFF layout
Powertrain
Engine1.8 L 1S-L I4
1.8 L 1C-TL(C) I4
2.0 L 2S-ELC I4
2.0 L 2C-TLC turbodiesel I4
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed A140E automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,600 mm (100 in)
Length4,440 mm (175 in)
Width1,690 mm (67 in)
Height1,395 mm (54.9 in)
Curb weight1,045 kg (2,300 lb)

Introduced in 1982, the Camry V10 was sold as a compact four-door sedan and five-door liftback. Unlike the preceding Celica Camry, the V10 series Camry was exported in significant numbers. In the Toyota hierarchy, the Camry was situated above the comparably sized Toyota Carina and Corona. A twin was announced at this point—the Toyota Vista—a highly specified Camry derivative model sold through separate Toyota Vista Store dealerships in Japan.

The design of the first-generation Camry fit well within the box-shaped trends of the early 1980s. Additionally, the vehicle size and available options were characteristic of Japanese-designed cars of the time; the Camry was a compact sedan, with a solid but spartan construction and competed indirectly against larger American counterparts. The Camry signified a new approach from Toyota, building a Corona-sized vehicle, while introducing a front-engine, and front wheel drive powertrain, which was also utilized in other smaller Toyota products.

1986 Toyota Camry liftback

In North America, the Camry was available with a 68-kilowatt (91 hp) (SAE) 2.0-liter 2S-ELC engine, 1.8-liter 1C-TLC or a 2.0-liter 2C-TLC turbodiesel engine rated at 55 kilowatts (74 hp). Either a four-door sedan or five-door liftback body style could be specified, and could be purchased with either a five-speed manual transmission or a four-speed A140E automatic. In contrast to the rear-wheel drive Celica Camry, the Toyota Camry was a front-wheel drive vehicle built on an all-new platform.

North American-bound V10 Camrys were available in DX and LE trim levels. LE models included additional standard features such as body-colored bumpers, tachometer, upgraded stereo, power mirrors, variable intermittent wipers, et cetera. A minor model update in 1985 included new headlights, taillight update, new gauge fonts, slightly larger front seats, and larger center glove box. The cruise control switchgear on models equipped as such were relocated from the dash to the wiper stalk. DX trim tire size also increased from 165 to 185 millimetres (6.5 to 7.3 in), the same width as the LE trim.

In Australia, the Camry range was limited to a single-grade GLi liftback variant. The sole powertrain offered was the petrol-fueled 2.0-liter (77 kW engine) coupled with a five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmission.

The United Kingdom, and much of Continental Europe got the sedan and liftback versions: these were available in 1.8-liter GLi or 2.0-liter GLi trim levels. A 2.0-liter GLD turbodiesel was also offered. The liftback bodystyle reflected the popularity of the relatively new approach, following on the success of the VW Golf and the Honda Civic, along with the Nissan Pulsar.

V20 (1986–1990)[edit]

V20
2nd Toyota Camry .jpg
Overview
Also calledHolden Apollo (JK/JL)
Toyota Vista (V20)
Lexus ES 250 (V20)
Production1986–1990 (Japan)
1987–1992 (Australia)
1988–1991 (US)
AssemblyAustralia: Port Melbourne, Victoria
Japan: Toyota, Aichi
United States: Georgetown, Kentucky
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
5-door station wagon
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine1.8 L 1S I4
2.0 L 3S-FE I4
2.5 L 2VZ-FE V6
Transmission5-speed S51 manual
5-speed S53 manual (FF I4)
5-speed E52 manual (V6)
5-speed E56F5 manual (I4)
4-speed A140E automatic
4-speed A540E automatic (V6)
4-speed A540H automatic (I4)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,600 mm (100 in)
Length4,520 mm (178 in)
Width1,690 mm (67 in)
HeightSedan: 1,374 mm (54.1 in)
Wagon: 1,384 mm (54.5 in)
Curb weight1,240–1,295 kg (2,700–2,850 lb)

The second Camry model premiered in 1986, this time including a four-door hardtop and five-door station wagon, while dropping the liftback body style. The hardtop version was sold only in the Japanese market under the "Camry Prominent" name. Like the previous V10 model, there was again a parallel model for the home market, the Vista V20. The Vista was offered in the sedan and hardtop configurations, with the hardtop forming the basis for the Lexus ES 250 sold in North America from 1989 through to 1991.

