Callaway Gardens

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Callaway Gardens
Callaway Gardens lodge and spa.JPG
Callaway Gardens Lodge and Spa
Map showing the location of Callaway Gardens
Callaway Gardens
Location of Callaway Gardens in Georgia
LocationHarris County, Georgia, USA
Nearest cityPine Mountain, Georgia
Coordinates32°50′41″N 84°51′05″W / 32.844765°N 84.851453°W / 32.844765; -84.851453Coordinates: 32°50′41″N 84°51′05″W / 32.844765°N 84.851453°W / 32.844765; -84.851453
Area13,000 acres (52.61 km2; 20.31 sq mi)
Established1952
Visitors750,000
 
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Callaway Gardens
Callaway Gardens lodge and spa.JPG
Callaway Gardens Lodge and Spa
Map showing the location of Callaway Gardens
Callaway Gardens
Location of Callaway Gardens in Georgia
LocationHarris County, Georgia, USA
Nearest cityPine Mountain, Georgia
Coordinates32°50′41″N 84°51′05″W / 32.844765°N 84.851453°W / 32.844765; -84.851453Coordinates: 32°50′41″N 84°51′05″W / 32.844765°N 84.851453°W / 32.844765; -84.851453
Area13,000 acres (52.61 km2; 20.31 sq mi)
Established1952
Visitors750,000

Callaway Gardens is a 6,500 acres (2,600 ha) resort complex located in Pine Mountain, Georgia, just outside of Columbus, Georgia. The destination draws over 750,000 visitors annually.

Callaway Gardens was founded in 1952 by Cason J. and Virginia Hand Callaway to promote and protect native azalea species. His son, Bo Callaway, helped develop and run the garden. Today, Callaway Gardens features a wide variety of recreational attractions including a large enclosed butterfly habitat, the Cecil B. Day Butterfly Center, and the John Sibley Horticultural Center, known for its wide variety of cultivars and native plants. The native palm Sabal minor maintains one of its northernmost populations in the area.

History and expansion[edit]

The garden was originally conceived in 1930 after Cason J. Callaway discovered a rare azalea growing in the area.[1] Callaway Gardens opened on May 21, 1952 as the Ida Cason Gardens, with a number of lakes, a golf course, and scenic drives. The gardens were named for the mother of founder Cason J. Callaway.[2] Robin Lake Beach and the Overlook Azalea Garden opened the following year in 1953. In 1955, The gardens were renamed Ida Cason Callaway Gardens. The Masters Water-ski Tournament, now an annual event, held its first competition in 1959.[3]

On April 12, 1961, founder Cason J. Callaway died and was succeeded as Chairman of the Board by his wife, co-founder Virginia Hand Callaway.[4]

The gardens have experienced numerous expansions following Cason Callaway's death. The Cason J. Callaway Memorial Forest opened in 1972, and was designated a National Natural Landmark by the United States Department of the Interior.[5] The John A. Sibley Horticultural Center opened in 1984.[6] Mr. Cason's Vegetable Garden was the location for years of TV shows about growing vegetable gardens, most notably the southern edition of The Victory Garden.[7] The annual Steeplechase at Callaway Gardens ran its first race in 1985.[8] The Cecil B. Day Butterfly Center opened on September 25, 1988.[9] "Fantasy in Lights", a Christmas light display, debuted in 1992.[10] In 1999, the Azalea Bowl opened as well as the premiere of the Sky High Hot Air Balloon Festival.[11][12] In 2000, the Virginia Hand Callaway Discovery Center was opened.[13]

Attractions[edit]

Pavilion by the lake at Overlook Gardens

Trails[edit]

The garden has several trails both for walking and biking. The Discovery Bike Trail, a 10-mile (16 km) trail that weaves through the wooded gardens, provides guests access to all attractions.[14]

Robin Lake Beach[edit]

Robin Lake Beach is the world's largest man-made, white sand beach.[15][16] The beach stretches a mile around 65-acre (260,000 m2) Robin Lake. Robin Lake Beach is opened from Memorial Day weekend through Labor Day Weekend.

The Florida State University Flying High Circus have taken up residence at the beach every summer since 1961. During the summer, the circus conducts a recreation program and performs seven shows weekly under the big top adjacent to the beach.[17]

Cecil B. Day Butterfly Center[edit]

Day Butterfly Center

The Cecil B. Day Butterfly Center, named after the founder of Days Inns of America, Inc., opened to the public on September 25, 1988. Mrs. Deen Day Sanders, Cecil Day's wife, provided the initial funding for the center. In 2004, the center earned a LEED certification.[9] In 2005, the Day Butterfly Center underwent a $2 million renovation to accommodate more visitors.[18]

The conservatory is maintained at approximately 80ºF and 74% relative humidity. The center has 1,000 butterflies representing over 50 species.[9] The butterflies are received in the pupa stage (or chrysalis) from Malaysia, the Philippines and Central and South America. Because the butterflies are considered to be invasive species, an inward blast of air is shot by a machine at the doorway to prevent any butterfly breakouts.[18]

Golf courses[edit]

As of 2011, Callaway Gardens has two golf courses in operation. Lake View golf course was opened on May 21, 1952, the same day the gardens opened. The Mountain View golf course, designed in 1965, hosted the Buick Challenge from 1991 to 2002. In 2001, Buick pulled its sponsorship of the tournament because of low attendance and little network coverage.[19] A third golf course, Gardens View golf course, was opened in 1969 but was closed in 2002.[20]

Other attractions[edit]

Ida Cason Callaway Memorial Chapel at Callaway Gardens

Seasonal events[edit]

Callaway Gardens hosts several seasonal events. On Memorial weekend, the gardens host the Masters Water Ski & Wakeboard Tournament. The gardens also hosts the Sky High Hot Air Balloon Festival on Labor Day weekend and a steeplechase on the first Saturday of November.[8][12] "Fantasy in Lights," a Christmas light display, takes place in November and December.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Callaway Gardens - Pine Mountain, Georgia. exploresouthernhistory.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  2. ^ Cason J. Callaway, callawaygardens.com; retrieved July 2007
  3. ^ Masters Water-ski Tournament History. masterswaterski.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  4. ^ Virginia Hand Callaway, callawaygardens.com; retrieved July 2007
  5. ^ NATIONAL REGISTRY OF NATURAL LANDMARKS. National Park Service. June 2009. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  6. ^ John A. Sibley Horticultural Center. Callowaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  7. ^ Mr. Cason's Vegetable Garden. Callowaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  8. ^ a b The Steeplechase at Callaway Gardens. Callowaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  9. ^ a b c Cecil B. Day Butterfly Center. Callowaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  10. ^ a b Fantasy In Lights. Callowaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  11. ^ Callaway Brothers Azalea Bowl. Callowaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  12. ^ a b Sky High Hot Air Balloon Package. Callowaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  13. ^ $14 Mil Discovery Center Set At Callaway Gardens. AllBusiness.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  14. ^ Bike Trails in Georgia. Callawaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  15. ^ [1], fineliving.com; retrieved February 2007
  16. ^ Robin Lake Beach, callawaygardens.com; retrieved February 2007
  17. ^ Florida State University Flying High Circus. Callawaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  18. ^ a b Minor, Elliott. Georgia center’s expansion puts nature on stage. Associated Press. 3 April 2005. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  19. ^ Buick switches events ... and brings Tiger with it. Sports Illustrated. 24 July 2001. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  20. ^ GOLF TIMELINE. Callowaygardens.com. Retrieved 26 December 2011.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]