1987–1990 Toyota Camry Prominent (V20) hardtop (Japan)

In 1988, an all-wheel drive system dubbed All-Trac was introduced and a 2.5-liter 118 kW (158 hp) (JIS) V6 engine were added as options for the first time. The V6 was fuel-injected with 24 valves, and dual overhead camshafts, much like the upgraded 96 kW (129 hp) JIS four-cylinder engine. In Japan there was a GT model using the older 3S-GE engine as used on the Celica. This particular model also had a factory strut brace similar to an AE92 Corolla and rode on the V6 model's 15 inch alloy wheels. This particular model also had an electronic instrument cluster.

In 1987, Toyota Australia began producing these second-generation Camrys in Port Melbourne, Victoria. In fact, it was the first Camry ever made outside of Japan. A 1.8-liter four-cylinder engine rated at 64 kW (86 hp) was standard on the base model, while a twin-cam, multi-valve 2.0-liter inline-four engine and five-speed manual transmission was available on all others. A four-speed overdrive automatic was made optional. All models bar the Ultima had a two-barrel carburettor version of the engine (3S-FC); the Ultima featured an electronic fuel-injected (EFI) version of the same (3S-FE). The base engine produced 82 kilowatts (110 hp) and 166 newton metres (122 lb·ft) of torque, with 88 kilowatts (118 hp) and 171 newton metres (126 ft·lbf) for the EFI version. In 1988, a 2.5-liter V6 was introduced. The V6 sat the very top of the range, and was the only model to be imported from Japan. Due to its positioning in the line-up, and the high import duty it attracted in Australia, it was very expensive (almost A$30,000), and only sold in small numbers. In 1989, the 1.8-liter engine was dropped, and was replaced with the 2.0-liter carbureted engine, until early 1991, when the EFI version of was made standard. This was the result of the introduction of more stringent emission standards in Australia.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky, the first wholly owned US Toyota plant, began producing the Camry in 1988, where three trim levels of the second-generation Camry were made: the unbadged base model, the DX, and the LE. The country of manufacture can be found by looking at the first character of the VIN. A Camry manufactured in Japan has a VIN starting with "J", a model made in the US starts with "4" and a model made in Australia starts with "6".

The 2.5-liter engine and Camry chassis was repackaged as the upscale Lexus ES 250. The ES 250 was essentially the Japanese-market Camry hardtop. In 1991, anti-lock brakes became optional on the V6, LE, and station wagon models.

1986–1990 Camry Lumière sedan (Japan) 
MY1989–1991 Camry (VZV21) wagon (US) 
MY1991 Toyota Camry DX (US) 

V30 (1990–1994)[edit]

V30
Toyota Camry (third generation, V30) (front), Serdang.jpg
Overview
Also calledToyota Vista (V30)
Production1990–1994
AssemblyJapan: Toyota, Aichi
DesignerOsamu Shikado (1988)
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine1.8 L I4
2.0 L I4
2.2 L I4 (turbodiesel)
2.2 L 5S-FE I4
2.0 L V6
3.0 L V6
Dimensions
Width1,695 mm (66.7 in)

The Camry V30 was introduced exclusively to the Japanese market in July 1990. A widened version of this model, the Camry XV10 was also produced, which was designed for international markets. The V30 was mostly identical to the wider XV10 except for the front- and rear-end styling to an otherwise unchanged body. The V30 remained smaller than the XV10 to offer Japanese buyers a sedan that was within Japanese regulations concerning exterior dimensions and engine displacement. The V30 joined the Toyota Corona in this regard. Like before, a Japanese market-only Vista version of the Camry was also offered in both sedan and hardtop body variants. The Camry hardtop was again sold under the "Camry Prominent" title.

After 1991, a four-wheel steering version of the V30 Camry was sold with a 2.0-liter V6 engine, with the name "Toyota Camry V6 Prominent 4WS", and chassis code E-VZV31.[8]

An updated model appeared in July 1992. The scope of changes ranged from a new, larger grille and a revised air conditioning unit. At the same time the ZX touring package appeared in place of GT.

1990–1992 Toyota Camry (Japan) 
1992–1994 Toyota Camry (Japan) 

V40 (1994–1998)[edit]

V40
1996-1998 Toyota Camry (V40) sedan (2008-06-07).jpg
Overview
Also calledToyota Vista (V40)
Production1994–1998 (JDM)
AssemblyJapan: Toyota, Aichi
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine1.8 L I4
2.0 L I4
2.2 L I4 (turbodiesel)
Dimensions
Length4,625 mm (182.1 in)
Width1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height1,410 mm (56 in)–1,435 mm (56.5 in)

The Camry V40 appeared in July 1994 exclusively for the Japanese market. The Toyota Vista twin continued on, although the Camry Prominent hardtop was no longer offered; only the Vista was available as a hardtop. As before in previous generations, the Camry was exclusive to Toyota Corolla Store, while the Vista was only available at Toyota Vista Store locations.

Engines for the V40 were a 1.8-liter (4S-FE type) and 2.0-liter (3S-FE type), and a 2.2-liter turbodiesel (3C-T type). At launch only the 2.0-liter model was available in all-wheel drive mode, although afterwards the 2.2-liter turbodiesel could be optioned with this system.

Toyota updated the V40 in June 1996. In the update anti-lock brakes and dual air bags became standard equipment. After 1998, the Japanese market Camry and international Camry became in-line with each other, with the Vista taking over the V30 and V40 Camry roles.

1994–1998 Toyota Camry (V40) sedan 
1996–1998 Toyota Camry (V40) 2.0 Lumière G 

Wide-body[edit]

XV10 (1991–1996)[edit]

XV10
1992-1994 Toyota Camry Sedan.jpg
Overview
Also calledHolden Apollo
Toyota Scepter
Toyota Vienta
Production1991–1996
1993–1997 (Australia)
Model years1992–1996
DesignerOsamu Shikado (1989)
Body and chassis
Body style2-door coupé
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon

Toyota replaced the compact V20 Camry with the Japanese market-only V30 series in 1990. However, international markets such as Australia and North America received a widened version of the V30, known as the XV10 series. While marginally larger than the V20, the V30 had to comply with Japanese tax legislation which restricted the car's width to 1,700 millimetres (67 in) and length to 4,700 millimetres (190 in). Particularly in the United States, this narrower model was seen as compromised, thus limiting its sales potential. As a result, the "wide-body" mid-size Camry (XV10) was developed from 1989 and the final design frozen that same year.[9] Introduced to North America in 1991, the XV10 Camry was sold alongside the V30 in Japan, badged as the Toyota Scepter. Toyota chose the name "Scepter" as a reference to the Camry/Crown naming tradition, as a "scepter" is a symbolic ornamental staff held by a ruling monarch, a prominent item of royal regalia.

Toyota Camry Vienta CSX sedan (Australia; pre-facelift)
Toyota Camry LE wagon (US; pre-facelift)

The smaller V30 Camry varied in other areas besides the size. Although the underpinnings, doors and fenders, and overall basic design cues were common between the two cars, the smaller Camry sported harder, more angular front- and rear-end styling treatment, with the wide-body model presenting a more curvaceous silhouette. This was a departure from the V20 generation Camry which, although had many more rounded panels than the V10 series, was nevertheless generally slab-sided in shape. A two-door Camry coupé was added to compete with the Honda Accord coupé. However, the Camry Coupé was never popular and was dropped in 1996. A two-door Camry would not be reintroduced until 1999, with the Toyota Camry Solara.

The Japanese V30 model was replaced by the Camry V40 in 1994, however, this was also a Japan-only model. International markets instead retained the wider XV10 until it was replaced by the XV20 in 1996. The V40 and XV20 models were sold alongside one another in the Japanese market until 1998. At this time, the Vista V50 took the place of the V40, ending the period of separate Camrys for the Japanese and international markets.

The XV10, at its most basic level, offered a 2.2-liter 5S-FE four-cylinder engine, up from 2.0 liters in the V20 and V30 Camrys. This unit produced 97 kilowatts (130 hp) of power and 197 newton metres (145 lb·ft) of torque, although the exact figures varied slightly depending on the market.[10] Power and displacement increases were also received for the V6 engine. The 3.0-liter 3VZ-FE unit was rated at 138 kilowatts (185 hp) and 264 newton metres (195 lb·ft).[10] An all-new aluminium 1MZ-FE V6 debuted in North American models from 1994, with other markets retaining the 3VZ-FE V6. Power and torque rose to 140 kilowatts (190 hp) and 275 newton metres (203 lb·ft), respectively.[10][11]

In Australia, the V6 engine Camry was badged "Camry Vienta" when launched in 1993, later becoming the Toyota Vienta in 1995.[12] In South Africa, the XV10 Camry was manufactured by Toyota SA in Durban from 1992 to 2002,[citation needed] offering both the 2.2-liter and 3.0-liter engines, as well as a 2.0-liter engine derived from the Celica. Only a sedan configuration was available. These were also marketed and sold into Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe.

A variant of the UK market V6 model - detuned to run on 91 rather than 95 octane unleaded petrol - was launched in New Zealand in 1991. These Japanese-built models were replaced with an Australian-made line, with unique New Zealand specification, in 1993 at which point the 2.2-liter I4 was offered as well.

Toyota Camry coupe (US; pre-facelift) 
Toyota Camry sedan (US; facelift) 

XV20 (1996–2001)[edit]

XV20
1997-2000 Toyota Vienta (MCV20R) Grande sedan (2011-06-15) 01.jpg
Overview
Also calledDaihatsu Altis
Toyota Vienta
Production1996–2001
1997–2002 (Australia)
Model years1997–2001
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
5-door station wagon

In late 1991, development on the XV20 commenced, design work was completed in 1994 and later launched in the United States in September 1996 and Japan in December 1996. It continued as a sedan and station wagon (called the Camry Gracia in Japan), though the latter model was not sold in the United States. This generation was launched in the US for the 1997 model year.

In August 1999 for the 2000 model year, the sedan models received a mid-model upgrade to the front and rear fascias, but remained otherwise similar to the 1997 to 1999 models.

In the United States, the Camry SE was dropped and the base model was renamed the CE for the 1997 model year. Both the LE and the XLE trims were carried over from the previous series. All trim levels were available with either the 2.2-liter I4 or the 3.0-liter V6 engine except the Solara SLE, which was only available with the V6. TRD offered a supercharger kit for 1997 through to 2000 V6 models raising power to 247 horsepower (184 kW) and 242 pound-feet (328 N·m) of torque. A coupe was added in 1999, and then a convertible form in 2000. In contrast to the coupe from the XV10 generation Camrys, the new two-door cars were given a separate nameplate Camry Solara, or simply Solara. They were also a significant styling departure from the sedan. The Solara was available in SE and SLE trims, corresponding roughly to the sedan's LE and XLE trims.

Power was increased slightly to 133 hp (99 kW) SAE for the 5S-FE 2.2 L I4 and 192 hp (143 kW) SAE for the 1MZ-FE V6. Manual transmissions (model: S51) were only available on the CE trim level, LE V6, and any Solara model. Camrys and Solaras equipped with the 5S-FE 4 cylinder engine and appropriate trim package received the S51 manual transmission, while those equipped with the 1MZ-FE 6 cylinder engine received the E153 manual transmission.[13]

Toyota Camry CSX sedan (Australia; pre-facelift) 
Toyota Camry CSi sedan (Australia; facelift) 
Toyota Camry Conquest wagon (Australia; facelift) 

XV30 (2001–2006)[edit]

XV30
2002-2004 Toyota Camry 2.jpg
Overview
Also calledDaihatsu Altis
Production2001–2006
2002–2006 (Australia)
Model years2002–2006
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan

In September 2001, the 2002 model year Toyota Camry was released as a larger sedan (taking styling cues from the successful Vitz, Corolla, and Camry Solara), but without a station wagon for the first time. Due to station wagons losing popularity to minivan and crossover SUVs, the Camry wagon was replaced by the Highlander SUV, which utilizes the Camry's platform.

Until the 2003 model year, the Camry Solara remained on the XV20 series chassis, and received only minor styling upgrades to the front and rear ends. However, the Solara did receive the same 2.4-liter 2AZ-FE I4 engine that was available on the Camry sedan. The US received three engine options, a 115 kW (154 hp) 2.4-liter inline-four, a 142 kW (190 hp) 3.0-liter V6, and a 157 kW (210 hp) 3.3-liter version of the same. The 3.3-liter was only available for the Camry's sportier "SE" model.

Starting from this generation, the Camry had two different distinctive designs, an American version with a more conservative design (styled by Hiroyuki Metsugi) and an Asian version with more chrome, larger head lamps and tail lamps and a general greater emphasis on its width. Later generation Camry will see greater differentiation, with the Asian Camry adopting a more luxurious design, while the American Camry pursued a more mass-appeal approach.

2002–2004 Toyota Camry Sportivo (Australia) 
2002–2004 Toyota Camry (Asia) 
2002–2004 Toyota Camry (Asia) 

XV40 (2006–2011)[edit]

XV40
Toyota Camry LE.jpg
Overview
Also calledDaihatsu Altis
Production2006–2011
Model years2007–2011
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
RelatedToyota Aurion (XV40)

This generation of Camry saw even greater differentiation between American market (and Japanese domestic market) Camry, and the Asian market Camry. The Asian Camry has a larger body size targeted at a higher end market, priced just below entry-level German luxury models.[citation needed] The same Asian Camry is also sold as the Toyota Aurion in Australia, fitted with a 3.5-liter V6 to compete against large Australian sedans like the Ford Falcon and Holden Commodore. The standard Camry (similar to American / Japanese market models), fitted with smaller four-cylinder engines continue to be sold alongside the Aurion in selected markets. Between 2006 and 2010, the Daihatsu-badged Altis model sold alongside the Camry in Japan. The Daihatsu differed only in badging, with no cosmetic changes.

The XV40 Camry was introduced at the 2006 North American International Auto Show alongside a hybrid version and went on sale in March 2006 for the 2007 model year.

Power comes from a choice of four and six-cylinder engines. For 2010, power was increased to 169 horsepower, versus the 158 from 2007 to 2009. Power locks, stability control, and traction control were also made standard for 2010. The 2.4-liter 2AZ-FE I4 engine was carried over and produced 158 horsepower (118 kW). It came with a five-speed manual or five-speed automatic transmission. The 3.5-liter 2GR-FE V6 in contrast came with a new six-speed automatic and produced 268 horsepower (200 kW).[14] The Camry was facelifted in 2009 for the 2010 model year with a redesigned fascia, taillights, and an all-new 2.5-liter 2AR-FE four-cylinder engine with a new six-speed automatic transmission. The 2.5-liter engine produces 169 horsepower (126 kW) for the base, LE, XLE models, and 179 horsepower (133 kW) for the SE.

The XV40 series Camry is the first in which the Camry has been available as a gasoline/electric hybrid. The Camry Hybrid utilizes Toyota’s second-generation Hybrid Synergy Drive (HSD) and a 2AZ-FXE four-cylinder with 110 kilowatts (150 hp) in conjunction with a 30 kilowatts (40 hp) electric motor for a combined output of 140 kilowatts (190 hp).[15]

2006–2009 Toyota Camry Altise (Australia) 
2010-2011 Toyota Camry LE (US) 
2010 Toyota Hybrid Camry (Australia) 
2006–2009 Toyota Camry (Asia) 
2006–2009 Toyota Camry 2.0 G (Asia) 

XV50 (2011–present)[edit]

XV50
2012 Toyota Camry LE -- 10-19-2011.jpg
Overview
Also calledDaihatsu Altis (2012–present)
ProductionSeptember 2011–present
Model years2012–present
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan

The new Camry was introduced on August 23, 2011, and began U.S. sales in September 2011.[16] The interior received a major restyling, while the exterior received all-new sheet metal and more angular styling.

In this generation, the Camry line-up for the Japanese domestic market was reduced to being just a single variant (hybrid only). The Japanese market will now share the same Camry model as the Asian market Camry. (Prior to this, Japanese market Camry were similar to American market models).[17][18]

The U.S. Camry carried over 3 different engine choices from the previous model. Starting with a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder hybrid model rated at 150 kW (200 hp), a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine rated at 133 kW (178 hp) and 230 N·m (170 lb·ft), and a 3.5-liter V6 rated at 200 kW (268 hp) and 336 N·m (248 lb·ft). Power output has been increased mostly by switching to electro-hydraulic power steering. The trim levels include the L, LE, SE, XLE, SE V6, XLE V6, Hybrid LE, and Hybrid XLE. All models are standard with 6-speed automatic transmissions. No manual transmissions are offered. The SE model gets paddle shifters, and a stiffer suspension. The new model has increased fuel economy due to lighter weight, a sleeker body, and low rolling-resistance tires.

Toyota Camry SE V6 (US) 
Toyota Camry Hybrid (Japan) 
Toyota Camry (Russia) 

Sales[edit]

Country1980198119821983198419851986198719881989
United States52,65193,725128,143151,767186,623225,322255,252
1990199119921993199419951996199719981999
United States283,042262,531284,751297,836319,718326,632357,359394,397427,308445,696
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009
Canada15,524[19]
United States422,961[20]388,512434,145[21]413,296426,990[22]431,703448,445[23]473,108436,617[24]356,824[25]
201020112012
Australia25,014[26]19,169[26]
Canada12,25112,334[27]
United States327,804[28]308,510[29]404,886[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robinson, Aaron (February 2007). "2007 Honda Accord vs. Nissan Altima, Kia Optima, Saturn Aura, Toyota Camry, Chrysler Sebring". Car and Driver (Hachette Filipacchi Media U.S.). Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  2. ^ Mondale, Walter; Weston, Mark (2002). Giants of Japan: The Lives of Japan's Most Influential Men and Women. New York City: Kodansha America. p. 63. ISBN 1-56836-324-9. 
  3. ^ "Top 10 Best-Selling Cars: May 2012". Cars.com. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  4. ^ Ciferri, Luca (February 2006). "Toyota says 'No' to Camry for Europe". Automotive News Europe. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  5. ^ MacKenzie (1997), p. 37. "The genesis of the Camry's remarkable cultural crossover lay in Toyota's decision to build its predecessor in the US. Realising American buyers wanted more shoulder room, Toyota designed two versions – one which met the Japanese market requirement for a car under the 1.7m width limit, and a 'wide-body' version to be built in the US and Australia".
  6. ^ "Toyota Model Made in U.S. Is Offered for Sale in Japan". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). 1992-09-08. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
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